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Ecological System Comprehensive Report: Record 1 of 1 selected. View Glossary
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Classification
Scientific Name: Southeastern Great Plains Riparian Forest
Unique Identifier: CES205.709

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Summary: This ecological system occurs in various situations along small and intermittent streams in the East Central Texas Plains, Texas Blackland Prairie Regions, Crosstimbers, and the southeastern edge of the Central Great Plains (Level 3 Ecoregions 33, 32, 29 and 27, respectively, sensu Griffith et al. (2004)). Some trees that may be present in stands of this system include Celtis laevigata var. laevigata, Celtis laevigata var. reticulata, Platanus occidentalis, Quercus nigra, Quercus phellos, Amorpha fruticosa, Forestiera acuminata, Acer saccharinum, Sapindus saponaria, Salix nigra, Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Gleditsia triacanthos, Carya illinoinensis, and Ulmus crassifolia. The environment and vegetation of this system become generally and correspondingly drier from east to west with moister representatives (such as communities containing Quercus nigra) occurring in the eastern parts of the range. Representatives of this system typically occur in stream-scoured situations and vary in the openness of the habitat and physiognomy.

Classification Approach: International Terrestrial Ecological Systems Classification (ITESC)

Classification Comments: More data are needed to determine if this system should be split and a new system developed for the southern parts of Ecoregion 32 and 33 (sensu EPA; Griffith et al. 2004), south of the Brazos or Colorado rivers. Further field investigation is needed to better develop the association-level information for this system.

Similar Ecological Systems
Unique Identifier Name
CES203.487 West Gulf Coastal Plain Small Stream and River Forest
CES302.753 North American Warm Desert Riparian Woodland and Shrubland
CES303.652 Edwards Plateau Riparian
CES303.956 Western Great Plains Riparian



Classifiers

Land Cover Class: Woody Wetland
Spatial Pattern: Linear
Natural/Seminatural: No
Vegetated ( > 10% vascular cover):
Upland: No
Wetland: Yes
Isolated Wetland: No

Diagnostic Classifiers
Primary Classifier Secondary Classifier
Forest and Woodland (Treed)  
Shrubland (Shrub-dominated)  
Woody-Herbaceous  
Herbaceous  
Streambed  
Flood Scouring  

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Char-
acter-
istic
Domi-nant Con-stant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Carya illinoinensis G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Celtis laevigata var. laevigata T5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Celtis laevigata var. reticulata T5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Fraxinus pennsylvanica G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Gleditsia triacanthos G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Platanus occidentalis G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy  
 
 
Populus deltoides G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Quercus nigra G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Quercus phellos G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Ulmus crassifolia G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Diospyros virginiana G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree subcanopy    
 
 
Salix nigra G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Shrub/sapling (tall & short)    
 
 
Amorpha fruticosa G5 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)    
 
 
Forestiera acuminata G5 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)    
 
 
Sapindus saponaria G5 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)  
 
 
Sideroxylon lanuginosum G4 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)    
 
 


Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
Nation: United States
United States Distribution: OK, TX
Global Range: This system is found along major river floodplains in the East Central Texas Plains, Texas Blackland Prairie Regions, Crosstimbers, and the southeastern edge of the Central Great Plains (Level 3 Ecoregions 33, 32, 29 and 27, respectively, sensu Griffith et al. (2004)). Occurrences of this system occupy drainages of the Sulphur (and tributaries such as White Oak and Cuthand creeks), Sabine (and Lake Fork), Trinity (and its major tributaries), Navasota, and portions of the Lower and Middle Brazos rivers (and major tributaries).

Biogeographic Divisions
Division Code and Name Primary Occurrence Status
205-Eastern Great Plains C: Confident or certain
303-Western Great Plains C: Confident or certain

The Nature Conservancy's Conservation Ecoregions
Code Name Occurrence Status
32 Crosstimbers and Southern Tallgrass Prairie Confident or certain

MRLC 2000 Mapzones
Code Name Occurrence Status
32 Southeastern Great Plains Confident or certain
35 Edwards Plateau Confident or certain
36 Western Gulf Plains Confident or certain
37 Ouachita Hills and Delta Confident or certain

National Mapping
ESLF Code (Ecological System Lifeform): 4159

West Landfire Legend: No
East Landfire Legend: Yes

Authors/Contributors
Element Description Edition Date: 18Feb2011
Element Description Author(s): M. Pyne, J. Teague, L. Elliott

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Comer, P., D. Faber-Langendoen, R. Evans, S. Gawler, C. Josse, G. Kittel, S. Menard, C. Nordman, M. Pyne, M. Reid, M. Russo, K. Schulz, K. Snow, J. Teague, and R. White. 2003-present. Ecological systems of the United States: A working classification of U.S. terrestrial systems. NatureServe, Arlington, VA.

  • Eidson, Jim. Personal communication. The Nature Conservancy, Texas Program Office, San Antonio.

  • Elliott, L. 2011. Draft descriptions of systems, mapping subsystems, and vegetation types for Phases I, II, III, and IV. Unpublished documents. Texas Parks and Wildlife Ecological Systems Classification and Mapping Project. Texas Natural History Survey, The Nature Conservancy of Texas, San Antonio.

  • Griffith, G. E., S. A. Bryce, J. M. Omernik, J. A. Comstock, A. C. Rogers, B. Harrison, S. L. Hatch, and D. Bezanson. 2004. Ecoregions of Texas (two-sided color poster with map, descriptive text, summary tables, and photographs). U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA. Scale 1:2,500,000.


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