NatureServe Explorer logo.An Online Encyclopedia of Life
Search
 
Ecological System Comprehensive Report: Record 1 of 1 selected. View Glossary
<< Previous | Next >>

Classification
Scientific Name: East Gulf Coastal Plain Savanna and Wet Prairie
Unique Identifier: CES203.192

Search for Images on Google
Summary: This ecological system of western Florida and adjacent Alabama and Mississippi has been called "lush grassland," "grass-sedge savannah," wet prairie, or wet savanna. As implied by these names, this system consists of primarily herbaceous vegetation with relatively thick cover of grasses and sedge species. Examples occupy low, flat plains on poorly drained soils, often saturated for 50-100 days per year. Frequent fires, including growing-season burns, are essential for maintenance of this system. Some examples have a sparse tree component of Pinus elliottii or Pinus palustris and scattered shrubs, such as Morella caroliniensis.

Classification Approach: International Terrestrial Ecological Systems Classification (ITESC)

Classification Comments: Related vegetation of central Florida is covered by another ecological system.

Similar Ecological Systems
Unique Identifier Name
CES203.491 Central Florida Wet Prairie and Herbaceous Seep


Component Associations
Association Unique ID Association Name
CEGL003869 Hypericum fasciculatum / Rhynchospora (chapmanii, harperi) Wet Shrubland
CEGL004152 Aristida beyrichiana - Rhynchospora spp. - Verbesina chapmanii Seepage Meadow
CEGL004153 Aristida beyrichiana - Rhynchospora spp. - Pleea tenuifolia - Sarracenia (psittacina, flava) Seepage Meadow
CEGL004154 Aristida beyrichiana - Rhynchospora oligantha - Carphephorus pseudoliatris - Sarracenia (flava, leucophylla) Seepage Meadow
CEGL007717 Scleria baldwinii - Rhynchospora cephalantha - Polygala cymosa - Fuirena scirpoidea Seepage Meadow
CEGL007725 Taxodium ascendens / Hypericum chapmanii / Rhynchospora harperi Swamp Dwarf Woodland
CEGL008595 Nyssa ursina / Aristida beyrichiana - Rhynchospora (chapmanii, corniculata) Seepage Meadow



Classifiers

Land Cover Class: Herbaceous Wetland
Spatial Pattern: Large patch
Natural/Seminatural: No
Vegetated ( > 10% vascular cover):
Upland: No
Wetland: Yes
Isolated Wetland: No

Diagnostic Classifiers
Primary Classifier Secondary Classifier
Extensive Wet Flat  
Very Short Disturbance Interval  
Graminoid  

Non-diagnostic Classifiers
Primary Classifier Secondary Classifier
Herbaceous  

At-Risk Species Reported for this Ecological System
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
NatureServe Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status
Agalinis filicaulis
  (Thread-stem False Foxglove)
G3G4  
Asclepias viridula
  (Southern Milkweed)
G2  
Calamovilfa curtissii
  (Curtiss' Sandgrass)
G3  
Cirsium lecontei
  (Le Conte's Thistle)
G3  
Coelorachis tuberculosa
  (Florida Jointgrass)
G3  
Coreopsis floridana
  (Florida Tickseed)
G3G4  
Cuphea aspera
  (Tropical Waxweed)
G2  
Drosera tracyi
  (Tracy's Sundew)
G3G4  
Dryachloa dauca
  (Carrot Glass)
G2  
Euphorbia telephioides
  (Telephus Spurge)
G1 LT: Listed threatened
Eurybia chapmanii
  (Chapman's Aster)
G2G3  
Eurybia eryngiifolia
  (Coyote-thistle Aster)
G3G4  
Eurybia spinulosa
  (Pinewoods Aster)
G1  
Gentiana pennelliana
  (Wiregrass Gentian)
G3  
Harperocallis flava
  (Harper's Beauty)
G1 LE: Listed endangered
Hartwrightia floridana
  (Florida Hartwrightia)
G2  
Hymenocallis henryae
  (Henry's Spider-lily)
G2  
Hypericum chapmanii
  (Chapman's St. John's-wort)
G3  
Justicia crassifolia
  (Thickleaf Water-willow)
G3  
Lachnocaulon digynum
  (Pineland Bogbutton)
G3  
Lilium iridollae
  (Panhandle Lily)
G2  
Linum westii
  (West's Flax)
G1  
Ludwigia curtissii
  (Curtiss' Seedbox)
G3G4  
Lythrum curtissii
  (Curtiss' Loosestrife)
G1  
Macbridea alba
  (White Birds-in-a-nest)
G2 LT: Listed threatened
Neofiber alleni
  (Round-tailed Muskrat)
G3  
Notophthalmus perstriatus
  (Striped Newt)
G2G3 C: Candidate
Nyssa ursina
  (Bear Tupelo)
G2  
Oxypolis greenmanii
  (Giant Water-dropwort)
G3  
Oxypolis ternata
  (Savanna Cowbane)
G3  
Panicum nudicaule
  (Naked-stem Panicgrass)
G3Q  
Parnassia caroliniana
  (Carolina Grass-of-Parnassus)
G3  
Parnassia grandifolia
  (Largeleaf Grass-of-Parnassus)
G3  
Physostegia godfreyi
  (Godfrey's False Dragonhead)
G3  
Pinguicula ionantha
  (Violet-flowered Butterwort)
G2 LT: Listed threatened
Pinguicula planifolia
  (Chapman's Butterwort)
G3?  
Platanthera chapmanii
  (Chapman's Fringed Orchid)
G2  
Platanthera integra
  (Yellow Fringeless Orchid)
G3G4  
Rhexia parviflora
  (Small-flower Meadowbeauty)
G2  
Rhododendron chapmanii
  (Chapman's Rhododendron)
G1 LE: Listed endangered
Rhynchospora macra
  (Large Beakrush)
G3G4  
Ruellia noctiflora
  (Night-flowering Wild Petunia)
G3?  
Sarracenia leucophylla
  (Whitetop Pitcherplant)
G3  
Scutellaria floridana
  (Florida Skullcap)
G2 LT: Listed threatened
Sporobolus floridanus
  (Florida Dropseed)
G3  
Verbesina chapmanii
  (Chapman's Crownbeard)
G3  
Xyris isoetifolia
  (Quillwort Yellow-eyed-grass)
G1  
Xyris scabrifolia
  (Harper's Yellow-eyed-grass)
G3  

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Char-
acter-
istic
Domi-nant Con-stant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Nyssa biflora G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Cyrilla racemiflora G5 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)    
 
 
Hypericum fasciculatum G5 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Short shrub/sapling    
 
 
Cirsium lecontei G3 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Eriocaulon decangulare G5 Flowering forb Herb (field)    
 
 
Hartwrightia floridana G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Lachnanthes caroliana G4 Flowering forb Herb (field)    
 
 
Lilium iridollae G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Lythrum curtissii G1 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Platanthera chapmanii G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Rhexia parviflora G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Ruellia noctiflora G3 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Aristida beyrichiana G5 Graminoid Herb (field)    
 
 
Rhynchospora corniculata G5 Graminoid Herb (field)    
 
 
Sporobolus floridanus G3 Graminoid Herb (field)    
 
 


Animal Species Reported for this Ecological System
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status Charact-
eristic
Exotic
Dryachloa dauca
  (Carrot Glass)
G2      
Neofiber alleni
  (Round-tailed Muskrat)
G3      
Notophthalmus perstriatus
  (Striped Newt)
G2G3 C: Candidate    
Pseudacris nigrita
  (Southern Chorus Frog)
G5      
Pseudacris ornata
  (Ornate Chorus Frog)
G4      
Thamnophis sauritus
  (Eastern Ribbonsnake)
G5      


Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
Nation: United States
United States Distribution: AL, FL, MS
Global Range: Western Florida and adjacent Alabama and Mississippi.

Biogeographic Divisions
Division Code and Name Primary Occurrence Status
203-Gulf and Atlantic Coastal Plain C: Confident or certain

The Nature Conservancy's Conservation Ecoregions
Code Name Occurrence Status
53 East Gulf Coastal Plain Confident or certain

MRLC 2000 Mapzones
Code Name Occurrence Status
46 Northern Gulf Plains Never was there
55 Southeastern Coastal Plain Confident or certain
99 Southern Gulf Plains Confident or certain

National Mapping
ESLF Code (Ecological System Lifeform): 9206
ESP Code (Environmental Site Potential): 1485
EVT Code (Existing Vegetation Type): 2485

West Landfire Legend: No
East Landfire Legend: Yes

Authors/Contributors
Element Description Edition Date: 22May2014
Element Description Author(s): R. Evans and C. Nordman

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Clewell, A. F. 1981. Natural setting and vegetation of the Florida Panhandle: An account of the environments and plant communities of northern Florida west of the Suwannee River. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Mobile, AL. 773 pp.

  • Collins, M. E., R. Garren, and R. J. Kuehl. 2001. Ecological inventory of the Apalachicola National Forest. Summary report submitted to USDA Forest Service. Soil and Water Science Department, University of Florida, Gainesville.

  • Comer, P., D. Faber-Langendoen, R. Evans, S. Gawler, C. Josse, G. Kittel, S. Menard, C. Nordman, M. Pyne, M. Reid, M. Russo, K. Schulz, K. Snow, J. Teague, and R. White. 2003-present. Ecological systems of the United States: A working classification of U.S. terrestrial systems. NatureServe, Arlington, VA.

  • Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.

  • FNAI [Florida Natural Areas Inventory]. 2010a. Guide to the natural communities of Florida: 2010 edition. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, FL. 228 pp.

  • Hubricht, L. 1985. The distributions of the native land mollusks of the eastern United States. Fieldana: Zoology, New Series, No. 24. 191 pp.

  • Kindell, C. E., B. J. Herring, C. Nordman, J. Jensen, A. R. Schotz, and L. G. Chafin. 1997. Natural community survey of Eglin Air Force Base, 1993-1996: Final report. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee. 123 pp. plus appendix.

  • Norquist, H. C. 1984. A comparative study of the soils and vegetation of savannas in Mississippi. M.S. thesis, Mississippi State University, Starkville. 110 pp.


Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2018.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2018 NatureServe, 4600 N. Fairfax Dr., 7th Floor, Arlington Virginia 22203, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2018. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.

Copyright 2018
NatureServe
Version 7.1 (2 February 2009)
Data last updated: March 2018