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Classification
Scientific Name: South Florida Cypress Dome
Unique Identifier: CES411.365
Image 22093
Public Domain
Summary: This ecological system is found primarily in the Everglades and Big Cypress regions of Florida. This system consists of small forested wetlands in poorly drained depressions which are underlain by an impervious layer that impedes drainage and traps precipitation. Taxodium ascendens is the dominant tree, with the oldest and largest individuals characteristically occupying the center, and smaller and younger individuals around the margins. Pools of stagnant, highly acidic water may stand in the center of these depressions ranging from 0.3-1.2 m (1-4 feet) in depth, but becoming increasingly shallow along the margins. The understory flora is typified by species with tropical affinities. These ponds are important for many wildlife species.

Classification Approach: International Terrestrial Ecological Systems Classification (ITESC)


Component Associations
Association Unique ID Association Name
CEGL007414 Taxodium ascendens / Annona glabra / Bacopa caroliniana Swamp Forest
CEGL007415 Taxodium ascendens / Annona glabra - Cephalanthus occidentalis - Morella cerifera - Salix caroliniana Swamp Forest
CEGL007416 Taxodium ascendens / Chrysobalanus icaco - Ficus aurea - Persea palustris Swamp Forest



Classifiers

Land Cover Class: Woody Wetland
Spatial Pattern: Small patch
Natural/Seminatural: No
Vegetated ( > 10% vascular cover):
Upland: No
Wetland: Yes
Isolated Wetland: Partially Isolated

Diagnostic Classifiers
Primary Classifier Secondary Classifier
Depressional  

Non-diagnostic Classifiers
Primary Classifier Secondary Classifier
Forest and Woodland (Treed)  
Isolated Wetland Partially Isolated

At-Risk Species Reported for this Ecological System
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
NatureServe Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status
Lythrum flagellare
  (Lowland Loosestrife)
G2  
Polyradicion lindenii
  (Ghost Orchid)
G2G4  
Prosthechea cochleata var. triandra
  (Clamshell Orchid)
G4G5T2  

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Char-
acter-
istic
Domi-nant Con-stant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Taxodium ascendens G5 Needle-leaved tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Annona glabra G5 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)    
 
 
Chrysobalanus icaco G5 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)    
 
 
Persea palustris G5 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)    
 
 
Bacopa caroliniana G4 Flowering forb Herb (field)    
 
 
Polyradicion lindenii G3 Flowering forb Herb (field)    
 
 
Ficus aurea G5 Liana Herb (field)    
 
 


Animal Species Reported for this Ecological System
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status Charact-
eristic
Exotic
Agkistrodon piscivorus
  (Cottonmouth)
G5      
Alligator mississippiensis
  (American Alligator)
G5 SAT: Listed threatened because of similar appearance (new)    
Siren lacertina
  (Greater Siren)
G5      


Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
Nation: United States
United States Distribution: FL
Global Range: Endemic to south Florida.

Biogeographic Divisions
Division Code and Name Primary Occurrence Status
411-Caribbean C: Confident or certain

The Nature Conservancy's Conservation Ecoregions
Code Name Occurrence Status
54 Tropical Florida Confident or certain

MRLC 2000 Mapzones
Code Name Occurrence Status
56 Floridian Coastal Plain Confident or certain

National Mapping
ESLF Code (Ecological System Lifeform): 9116
ESP Code (Environmental Site Potential): 1447
EVT Code (Existing Vegetation Type): 2447

West Landfire Legend: No
East Landfire Legend: Yes

Authors/Contributors
Element Description Edition Date: 14Jan2014
Element Description Author(s): R. Evans, M. Pyne and C.W. Nordman

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Comer, P., D. Faber-Langendoen, R. Evans, S. Gawler, C. Josse, G. Kittel, S. Menard, C. Nordman, M. Pyne, M. Reid, M. Russo, K. Schulz, K. Snow, J. Teague, and R. White. 2003-present. Ecological systems of the United States: A working classification of U.S. terrestrial systems. NatureServe, Arlington, VA.

  • Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.

  • FNAI [Florida Natural Areas Inventory]. 2010a. Guide to the natural communities of Florida: 2010 edition. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, FL. 228 pp.

  • Monk, C. D., and T. W. Brown. 1965. Ecological considerations of cypress heads in north central Florida. The American Midland Naturalist 74:126-140.


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