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Classification
Scientific Name: Southern Coastal Plain Nonriverine Basin Swamp
Unique Identifier: CES203.384
Image 22053
© NatureServe
Summary: This ecological system occupies large, seasonally inundated basins with peaty substrates in the southern and outermost portions of the Coastal Plain of the southeastern United States. These basins are nonriverine and do not receive overbank flooding. The southern limit of this system extends into central Florida, especially along the Atlantic Coast in Volusia and Brevard counties. Examples are generally forested; the vegetation is characterized by Taxodium distichum, Nyssa biflora, evergreen "bay" shrubs, and/or mixed hardwoods. Emergent Pinus elliottii may also be present. Some characteristic shrubs include Cliftonia monophylla, Cyrilla racemiflora, Lyonia lucida, and Smilax laurifolia.

Classification Approach: International Terrestrial Ecological Systems Classification (ITESC)

Classification Comments: Manifestations of this in the Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains are not differentiated at this time. There may be some minor floristic differences, particularly between the northernmost and southernmost examples, but these are not thought to warrant any subdivision of the type. Examples of this system differ from Southern Coastal Plain Hydric Hammock (CES203.501) by the absence of oaks (especially swamp laurel oak and live oak) and other less flood-tolerant species such as sweetgum (A. Johnson pers. comm.). In addition, this type is found in basins with peaty substrates as opposed to limestone-influenced substrates.

Similar Ecological Systems
Unique Identifier Name
CES203.304 Southern Atlantic Coastal Plain Nonriverine Swamp and Wet Hardwood Forest
CES203.501 Southern Coastal Plain Hydric Hammock
CES203.520 Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain Basin Swamp and Wet Hardwood Forest


Component Associations
Association Unique ID Association Name
CEGL003638 Pinus elliottii var. elliottii / Cliftonia monophylla - Cyrilla racemiflora Swamp Woodland
CEGL003674 Pinus serotina - Pinus elliottii var. elliottii / Cliftonia monophylla - Cyrilla racemiflora Swamp Woodland
CEGL003804 Taxodium distichum - Nyssa biflora - Acer rubrum - Magnolia virginiana Swamp Forest
CEGL003846 Pinus serotina / Lyonia lucida - Ilex glabra - (Cyrilla racemiflora) Wet Shrubland
CEGL004230 Pinus elliottii var. elliottii / Lyonia lucida / Sarracenia minor var. okefenokeensis - Nymphaea odorata - Sphagnum spp. Wooded Wet Meadow
CEGL004327 Nuphar orbiculata Aquatic Vegetation
CEGL004461 Panicum hemitomon - Pontederia cordata Marsh
CEGL004621 Nymphoides aquatica Aquatic Vegetation
CEGL004720 Nyssa biflora / Ilex myrtifolia / Carex glaucescens - Eriocaulon compressum Swamp Forest
CEGL007042 Cliftonia monophylla / Lyonia lucida - Smilax laurifolia Swamp Forest
CEGL007145 Chamaecyparis thyoides - Pinus elliottii var. elliottii / Nyssa biflora - Acer rubrum var. trilobum / Serenoa repens Swamp Forest
CEGL007156 Nyssa biflora - Magnolia virginiana - (Pinus elliottii var. elliottii) / Morella (caroliniensis, inodora) Swamp Forest



Classifiers

Land Cover Class: Woody Wetland
Spatial Pattern: Large patch
Natural/Seminatural: No
Vegetated ( > 10% vascular cover):
Upland: No
Wetland: Yes
Isolated Wetland: Partially Isolated

Diagnostic Classifiers
Primary Classifier Secondary Classifier
Forest and Woodland (Treed)  
Herbaceous  
Depressional  

Non-diagnostic Classifiers
Primary Classifier Secondary Classifier
Isolated Wetland Partially Isolated
Organic Peat (>40 cm)  

At-Risk Species Reported for this Ecological System
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
NatureServe Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status
Agarodes logani
  (Logan's Agarodes Caddisfly)
G1  
Ambystoma bishopi
  (Reticulated Flatwoods Salamander)
G2 LE: Listed endangered
Ambystoma cingulatum
  (Frosted Flatwoods Salamander)
G2 LT: Listed threatened
Antigone canadensis pratensis
  (Florida Sandhill Crane)
G5T2  
Aphelocoma coerulescens
  (Florida Scrub Jay)
G2 LT: Listed threatened
Asclepias viridula
  (Southern Milkweed)
G2  
Balduina atropurpurea
  (Purple Balduina)
G2  
Calydorea coelestina
  (Bartram's Ixia)
G2G3  
Carex decomposita
  (Cypress-knee Sedge)
G3G4  
Coreopsis nudata
  (Georgia Tickseed)
G3?  
Ctenium floridanum
  (Florida Orange-grass)
G2  
Cuphea aspera
  (Tropical Waxweed)
G2  
Eriocaulon ravenelii
  (Ravenel's Pipewort)
G3G4  
Euphyes dukesi
  (Dukes' Skipper)
G3  
Harperocallis flava
  (Harper's Beauty)
G1 LE: Listed endangered
Hartwrightia floridana
  (Florida Hartwrightia)
G2  
Hasteola robertiorum
  (Hammockherb)
G1  
Hydroptila sykorai
  (Sykora's Hydroptila Caddisfly)
G1  
Hymenocallis henryae
  (Henry's Spider-lily)
G2  
Hypericum lissophloeus
  (Smooth-barked St. John's-wort)
G2  
Kalmia cuneata
  (White-wicky)
G3  
Liatris gholsonii
  (Gholson's Blazingstar)
G1  
Liatris provincialis
  (Godfrey's Blazingstar)
G2  
Lindera melissifolia
  (Pondberry)
G3 LE: Listed endangered
Litsea aestivalis
  (Pondspice)
G3?  
Lobelia boykinii
  (Boykin's Lobelia)
G2G3  
Ludwigia spathulata
  (Spathulate Seedbox)
G2  
Lythrum curtissii
  (Curtiss' Loosestrife)
G1  
Macbridea alba
  (White Birds-in-a-nest)
G2 LT: Listed threatened
Magnolia ashei
  (Ashe's Magnolia)
G2  
Myriophyllum laxum
  (Loose Water-milfoil)
G3  
Notophthalmus perstriatus
  (Striped Newt)
G2G3 C: Candidate
Nuphar lutea ssp. orbiculata
  (Yellow Pond-lily)
G5T3  
Oxyethira setosa
  (Setose Cream and Brown Mottled Microcaddisfly)
G2G3  
Oxypolis canbyi
  (Canby's Dropwort)
G2 LE: Listed endangered
Peltandra sagittifolia
  (Spoon-flower)
G3G4  
Phyllanthus liebmannianus ssp. platylepis
  (Florida Leaf-flower)
G4T2  
Pieris phillyreifolia
  (Climbing Fetterbush)
G3  
Pinguicula ionantha
  (Violet-flowered Butterwort)
G2 LT: Listed threatened
Pinguicula planifolia
  (Chapman's Butterwort)
G3?  
Pseudobranchus striatus striatus
  (Broad-striped Dwarf Siren)
G5T1T3  
Puma concolor coryi
  (Florida Panther)
G5T1 LE: Listed endangered
Rhexia parviflora
  (Small-flower Meadowbeauty)
G2  
Rhododendron chapmanii
  (Chapman's Rhododendron)
G1 LE: Listed endangered
Sideroxylon thornei
  (Swamp Buckthorn)
G3  
Silene polypetala
  (Fringed Campion)
G2 LE: Listed endangered
Sminthurus floridanus
  (Florida Sminthurus Springtail)
G1  
Sphaerocarpos donnellii
  (a liverwort)
G2G3  
Spiranthes brevilabris
  (Texas Ladies'-tresses)
G1G2  
Sporobolus teretifolius
  (Wireleaf Dropseed)
G2  
Thalictrum cooleyi
  (Cooley's Meadowrue)
G1 LE: Listed endangered
Triphora trianthophora
  (Nodding Pogonia)
G3G4  
Ursus americanus floridanus
  (Florida Black Bear)
G5T2  
Verbesina heterophylla
  (Diverseleaf Crownbeard)
G2  
Xyris serotina
  (Acid-swamp Yellow-eyed-grass)
G3G4  
Zale perculta
  (Okefenokee Zale Moth)
G2  

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Char-
acter-
istic
Domi-nant Con-stant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Nyssa biflora G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Taxodium distichum G5 Needle-leaved tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Lindera melissifolia G3 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)      
 
 
Sideroxylon thornei G3 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)      
 
 
Cliftonia monophylla G4 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)    
 
 
Cyrilla racemiflora G5 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)    
 
 
Lyonia lucida G5 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)    
 
 
Balduina atropurpurea G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Eriocaulon compressum G5 Flowering forb Herb (field)    
 
 
Hartwrightia floridana G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Lobelia boykinii G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Ludwigia spathulata G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Lythrum curtissii G1 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Peltandra virginica G5 Flowering forb Herb (field)    
 
 
Rhexia parviflora G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Silene polypetala G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Spiranthes brevilabris G1 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Thalictrum cooleyi G1 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Verbesina heterophylla G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Woodwardia virginica G5 Fern (Spore-bearing forb) Herb (field)    
 
 
Carex glaucescens G4 Graminoid Herb (field)  
 
 
Carex striata G4 Graminoid Herb (field)    
 
 
Ctenium floridanum G2 Graminoid Herb (field)      
 
 
Dulichium arundinaceum G5 Graminoid Herb (field)    
 
 
Eriophorum virginicum G5 Graminoid Herb (field)    
 
 
Panicum hemitomon G5 Graminoid Herb (field)  
 
 
Sporobolus teretifolius G2 Graminoid Herb (field)      
 
 
Smilax laurifolia G5 Liana Herb (field)    
 
 
Sphaerocarpos donnellii G2 Liverwort/hornwort Nonvascular      
 
 
Orontium aquaticum G5 Aquatic herb Submerged aquatic    
 
 


Animal Species Reported for this Ecological System
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status Charact-
eristic
Exotic
Agarodes logani
  (Logan's Agarodes Caddisfly)
G1      
Ambystoma bishopi
  (Reticulated Flatwoods Salamander)
G2 LE: Listed endangered    
Ambystoma cingulatum
  (Frosted Flatwoods Salamander)
G2 LT: Listed threatened    
Antigone canadensis pratensis
  (Florida Sandhill Crane)
G5T2      
Aphelocoma coerulescens
  (Florida Scrub Jay)
G2 LT: Listed threatened    
Euphyes dukesi
  (Dukes' Skipper)
G3      
Hydroptila sykorai
  (Sykora's Hydroptila Caddisfly)
G1      
Liodytes rigida
  (Glossy Swampsnake)
G5      
Lithobates grylio
  (Pig Frog)
G5      
Lithobates virgatipes
  (Carpenter Frog)
G4      
Mycteria americana
  (Wood Stork)
G4      
Notophthalmus perstriatus
  (Striped Newt)
G2G3 C: Candidate    
Oxyethira setosa
  (Setose Cream and Brown Mottled Microcaddisfly)
G2G3      
Pseudobranchus striatus striatus
  (Broad-striped Dwarf Siren)
G5T1T3      
Pseudobranchus striatus
  (Northern Dwarf Siren)
G5      
Puma concolor coryi
  (Florida Panther)
G5T1 LE: Listed endangered    
Siren lacertina
  (Greater Siren)
G5      
Sminthurus floridanus
  (Florida Sminthurus Springtail)
G1      
Ursus americanus floridanus
  (Florida Black Bear)
G5T2      
Zale perculta
  (Okefenokee Zale Moth)
G2      


Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
Nation: United States
United States Distribution: AL, FL, GA, LApotentially occurs, MS, SC
Global Range: This system is found in the southern portions of the Atlantic and East Gulf coastal plains, extending down the Florida peninsula. The southern limit of this system extends into central Florida along the Atlantic Coast in Volusia and Brevard counties (A. Johnson pers. comm.).

Biogeographic Divisions
Division Code and Name Primary Occurrence Status
203-Gulf and Atlantic Coastal Plain C: Confident or certain

The Nature Conservancy's Conservation Ecoregions
Code Name Occurrence Status
53 East Gulf Coastal Plain Confident or certain
55 Florida Peninsula Confident or certain
56 South Atlantic Coastal Plain Confident or certain
57 Mid-Atlantic Coastal Plain Confident or certain

MRLC 2000 Mapzones
Code Name Occurrence Status
46 Northern Gulf Plains Never was there
55 Southeastern Coastal Plain Confident or certain
56 Floridian Coastal Plain Confident or certain
58 Eastern Coastal Plain Confident or certain
99 Southern Gulf Plains Confident or certain

National Mapping
ESLF Code (Ecological System Lifeform): 9323

West Landfire Legend: No
East Landfire Legend: No

Authors/Contributors
Element Description Edition Date: 14Jan2014
Element Description Author(s): R. Evans, M. Pyne and C. Nordman

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Comer, P., D. Faber-Langendoen, R. Evans, S. Gawler, C. Josse, G. Kittel, S. Menard, C. Nordman, M. Pyne, M. Reid, M. Russo, K. Schulz, K. Snow, J. Teague, and R. White. 2003-present. Ecological systems of the United States: A working classification of U.S. terrestrial systems. NatureServe, Arlington, VA.

  • Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.

  • FNAI [Florida Natural Areas Inventory]. 2010a. Guide to the natural communities of Florida: 2010 edition. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, FL. 228 pp.

  • Fowlkes, M. D., J. L. Michael, T. L. Crisman, and J. P. Prenger. 2003. Effects of the herbicide Imazapyr on benthic macroinvertebrates in a logged pond cypress dome. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 22:900-907.

  • Nelson, J. B. 1986. The natural communities of South Carolina: Initial classification and description. South Carolina Wildlife and Marine Resources Department, Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries, Columbia, SC. 55 pp.


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