NatureServe Explorer logo.An Online Encyclopedia of Life
Search
 
Ecological System Comprehensive Report: Record 1 of 1 selected. View Glossary
<< Previous | Next >>

Classification
Scientific Name: East Gulf Coastal Plain Large River Floodplain Forest
Unique Identifier: CES203.489

Search for Images on Google
Summary: This system represents a geographic subset of Southern Floodplain Forest. Examples may be found along large rivers of the East and Upper East Gulf Coastal Plain, especially the Apalachicola, Alabama/Cahaba, Tombigbee, Pascagoula, and Pearl rivers, all of which ultimately drain into the Gulf of Mexico. Several distinct plant communities can be recognized within this system that may be related to the array of different geomorphologic features present within the floodplain. Some of the major geomorphic features associated with different community types include natural levees, point bars, meander scrolls, oxbows, and sloughs. Vegetation generally includes forests dominated by bottomland hardwood species and other trees tolerant of flooding. However, herbaceous and shrub vegetation may be present in certain areas as well.

Classification Approach: International Terrestrial Ecological Systems Classification (ITESC)

Classification Comments: In the Upper East Gulf Plain of Kentucky, this system is represented in the Ecoregions of Kentucky map (Woods et al. 2002) by the lower part of the Wabash-Ohio bottomlands (72a). In the lower Gulf Coastal Plain, this includes at least EPA (Omernik) Level IV ecoregions 65p and 75i (EPA 2004).

Similar Ecological Systems
Unique Identifier Name
CES203.066 Southern Atlantic Coastal Plain Large River Floodplain Forest
CES203.559 East Gulf Coastal Plain Small Stream and River Floodplain Forest


Component Associations
Association Unique ID Association Name
CEGL002018 Populus deltoides - Salix nigra - Acer saccharinum Floodplain Forest
CEGL002099 Quercus michauxii - Quercus shumardii - Liquidambar styraciflua / Arundinaria gigantea Swamp Forest
CEGL002103 Salix nigra Central Floodplain Forest
CEGL002191 Cephalanthus occidentalis / Carex spp. - Lemna spp. Southern Shrub Swamp
CEGL002386 Nuphar advena - Nymphaea odorata Aquatic Vegetation
CEGL002419 Nyssa aquatica Swamp Forest
CEGL002420 Taxodium distichum / Lemna minor Floodplain Forest
CEGL002427 Fraxinus pennsylvanica - Ulmus americana - Celtis laevigata / Ilex decidua Floodplain Forest
CEGL002431 Acer saccharinum - Celtis laevigata - Carya illinoinensis Floodplain Forest
CEGL003735 Nyssa biflora - Taxodium ascendens / Ludwigia pilosa - Bacopa caroliniana Swamp Woodland
CEGL003836 Arundinaria gigantea Shrub Swamp
CEGL003841 Taxodium distichum - Nyssa ogeche Floodplain Forest
CEGL003905 Decodon verticillatus Southeastern Shrub Swamp
CEGL003911 Forestiera acuminata - (Planera aquatica, Cephalanthus occidentalis) Floodplain Scrub
CEGL004139 Zizaniopsis miliacea Coastal Plain Slough Marsh
CEGL004150 Typha latifolia Southern Ruderal Marsh
CEGL004323 Nelumbo lutea Aquatic Vegetation
CEGL004619 Quercus texana - Celtis laevigata - Ulmus (americana, crassifolia) - (Gleditsia triacanthos) Floodplain Forest
CEGL004678 Quercus laurifolia - Quercus michauxii - Liquidambar styraciflua / Carpinus caroliniana Floodplain Forest
CEGL004770 Quercus nigra - Quercus pagoda - Carya myristiciformis / Cercis canadensis Floodplain Forest
CEGL005033 Acer negundo Ruderal Floodplain Forest
CEGL007052 Salix caroliniana Coastal Plain Wet Shrubland
CEGL007312 Betula nigra - Platanus occidentalis / Alnus serrulata / Boehmeria cylindrica Floodplain Forest
CEGL007330 Liquidambar styraciflua - (Liriodendron tulipifera) Ruderal Wet Forest
CEGL007335 Platanus occidentalis - Liquidambar styraciflua - (Ulmus americana) / (Crataegus viridis) Floodplain Forest
CEGL007343 Populus deltoides - Salix caroliniana Floodplain Forest
CEGL007346 Populus deltoides - Salix nigra / Mikania scandens Floodplain Forest
CEGL007353 Liquidambar styraciflua - Quercus pagoda - Carya spp. / Carpinus caroliniana / Carex spp. Floodplain Forest
CEGL007354 Quercus pagoda - Quercus nigra / Halesia diptera / Chasmanthium sessiliflorum - Dicliptera brachiata Floodplain Forest
CEGL007392 Nyssa ogeche - (Nyssa biflora, Taxodium ascendens) Floodplain Forest
CEGL007393 Nyssa ogeche - Nyssa aquatica Floodplain Forest
CEGL007397 Quercus lyrata - Carya aquatica Floodplain Forest
CEGL007410 Salix nigra - (Platanus occidentalis, Populus deltoides) Southern Floodplain Forest
CEGL007411 Salix nigra / (Clethra alnifolia, Morella cerifera) / Nyssa aquatica Ruderal Wet Forest
CEGL007426 Gleditsia aquatica - Carya aquatica Swamp Forest
CEGL007429 Nyssa aquatica - Nyssa biflora Swamp Forest
CEGL007434 Nyssa biflora / Itea virginica - Cephalanthus occidentalis Swamp Forest
CEGL007719 Taxodium distichum - Fraxinus pennsylvanica - Quercus laurifolia / Acer rubrum / Saururus cernuus Floodplain Forest
CEGL007731 Populus deltoides / Acer negundo / Boehmeria cylindrica Floodplain Forest
CEGL007794 Betula nigra / Salix nigra / Hypericum prolificum - Nekemias arborea Floodplain Forest
CEGL007806 Fraxinus pennsylvanica - Ulmus americana / Carpinus caroliniana / Boehmeria cylindrica Floodplain Forest
CEGL007864 Nyssa biflora - Acer rubrum var. rubrum / Lyonia lucida Floodplain Forest
CEGL007915 Quercus phellos - Quercus nigra - Liquidambar styraciflua Mississippi River Floodplain Forest
CEGL008446 Brunnichia ovata Wet Vine-Shrubland
CEGL008463 Nyssa aquatica - Fraxinus pennsylvanica - Taxodium distichum / Sabal minor Floodplain Forest
CEGL008487 Quercus shumardii - Quercus michauxii - Quercus nigra / Acer floridanum - Tilia americana var. heterophylla Swamp Forest
CEGL008547 Catalpa bignonioides - Salix nigra / Brunnichia ovata / Eupatorium serotinum Floodplain Forest
CEGL008555 Polygonum spp. - Phanopyrum gymnocarpon Shoreline Wet Meadow
CEGL008583 Quercus lyrata - Liquidambar styraciflua Floodplain Forest



Classifiers

Land Cover Class: Woody Wetland
Spatial Pattern: Linear
Natural/Seminatural: No
Vegetated ( > 10% vascular cover):
Upland: No
Wetland: Yes
Isolated Wetland: No

Diagnostic Classifiers
Primary Classifier Secondary Classifier
Forest and Woodland (Treed)  
Riverine / Alluvial Brownwater

At-Risk Species Reported for this Ecological System
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
NatureServe Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status
Amblema neislerii
  (Fat Threeridge)
G1 LE: Listed endangered
Anodonta heardi
  (Apalachicola Floater)
G2  
Brachythecium rotaeanum
  (Rota's Feather Moss)
G3G4  
Campephilus principalis
  (Ivory-billed Woodpecker)
G1 LE: Listed endangered
Croton elliottii
  (Elliott's Croton)
G3  
Cuphea aspera
  (Tropical Waxweed)
G2  
Cyprinella callitaenia
  (Bluestripe Shiner)
G2G3  
Drymarchon couperi
  (Eastern Indigo Snake)
G3Q LT: Listed threatened
Elliptio arctata
  (Delicate Spike)
G2G3Q  
Elliptio chipolaensis
  (Chipola Slabshell)
G1 LT: Listed threatened
Elliptio purpurella
  (Inflated Spike)
G2  
Elliptoideus sloatianus
  (Purple Bankclimber)
G2 LT: Listed threatened
Euphorbia telephioides
  (Telephus Spurge)
G1 LT: Listed threatened
Eurycea wallacei
  (Georgia Blind Salamander)
G2  
Fissidens hallii
  (Hall's Pocket Moss)
G2  
Fissidens leptophyllus
  (Reese's Fissidens Moss)
G2?  
Fusconaia burkei
  (Tapered Pigtoe)
G2G3 LT: Listed threatened
Graptemys barbouri
  (Barbour's Map Turtle)
G2  
Hamiota subangulata
  (Shinyrayed Pocketbook)
G2 LE: Listed endangered
Hydroptila apalachicola
  (Apalachicola Hydroptila Caddisfly)
G1  
Lejeunea floridana
  (a liverwort)
G2G3  
Medionidus penicillatus
  (Gulf Moccasinshell)
G2 LE: Listed endangered
Medionidus simpsonianus
  (Ochlockonee Moccasinshell)
G1 LE: Listed endangered
Melanoplus ordwayae
  (Ordway Melanoplus Grasshopper)
G1G2  
Metzgeria uncigera
  (a liverwort)
G3  
Obovaria choctawensis
  (Choctaw Bean)
G2G3 LE: Listed endangered
Plagiochila sullivantii
  (Sullivant's Leafy Liverwort)
G2  
Pleurobema pyriforme
  (Oval Pigtoe)
G2 LE: Listed endangered
Puma concolor couguar
  (Eastern Cougar)
G5TXQ  
Riccardia jugata
  (a liverwort)
G2  
Riccia eldeeniae
  (a liverwort)
G1G3Q  
Rudbeckia auriculata
  (Eared Coneflower)
G2  
Sideroxylon thornei
  (Swamp Buckthorn)
G3  
Trillium lancifolium
  (Lanceleaf Wakerobin)
G3  
Ursus americanus floridanus
  (Florida Black Bear)
G5T2  
Zale perculta
  (Okefenokee Zale Moth)
G2  

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Char-
acter-
istic
Domi-nant Con-stant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Fraxinus pennsylvanica G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Liquidambar styraciflua G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Nyssa aquatica G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Quercus michauxii G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Quercus phellos G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Quercus laurifolia G5 Broad-leaved evergreen tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Taxodium distichum G5 Needle-leaved tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Carpinus caroliniana G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree subcanopy    
 
 
Sideroxylon thornei G3 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)      
 
 
Croton elliottii G3 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Rudbeckia auriculata G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Lejeunea floridana G2 Liverwort/hornwort Nonvascular      
 
 
Plagiochila sullivantii G2 Liverwort/hornwort Nonvascular      
 
 
Riccardia jugata G2 Liverwort/hornwort Nonvascular      
 
 
Riccia eldeeniae G2 Liverwort/hornwort Nonvascular      
 
 
Fissidens hallii G2 Moss Nonvascular      
 
 
Fissidens leptophyllus G2 Moss Nonvascular      
 
 


Animal Species Reported for this Ecological System
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status Charact-
eristic
Exotic
Agkistrodon piscivorus
  (Cottonmouth)
G5      
Alligator mississippiensis
  (American Alligator)
G5 SAT: Listed threatened because of similar appearance (new)    
Amblema neislerii
  (Fat Threeridge)
G1 LE: Listed endangered    
Ambystoma talpoideum
  (Mole Salamander)
G5      
Anodonta heardi
  (Apalachicola Floater)
G2      
Anolis carolinensis
  (Green Anole)
G5      
Campephilus principalis
  (Ivory-billed Woodpecker)
G1 LE: Listed endangered    
Chelydra serpentina
  (Snapping Turtle)
G5      
Cyprinella callitaenia
  (Bluestripe Shiner)
G2G3      
Drymarchon couperi
  (Eastern Indigo Snake)
G3Q LT: Listed threatened    
Elanoides forficatus
  (Swallow-tailed Kite)
G5      
Elliptio arctata
  (Delicate Spike)
G2G3Q      
Elliptio chipolaensis
  (Chipola Slabshell)
G1 LT: Listed threatened    
Elliptio purpurella
  (Inflated Spike)
G2      
Elliptoideus sloatianus
  (Purple Bankclimber)
G2 LT: Listed threatened    
Eurycea wallacei
  (Georgia Blind Salamander)
G2      
Fusconaia burkei
  (Tapered Pigtoe)
G2G3 LT: Listed threatened    
Graptemys barbouri
  (Barbour's Map Turtle)
G2      
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  (Bald Eagle)
G5      
Hamiota subangulata
  (Shinyrayed Pocketbook)
G2 LE: Listed endangered    
Helmitheros vermivorum
  (Worm-eating Warbler)
G5      
Hydroptila apalachicola
  (Apalachicola Hydroptila Caddisfly)
G1      
Ictinia mississippiensis
  (Mississippi Kite)
G5      
Lithobates catesbeianus
  (American Bullfrog)
G5      
Lithobates clamitans
  (Green Frog)
G5      
Lithobates grylio
  (Pig Frog)
G5      
Lithobates heckscheri
  (River Frog)
G5      
Lithobates sphenocephalus
  (Southern Leopard Frog)
G5      
Lontra canadensis
  (North American River Otter)
G5      
Medionidus penicillatus
  (Gulf Moccasinshell)
G2 LE: Listed endangered    
Medionidus simpsonianus
  (Ochlockonee Moccasinshell)
G1 LE: Listed endangered    
Melanoplus ordwayae
  (Ordway Melanoplus Grasshopper)
G1G2      
Myotis austroriparius
  (Southeastern Myotis)
G4      
Nerodia erythrogaster
  (Plain-bellied Watersnake)
G5      
Nerodia fasciata
  (Southern Watersnake)
G5      
Obovaria choctawensis
  (Choctaw Bean)
G2G3 LE: Listed endangered    
Pleurobema pyriforme
  (Oval Pigtoe)
G2 LE: Listed endangered    
Puma concolor couguar
  (Eastern Cougar)
G5TXQ      
Setophaga citrina
  (Hooded Warbler)
G5      
Siren intermedia
  (Lesser Siren)
G5      
Thamnophis sauritus sauritus
  (Common Ribbonsnake)
G5T5      
Ursus americanus floridanus
  (Florida Black Bear)
G5T2      
Zale perculta
  (Okefenokee Zale Moth)
G2      


Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
Nation: United States
United States Distribution: AL, FL, GA, KY, MS, TN
Global Range: This system is found in the East and Upper East Gulf coastal plains, and includes the Apalachicola, Alabama, Tombigbee, Pascagoula, and Pearl rivers, all of which ultimately drain into the Gulf of Mexico.

Biogeographic Divisions
Division Code and Name Primary Occurrence Status
203-Gulf and Atlantic Coastal Plain C: Confident or certain

The Nature Conservancy's Conservation Ecoregions
Code Name Occurrence Status
43 Upper East Gulf Coastal Plain Confident or certain
53 East Gulf Coastal Plain Confident or certain

MRLC 2000 Mapzones
Code Name Occurrence Status
46 Northern Gulf Plains Confident or certain
47 Appalachia Bluegrass Hills Confident or certain
55 Southeastern Coastal Plain Confident or certain
99 Southern Gulf Plains Confident or certain

National Mapping
ESLF Code (Ecological System Lifeform): 9199

West Landfire Legend: No
East Landfire Legend: No

Authors/Contributors
Element Description Edition Date: 30Jun2016
Element Description Author(s): R. Evans, A. Schotz, M. Pyne

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Comer, P., D. Faber-Langendoen, R. Evans, S. Gawler, C. Josse, G. Kittel, S. Menard, C. Nordman, M. Pyne, M. Reid, M. Russo, K. Schulz, K. Snow, J. Teague, and R. White. 2003-present. Ecological systems of the United States: A working classification of U.S. terrestrial systems. NatureServe, Arlington, VA.

  • EPA [Environmental Protection Agency]. 2004. Level III and IV Ecoregions of EPA Region 4. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Western Ecology Division, Corvallis, OR. Scale 1:2,000,000.

  • Evans, M., B. Yahn, and M. Hines. 2009. Natural communities of Kentucky 2009. Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission, Frankfort, KY. 22 pp.

  • Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.

  • FNAI [Florida Natural Areas Inventory]. 2010a. Guide to the natural communities of Florida: 2010 edition. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, FL. 228 pp.

  • Harris, L. D. 1989. The faunal significance of fragmentation in southeastern bottomland forests. Pages 126-134 in: D. D. Hook and R. Lea, editors. Proceedings of the symposium: The forested wetlands of the southern United States. General Technical Report SE-50. USDA Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 168 pp.

  • Küchler, A. W. 1964. Potential natural vegetation of the conterminous United States. American Geographic Society Special Publication 36. New York, NY. 116 pp.

  • Landfire [Landfire National Vegetation Dynamics Database]. 2007a. Landfire National Vegetation Dynamics Models. Landfire Project, USDA Forest Service, U.S. Department of Interior. (January - last update) [http://www.LANDFIRE.gov/index.php] (accessed 8 February 2007).

  • Putnam, J. A. 1951. Management of bottomland hardwoods. Occasional Paper No. 116. USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, New Orleans, LA.

  • Sharitz, R. R., and W. J. Mitsch. 1993. Southern floodplain forests. Pages 311-372 in: W. H. Martin, S. G. Boyce, and A. C. Echternacht, editors. Biodiversity of the southeastern United States: Lowland terrestrial communities. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

  • Wharton, C. H., W. M. Kitchens, E. C. Pendleton, and T. W. Sipe. 1982. The ecology of bottomland hardwood swamps of the Southeast: A community profile. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Biological Services. FWS/OBS-81/37. Washington, DC.

  • Woods, A. J., J. M. Omernik, W. H. Martin, G. J. Pond, W. M. Andrews, S. M. Call, J. A. Comstock, and D. D. Taylor. 2002. Ecoregions of Kentucky (two-sided color poster with map, descriptive text, summary tables, and photographs). U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA. (map scale 1:1,000,000)


Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2018.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2018 NatureServe, 4600 N. Fairfax Dr., 7th Floor, Arlington Virginia 22203, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2018. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.

Copyright 2018
NatureServe
Version 7.1 (2 February 2009)
Data last updated: March 2018