NatureServe Explorer logo.An Online Encyclopedia of Life
Search
 
Ecological System Comprehensive Report: Record 1 of 1 selected. View Glossary
<< Previous | Next >>

Classification
Scientific Name: Southern Coastal Plain Oak Dome and Hammock
Unique Identifier: CES203.494

Search for Images on Google
Summary: This small-patch system occurs in the Southern Coastal Plain (EPA ecoregion 75). Examples are known from some more inland portions of this region as well as the Southeastern Plain (EPA ecoregion 65) in Georgia and Alabama. Relatively dense stands of Quercus virginiana and/or Quercus geminata are diagnostic of this system. Examples often occupy locally distinct microhabitats that differ from the surrounding landscape, such as shallow depressions or slight topographic highs in a predominantly Pinus palustris -dominated landscape. Although embedded in a matrix of vegetation with extremely frequent fire regimes, patches of this system are subject to only infrequent or rare fire events. Under more frequent fire regimes, these sites would likely be occupied by Pinus palustris. It has been postulated that winter burning regimes have allowed this type to expand. A range of soil and moisture conditions may be present. More mesic examples have relatively thin soils (to 50 cm) above clay, while xeric examples occupy deep (>130 cm) well-drained sands. Dominant plants of mesic examples include Quercus virginiana and Quercus hemisphaerica, along with Diospyros virginiana. Vines including Campsis radicans and Smilax spp. dominate the sparse ground cover. In xeric examples, dominants include Quercus geminata, Pinus palustris, Quercus virginiana, Aristida beyrichiana, and Stylisma humistrata. This system is low in plant species diversity compared to most other habitats in the region.

Classification Approach: International Terrestrial Ecological Systems Classification (ITESC)

Classification Comments: More diverse stands of upland hardwoods occurring in the same ecoregions should generally be treated under Southern Coastal Plain Dry Upland Hardwood Forest (CES203.560). The core range of this system lies farther south than CES203.560. Closely related stands of vegetation may also occur in near-coastal environments where they are more obviously influenced by maritime disturbances; these are treated under different ecological systems. In Alabama examples of this system are of very limited extent, but occur inland as far as 60 miles or so from the coast; it is also known from bluffs along the Mobile-Tensas (A. Schotz pers. comm.).

Similar Ecological Systems
Unique Identifier Name
CES203.560 Southern Coastal Plain Dry Upland Hardwood Forest


Component Associations
Association Unique ID Association Name
CEGL003564 Quercus geminata / Vaccinium arboreum Forest
CEGL003665 Quercus nigra - Quercus geminata / Lyonia ferruginea - Serenoa repens Forest
CEGL004408 Quercus virginiana - Quercus (hemisphaerica, nigra) / Serenoa repens Forest
CEGL004506 Quercus hemisphaerica - Carya glabra - (Quercus virginiana) Forest
CEGL004787 Quercus hemisphaerica - Quercus geminata / Persea borbonia - Osmanthus americanus Forest
CEGL007028 Quercus virginiana / Vaccinium arboreum - Ilex vomitoria Forest
CEGL008599 Quercus geminata / Sabal etonia Forest



Classifiers

Land Cover Class: Forest and Woodland
Spatial Pattern: Small patch
Natural/Seminatural: No
Vegetated ( > 10% vascular cover):
Upland: Yes
Wetland: No
Isolated Wetland: No

Diagnostic Classifiers
Primary Classifier Secondary Classifier
Forest and Woodland (Treed)  
Long Disturbance Interval  
Broad-Leaved Evergreen Tree  

At-Risk Species Reported for this Ecological System
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
NatureServe Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status
Arnoglossum diversifolium
  (Variableleaf Indian-plantain)
G2  
Croton elliottii
  (Elliott's Croton)
G3  
Ctenium floridanum
  (Florida Orange-grass)
G2  
Dicerandra radfordiana
  (Radford's Dicerandra)
G1Q  
Eccremidium floridanum
  (Florida Eccremidium Moss)
G1?  
Euphorbia telephioides
  (Telephus Spurge)
G1 LT: Listed threatened
Lythrum curtissii
  (Curtiss' Loosestrife)
G1  
Mycotrupes gaigei
  (North Peninsular Mycotrupes Beetle)
G2G3  
Oxyethira florida
  (Florida Oxyethiran Micro Caddisfly)
G1G2  
Pteroglossaspis ecristata
  (Giant Orchid)
G2G3  
Puma concolor coryi
  (Florida Panther)
G5T1 LE: Listed endangered
Rhynchospora pleiantha
  (Brown Beakrush)
G2G3  
Spigelia gentianoides
  (Gentian Pinkroot)
G1 LE: Listed endangered

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Char-
acter-
istic
Domi-nant Con-stant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Diospyros virginiana G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Quercus nigra G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Quercus geminata G5 Broad-leaved evergreen tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Quercus hemisphaerica G5 Broad-leaved evergreen tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Quercus virginiana G5 Broad-leaved evergreen tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Pinus palustris G5 Needle-leaved tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Ilex vomitoria G5 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)    
 
 
Vaccinium arboreum G5 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)    
 
 
Serenoa repens G4 Palm shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)    
 
 
Arnoglossum diversifolium G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Croton elliottii G3 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Dicerandra radfordiana G1 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Lythrum curtissii G1 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Pteroglossaspis ecristata G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Stylisma humistrata G4 Flowering forb Herb (field)  
 
 
Aristida stricta G4 Graminoid Herb (field)    
 
 
Ctenium floridanum G2 Graminoid Herb (field)      
 
 
Rhynchospora pleiantha G2 Graminoid Herb (field)      
 
 
Campsis radicans G5 Liana Herb (field)    
 
 
Eccremidium floridanum G1 Moss Nonvascular      
 
 


Animal Species Reported for this Ecological System
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status Charact-
eristic
Exotic
Geomys pinetis
  (Southeastern Pocket Gopher)
G5      
Glaucomys volans
  (Southern Flying Squirrel)
G5      
Heterodon platirhinos
  (Eastern Hog-nosed Snake)
G5      
Mycotrupes gaigei
  (North Peninsular Mycotrupes Beetle)
G2G3      
Oxyethira florida
  (Florida Oxyethiran Micro Caddisfly)
G1G2      
Puma concolor coryi
  (Florida Panther)
G5T1 LE: Listed endangered    
Sciurus carolinensis
  (Eastern Gray Squirrel)
G5      
Terrapene carolina
  (Eastern Box Turtle)
G5      


Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
Nation: United States
United States Distribution: AL, FL, GA, MS
Global Range: This system occurs in Florida, adjacent Georgia and in very limited areas of Alabama (A. Schotz pers. comm.).

Biogeographic Divisions
Division Code and Name Primary Occurrence Status
203-Gulf and Atlantic Coastal Plain C: Confident or certain

The Nature Conservancy's Conservation Ecoregions
Code Name Occurrence Status
53 East Gulf Coastal Plain Confident or certain
55 Florida Peninsula Confident or certain
56 South Atlantic Coastal Plain Confident or certain

MRLC 2000 Mapzones
Code Name Occurrence Status
46 Northern Gulf Plains Never was there
55 Southeastern Coastal Plain Confident or certain
56 Floridian Coastal Plain Confident or certain
99 Southern Gulf Plains Confident or certain

National Mapping
ESLF Code (Ecological System Lifeform): 4275

West Landfire Legend: No
East Landfire Legend: No

Authors/Contributors
Element Description Edition Date: 14Jan2014
Element Description Author(s): R. Evans and M. Pyne

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Brewer, S. 2008. Declines in plant species richness and endemic plant species in longleaf pine savannas invaded by Imperata cylindrica. Biological Invasions 10:1257-1264.

  • Comer, P., D. Faber-Langendoen, R. Evans, S. Gawler, C. Josse, G. Kittel, S. Menard, C. Nordman, M. Pyne, M. Reid, M. Russo, K. Schulz, K. Snow, J. Teague, and R. White. 2003-present. Ecological systems of the United States: A working classification of U.S. terrestrial systems. NatureServe, Arlington, VA.

  • Daubenmire, R. 1990. The Magnolia grandiflora-Quercus virginiana forest of Florida. The American Midland Naturalist 123:331-347.

  • Drew, M. B., L. K. Kirkman, and A. K. Gholson, Jr. 1998. The vascular flora of Ichauway, Baker County, Georgia: A remnant longleaf pine/wiregrass ecosystem. Castanea 63(1):1-24.

  • Edwards, L., J. Ambrose, and K. Kirkman. 2013. The natural communities of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens, GA. 675 pp.

  • Engeman, R. M., A. Stevens, J. Allen, J. Dunlap, M. Daniel, D. Teague, and B. Constantin. 2007. Feral swine management for conservation of an imperiled wetland habitat: Florida's vanishing seepage slopes. Biological Conservation 134:440-446.

  • Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.

  • FNAI [Florida Natural Areas Inventory]. 2010a. Guide to the natural communities of Florida: 2010 edition. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, FL. 228 pp.

  • Guerin, D. N. 1993. Oak dome clonal structure and fire ecology in a Florida longleaf pine dominated community. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 120(2):107-114.

  • Johnson, Ann F. Personal communication. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee.

  • Laessle, A. M. 1958. The origin and successional relationship of sandhill vegetation and sand pine scrub. Ecological Monographs 28:361-387.

  • Myers, R. L. 1990a. Scrub and high pine. Pages 150-193 in: R. L. Myers and J. L. Ewel, editors. Ecosystems of Florida. University of Central Florida Press, Orlando.

  • Schotz, Al. Personal communication. Community Ecologist. Alabama Natural Heritage Program. Huntingdon College, Massey Hall, 1500 East Fairview Avenue, Montgomery, AL 36106-2148.


Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2018.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2018 NatureServe, 4600 N. Fairfax Dr., 7th Floor, Arlington Virginia 22203, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2018. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.

Copyright 2018
NatureServe
Version 7.1 (2 February 2009)
Data last updated: March 2018