NatureServe Explorer logo.An Online Encyclopedia of Life
Search
 
Ecological System Comprehensive Report: Record 1 of 1 selected. View Glossary
<< Previous | Next >>

Classification
Scientific Name: East Gulf Coastal Plain Interior Upland Longleaf Pine Woodland
Unique Identifier: CES203.496

Search for Images on Google
Summary: This ecological system represents Pinus palustris forests of rolling, dissected to relatively flat uplands of the East Gulf Coastal Plain. These stands occur primarily in the Southeastern Plains (EPA Ecoregion 65). It is found inland of the Gulf Coast Flatwoods (EPA Ecoregion 75a) and extends landward into the Upper East Gulf Coastal Plain Ecoregion by about 80 km (50 miles). It potentially occupies a much larger geographic area than the related Pinus palustris woodlands of the outer coastal area. The characteristic species is Pinus palustris, although many stands may support only relictual individuals following a long history of exploitation, harvest, and stand conversion, primarily to agriculture or to planted stands of Pinus elliottii var. elliottii or Pinus taeda. This system includes stands with a range of soil and moisture conditions. Mesic stands on medium- to fine-textured soils are more typical of the system, although limited xeric areas on deep sands are also present. In natural condition, fire is believed to have been frequent enough to limit development of fire-intolerant hardwood species as well as Pinus taeda and Pinus echinata. Although such species may be present or even common in the most mesic stands, they generally do not share dominance in the overstory unless fire has been absent from the stand.

Classification Approach: International Terrestrial Ecological Systems Classification (ITESC)

Classification Comments: The dominance of Pinus palustris in examples of this ecological system may be lost through fire suppression, bark beetle infestations, forestry and agricultural land conversion, and mechanical disturbance. Loss of Pinus palustris dominance will fundamentally change the ecological function of the landscape occupied by the system, primarily by altering the fire regime. Without the appropriate fire regime, canopy closure will increase along with shrub dominance, and grasses, forbs and other finer-fuel components will decline, further altering the fire regime dynamics.

Systems dominated by Pinus palustris are subdivided by biogeography, from northeast to southwest across the coastal plains from Virginia to Texas. Longleaf pine-dominated stands in the rocky submontane areas of the Piedmont as well as the Ridge and Valley (from North Carolina to Alabama) are classified as a separate system, Southeastern Interior Longleaf Pine Woodland (CES202.319).


Similar Ecological Systems
Unique Identifier Name
CES202.319 Southeastern Interior Longleaf Pine Woodland
CES203.375 East Gulf Coastal Plain Near-Coast Pine Flatwoods
CES203.506 East Gulf Coastal Plain Interior Shortleaf Pine-Oak Forest


Component Associations
Association Unique ID Association Name
CEGL003575 Pinus palustris / Quercus falcata / Cornus florida / Schizachyrium scoparium Woodland
CEGL003583 Pinus palustris / Quercus laevis / Licania michauxii / Pityopsis aspera Woodland
CEGL003587 Pinus palustris / Quercus laevis / Schizachyrium scoparium - Rhynchosia cytisoides Woodland
CEGL003588 Pinus palustris / Quercus laevis / Serenoa repens / Aristida condensata Woodland
CEGL003598 Pinus palustris / Quercus marilandica / Schizachyrium scoparium - Schizachyrium tenerum - Rhexia alifanus Woodland
CEGL003601 Pinus palustris / Quercus laevis / Serenoa repens - Clinopodium coccineum Woodland
CEGL004485 Pinus palustris / Asimina angustifolia / Aristida beyrichiana - Schizachyrium scoparium - Dyschoriste oblongifolia Woodland
CEGL004490 Pinus palustris / Quercus laevis / Aristida beyrichiana - Pterocaulon pycnostachyum Woodland
CEGL004774 Pinus palustris - Pinus (echinata, taeda) / Schizachyrium tenerum - Vernonia angustifolia Woodland
CEGL004945 Pinus palustris / Quercus falcata / Cornus florida / Aristida beyrichiana Woodland
CEGL004955 Pinus palustris / Schizachyrium scoparium - Coreopsis tripteris - Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea Woodland
CEGL004957 Pinus palustris / Quercus incana / Sporobolus clandestinus Woodland
CEGL007133 Pinus palustris / Quercus geminata / Conradina canescens / Aristida beyrichiana Woodland
CEGL007135 Pinus palustris / Quercus margarettae / Aristida beyrichiana - Rhynchosia reniformis Woodland
CEGL007137 Pinus palustris / Quercus falcata / Erythrina herbacea / Aristida condensata Woodland
CEGL007141 Pinus palustris / Quercus minima / Aristida beyrichiana - Carphephorus odoratissimus Woodland
CEGL007749 Pinus palustris / Quercus pumila / Aristida beyrichiana Woodland
CEGL008452 Pinus palustris / Schizachyrium scoparium - Verbesina aristata Loamhill Woodland
CEGL008491 Pinus palustris / Schizachyrium scoparium - Pteridium aquilinum Woodland



Classifiers

Land Cover Class: Forest and Woodland
Spatial Pattern: Matrix
Natural/Seminatural: No
Vegetated ( > 10% vascular cover):
Upland: Yes
Wetland: No
Isolated Wetland: No

Diagnostic Classifiers
Primary Classifier Secondary Classifier
Forest and Woodland (Treed)  
Very Short Disturbance Interval  
East Gulf Coastal Plain  

At-Risk Species Reported for this Ecological System
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
NatureServe Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status
Agalinis aphylla
  (Coastal Plain False Foxglove)
G3G4  
Agalinis divaricata
  (Pineland False Foxglove)
G3?  
Agrimonia incisa
  (Incised Groovebur)
G3  
Ambystoma cingulatum
  (Frosted Flatwoods Salamander)
G2 LT: Listed threatened
Angelica dentata
  (Coastal Plain Angelica)
G2G3  
Aristida mohrii
  (Mohr's Three-awn Grass)
G1  
Astragalus michauxii
  (Sandhills Milkvetch)
G3  
Balduina atropurpurea
  (Purple Balduina)
G2  
Baptisia arachnifera
  (Hairy Rattleweed)
G1 LE: Listed endangered
Baptisia megacarpa
  (Apalachicola Wild Indigo)
G2  
Baptisia simplicifolia
  (Coastal Plain Wild Indigo)
G3  
Brickellia cordifolia
  (Flyr's Brickell-bush)
G3  
Calopogon multiflorus
  (Many-flower Grass-pink)
G2G3  
Calystegia catesbeiana
  (Catesby's False Bindweed)
G3  
Campylopus carolinae
  (Savanna Campylopus)
G2  
Clinopodium dentatum
  (Toothed Savory)
G3  
Clitoria fragrans
  (Sweet-scented Pigeonwings)
G3 LT: Listed threatened
Conradina glabra
  (Apalachicola False Rosemary)
G1 LE: Listed endangered
Copris gopheri
  (Gopher Tortoise Copris Beetle)
G2  
Coreopsis integrifolia
  (Ciliate-leaf Tickseed)
G1G2  
Crataegus lacrimata
  (Pensacola Hawthorn)
G3  
Croton elliottii
  (Elliott's Croton)
G3  
Ctenium floridanum
  (Florida Orange-grass)
G2  
Desmodium ochroleucum
  (Cream Tick-trefoil)
G2  
Drymaeus dormani
  (Manatee Treesnail)
G2G3  
Drymarchon couperi
  (Eastern Indigo Snake)
G3Q LT: Listed threatened
Elliottia racemosa
  (Georgia Plume)
G2?  
Eurycea wallacei
  (Georgia Blind Salamander)
G2  
Gopherus polyphemus
  (Gopher Tortoise)
G3  
Harperocallis flava
  (Harper's Beauty)
G1 LE: Listed endangered
Heterodon simus
  (Southern Hog-nosed Snake)
G2  
Hypericum lissophloeus
  (Smooth-barked St. John's-wort)
G2  
Lampropeltis extenuata
  (Short-tailed Kingsnake)
G3  
Lindera melissifolia
  (Pondberry)
G3 LE: Listed endangered
Linum sulcatum var. harperi
  (Harper's Grooved-yellow Flax)
G5T2  
Lithobates capito
  (Carolina Gopher Frog)
G3  
Lithobates sevosus
  (Dusky Gopher Frog)
G1 LE: Listed endangered
Lobelia boykinii
  (Boykin's Lobelia)
G2G3  
Magnolia ashei
  (Ashe's Magnolia)
G2  
Marshallia ramosa
  (Southern Marshallia)
G2G3  
Matelea floridana
  (Florida Milkvine)
G2  
Ophisaurus mimicus
  (Mimic Glass Lizard)
G3  
Paronychia rugelii
  (Rugel's Nailwort)
G2?  
Paronychia rugelii var. interior
  (Rugel's Nailwort)
G2?T2?Q  
Paronychia rugelii var. rugelii
  (Rugel's Nailwort)
G2?T2?  
Penstemon dissectus
  (Dissected Beardtongue)
G2  
Peucaea aestivalis
  (Bachman's Sparrow)
G3  
Phoebanthus tenuifolius
  (Pineland False Sunflower)
G3  
Phyllophaga clemens
  (Clemens' June Beetle)
G2  
Picoides borealis
  (Red-cockaded Woodpecker)
G3 LE: Listed endangered
Pituophis melanoleucus mugitus
  (Florida Pinesnake)
G4T3  
Pityopsis flexuosa
  (Zigzag Silk-grass)
G3  
Podomys floridanus
  (Florida Deermouse)
G3  
Pseudobranchus striatus striatus
  (Broad-striped Dwarf Siren)
G5T1T3  
Pteroglossaspis ecristata
  (Giant Orchid)
G2G3  
Quercus arkansana
  (Arkansas Oak)
G3  
Rhexia salicifolia
  (Panhandle Meadowbeauty)
G2  
Rhododendron chapmanii
  (Chapman's Rhododendron)
G1 LE: Listed endangered
Rhynchospora solitaria
  (One-spike Beakrush)
G1  
Salix floridana
  (Florida Willow)
G2  
Schwalbea americana
  (Chaffseed)
G2 LE: Listed endangered
Spigelia gentianoides
  (Gentian Pinkroot)
G1 LE: Listed endangered
Sporobolus curtissii
  (Pineland Dropseed)
G3  
Sporobolus teretifolius
  (Wireleaf Dropseed)
G2  
Taxus floridana
  (Florida Yew)
G2  
Tephrosia mohrii
  (Pineland Hoary-pea)
G3  
Thalictrum cooleyi
  (Cooley's Meadowrue)
G1 LE: Listed endangered
Warea amplexifolia
  (Wide-leaf Warea)
G1 LE: Listed endangered

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Char-
acter-
istic
Domi-nant Con-stant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Quercus falcata G5 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Pinus palustris G5 Needle-leaved tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Elliottia racemosa G2 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)      
 
 
Lindera melissifolia G3 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)      
 
 
Salix floridana G2 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)      
 
 
Angelica dentata G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Balduina atropurpurea G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Baptisia arachnifera G1 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Baptisia megacarpa G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Brickellia cordifolia G3 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Calopogon multiflorus G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Coreopsis integrifolia G1 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Croton elliottii G3 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Desmodium ochroleucum G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Linum sulcatum var. harperi T2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Lobelia boykinii G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Marshallia ramosa G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Matelea floridana G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Paronychia rugelii G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Paronychia rugelii var. interior T2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Paronychia rugelii var. rugelii T2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Penstemon dissectus G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Pityopsis aspera G5 Flowering forb Herb (field)    
 
 
Pteroglossaspis ecristata G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Rhexia salicifolia G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Schwalbea americana G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Stachys hyssopifolia G4 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Thalictrum cooleyi G1 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Andropogon gyrans var. gyrans T5 Graminoid Herb (field)    
 
 
Andropogon ternarius G5 Graminoid Herb (field)    
 
 
Aristida beyrichiana G5 Graminoid Herb (field)  
 
 
Aristida mohrii G1 Graminoid Herb (field)    
 
 
Aristida stricta G4 Graminoid Herb (field)    
 
 
Ctenium floridanum G2 Graminoid Herb (field)      
 
 
Rhynchospora solitaria G1 Graminoid Herb (field)      
 
 
Schizachyrium scoparium G5 Graminoid Herb (field)    
 
 
Sporobolus teretifolius G2 Graminoid Herb (field)      
 
 
Campylopus carolinae G2 Moss Nonvascular      
 
 


Animal Species Reported for this Ecological System
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status Charact-
eristic
Exotic
Ambystoma cingulatum
  (Frosted Flatwoods Salamander)
G2 LT: Listed threatened    
Antrostomus carolinensis
  (Chuck-will's-widow)
G5      
Copris gopheri
  (Gopher Tortoise Copris Beetle)
G2      
Crotalus adamanteus
  (Eastern Diamond-backed Rattlesnake)
G4      
Drymaeus dormani
  (Manatee Treesnail)
G2G3      
Drymarchon couperi
  (Eastern Indigo Snake)
G3Q LT: Listed threatened    
Eurycea wallacei
  (Georgia Blind Salamander)
G2      
Geomys pinetis
  (Southeastern Pocket Gopher)
G5      
Gopherus polyphemus
  (Gopher Tortoise)
G3      
Heterodon simus
  (Southern Hog-nosed Snake)
G2      
Lampropeltis extenuata
  (Short-tailed Kingsnake)
G3      
Lanius ludovicianus
  (Loggerhead Shrike)
G4      
Lithobates capito
  (Carolina Gopher Frog)
G3      
Lithobates sevosus
  (Dusky Gopher Frog)
G1 LE: Listed endangered    
Ophisaurus mimicus
  (Mimic Glass Lizard)
G3      
Peucaea aestivalis
  (Bachman's Sparrow)
G3      
Phyllophaga clemens
  (Clemens' June Beetle)
G2      
Picoides borealis
  (Red-cockaded Woodpecker)
G3 LE: Listed endangered    
Pituophis melanoleucus mugitus
  (Florida Pinesnake)
G4T3      
Pituophis melanoleucus
  (Pinesnake)
G4      
Podomys floridanus
  (Florida Deermouse)
G3      
Pseudobranchus striatus striatus
  (Broad-striped Dwarf Siren)
G5T1T3      
Sitta pusilla
  (Brown-headed Nuthatch)
G4      
Terrapene carolina
  (Eastern Box Turtle)
G5      


Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
Nation: United States
United States Distribution: AL, FL, GA, LA, MS
Global Range: This system formerly occupied an extensive range across the southern parts of Alabama, northern Panhandle of Florida (north of the Cody Scarp), southern Mississippi, and southwestern Georgia and was also present in limited areas of Louisiana. It has been greatly reduced in its extent, with much of its range now occupied by agriculture or by planted stands of Pinus taeda. In southwestern Mississippi, this system is apparently absent (or very rare and limited) west of 91W longitude to the limits of the alluvial plain and northwest of a line running approximately from the intersection of 31N latitude and 91W longitude, northeastward to the city of Jackson, Mississippi. This is consistent with the ranges of "Oak-Pine" vegetation versus "Longleaf-Loblolly-Slash Pines" (generally equivalent to this system) in Shantz and Zon (1924). In southwest Georgia, this ecological system occurs in Coastal Plain areas which drain to the Gulf of Mexico.

Biogeographic Divisions
Division Code and Name Primary Occurrence Status
203-Gulf and Atlantic Coastal Plain C: Confident or certain

The Nature Conservancy's Conservation Ecoregions
Code Name Occurrence Status
43 Upper East Gulf Coastal Plain Confident or certain
53 East Gulf Coastal Plain Confident or certain

MRLC 2000 Mapzones
Code Name Occurrence Status
46 Northern Gulf Plains Confident or certain
55 Southeastern Coastal Plain Confident or certain
99 Southern Gulf Plains Confident or certain

National Mapping
ESLF Code (Ecological System Lifeform): 4252
ESP Code (Environmental Site Potential): 1349
EVT Code (Existing Vegetation Type): 2349

West Landfire Legend: No
East Landfire Legend: Yes

Authors/Contributors
Element Description Edition Date: 21May2014
Element Description Author(s): R. Evans, A. Schotz, M. Pyne, C. Nordman

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Boyer, W. D. 1990. Growing season burns for control of hardwoods in longleaf pine stands. Research Paper SO-256. USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, New Orleans, LA. 7 p.

  • Brewer, S. 2008. Declines in plant species richness and endemic plant species in longleaf pine savannas invaded by Imperata cylindrica. Biological Invasions 10:1257-1264.

  • Carr, S. C., K. M. Robertson, and R. K. Peet. 2010. A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75(2):153-189.

  • Comer, P., D. Faber-Langendoen, R. Evans, S. Gawler, C. Josse, G. Kittel, S. Menard, C. Nordman, M. Pyne, M. Reid, M. Russo, K. Schulz, K. Snow, J. Teague, and R. White. 2003-present. Ecological systems of the United States: A working classification of U.S. terrestrial systems. NatureServe, Arlington, VA.

  • EPA [Environmental Protection Agency]. 2004. Level III and IV Ecoregions of EPA Region 4. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Western Ecology Division, Corvallis, OR. Scale 1:2,000,000.

  • Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.

  • FNAI [Florida Natural Areas Inventory]. 2010a. Guide to the natural communities of Florida: 2010 edition. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, FL. 228 pp.

  • Kirkman, L. K., and R. J. Mitchell. 2006. Conservation management of Pinus palustris ecosystems from a landscape perspective. Applied Vegetation Science 9:67-74.

  • NatureServe. 2011a. Metrics for rapid assessment of the ecological integrity of longleaf pine-dominated communities in the southeastern United States. Report conducted by NatureServe for USDA Forest Service, Region 8. NatureServe, Durham, NC.

  • Oswalt, C. M., J. A. Cooper, D. G. Brockway, H. W. Brooks, J. L. Walker, K. F. Connor, S. N. Oswalt, and R. C. Conner. 2012. History and current condition of longleaf pine in the southern United States. General Technical Report SRS-166. USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Asheville, NC. 51 pp. [http://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/pubs/42259]

  • Peet, R. K., and D. J. Allard. 1993. Longleaf pine vegetation of the Southern Atlantic and Eastern Gulf Coast regions: A preliminary classification. Pages 45-81 in: S. M. Hermann, editor. The Longleaf Pine Ecosystem: Ecology, restoration and management. Proceedings of the eighteenth Tall Timbers fire ecology conference. Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, FL.

  • Shantz, H. L., and R. Zon. 1924. The natural vegetation of the United States. Pages 1-29 in: O. E. Baker, compiler. Atlas of American Agriculture, Part 1, Section E. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. 29 pp. with map at 1:8,000,000. [Date on map given as 1923.]

  • Wahlenberg, W. G. 1946. Longleaf pine, its use, ecology, regeneration, protection, growth and management. Charles Lathrop Pack Forestry Foundation, Washington, DC. 429 pp.


Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2018.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2018 NatureServe, 4600 N. Fairfax Dr., 7th Floor, Arlington Virginia 22203, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2018. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.

Copyright 2018
NatureServe
Version 7.1 (2 February 2009)
Data last updated: March 2018