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Classification
Scientific Name: Atlantic Coastal Plain Northern Bog
Unique Identifier: CES203.893
Image 21954
© Robert E. Zaremba
Summary: This system comprises dwarf-shrub sphagnum bogs dominated by Chamaedaphne calyculata occurring on Cape Cod (Massachusetts), Long Island (New York), and the Coastal Plain and near-coastal areas of northern New Jersey. North of the glacial border, this system typically occurs in isolated glacial kettleholes and in New Jersey in similar isolated basins, generally in regions of deep sands. The system is characterized by acidic, tannic water supporting a floating or grounded Sphagnum mat over which Chamaedaphne calyculata, Gaylussacia dumosa, and other dwarf-shrubs have rooted. Taller shrubs such as Vaccinium corymbosum may occur at the periphery of the bog, and Decodon verticillatus often forms a distinct zone adjacent to open water. Scattered individuals of Pinus rigida, Pinus strobus, or less often Chamaecyparis thyoides or Picea mariana may form a partial and stunted tree layer. Rooted hydromorphic plants such as Nymphaea odorata occur in open water.

Classification Approach: International Terrestrial Ecological Systems Classification (ITESC)

Classification Comments: This system is separated from Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain Pitch Pine Lowland (CES203.374) based on the different landscape setting of the latter (pine barrens) and the implications for a different fire regime.

Similar Ecological Systems
Unique Identifier Name
CES202.606 North-Central Interior and Appalachian Acidic Peatland
CES203.374 Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain Pitch Pine Lowland


Component Associations
Association Unique ID Association Name
CEGL002386 Nuphar advena - Nymphaea odorata Aquatic Vegetation
CEGL004384 Sphagnum cuspidatum Peat Marsh
CEGL006008 Chamaedaphne calyculata - (Gaylussacia dumosa) - Decodon verticillatus / Woodwardia virginica Acidic Peatland
CEGL006194 Pinus rigida / Chamaedaphne calyculata / Sphagnum spp. Swamp Woodland
CEGL006321 Chamaecyparis thyoides / Chamaedaphne calyculata Swamp Woodland
CEGL006392 Myrica gale - Chamaedaphne calyculata / Carex exilis Acidic Peatland



Classifiers

Land Cover Class: Woody Wetland
Spatial Pattern: Small patch
Natural/Seminatural: No
Vegetated ( > 10% vascular cover):
Upland: No
Wetland: Yes
Isolated Wetland: Partially Isolated

Non-diagnostic Classifiers
Primary Classifier Secondary Classifier
Shrubland (Shrub-dominated)  
Depressional  
Isolated Wetland Partially Isolated
Acidic Water  

At-Risk Species Reported for this Ecological System
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
NatureServe Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status
Eupatorium resinosum
  (Pine Barrens Boneset)
G3  
Papaipema sulphurata
  (Decodon Stem Borer Moth)
G2  
Scirpus longii
  (Long's Bulrush)
G3  

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Char-
acter-
istic
Domi-nant Con-stant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Chamaecyparis thyoides G4 Needle-leaved tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Picea mariana G5 Needle-leaved tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Pinus rigida G5 Needle-leaved tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Gaylussacia dumosa G5 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)    
 
 
Vaccinium macrocarpon G5 Dwarf-shrub Short shrub/sapling    
 
 
Decodon verticillatus G5 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Short shrub/sapling    
 
 
Chamaedaphne calyculata G5 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Short shrub/sapling    
 
 
Calopogon tuberosus G5 Flowering forb Herb (field)    
 
 


Animal Species Reported for this Ecological System
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status Charact-
eristic
Exotic
Papaipema sulphurata
  (Decodon Stem Borer Moth)
G2      


Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
Nation: United States
United States Distribution: MA, NH, NJ, NY
Global Range: This system occurs on Cape Cod (Massachusetts), Long Island (New York), and possibly on the Coastal Plain of New Jersey north of the Pine Barrens region.

Biogeographic Divisions
Division Code and Name Primary Occurrence Status
203-Gulf and Atlantic Coastal Plain C: Confident or certain

The Nature Conservancy's Conservation Ecoregions
Code Name Occurrence Status
62 North Atlantic Coast Confident or certain

MRLC 2000 Mapzones
Code Name Occurrence Status
60 Chesapeake Bay Confident or certain
61 Northern Appalachia Never was there
65 Connecticut River Basin and Highlands Confident or certain
66 The North Woods Confident or certain

National Mapping
ESLF Code (Ecological System Lifeform): 9189

West Landfire Legend: No
East Landfire Legend: No

Authors/Contributors
Element Description Edition Date: 05May2008
Element Description Author(s): L. Sneddon and S.C. Gawler

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Comer, P., D. Faber-Langendoen, R. Evans, S. Gawler, C. Josse, G. Kittel, S. Menard, C. Nordman, M. Pyne, M. Reid, M. Russo, K. Schulz, K. Snow, J. Teague, and R. White. 2003-present. Ecological systems of the United States: A working classification of U.S. terrestrial systems. NatureServe, Arlington, VA.

  • Edinger, G. J., D. J. Evans, S. Gebauer, T. G. Howard, D. M. Hunt, and A. M. Olivero, editors. 2014a. Ecological communities of New York state. Second edition. A revised and expanded edition of Carol Reschke's ecological communities of New York state. New York Natural Heritage Program, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.

  • Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.

  • Gawler, S. C., and A. Cutko. 2010. Natural landscapes of Maine: A classification of vegetated natural communities and ecosystems. Maine Natural Areas Program, Department of Conservation, Augusta.

  • Sperduto, D. D., and W. F. Nichols. 2004. Natural communities of New Hampshire: A guide and classification. New Hampshire Natural Heritage Bureau, DRED Division of Forests and Lands, Concord. 242 pp.


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Data last updated: March 2019