Tinca tinca - (Linnaeus, 1758)
Tench
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Tinca tinca (Linnaeus, 1758) (TSN 163348)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.102613
Element Code: AFCJB43010
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Bony Fishes - Minnows and Carps
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Actinopterygii Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Tinca
Genus Size: A - Monotypic genus
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B91ROB01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Tinca tinca
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 17Sep1996
Global Status Last Changed: 17Sep1996
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: NNA (05Dec1996)
Nation: Canada
National Status: NNA (22Dec2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States California (SNA), Colorado (SNA), Delaware (SNA), Idaho (SNA), Nevada (SNA), New Mexico (SNA), New York (SNA), Oregon (SNA), Vermont (SNA), Virginia (SNA), Washington (SNA)
Canada British Columbia (SNA), Quebec (SNA)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Native to Eurasia, east to Ob and Yenisei basins and Lake Baikal (Lee et al. 1980). Established in British Columbia, Washington, California, Idaho, Colorado, and Connecticut; introduced, but not known to be presently established, in Alberta, Arizona, Maryland, Missouri, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, and Virginia (Robins et al. 1991). Lee et al. (1980) mentioned also Delaware as an area where a population possibly may be established. Distributed to 36 states by U.S. Fish Commission in 1886-1896; introduced privately in California; spread to British Columbia from Washington via Columbia River (Lee et al. 1980).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Native to Eurasia, east to Ob and Yenisei basins and Lake Baikal (Lee et al. 1980). Established in British Columbia, Washington, California, Idaho, Colorado, and Connecticut; introduced, but not known to be presently established, in Alberta, Arizona, Maryland, Missouri, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, and Virginia (Robins et al. 1991). Lee et al. (1980) mentioned also Delaware as an area where a population possibly may be established. Distributed to 36 states by U.S. Fish Commission in 1886-1896; introduced privately in California; spread to British Columbia from Washington via Columbia River (Lee et al. 1980).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States CAexotic, COexotic, DEexotic, IDexotic, NMexotic, NVexotic, NYexotic, ORexotic, VAexotic, VTexotic, WAexotic
Canada BCexotic, QCexotic

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
NM Sandoval (35043)*
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
13 Rio Grande-Albuquerque (13020203)+*
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Reproduction Comments: In Europe spawning occurs from May-August; in eastern U.S., spawns from late May through the third week in June. Females lay about 500,000 eggs per kg of body weight. Eggs hatch in 6-8 days (Moyle 1976). Sexually mature in 3rd or 4th year. May live up to 20-30 years.
Ecology Comments: Generally a slow-moving, sluggish fish. Young trench are preyed upon by predatory fishes. Usually solitary except in summer.
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: Y
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Riverine Habitat(s): BIG RIVER, Low gradient, MEDIUM RIVER, Pool
Lacustrine Habitat(s): Shallow water
Habitat Comments: Warm, quiet waters; farm ponds, oxbow lakes, sloughs, shallow portions of lakes and ponds, backwaters and other slow-moving areas of small to large rivers. Capable of living in poorly oxygenated water. May congregate in summer in cooler waters: deep holes and shady locations. Spawns usually in weedy shallows where the adhesive eggs stick to aquatic plants.
Adult Food Habits: Invertivore
Immature Food Habits: Invertivore
Food Comments: Feeds mainly on aquatic insect larvae and molluscs. Young consume some algae.
Length: 70 centimeters
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Large Cyprinids

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including eggs and larvae) in appropriate habitat.
Separation Barriers: Dam lacking a suitable fishway; high waterfall; upland habitat.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 20 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 20 km
Separation Justification: Data on dispersal and other movements generally are not available. In some species, individuals may migrate variable distances between spawning areas and nonspawning habitats.

Separation distances (in aquatic kilometers) for cyprinids are arbitrary but reflect the presumption that movements and appropriate separation distances generally should increase with fish size. Hence small, medium, and large cyprinids, respectively, have increasingly large separation distances. Separation distance reflects the likely low probability that two occupied locations separated by less than many kilometers of aquatic habitat would represent truly independent populations over the long term.

Because of the difficulty in defining suitable versus unsuitable habitat, especially with respect to dispersal, and to simplify the delineation of occurrences, a single separation distance is used regardless of habitat quality.

Occupied locations that are separated by a gap of 10 km or more of any aquatic habitat that is not known to be occupied represent different occurrences. However, it is important to evaluate seasonal changes in habitat to ensure that an occupied habitat occurrence for a particular population does not artificially separate spawning areas and nonspawning areas as different occurrences simply because there have been no collections/observations in an intervening area that may exceed the separation distance.

Date: 21Sep2004
Author: Hammerson, G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 04Oct1993
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • La Rivers, I. 1994. Fishes and fisheries of Nevada. University of Nevada Press, Reno. 782 pp.

  • Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. i-x + 854 pp.

  • Moyle, P. B. 1976a. Inland fishes of California. University of California Press, Berkeley, California. 405 pp.

  • Moyle, P. B. 2002. Inland fishes of California. Revised and expanded. University of California Press, Berkeley. xv + 502 pp.

  • Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. 386 pp.

  • Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Seventh edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 432 pp.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Second edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston. xix + 663 pp.

  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.

  • Scott, W. B., and E. J. Crossman. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Bulletin 184. 966 pp.

  • Woodling, J. 1985. Colorado's Little Fish: A Guide to the Minnows and Other Lesser Known Fishes in the State of Colorado. Colorado Division of Wildlife, Denver.

  • Wydoski, R. S., and R. R. Whitney. 1979. Inland fishes of Washington. The University of Washington Press, Seattle. 220 pp.

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