Amazilia beryllina - (Deppe, 1830)
Berylline Hummingbird
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Amazilia beryllina (Deppe, 1830) (TSN 178065)
French Common Names: Ariane béryl
Spanish Common Names: Colibrí Berilo
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.102527
Element Code: ABNUC29080
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Birds - Other Birds
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Aves Apodiformes Trochilidae Amazilia
Genus Size: D - Medium to large genus (21+ species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1998. Check-list of North American birds. Seventh edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C. [as modified by subsequent supplements and corrections published in The Auk]. Also available online: http://www.aou.org/.
Concept Reference Code: B98AOU01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Amazilia beryllina
Taxonomic Comments: Hybridization between A. beryllina and A. cyanura has been reported from south-central Guatemala (Patulul) and El Salvador. A. sumichrasti is based on an aberrant individual of A. beryllina taken at Santa Efigenia, Oaxaca (AOU 1983).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 23Apr2015
Global Status Last Changed: 23Apr2015
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by calculator
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Large range from Arizona to Honduras; many occupied locations; fairly common to common in most of range; distribution and abundance relatively stable; no major threats.
Nation: United States
National Status: N1B (15Jan1998)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Arizona (S1)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species Protection Status (CITES): Appendix II

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent: 200,000-2,500,000 square km (about 80,000-1,000,000 square miles)
Range Extent Comments: Range extends from Sonora and southern Chihuahua southward through western and southern Mexico (east to Durango, Guanajuato, Tlaxcala, Puebla, and west-central Veracruz; not including the Yucatan Peninsula), Guatemala, and El Salvador to Honduras (AOU 1998). This species regularly occurs in southeastern Arizona (Santa Rita Mountains, Huachuca Mountains, Chiricahua Mountains), where it sometimes nests (Corman and Wise-Gervais 2005). Elevational range extends from sea level to around 3,100 meters (AOU 1998); in Arizona, this species commonly occurs at elevations of approximately 1,490-1,770 meters, occasionally as high as 2,225 meters (Corman and Wise-Gervais 2005).

Number of Occurrences:  
Number of Occurrences Comments: The number of distinct occurrences or subpopulations has not been determined using standardized criteria, but this species is represented by a large number of observation/collection sites (e.g., see GBIF database, eBird) and locations (as defined by IUCN).

Population Size: 100,000 to >1,000,000 individuals
Population Size Comments: Total adult population size is unknown but presumably exceeds 100,000. This species is fairly common to common in much of its range in Mexico.

Overall Threat Impact: Low
Overall Threat Impact Comments: No major threats are known. In Mexico and Central America, deforestation has eliminated considerable habitat and this continues in some areas, but ample habitat remains. These hummingbirds do not require pristine habitats and readily make use of disturbed and secondary forests.

Short-term Trend: Relatively Stable (<=10% change)
Short-term Trend Comments: Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain, but distribution and abundance probably have been relatively stable.

Long-term Trend: Decline of <30% to relatively stable
Long-term Trend Comments: Long-term trend is unknown, but area of occupancy and abundance probably have declined to a small degree.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: (200,000-2,500,000 square km (about 80,000-1,000,000 square miles)) Range extends from Sonora and southern Chihuahua southward through western and southern Mexico (east to Durango, Guanajuato, Tlaxcala, Puebla, and west-central Veracruz; not including the Yucatan Peninsula), Guatemala, and El Salvador to Honduras (AOU 1998). This species regularly occurs in southeastern Arizona (Santa Rita Mountains, Huachuca Mountains, Chiricahua Mountains), where it sometimes nests (Corman and Wise-Gervais 2005). Elevational range extends from sea level to around 3,100 meters (AOU 1998); in Arizona, this species commonly occurs at elevations of approximately 1,490-1,770 meters, occasionally as high as 2,225 meters (Corman and Wise-Gervais 2005).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The maps for birds represent the breeding status by state and province. In some jurisdictions, the subnational statuses for common species have not been assessed and the status is shown as not-assessed (SNR). In some jurisdictions, the subnational status refers to the status as a non-breeder; these errors will be corrected in future versions of these maps. A species is not shown in a jurisdiction if it is not known to breed in the jurisdiction or if it occurs only accidentally or casually in the jurisdiction. Thus, the species may occur in a jurisdiction as a seasonal non-breeding resident or as a migratory transient but this will not be indicated on these maps. See other maps on this web site that depict the Western Hemisphere ranges of these species at all seasons of the year.
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AZ

Range Map
Note: Range depicted for New World only. The scale of the maps may cause narrow coastal ranges or ranges on small islands not to appear. Not all vagrant or small disjunct occurrences are depicted. For migratory birds, some individuals occur outside of the passage migrant range depicted. For information on how to obtain shapefiles of species ranges see our Species Mapping pages at www.natureserve.org/conservation-tools/data-maps-tools.

Range Map Compilers: NatureServe, 2002


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AZ Cochise (04003), Santa Cruz (04023)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
15 San Simon (15040006)+, Upper San Pedro (15050202)+, Upper Santa Cruz (15050301)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A hummingbird.
Reproduction Comments: In Arizona, most nesting occurs during the summer monsoon (late June to mid-August), with most eggs hatching in July and August, and young fledging primarily in late August-early September, though some nesting occurs in spring (Johnsgard 1983, Corman and Wise-Gervais 2005). Clutch size generally is 2, incubation lasts probably 15-18 days, with fledging at about 20-25 days (see Corman and Wise-Gervais 2005). 
Non-Migrant: Y
Locally Migrant: Y
Long Distance Migrant: N
Mobility and Migration Comments: These hummingbirds appear to be migratory in the northern part of the range (Russell and Monson 1998); they are present in Arizona mainly May (sometimes mid- to late April) through September (Corman and Wise-Gervais 2005). Individuals may make seasonal elevational migrations.
Palustrine Habitat(s): Riparian
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest - Conifer, Forest - Hardwood, Forest - Mixed, Forest Edge, Forest/Woodland, Shrubland/chaparral, Woodland - Conifer, Woodland - Hardwood, Woodland - Mixed
Habitat Comments: Habitat includes open woodland (including secondary growth) and shady canyons. In Mexico, this species occurs widely in foothills and lower mountain slopes, often in oak or pine-oak woodlands, and its also can be found in urban gardens and peri-urban areas. In Arizona, riparian areas in forested mountain canyons near pine-oak woodlands, transitional riparian-pine/oak woodlands, and forest edges and openings (Corman and Wise-Gervais 2005); in the nonbreeding season these hummingbirds range also into arid scrub, deciduous forest, and humid montane forest (Tropical and Subtropical zones) (AOU 1983, 1998) In Mexico, nests have been have been observed in shrubs, oak, and pine, up to 15 m above ground. U.S. nests have been found in riparian sycamores and Arizona cypress, 5-8 m above ground (Corman and Wise-Gervais 2005).
Adult Food Habits: Nectarivore
Immature Food Habits: Nectarivore
Food Comments: Defends feeding territories; diet includes nectar and insects; generalist forager (see Johnsgard 1983). These hummingbirds regularly visit feeders.
Adult Phenology: Diurnal
Immature Phenology: Diurnal
Length: 11 centimeters
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary
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Stewardship Overview: Management primarily entails adequate protection of wooded canyons, oak-pine, and oak woodland habitats. In the United States, where the species occurs seasonally at the northernmost edge of its range, most of the shady canyon habitat is already protected and faces no major threats.
Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Hummingbirds

Use Class: Breeding
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Evidence of historical breeding, or current and likely recurring breeding, at a given location, minimally a reliable observation of one or more breeding pairs in appropriate habitat. Be cautious about creating EOs for observations that may represent single breeding events outside the normal breeding distribution.
Separation Barriers: None.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 5 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 5 km
Separation Justification: High potential for gene flow among populations of birds makes it difficult to circumscribe occurrences on the basis of meaningful population units without occurrences becoming too large. Hence, a moderate, standardized separation distance has been adopted for hummingbirds; it should yield occurrences that are not too spatially expansive while also accounting for the likelihood of gene flow among populations within a few kilometers of each other.
Inferred Minimum Extent of Habitat Use (when actual extent is unknown): .1 km
Date: 10Sep2004
Author: Hammerson, G., and S. Cannings

Use Class: Nonbreeding
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Evidence of recurring presence of wintering individuals (including historical); and potential recurring presence at a given location, minimally a reliable observation of 25 birds in appropriate habitat (or fewer individuals for G1-G3 species). Occurrences should be locations where the species is resident for some time; it is preferable to have observations documenting presence over at least 7 days annually. Be cautious about creating EOs for observations that may represent single events.
Separation Barriers: None.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 5 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 5 km
Separation Justification: Separation distance somewhat arbitrary; a compromise between the often small home ranges of these birds, their great mobility, and the need for occurrences of reasonable size.
Inferred Minimum Extent of Habitat Use (when actual extent is unknown): .1 km
Date: 10Sep2004
Author: Cannings, S., and G. Hammerson
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 23Apr2015
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Hammerson, G.
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 23Apr2015
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1983. Check-list of North American Birds, 6th edition. Allen Press, Inc., Lawrence, Kansas. 877 pp.

  • American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1998. Check-list of North American birds. Seventh edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C. [as modified by subsequent supplements and corrections published in The Auk]. Also available online: http://www.aou.org/.

  • Baltosser, W. H., and P. E. Scott. 1996. Costa's Hummingbird (CALYPTE COSTAE). No. 251 IN A. Poole and F. Gill, editors, The birds of North America. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The Amerian Ornithologists' Union, Washington, DC. 32pp.

  • BirdLife International. 2004b. Threatened birds of the world 2004. CD ROM. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK.

  • Bleiweiss, R., J. A. W. Kirsch, and J. C. Matheus. 1994. DNA-DNA hybridization evidence for subfamily structure among hummingbirds. Auk 111:8-19.

  • Corman, T. E., and C. Wise-Gervais, editors. 2005. Arizona breeding bird atlas. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque. x + 636 pp.

  • Howell, S. N. G., and S. Webb. 1995. A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

  • Johnsgard, P. A. 1983c. Hummingbirds of North America. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 304 pp.

  • Montgomerie, R. D. 1979. Energetics of foraging and competition in some tropcial hummingbirds. Ph.D. dissertation, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec.

  • Parker III, T. A., D. F. Stotz, and J. W. Fitzpatrick. 1996. Ecological and distributional databases for neotropical birds. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

  • Powers, D. R., and S. M. Wethington. 1999. Broad-billed Hummingbird (CYNANTHUS LATIROSTRIS). No. 430 IN A. Poole and F. Gill, editors. The birds of North America. The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA. 20pp.

  • Russell, S. M., and G. Monson. 1998. The birds of Sonora. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

  • Sibley, D. A. 2000a. The Sibley guide to birds. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

  • Terres, J. K. 1980. The Audubon Society encyclopedia of North American birds. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

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Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

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