Platanthera ciliaris - (L.) Lindl.
Yellow Fringed Orchid
Other Common Names: yellow fringed orchid
Synonym(s): Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br.
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl. (TSN 43413)
French Common Names: platanthère ciliée
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.133001
Element Code: PMORC1Y040
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Orchid Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Orchidales Orchidaceae Platanthera
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Platanthera ciliaris
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 13Sep2002
Global Status Last Changed: 22Jun1990
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Widespread and occuring in a variety of habitats. Frequent in the southeast, only becoming rare at the northern edge of its range (McCance and Burns 1984, Homoya 1993, Weakley 2000).
Nation: United States
National Status: N5
Nation: Canada
National Status: NX (25Oct2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (SNR), Arkansas (SNR), Connecticut (S1), Delaware (SH), District of Columbia (SH), Florida (SNR), Georgia (S4), Illinois (S1), Indiana (S1), Kentucky (S3S4), Louisiana (SNR), Maryland (S2), Massachusetts (SH), Michigan (S1S2), Mississippi (SNR), Missouri (S1), New Hampshire (SX), New Jersey (S2), New York (S1), North Carolina (S4), Ohio (S2), Oklahoma (S1), Pennsylvania (S2), Rhode Island (S1), South Carolina (SNR), Tennessee (SNR), Texas (SNR), Vermont (SNR), Virginia (S3S4), West Virginia (S3)
Canada Ontario (SX)

Other Statuses

Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC): Candidate (Low) (26Jan2015)

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Ontario (historic) and New Hampshire (historic), south to south Florida, west to Michigan, Missouri, and Texas (Kartesz 1999).

Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300
Number of Occurrences Comments: Frequent in the southeast. In NC and SC it is found in 18 counties in the mountains and approximately 40 counties on the coastal plain.

Population Size Comments: 1500-2000 plants in s. Michigan alone.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: In the northern portion of its range, threatened by shading due to succession, alterations to hydrology, collection, and roadside mowing (McCance and Burns 1984, Homoya 1993).

Short-term Trend Comments: Becoming rare in the Northeast due to succession of competing species into its habitats (Rhode Island Special Plant Abstract).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
Help
Global Range: Ontario (historic) and New Hampshire (historic), south to south Florida, west to Michigan, Missouri, and Texas (Kartesz 1999).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NHextirpated, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WV
Canada ONextirpated

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
CT Fairfield (09001)*, Hartford (09003)*, Middlesex (09007), New London (09011)
IL Cook (17031), Iroquois (17075), Kankakee (17091)
IN Jasper (18073), La Porte (18091), Lagrange (18087)*, Lake (18089)*, Newton (18111)*, Noble (18113)*, Porter (18127)*, Pulaski (18131)*, Starke (18149)*, Steuben (18151)*
MA Hampshire (25015)*, Middlesex (25017)*, Nantucket (25019)*, Norfolk (25021)*, Plymouth (25023)*, Worcester (25027)*
MD Anne Arundel (24003), Baltimore County (24005), Frederick (24021)
MI Allegan (26005), Bay (26017)*, Berrien (26021), Calhoun (26025), Cass (26027), Ionia (26067)*, Jackson (26075)*, Kalamazoo (26077), Kent (26081)*, Lapeer (26087)*, Livingston (26093)*, Macomb (26099)*, Monroe (26115)*, Oakland (26125)*, St. Clair (26147)*, St. Joseph (26149)*, Van Buren (26159), Washtenaw (26161)
MO Carter (29035), Iron (29093), Ripley (29181)*, St. Francois (29187), Stoddard (29207), Wayne (29223)
NJ Atlantic (34001), Bergen (34003)*, Burlington (34005)*, Camden (34007)*, Cape May (34009), Cumberland (34011), Essex (34013)*, Gloucester (34015)*, Middlesex (34023), Monmouth (34025)*, Morris (34027)*, Ocean (34029)*, Passaic (34031)*, Salem (34033)*, Union (34039)*, Warren (34041)*
NY Kings (36047)*, Nassau (36059)*, New York (36061)*, Oneida (36065)*, Queens (36081)*, Richmond (36085)*, Rockland (36087)*, Suffolk (36103)
OH Adams (39001), Hocking (39073), Lucas (39095), Scioto (39145), Washington (39167)
OK Choctaw (40023), Le Flore (40079), McCurtain (40089), Pushmataha (40127)
PA Adams (42001), Bedford (42009), Centre (42027)*, Clearfield (42033), Clinton (42035)*, Cumberland (42041), Dauphin (42043), Fayette (42051)*, Franklin (42055), Fulton (42057), Huntingdon (42061), Lebanon (42075), Luzerne (42079), Mifflin (42087), Northumberland (42097), Schuylkill (42107), Somerset (42111), Westmoreland (42129)*
RI Providence (44007)*, Washington (44009)
WV Berkeley (54003), Fayette (54019), Greenbrier (54025), Hardy (54031), Logan (54045), Mercer (54055), Pendleton (54071), Pocahontas (54075), Raleigh (54081), Randolph (54083)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Lower Connecticut (01080205)+, Charles (01090001)+*, Cape Cod (01090002)+*, Blackstone (01090003)+*, Narragansett (01090004)+*, Pawcatuck-Wood (01090005)+, Quinebaug (01100001)+*, Thames (01100003)+, Quinnipiac (01100004)+, Housatonic (01100005)+*, Saugatuck (01100006)+*
02 Lower Hudson (02030101)+*, Bronx (02030102)+*, Hackensack-Passaic (02030103)+*, Sandy Hook-Staten Island (02030104)+, Raritan (02030105)+*, Northern Long Island (02030201)+*, Southern Long Island (02030202)+, Long Island Sound (02030203)+*, Middle Delaware-Mongaup-Brodhead (02040104)+*, Middle Delaware-Musconetcong (02040105)+*, Lehigh (02040106)+, Lower Delaware (02040202)+*, Schuylkill (02040203)+, Cohansey-Maurice (02040206)+, Mullica-Toms (02040301)+*, Great Egg Harbor (02040302)+, Upper Susquehanna-Lackawanna (02050107)+, Upper West Branch Susquehanna (02050201)+, Bald Eagle (02050204)+*, Lower West Branch Susquehanna (02050206)+*, Lower Susquehanna-Penns (02050301)+, Upper Juniata (02050302)+, Raystown (02050303)+*, Lower Juniata (02050304)+, Lower Susquehanna-Swatara (02050305)+, Lower Susquehanna (02050306)+, Gunpowder-Patapsco (02060003)+, Severn (02060004)+, South Branch Potomac (02070001)+, North Branch Potomac (02070002)+*, Cacapon-Town (02070003)+, Conococheague-Opequon (02070004)+, Middle Potomac-Catoctin (02070008)+, Monocacy (02070009)+
04 Little Calumet-Galien (04040001)+, St. Joseph (04050001)+, Black-Macatawa (04050002)+, Kalamazoo (04050003)+, Upper Grand (04050004)+, Lower Grand (04050006)+*, Thornapple (04050007)+*, Kawkawlin-Pine (04080102)+*, Flint (04080204)+*, St. Clair (04090001)+*, Lake St. Clair (04090002)+*, Clinton (04090003)+*, Detroit (04090004)+*, Huron (04090005)+, Ottawa-Stony (04100001)+*, St. Joseph (04100003)+*, Lower Maumee (04100009)+, Oneida (04140202)+*
05 Conemaugh (05010007)+, Kiskiminetas (05010008)+*, Tygart Valley (05020001)+, Youghiogheny (05020006)+*, Little Muskingum-Middle Island (05030201)+, Middle New (05050002)+, Greenbrier (05050003)+, Lower New (05050004)+, Gauley (05050005)+, Coal (05050009)+, Lower Scioto (05060002)+, Upper Guyandotte (05070101)+, Ohio Brush-Whiteoak (05090201)+, Tippecanoe (05120106)+*
07 Kankakee (07120001)+, Iroquois (07120002)+, Chicago (07120003)+, Whitewater (07140107)+
08 Upper St. Francis (08020202)+, Little River Ditches (08020204)+
11 Upper Black (11010007)+, Current (11010008)+*, Kiamichi (11140105)+, Pecan-Waterhole (11140106)+, Upper Little (11140107)+, Mountain Fork (11140108)+, Lower Little (11140109)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
Help
Habitat Comments: Tolerant of a wide variety of habitats; from wet, humus areas to dry rocky mountain slopes.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 29Jun1983
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Morse, L.E., rev. Y. Ogle, rev. A. Olivero

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Anderson, A.B. 1996. The reintroduction of Platanthera ciliaris in Canada.  Pages 72-76, in: "North American Native Terrestrial Orchids, Propagation and Production" (edited by C. Allen). North American Native Terrestrial Orchid Conference Proceedings, Germantown, Maryland, U.S.A.

  • Argus, G.W., K.M. Pryer, D.J. White and C.J. Keddy (eds.). 1982-1987. Atlas of the Rare Vascular Plants of Ontario.. Botany Division, National Museum of National Sciences, Ottawa.

  • Bowles, Marlin L., William J. Hess, and Marcella M. DeMauro. 1985. An Assessment of the Monitoring Program for Special Floristic Elements at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore; Phase II Threatened and Special Concern Species. To Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore.

  • Clemants, Steven and Carol Gracie. 2006. Wildflowers in the Field and Forest. A Field Guide to the Northeastern United States. Oxford University Press, New York, NY. 445 pp.

  • Crow, Garrett E. and C. Barre Hellquist. 2000. Aquatic and wetland plants of northeastern North America: A revised and enlarged edition or Norman C. Fassett's a manual of aquatic plants. Volume two angiosperms: Monocotyledons. The University of Wisconsin Press. Madison, Wisconsin. 456 pp.

  • Dodge, C.K. 1914. Annotated List of Flowering Plants and Ferns of Point Pelee, and Neighbouring Districts. Memoir 54, No. 2 Biological Series, Geological Survey, Canada Department of Mines, Ottawa. 131 pp.

  • Fernald, M.L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. D. Van Nostrand, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002. Flora of North America, North of Mexico. Volume 26. Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford University Press, New York. 723 pp.

  • Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. 910 pp.

  • HENRY, L.K., W.E. BUKER, AND D.L. PEARTH. 1975. WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA ORCHIDS. CASTANEA 40(2):93-170.

  • Holmgren, Noel. 1998. The Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual. Illustrations of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

  • Homoya, M.A. 1993. Orchids of Indiana. Indiana Academy of Science, Indiana University Press, Bloomington. 281 pp.

  • Hough, M. Y. 1983. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony, New Jersey. 414 pp.

  • Kartesz, J. T. 1991. Synonym names from 1991 checklist, as extracted by Larry Morse, TNC, June 1991.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Luer, C.A. 1975. The native orchids of the United States and Canada excluding Florida. New York Botanical Garden. 361 pp.

  • McCance, R.M., Jr., and J.F. Burns, eds. 1984. Ohio endangered and threatened vascular plants: Abstracts of state-listed taxa. Division Natural Areas and Preserves, Ohio Dept. Natural Resources, Columbus. 635 pp.

  • Mitchell, Richard S. and Gordon C. Tucker. 1997. Revised Checklist of New York State Plants. Contributions to a Flora of New York State. Checklist IV. Bulletin No. 490. New York State Museum. Albany, NY. 400 pp.

  • New York Natural Heritage Program. 2010. Biotics database. New York Natural Heritage Program. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, NY.

  • Newcomb, Lawrence. 1977. Newcomb's Wildflower Guide: An Ingenious New Key System for Quick, Positive Field Identification of the Wildflowers, Flowering Shrubs, and Vines of Northeastern and North-Central North America. Little, Brown and Company. Boston.

  • ROBERTSON, J.L. AND R. WYATT. 1990. EVIDENCE FOR POLLINATION ECOTYPES IN THE YELLOW-FRINGED ORCHID, PLATANTHERA CILIARIS. EVOL. 44(1):121-133.

  • ROBERTSON, J.L. AND R. WYATT. 1990. REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY OF THE YELLOW-FRINGED ORCHID, PLATATHERA CILIARIS. AMER. J. BOT. 77(3):388-398.

  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles, and C. R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. 1183 pp.

  • Reschke, Carol. 1990. Ecological communities of New York State. New York Natural Heritage Program, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Latham, NY. 96 pp. plus xi.

  • Robertson J.L., and Wyatt R. 1990. Evidance for pollination ecotypes in the yellow-fringed orchid, Platanthera ciliaris. Evolution 44(1): 121-133.

  • Robertson, J.L., and R. Wyatt. 1990. Reproductive biology of the yellow-fringed orchid Platanthera ciliaris. American Journal of Botany 77(3) :388-398.

  • Sharp, P.C. 2004. Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl. (Yellow-fringed Orchis) Conservation and Research Plan for New England. New England Wild Flower Society, Framingham, Massachusetts, USA. (http://www.newfs.org/docs/pdf/platantheraciliaris.PDF).

  • Sheviak, C.J. 1974. An introduction to the ecology of the Illinois Orchidaceae. Illinois State Museum Scientific Papers XIV. Ill. State Mus., Springfield, IL. 89pp.

  • Smith, G.R. and G.E. Snow. 1976. Pollination ecology of Platanthera (Habenaria) ciliaris and P. blephariglottis (Orchidaceae). Botanical Gazette 137(2): 133-140.

  • Tatnall, R.R. 1946. Flora of Delaware and the Eastern Shore: an annotated list of the ferns and flowering plants of the peninsula of Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia. Soc. Nat. Hist. Del. 313 pp.

  • Weakley, A.S. 2000. Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia: working draft of May 15, 2000. Unpublished draft, The Nature Conservancy, Southern Resource Office.

  • Weldy, T. and D. Werier. 2010. New York flora atlas. [S.M. Landry, K.N. Campbell, and L.D. Mabe (original application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research http://www.fccdr.usf.edu/. University of South Florida http://www.usf.edu/]. New York Flora Association http://wwws.nyflora.org/, Albany, New York

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