Nelumbo lutea - Willd.
American Lotus
Other Common Names: American lotus
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Nelumbo lutea Willd. (TSN 18398)
French Common Names: lotus jaune d'Amérique
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.135254
Element Code: PDNEL01010
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Other flowering plants
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Nymphaeales Nelumbonaceae Nelumbo
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Nelumbo lutea
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 11Oct1985
Global Status Last Changed: 11Oct1985
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N4
Nation: Canada
National Status: N2N3 (14Dec2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (SNR), Arkansas (SNR), Connecticut (SNA), Delaware (S1), Florida (SNR), Georgia (SNR), Illinois (S3S4), Indiana (S3), Iowa (S4), Kansas (SNR), Kentucky (S4S5), Louisiana (SNR), Maine (SNA), Maryland (S4), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (S2), Minnesota (SNR), Mississippi (SNR), Missouri (SNR), Nebraska (S1S3), New Jersey (S1), New York (SNA), North Carolina (S2), Ohio (SNR), Oklahoma (SNR), Pennsylvania (SH), South Carolina (SNR), Tennessee (SNR), Texas (SNR), Virginia (S3), West Virginia (S2), Wisconsin (SNR)
Canada Ontario (S2S3)

Other Statuses

Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC): Candidate (Low) (26Jan2015)

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, CTexotic, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MEexotic, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NJ, NYexotic, OH, OK, PAnative and exotic, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV
Canada ON

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
CT New London (09011)*
DE Kent (10001)
IN Jasper (18073)
MD Cecil (24015), Charles (24017), Dorchester (24019), Kent (24029), Montgomery (24031)*
MI Barry (26015), Berrien (26021), Genesee (26049), Kalamazoo (26077), Lenawee (26091), Monroe (26115), Ottawa (26139), Wayne (26163)
NE Stanton (31167), Thurston (31173)
NJ Burlington (34005)*, Camden (34007)*, Gloucester (34015)*, Mercer (34021)*, Salem (34033), Sussex (34037)
PA Crawford (42039)*, Dauphin (42043)*, Delaware (42045)*, Northampton (42095)*, Philadelphia (42101)*
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Lower Connecticut (01080205)+*
02 Middle Delaware-Musconetcong (02040105)+, Lehigh (02040106)+*, Crosswicks-Neshaminy (02040201)+*, Lower Delaware (02040202)+*, Cohansey-Maurice (02040206)+, Broadkill-Smyrna (02040207)+, Lower Susquehanna-Swatara (02050305)+*, Chester-Sassafras (02060002)+, Middle Potomac-Catoctin (02070008)+*, Middle Potomac-Anacostia-Occoquan (02070010)+*, Lower Potomac (02070011)+, Eastern Lower Delmarva (02080110)+
04 Little Calumet-Galien (04040001)+, St. Joseph (04050001)+, Lower Grand (04050006)+, Thornapple (04050007)+, Shiawassee (04080203)+, Detroit (04090004)+, Huron (04090005)+, Ottawa-Stony (04100001)+, Raisin (04100002)+, Tiffin (04100006)+, Lake Erie (04120200)+
05 Shenango (05030102)+*
07 Iroquois (07120002)+
10 Lower Elkhorn (10220003)+, Blackbird-Soldier (10230001)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Argus, G.W., K.M. Pryer, D.J. White and C.J. Keddy (eds.). 1982-1987. Atlas of the Rare Vascular Plants of Ontario.. Botany Division, National Museum of National Sciences, Ottawa.

  • BOONE, D.D. 1983. LETTER OF 7 FEBRUARY TO S. HECKSCHER RE: NELUMBO LUTEA AT MOUNT HARMON PLANTATION.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 1997. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 3. Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxiii + 590 pp.

  • HALL. T.F. AND W.T. PENFOUND. 1944. THE BIOLOGY OF THE AMERICAN LOTUS, NELUMBO LUTEA (WILLD.) PERS. AM. MIDL. NAT. 31:744-758.

  • HECKSCHER, S. 1984. NELUMBO LUTEA IN CECIL COUNTY, MD. BARTONIA 50:65.

  • HERITAGE, B. 1895. PRELIMINARY NOTES ON NELUMBO LUTEA. BULL. TORR. BOT. CLUB. 22:266-271.

  • Hall, T. F. and W. T. Penfound. 1944. The biology of the American Lotus, Nelumbo lutea (Willd.) Pers. American Midland Naturalist 31: 744-758.

  • House, Homer D. 1924. Annotated list of the ferns and flowering plants of New York State. New York State Museum Bulletin 254:1-758.

  • JONES, J.A. 1928. OVERCOMING DELAYED GERMINATION OF NELUMBO LUTEA. BOT. GAZ. 85:341-343.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • LANTZ, H.B., JR. 1973. SURVEY OF THE VASCULAR FLORA OF ORANGE COUNTY, VIRGINIA. VA. J. OF SCI. 24(3):133.

  • MEYER, W.C. 1930. DORMANCY AND GROWTH STUDIES OF THE AMERICAN LOTUS (NELUMBO LUTEA). PLANT PHYSIO. 5:225-234.

  • MORAN, R.L. 1981. AQUATIC MACROPHYTES IN LAKE SANGCHRIS. ILL. NAT. HIST. SURV. BULL. 32(4):394-412.

  • Mitchell, Richard S. and Ernest O. Beal. 1979. Magnoliaceae to Ceratophyllaceae of New York State. New York State Museum Bulletin 435, 62 pp.

  • OHGA, I. 1926. ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOME ANCIENT BUT STILL VIABLE FRUITS OF INDIAN LOTUS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THEIR PROLONGED DORMANCY.

  • OHGA, I. 1962. A COMPARISON OF THE LIFE ACTIVITY OF CENTURY-OLD AND RECENTLY HARVESTED INDIAN LOTUS FRUITS. AMER. JOUR. BOT. 13:760-765.

  • PEARL, R. 1906. VARIATION IN THE NUMBER OF SEEDS OF THE LOTUS. AM. NATURALIST 40(479):757-768.

  • Richardson, A.H. 1918. The Lotus Lily of Saint Williams.Canadian Field-Naturalist 32: 73.

  • SOHMER, S.H. 1975. THE NAME OF AMERICAN NELUMBO. TAXON 24(4):491-493.

  • SOHMER, S.H. 1977. ASPECTS OF THE BIOLOGY OF NELUMBO PENTAPETALA (WALTER) FERNALD, THE AMERICAN LOTUS, ON THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI. WISCONSIN ACAD. OF SCIENCES, ARTS AND LETTERS 65:258-273.

  • SOLLERS, B. 1893. THE FLORA OF MARYLAND. IN MARYLAND, ITS RESOURCES, INDUSTRIES AND INSTITUTIONS. JOHN HOPKINS UNIV., BALTIMORE. PP. 218-235.

  • Scoggan, H.J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada: Parts 1-4. National Museums Canada, Ottawa. 1711 pp.

  • Smith, Gerald A. No date. Bird breeding season survey at El Dorado Beach Preserve 1981-.

  • Soper, J.H. 1962. Some genera of restricted range in the Carolinian flora of Canada. Transactions of the Royal Canadian Institute 34(1):3-56.

  • Swink, F., and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region. Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

  • TAYLOR, H.J. 1927. THE HISTORY AND DISTRIBUTION OF YELLOW NELUMBO, WATER CHINQUAPIN, OR AMERICAN LOTUS. PROC. IOWA ACAD. SCI. 34:119-124.

  • TOYODA, K. 1958. ON THE MATURING STAGE OF THE FRUIT OF LOTUS AND ITS GERMINATION. J. JAP. BOT. 33(3):85-91.

  • USHER, J.W. 1977. VARIATION IN NELUMBO LUTEA (WILLD.) PERS. IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES. M.S. THESIS, OLD DOMINION UNIV.

  • WARD, D.B. 1977. NELUMBO LUTEA, THE CORRECT NAME FOR THE AMERICAN LOTUS. TAXON 26(2/3):227-234.

  • Weakley, A.S. 1996. Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia: working draft of 23 May 1996. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Southern Conservation Science Dept., Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Unpaginated.

  • Weakley, A.S. 1997. Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia: working draft of 21 July 1997. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Southern Conservation Science Dept., Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

  • YORK, H.H. 1904. THE EMBRYO SAC AND EMBRYO OF NELUMBO. OH NATURALIST 4(8):167-176.

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