Muscari botryoides - (L.) P. Mill.
Common Grape-hyacinth
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Muscari botryoides (L.) P. Mill. (TSN 42977)
French Common Names: muscari faux-botryde
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.131141
Element Code: PMLIL1J030
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Lily Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Liliales Liliaceae Muscari
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Muscari botryoides
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: GNR
Global Status Last Changed: 22Mar1994
Rounded Global Status: GNR - Not Yet Ranked
Nation: United States
National Status: NNA
Nation: Canada
National Status: NNA (05Nov2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (SNA), Arkansas (SNA), California (SNA), Connecticut (SNA), Delaware (SNA), District of Columbia (SNA), Illinois (SNA), Indiana (SNA), Kansas (SNA), Kentucky (SNA), Maryland (SNA), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNA), Minnesota (SNA), Mississippi (SNA), Missouri (SNA), New Hampshire (SNA), New Jersey (SNA), New York (SNA), North Carolina (SNA), Ohio (SNA), Oregon (SNA), Pennsylvania (SNA), Rhode Island (SNA), Tennessee (SNA), Utah (SNA), Vermont (SNA), Virginia (SNA), West Virginia (SNA), Wyoming (SNA)
Canada British Columbia (SNA), Nova Scotia (SNA), Ontario (SNA)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The distribution shown may be incomplete, particularly for some rapidly spreading exotic species.

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States ALexotic, ARexotic, CAexotic, CTexotic, DCexotic, DEexotic, ILexotic, INexotic, KSexotic, KYexotic, MA, MDexotic, MIexotic, MNexotic, MOexotic, MSexotic, NCexotic, NHexotic, NJexotic, NYexotic, OHexotic, ORexotic, PAexotic, RIexotic, TNexotic, UTexotic, VAexotic, VTexotic, WVexotic, WYexotic
Canada BCexotic, NSexotic, ONexotic

Range Map
No map available.

Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank)
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Disclaimer: While I-Rank information is available over NatureServe Explorer, NatureServe is not actively developing or maintaining these data. Species with I-RANKs do not represent a random sample of species exotic in the United States; available assessments may be biased toward those species with higher-than-average impact.

I-Rank: Low/Insignificant
Rounded I-Rank: Low
I-Rank Reasons Summary: A widely planted and widely but sporadically naturalized plant that persists from former plantings and can escape and spread locally. Typically found in lower quality habitats (persisting in lawns, cemeteries, found in roadside ditches, etc.) and not in high quality native species habitats. No serious impacts to native biodiversity have been documented in the U.S.
Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Low/Insignificant
Subrank II - Current Distribution/Abundance: High/Medium
Subrank III - Trend in Distribution/Abundance: Low
Subrank IV - Management Difficulty: Low
I-Rank Review Date: 01Feb2006
Evaluator: Maybury, K.
Native anywhere in the U.S?
Native Range: Central and southeast Europe (FNA 2002).

Download "An Invasive Species Assessment Protocol: Evaluating Non-Native Plants for their Impact on Biodiversity". (PDF, 1.03MB)
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Screening Questions

S-1. Established outside cultivation as a non-native? YES

S-2. Present in conservation areas or other native species habitat? Yes

Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Low/Insignificant

1. Impact on Ecosystem Processes and System-wide Parameters:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: No evidence of abiotic alterations.

2. Impact on Ecological Community Structure:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: No evidence of significant influences on vegetation structure or density changes.

3. Impact on Ecological Community Composition:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: Inferred: few reports of dense stands, although Yatskievych (1999) noted that it can become "quite prolific" in certain situations.

4. Impact on Individual Native Plant or Animal Species:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: No evidence of any disproportionate impacts.

5. Conservation Significance of the Communities and Native Species Threatened:Low significance
Comments: Most sources describe lower-quality habitats such as abandoned gardens, lawns, roadsides and neighboring woods, suburban woodlands, disturbed urban areas, old fields, and cemeteries (e.g., Voss 1985, Hickman 1993, Ball State Univ. 2001, FNA 2002, Weakley 2006). The plant has been found in openings in moist bottomland forests in Missouri (Yatskievych 1999) but it was listed in Missouri as a species that "after review, does not appear to pose a significant threat to native plant communities" (MEPPC 2002). It had been reported in 1989 at Camassia Preserve in Oregon but the few individuals at the preserve entrance have not spread (J. Soll, pers. comm., 2006).

Subrank II. Current Distribution and Abundance: High/Medium

6. Current Range Size in Nation:High significance
Comments: Much of the eastern U.S., west to Minnesota in the north and Kansas and Texas in the south. Also in Utah, Washington, Oregon, and California (Kartesz 1999, FNA 2002) and expected elsewhere (FNA 2002).

7. Proportion of Current Range Where the Species is Negatively Impacting Biodiversity:Medium/Low significance
Comments: At least some negative impacts possible in a large portion of the generalized range; however, the species has only naturalized sporadically and/or is reported as uncommon in many areas (Yatskievych 1999; Weakley 2006; Kartesz, unpublished county distribution data). It occurred in only one of nearly 2,000 vegetation sample plots in a Virginia study (Heffernan et al. 2001). In Utah, apparently only established locally, perhaps persisting from former plantings or establishing where garden soils have been transported (Welsh et al. 2003). Only on the watch list in Tennessee as a plant that may become a problem in the future (Tennessee- EPPC, not dated ) and not believed to pose a significant threat to native plant communities in Missouri (MEPPC 2002).

8. Proportion of Nation's Biogeographic Units Invaded:High/Moderate significance
Comments: Inferred.

9. Diversity of Habitats or Ecological Systems Invaded in Nation:Unknown

Subrank III. Trend in Distribution and Abundance: Low

10. Current Trend in Total Range within Nation:Medium/Low significance
Comments: Assumed neither rapidly expanding nor decreasing.

11. Proportion of Potential Range Currently Occupied:Low significance
Comments: Widely planted and already widely, if sporadically, naturalized.

12. Long-distance Dispersal Potential within Nation:High significance
Comments: Commonly sold and planted and can reseed in the vicinity or bulbs can be transported in soil (FNA 2002).

13. Local Range Expansion or Change in Abundance:Low significance
Comments: Inferred.

14. Inherent Ability to Invade Conservation Areas and Other Native Species Habitats:Low significance
Comments: This is largely a plant of disturbed habitats such as roadsides and rights-of-way and persisting from former plantings in old gardens, lawns, cemetaries (e.g., Voss 1985, Hickman 1993, FNA 2002, Weakley 2006).

15. Similar Habitats Invaded Elsewhere:Low significance
Comments: Eastern Candada (Kartesz 1999, FNA 2002). The genus is expected introduced elsewhere (FNA 2002).

16. Reproductive Characteristics:Low significance
Comments: "Weedy" in the sense that the large bubs produce numerous bulblets as offsets and these can persist and spread (Welsh et al. 2003). Otherwise, does not appear to be strongly agressive.

Subrank IV. General Management Difficulty: Low

17. General Management Difficulty:Low significance
Comments: Few if any reports of attempts at eradication or serious management; in most situations this species' presence in disturbed and marginal landscapes has been tolerated.

18. Minimum Time Commitment:Low significance
Comments: Inferred.

19. Impacts of Management on Native Species:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: Inferred.

20. Accessibility of Invaded Areas:High significance
Comments: Widely planted on private lands for its early spring flowers.
Authors/Contributors
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Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Ball State University. 2001. Flora of east-central Indiana. Online: http://www.bsu.edu/web/fseec/environment/ECI/FloraECI.htm. Accessed 2006.

  • Deam, C. C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Division of Forestry, Dept. of Conservation, Indianapolis, Indiana. 1236 pp.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002a. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 26. Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxvi + 723 pp.

  • Heffernan, K. E., P. P. Coulling, J. F. Townsend, and C. J. Hutto. 2001. Ranking invasive exotic plants species in Virginia. Natural Heritage Technical Report 01-13. Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, Division of Natural Heritage, Richmond, Virginia.

  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: Higher plants of California. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. 1400 pp.

  • Johnson, J. 2016. The Vascular Plants of the Bruce Peninsula, Ontario. W.D. Keeling Printers Ltd., Owen Sound, Ontario. 298 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1996. Species distribution data at state and province level for vascular plant taxa of the United States, Canada, and Greenland (accepted records), from unpublished data files at the North Carolina Botanical Garden, December, 1996.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Missouri Exotic Pest Plant Council (MEPPC). 2002. Missouri Exotic Pest Plants: A list of non-native plants that threaten Missouri's native biodiversity. Missouri Botanical Garden. Online. Available: http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/mepp/ratings.shtml (accessed 2004).

  • Swink, F., and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region. Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

  • Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Not dated. Tennessee invasive exotic plant list. Online: http://www.tneppc.org/Invasive_Exotic_Plant_List/The_List.htm. Accessed 2005.

  • Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Part II. Dicotyledons. Cranbrook Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium. Ann Arbor, Michigan. 1212 pp.

  • Weakley, A. S. 2006. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, Georgia, and surrounding areas. Working draft of 17 January 2006. University of North Carolina Herbarium, North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill. Online. Available: http://www.herbarium.unc.edu/flora.htm (accessed 2006).

  • Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, S. Goodrich and L.C. Higgins. (Eds.) 2003. A Utah Flora. 3rd edition. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, U.S.A. 912 pp.

  • Yatskievych, G. 1999. Steyermark's Flora of Missouri, Volume 1. Revised edition. Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

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