Carex eburnea - Boott ex Hook.
Bristleleaf Sedge
Other English Common Names: Bristle-leaved Sedge, Ivory Sedge
Other Common Names: bristleleaf sedge
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Carex eburnea Boott (TSN 39581)
French Common Names: carex ivoirin
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.131509
Element Code: PMCYP03420
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Sedge Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex
Check this box to expand all report sections:
Concept Reference
Help
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Carex eburnea
Taxonomic Comments: Common name corrected from 'Ebony Sedge' which is a mixup with Carex ebenea which has that common name - to 'Bristle-leaved Sedge'.
Conservation Status
Help

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 16May2016
Global Status Last Changed: 29Feb1984
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Widespread across Canada; also in northern U.S. Apparently common in suitable habitat.
Nation: United States
National Status: N5?
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5 (26Oct2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (S2), Alaska (S3), Arkansas (S5), Connecticut (S3S4), Georgia (S1), Illinois (S3?), Indiana (S2), Iowa (S4), Kentucky (S4), Maine (S1), Maryland (S1), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (SNR), Missouri (SNR), Montana (S3?), Nebraska (S3S5), New Hampshire (S1), New Jersey (S2), New York (S4), North Carolina (S1), North Dakota (SNR), Ohio (SNR), Pennsylvania (S1), South Carolina (SH), South Dakota (SNR), Tennessee (SNR), Texas (S1), Vermont (S4), Virginia (S4), Washington (S1), West Virginia (S3), Wisconsin (SNR), Wyoming (S1)
Canada Alberta (S4), British Columbia (S5), Manitoba (S4), New Brunswick (S3), Newfoundland Island (S3), Northwest Territories (S4), Nova Scotia (S3), Ontario (S5), Quebec (S4), Saskatchewan (S3), Yukon Territory (S3S4)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Newfoundland to British Columbia southward to Virginia, Tennessee, Missouri, and Nebraska.

Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300
Number of Occurrences Comments: Estimate is based on the geographic range of the species and on sixteen occurrences in Alaska.

Population Size Comments: Estimate is based on the geographic range of the species.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
Help
Global Range: Newfoundland to British Columbia southward to Virginia, Tennessee, Missouri, and Nebraska.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AK, AL, AR, CT, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY
Canada AB, BC, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, QC, SK, YT

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AK Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) (02290)
AL Bibb (01007)*, Jackson (01071), Sumter (01119)
CT Fairfield (09001)*, Hartford (09003)*, Litchfield (09005), Middlesex (09007)*, New Haven (09009)*
GA Floyd (13115)
IN Carroll (18015), Clark (18019), Crawford (18025), Harrison (18061), Jefferson (18077), Lake (18089), Porter (18127), Warren (18171), White (18181)
MD Allegany (24001)
ME Aroostook (23003), Oxford (23017)
NC Madison (37115)*
NH Belknap (33001)*, Grafton (33009), Merrimack (33013)*
NJ Sussex (34037), Warren (34041)
PA Blair (42013), Bradford (42015), Centre (42027), Erie (42049), Huntingdon (42061), Lehigh (42077), Northampton (42095), Tioga (42117)
WA Pend Oreille (53051)
WV Grant (54023), Greenbrier (54025), Hardy (54031), Mercer (54055), Mineral (54057), Pendleton (54071)
WY Crook (56011)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Meduxnekeag (01010005)+, Upper Androscoggin (01040001)+, Merrimack (01070002)+*, Merrimack (01070006)+*, Upper Connecticut-Mascoma (01080104)+, Lower Connecticut (01080205)+*, Quinnipiac (01100004)+*, Housatonic (01100005)+
02 Rondout (02020007)+, Middle Delaware-Musconetcong (02040105)+, Lehigh (02040106)+, Chemung (02050105)+, Bald Eagle (02050204)+, Pine (02050205)+, Upper Juniata (02050302)+, South Branch Potomac (02070001)+, North Branch Potomac (02070002)+, Cacapon-Town (02070003)+
03 Oostanaula (03150103)+, Cahaba (03150202)+*, Middle Tombigbee-Lubbub (03160106)+
04 Little Calumet-Galien (04040001)+, Chautauqua-Conneaut (04120101)+
05 Middle New (05050002)+, Greenbrier (05050003)+, Tippecanoe (05120106)+, Middle Wabash-Little Vermilion (05120108)+, Silver-Little Kentucky (05140101)+, Blue-Sinking (05140104)+
06 Upper French Broad (06010105)+*, Wheeler Lake (06030002)+
07 Chicago (07120003)+
10 Redwater (10120203)+
17 Pend Oreille (17010216)+
19 Birch-Beaver Creeks (19040402)+, Upper Koyukuk River (19040601)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
Help
Basic Description: A clump forming sedge with erect, slender, smooth culms, and very narrow leaves. Long creeping rootstocks brownish.
Technical Description: Cespitose from long, creeping rootstalk. Culms erect slender, smooth, triangular, 1-3.5 dm tall, exceeding the leaves of the fertile culm clustered at the base; blades narrowly involute, setaceous, 5-25 cm long 0.5 mm wide. Staminate spike narrowly linear, appressed, inconspicuous. Pistillate spikes erect 2-6 mm long, 2 mm wide, oblong-ovoid, loosely 2-6 flowered on a smooth slender peduncle 1-2.5 cm long. Upper pistillate spike exceeding the staminate similarly peduncled. Perigynia, elliptic-ovoid, triangular, 2 mm long, 1 mm wide, membranaceous, 2 ribbed, several nerved, tapering to the base, sessile, abruptly narrowed to a very short beak. Scales ovate, small, acutish, about 1 mm long. Achenes trigonous, elliptic ovoid, 2 mm long, 0.75 mm wide. Stigmas 3, slender, about 2 mm long.
Diagnostic Characteristics: Spikes more than one; perigynia triangular; achene triangular with concave sides; perigynia glabrous, filled by achene, style base strongly bulbous thickened.
Duration: PERENNIAL, DECIDUOUS
Palustrine Habitat(s): FORESTED WETLAND
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Cliff, Forest - Conifer, Forest/Woodland, Sand/dune
Habitat Comments: Wet sandy or rocky soil in calcareous regions. Usually under cedar (also fir and white spruce) on damp sandy or calcareous gravelly soil, forming dense carpets, also inland on logs in wet conifer swamps, and marly, clay or rocky bluffs or banks.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Williams, C.L.
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 30Apr1991
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): ISAAC, J.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Aldrich, James R., et. al. 1986. The Discovery of Native Rare Vascular Plants in Northern Indiana. Indiana Academy of Science 95:421-428.

  • Andersen, M.D. 2011. HUC10-based species range maps. Prepared by Wyoming Natural Diversity Database for use in the pilot WISDOM application operational from inception to yet-to-be-determined date of update of tool.

  • Ball, P. W. and A. A. Reznicek. 2002. Carex. Pages 254-572 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, editor. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 23. Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Cyperaceae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.

  • Brackley, F.E. & Crow, G.E. 1989. Notes on the Rare Flora of New Hampshire. Rhodora 91:105. A89BRA01PAUS

  • Brackley, F.E., and G.E. Crow. 1989. Notes on the Rare Flora of New Hampshire. Rhodora 91:105.

  • Bright, J. 1925-1930. The Genus Carex in Pennsylvania. Trillia 9:1-33.

  • Bright, J. 1925-1930. The Genus Carex in Pennsylvania, Trillia 9:1-33. A25BRI01PAUS

  • Crowe, J. 1994. Checklist of Vascular Plants of Thunder Bay District (Based on Garton 1984). Thunder Bay Field Naturalists, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Ontario. 51 pp.

  • Deam, C. C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Division of Forestry, Dept. of Conservation, Indianapolis, Indiana. 1236 pp.

  • Dorn, R. D. 1992. Vascular Plants of Wyoming, second edition. Mountain West Publishing, Cheyenne, WY.

  • Dorn, R. D. 2001. Vascular Plants of Wyoming, third edition. Mountain West Publishing, Cheyenne, WY.

  • Douglas, G.W., D. Meidinger, and J. Pojar, eds. 2001. Illustrated Flora of British Columbia, Vol. 6, Monocotyledons (Acoraceae through Najadaceae). B.C. Minist. Environ., Lands and Parks, and B.C. Minist. For., Victoria, BC. 361pp.

  • Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. Corrected printing (1970). D. Van Nostrand Company, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Fernald, M.L. 1935. Critical Plants of the Upper Great Lakes Region of Ontario and Michigan. Rhodora 37. A35FER01PAUS.

  • Fernald, M.L. 1935. Critical plants of the upper Great Lakes region of Ontario and Michigan. Rhodora 37: 284-285.

  • Fernald, M.L. 1949. Gray's Manual of Botany, Eighth edition. American Book Co. New York. B49FER01PAUS

  • Fernald, M.L. 1950 Gray's Manual of Botany, 8th ed. American Book Company, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Fertig, W. 2000. State Species Abstract: Carex eburnea. Wyoming Natural Diversity Database. Available on the internet at www.uwyo.edu/wyndd.

  • General Status 2015, Environment Canada. 2015. Manitoba vascular plant species list and proposed ranks and rank factors proposed by contractor (Diana Sawatzky).

  • Gleason, H.A. 1952. New Britton & Brown. Illustrated Flora. Lancaster Press Inc. Lancaster, Pa. B52GLE01PAUS

  • Gleason, H.A. 1952. The new Britton and Brown illustrated flora of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 3 volumes. Hafner Press, New York. 1732 pp.

  • Gleason, H.A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Canada. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY.

  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KS.

  • Herbarium, Department of Botany, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

  • Herbarium, Museum of Man and Nature, 190 Rupert Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

  • Holmgren, N. 1998. Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual - Illustrations of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx NY.

  • Hooker, W.J. 1833. Flora Boreali-Americana. 2 vol. (1829-1840) Henry G. Bohn, No 4, York Street, Covent Garden, London.

  • Hooker, W.J. 1833. Flora Boreali-Americana. 2 vol. (1829-1840) Henry G. Bohn, No 4, York Street, Covent Garden, London. B33HOO01PAUS.

  • Hulten, E. 1941-1950. Flora of Alaska and Yukon. 1-10. Lunds Univ. Arsskr. N.F. Avd. 2, Vol. 37-46. 1,902 p.

  • Hulten, E. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories. Stanford Univ. Press, Stanford, CA. 1,008 p.

  • Johnston, B. C. 2001. Field guide to sedge species of the Rocky Mountain Region: The genus Carex in Colorado, Wyoming, western South Dakota, western Nebraska, and western Kansas. US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Renewable Resources, Denver, CO.

  • Juday, G.P. 1989. Alaska Research Natural Areas. 3: Serpentine Slide Manuscript: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-2XX. Portland, OR: U.S. Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 141 p.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kunsman, J.R. 1989. Noteworthy Recent Collections from Blair County, Pennsylvania. Bartonia 55:23-24. A89KUN01PAUS

  • Kunsman, J.R. 1989. Noteworthy recent collections from Blair County, Pennsylvania. Bartonia 55:23-24.

  • Kunsman, J.R. and Keener, C.S. 1986. New Records of Vascular Plants from Bair County, Pennsylvania. Bartonia 52:14-25. A86KUN01PAUS

  • Kunsman, J.R., and C.S. Keener. 1986. New records of vascular plants from Bair County, Pennsylvania. Bartonia 52:14-25.

  • Lackschewitz, K., P. Lesica and J. S. Shelly. 1988. Noteworthy collections: Montana. Madrono 35:355-358.

  • Looman, J. and K. Best. 1979. Budd's flora of the Canadian Praire Provinces. Agriculture Canada, Research Branch Publication 1662.

  • Mackenzie, K.K. 1935. Cyperacea. North American Flora. A35MAC01PAUS.

  • Mackenzie, K.K. 1935. Cyperaceae. In: N. L. Britton et al., eds. North American Flora.

  • Mackenzie, K.K. 1940. North American Cariceae. In Rickett, H. W. (ed.) ???. The New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY. Lancaster Press, Lancaster, PA.

  • Mackenzie, K.K. 1940. North American Cariceae; in Rickett, H. W. (ed.) ???. The New York Botanical Garden. New York, NY. Lancaster Press, Lancaster, PA. pp. B40MAC01PAUS.

  • Manitoba Conservation Data Centre. 2018. Vascular Plant Species ranking forms from initial CDC ranking.

  • Maxwell, Richard H. 1997. Indiana Endangered, Threatened and Rare Vascular Plants of Charlestown State Park. 5 pp plus map.

  • Maxwell, Richard H. 1997. Survey Report with Maps of Charlestown Park and Some Adjacent Areas. 36 pp with maps.

  • Oldham, M.J., and W.J. Crins. 1998. Atlas of the Vascular Flora of southern Ontario. Draft 2. Natural Heritage Information Centre, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough, Ontario. 378 pp.

  • Porsild, A.E., and W.J. Cody. 1980. Vascular plants of continental Northwest Territories, Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museums of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

  • Riley, J.L. 2002. The Flora of the Hudson Bay Lowland. Unpublished manuscript submitted to CRC press in February 2002. 107 pp.

  • Scoggan, H.J. 1957. Flora of Manitoba. National Museum of Canada, Bulletin number 140.

  • Scoggan, H.J. 1978. The Flora of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museum of Canada, Publ. in Botany 7(4).

  • Swink, F., and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region. Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

  • Voss, E.G. 1972. Michigan Flora Part I. Kingsport Press, Bloomfield Hills, Mich. B72VOS01PAUS

  • Voss, E.G. 1972. Michigan flora: A guide to the identification and occurrence of the native and naturalized seed-plants of the state. Part I. Gymnosperms and monocots. Cranbrook Institute of Science and Univ. Michigan Herbarium. Ann Arbor. 488 pp.

  • Welsh, S.L. 1974. Anderson's flora of Alaska and adjacent parts of Canada. Brigham Young Univ. Press, Provo, UT.

  • Wildlife Management Information System (WMIS). 2006+. Geo-referenced wildlife datasets (1900 to present) from all projects conducted by Environment and Natural Resources, Government of the Northwest Territories, Canada.  Available at http://www.enr.gov.nt.ca/programs/wildlife-research/wildlife-management-information-services

Use Guidelines & Citation

Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2019.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2019 NatureServe, 2511 Richmond (Jefferson Davis) Highway, Suite 930, Arlington, VA 22202, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2019. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.