Zephyranthes simpsonii - Chapman
Rain Lily
Other English Common Names: Red-margin Zephyr-lily
Other Common Names: redmargin zephyrlily
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Zephyranthes simpsonii Chapman (TSN 505801)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.138288
Element Code: PMLIL270B0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Lily Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Liliales Liliaceae Zephyranthes
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Zephyranthes simpsonii
Taxonomic Comments: Distinct species.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G2G3
Global Status Last Reviewed: 18Feb2004
Global Status Last Changed: 23Jun1993
Rounded Global Status: G2 - Imperiled
Reasons: Restricted range in Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. Rare in Georgia. The species' habitat is fairly abundant in Florida but hydrology changes and site preparation could cause a decrease in suitable habitat, ultimately decreasing population numbers.
Nation: United States
National Status: N2N3

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Florida (S2S3), Georgia (S1), Mississippi (SNR), North Carolina (S1), South Carolina (S1?)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Reported from Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. Rare in Georgia and North Carolina.

Number of Occurrences: 6 - 80
Number of Occurrences Comments: 6 element occurrences known in North Carolina; also reported in South Carolina from 3 occurrences in Beaufort, Georgetown and Horry counties.

Population Size Comments: About 360 plants estimated for the North Carolina populations.

Overall Threat Impact: High - medium
Overall Threat Impact Comments: The Beaufort County population in South Carolina occurs in an area impacted by boating campers. Roadside populations are threatened by potential road widening, or untimely maintenance (mowing during flowering season). The natural habitat of maritime forest is highly desired real estate, rapidly being developed. As an attractive flower, it may be threatened by casual picking and digging.

Short-term Trend: Decline of 10-30%
Short-term Trend Comments: Most occurrences are in unprotected and rapidly developing areas.

Intrinsic Vulnerability Comments: Persists after cultivation.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Reported from Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. Rare in Georgia and North Carolina.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States FL, GA, MS, NC, SC

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
FL Brevard (12009), Charlotte (12015), Hardee (12049)*, Highlands (12055)*, Miami-Dade (12086)*, Orange (12095), Polk (12105), Sarasota (12115), Volusia (12127)
GA Decatur (13087)*, Glascock (13125)*, Seminole (13253)*
NC Brunswick (37019)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Waccamaw (03040206)+, Coastal Carolina (03040208)+, Upper Ogeechee (03060201)+*, Upper St. Johns (03080101)+, Vero Beach (03080203)+, Kissimmee (03090101)+*, Caloosahatchee (03090205)+, Florida Southeast Coast (03090206)+*, Peace (03100101)+*, Myakka (03100102)+, Withlacoochee (03100208)+, Lower Chattahoochee (03130004)+*, Lower Flint (03130008)+*, Apalachicola (03130011)+*
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A perennial herb, up to 3 dm tall. Leaves reach 3 dm in length and are 2 mm wide. Sepals and petals grow to 6 cm long and are white or pink with purple stripes (Kral 1983).
Palustrine Habitat(s): HERBACEOUS WETLAND
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest - Hardwood, Forest Edge, Forest/Woodland, Grassland/herbaceous, Woodland - Conifer
Habitat Comments: Found on black, highly organic sands of wet pine flatwoods, meadows, pastures, roadsides, and glade borders (Kral 1983.)
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 18Feb2004
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Cooper, S.T., rev. D. White (1991)

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002a. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 26. Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxvi + 723 pp.

  • Hall, D.W. 1993. Illustrated plants of Florida and the Coastal Plain. Maupin House, Gainesville, Florida. 431 pp.

  • Hall, David W. 1993. Illustrated plants of Florida and the coastal plain. Maupin House, Gainesville, FL. pp. 431.

  • KRAL, R. 1983.A REPORT ON SOME RARE,THREATENED,OR ENDANGEREDFOREST-RELATED VASCULAR PLANTS OF THE SOUTH.VOL I ISOETACEAETHROUGH EUPHORBIACEAE;VOL II AQUIFOLIACEA THROUGH ASTERACEAE& GLOSSARY.USDA FOREST SERV,SE REG.,ATL,GA. TECH PUBL R8-TP2

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kral, R. 1983c. A report on some rare, threatened, or endangered forest-related vascular plants of the South. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service Technical Publication R8-TP2, Athens, GA. 1305 pp.

  • LeBlond, R. 2006. Notes on taxonomic status of Zephyranthes aff. simpsonii in the Cape Fear arch region of North and South Carolina. Unpublished memo to the NC Natural Heritage Program, NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources, 1601 MSC, Raleigh, NC 27699-1601.

  • Taylor, W.K. 1992. The guide to Florida wildflowers. Taylor Publishing, Dallas, Texas. 320 pp.

  • Taylor, Walter Kingsley. 1992. The Guide to Florida Wildflowers. Taylor Publishing Company, Dallas, Texas. 320 pp.

  • WUNDERLIN, RICHARD P. 1982. GUIDE TO THE VASCULAR PLANTS OF CENTRAL FLORIDA. UNIV. PRESSES OF FLA., TAMPA, ST. PETERSBURG, FT. MEYERS, SARASOTA

  • Weakley, A.S. No date. Working Draft of Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia. The Nature Conservancy, Southern Heritage Task Force, Southeast Regional Office.

  • Weakley, Alan S. 2003. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia: working draft of September 26, 2003. Unpublished draft, UNC Herbarium, NC Botanical Garden, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

  • Wunderlin, R.P. 1982. Guide to the vascular plants of central Florida. Univ. Presses Florida, Gainesville. 472 pp.

  • Wunderlin, R.P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. University Press of Florida. Gainesville, FL 32611.

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