Xyris montana - Ries
Northern Yellow-eyed-grass
Other Common Names: northern yelloweyed grass
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Xyris montana Ries (TSN 39111)
French Common Names: xyris des montagnes
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.146522
Element Code: PMXYR010F0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Other flowering plants
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Commelinales Xyridaceae Xyris
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Xyris montana
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 17Aug2015
Global Status Last Changed: 17Aug2015
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Xyris montana is fairly abundant in several bog and lakeshore habitats across a moderate geographic range. It is threatened primarily by destruction of its wetland habitats.
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR
Nation: Canada
National Status: N4N5 (21Nov2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Connecticut (S2), Maine (SNR), Massachusetts (S2?), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (S3), New Hampshire (SNR), New Jersey (S1.1), New York (S5), Pennsylvania (S4), Rhode Island (S1), Vermont (S1), Wisconsin (SNR)
Canada New Brunswick (S3), Newfoundland Island (S3), Nova Scotia (S4), Ontario (S4), Quebec (S3)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Xyris montana occurs from Newfoundland and Nova Scotia west to Minnesota and south to Pennsylvania and Michigan.

Number of Occurrences: 21 to >300
Number of Occurrences Comments: Occurs at 14 sites in Minnesota and 3 in Vermont. Common and therefore not tracked in much of the center of the range.

Population Size Comments: Because Xyris montana is a clonal, mat-forming species, it is difficult to distinguish genetic individuals from one another in order to accurately estimate abundance.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: The largest threat to populations of Xyris montana is the destruction of wetland habitat through development, peat mining, and other human activities. Because Xyris montana is a successional species, the removal of all local disturbance (and subsequent overgrowth by woody species) would also be a threat.

Short-term Trend: Relatively Stable (<=10% change)

Intrinsic Vulnerability Comments: Susceptible to loss of habitat.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Xyris montana occurs from Newfoundland and Nova Scotia west to Minnesota and south to Pennsylvania and Michigan.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States CT, MA, ME, MI, MN, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, VT, WI
Canada NB, NF, NS, ON, QC

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
CT Hartford (09003), Litchfield (09005), New London (09011)*
MA Berkshire (25003), Franklin (25011), Hampden (25013), Hampshire (25015)*, Worcester (25027)
MN Beltrami (27007), Carlton (27017), Cook (27031), Itasca (27061)*, Koochiching (27071)*, Lake (27075), St. Louis (27137)
NJ Passaic (34031)*, Sussex (34037)
PA Carbon (42025)*, Lackawanna (42069), Luzerne (42079), Monroe (42089), Pike (42103), Sullivan (42113), Wayne (42127), Wyoming (42131)*
RI Providence (44007), Washington (44009)*
VT Essex (50009), Orleans (50019), Windham (50025)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Upper Connecticut (01080101)+, West (01080107)+, Middle Connecticut (01080201)+*, Miller (01080202)+, Deerfield (01080203)+, Lower Connecticut (01080205)+, Farmington (01080207)+, Pawcatuck-Wood (01090005)+*, Quinebaug (01100001)+, Housatonic (01100005)+
02 Hackensack-Passaic (02030103)+*, Upper Delaware (02040101)+, Lackawaxen (02040103)+, Middle Delaware-Mongaup-Brodhead (02040104)+, Lehigh (02040106)+, Upper Susquehanna-Tunkhannock (02050106)+*, Upper Susquehanna-Lackawanna (02050107)+, Lower West Branch Susquehanna (02050206)+
04 Baptism-Brule (04010101)+, Beaver-Lester (04010102)+, St. Louis (04010201)+, Cloquet (04010202)+, Beartrap-Nemadji (04010301)+, St. Francois River (04150500)+
07 Mississippi Headwaters (07010101)+*
09 Red Lakes (09020302)+, Rainy Headwaters (09030001)+, Vermilion (09030002)+, Little Fork (09030005)+, Rapid (09030007)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: Northern yellow-eyed grass; Xyridaceae. A small, perennial, herbaceous plant (monocot) that grows in tufts or dense mats and produces several bright, yellow flowers per stem.
Habitat Comments: Xyris montana generally occupies sunny, wet, acidic habitats that are prone to local disturbance. It occurs in bogs, peaty hollows, flats and lake margins, and patterned water tracks within larger peatland complexes.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 03Apr1995
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: K. Crowley, MRO
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 17May2001
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Cieminski, K. L.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Bouchard, A., D. Barabé, M. Dumais et S. Hay 1983. Les plantes vasculaires rares du Québec. Syllogeus no 48. Musées nationaux du Canada. Ottawa. 75 p.

  • Coffin, B., and L. Pfannmuller, editors. 1988. Minnesota's endangered flora and fauna. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 473 pp.

  • Coffin, B., and L. Pfannmuller, editors. 1988. Minnesota's endangered flora and fauna. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. 473 pp.

  • Crow, G. E., and C. B. Hellquist. 2000. Aquatic and wetland plants of northeastern North America. Volume 2. Angiosperms: Monocotyledons. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin. 400 pp.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2000. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 22. Magnoliophyta: Alismatidae, Arecidae, Commelinidae (in part), and Zingiberidae. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxiii + 352 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kral, R. 2000. Xyris. Pages 155-167 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, editors. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Volume 22. Oxford University Press, New York, New York.

  • Raymond, M. 1949. Notes floristiques sur la tourbière de St-Blaise, comté de St-Jean. Nat. can. 76 89-98.

  • Rousseau, C. 1974. Géographie floristique du Québec-Labrador : Distribution des principales espèces vasculaires. Presses de l'Université Laval, Québec. 798 p.

  • Voss, E. G. 1972. Michigan Flora: Part I Gymnosperms and Monocots. Cranbrook Institute of Science Book 55, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. 488 pp.

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