Xerophyllum asphodeloides - (L.) Nutt.
Eastern Turkeybeard
Other Common Names: eastern turkeybeard
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Xerophyllum asphodeloides (L.) Nutt. (TSN 505767)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.153738
Element Code: PMLIL26010
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Lily Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Liliales Liliaceae Xerophyllum
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Xerophyllum asphodeloides
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 04Oct2002
Global Status Last Changed: 18Mar1994
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Moderately widespread from the New Jersey pine barrens south along the mountains of the southeast (Kartesz 1999). Large numbers of occurrences within New Jersey and Virginia; populations elsewhere relatively few and currently under serious threat to existence.
Nation: United States
National Status: N4

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (S1), Delaware (SX), Georgia (S1), Kentucky (SX), New Jersey (S4), North Carolina (S3), South Carolina (S2), Tennessee (S3), Virginia (S4), West Virginia (S1)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Along the coastal plain in the pine barrens of New Jersey and the Appalachian Mountains from Virginia and West Virginia south to Georgia and Alabama (Patrick 1995, Kartesz 1999).

Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Somewhat threatened by land-use conversion, habitat fragmentation, and forest management practices. Radical alteration of habitat on commercial land has probably had an impact. Also threatened by succession; suppression of fire has reduced populations (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).

Short-term Trend: Relatively Stable (<=10% change)

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Along the coastal plain in the pine barrens of New Jersey and the Appalachian Mountains from Virginia and West Virginia south to Georgia and Alabama (Patrick 1995, Kartesz 1999).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, DEextirpated, GA, KYextirpated, NC, NJ, SC, TN, VA, WV

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AL Calhoun (01015)
GA Cherokee (13057), Dawson (13085), Fannin (13111), Lumpkin (13187)*, Meriwether (13199), Murray (13213), Rabun (13241)*
SC Cherokee (45021), Greenville (45045), Oconee (45073), Pickens (45077)
TN Blount (47009), Greene (47059), McMinn (47107), Monroe (47123), Polk (47139), Sevier (47155)*
WV Hardy (54031)*, Pendleton (54071)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 South Branch Potomac (02070001)+, Cacapon-Town (02070003)+*, South Fork Shenandoah (02070005)+
03 Upper Broad (03050105)+, Saluda (03050109)+, Seneca (03060101)+, Tugaloo (03060102)+, Upper Chattahoochee (03130001)+*, Upper Flint (03130005)+, Conasauga (03150101)+, Etowah (03150104)+, Middle Coosa (03150106)+
06 Upper French Broad (06010105)+, Lower French Broad (06010107)+*, Nolichucky (06010108)+, Watts Bar Lake (06010201)+*, Lower Little Tennessee (06010204)+, Hiwassee (06020002)+, Ocoee (06020003)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: Perennial herb, monocot, Liliaceae
Habitat Comments: In the New Jersey Pine Barrens, in pitch pine sandy lowlands, associated with Pinus rigida. Also in dry oak-hickory woods with a component of Pinus echinata or Pinus virginiana and in mountain woods (Radford et al. 1968, Strausbaugh and Core 1978, Patrick et al. 1995).
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 26Oct1994

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Aldridge, L. M., and V. E. Vivian. 1981. A survey of certain ecological parameters of the habitat of Xerophyllum asphodeloides. Bull. NJ Acad. Sci. 26:70.

  • Artz, L. 1939. Foray to the Massanutten Mountains in Virginia. Castanea 4:134-135.

  • Artz, L. 1964. Plants of the Massanutten mountain system not abundant in that area. Castanea 29:175-.

  • Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. Corrected printing (1970). D. Van Nostrand Company, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002a. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 26. Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxvi + 723 pp.

  • Fosberg, F. Raymond, and Egbert H. Walker. 1948. Second supplement to a preliminary checklist of plants in the Shenandoah National Park. Castanea. 13:83, 90-91.

  • Fosberg, R.R. 1947. Observations on Virginia plants, IV. Castanea 12:59-.

  • Freer, R. S. 1950. A preliminary checklist of plants of the central Virginia Blue Ridge. Castanea 15(1):1-7, 32-33, 36-37.

  • Freer, R.S. 1958. Flora of the central Virginia Blue Ridge. Castanea. 23:96-.

  • Gleason, H.A. 1952. The new Britton and Brown illustrated flora of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 3 volumes. Hafner Press, New York. 1732 pp.

  • Gleason, H.A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 2nd ed., New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

  • Hough, M.Y. 1983. New Jersey wild plants. Harmony Press, Harmony, NJ. 414 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Moye, William S. 2006. Highly Ranked Plants of the South Mountain Region. Unpublished notes sent via email to Misty Franklin in February 2006.

  • Patrick, T.S., J.R. Allison, and G.A. Krakow. 1995. Protected plants of Georgia: an information manual on plants designated by the State of Georgia as endangered, threatened, rare, or unusual. Georgia Dept. Natural Resources, Wildlife Resources Division, Georgia Natural Heritage Program, Social Circle, Georgia. 218 pp + appendices.

  • Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Univ. North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC. 1183 pp.

  • Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project. 2002. A partnership between the U.S. Forest Service-Region 8, Natural Heritage Programs in the Southeast, NatureServe, and independent scientists to develop and review data on 1300+ regionally and locally rare species in the Southern Appalachian and Alabama region. Database (Access 97) provided to the U.S. Forest Service by NatureServe, Durham, North Carolina.

  • Strausbaugh, P.D., and E. L. Core. [1978]. Flora of West Virginia, Parts I-IV. West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia. 2753 pp. [Book undated, date '1978' from Castanea review (fide L. Morse), correct TNC source code is 'B78STR01HQUS'.]

  • Thomas, R. D. and E. W. Chester. 1967. Xerophyllum asphodeloides, Mirabilis nyctaginea, and Cardiospermum halicacabum from Tennessee. Castanea 32:183-185.

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