Viola pedatifida - G. Don
Prairie Violet
Other English Common Names: Crowfoot Violet
Other Common Names: prairie violet
Synonym(s): Viola pedatifida var. pedatifida
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Viola pedatifida G. Don (TSN 22131)
French Common Names: violette pédatifide
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.141046
Element Code: PDVIO041J0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Violet Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Violales Violaceae Viola
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Viola pedatifida
Taxonomic Comments: Kartesz (1994 and 1999) and FNA (vol. 6, 2015) accept Viola pedatifida and V. brittoniana as distinct species. In preparation for FNA's treatment, Little and McKinney (2010) had included V. brittoniana (= V. pedatifida var. brittoniana) as a variety of V. pedatifida, therefore according to Little and McKinney, Kartesz's V. pedatifida is equivalent to their V. pedatifida var. pedatifida.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 04May2016
Global Status Last Changed: 08Apr1986
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5
Nation: Canada
National Status: N4 (04May2016)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Arizona (SNR), Arkansas (S2), Colorado (S2), Illinois (SNR), Indiana (S2), Iowa (S4), Kansas (SNR), Michigan (S1), Minnesota (SNR), Missouri (SNR), Nebraska (SNR), New Mexico (S3?), North Carolina (SNR), North Dakota (SNR), Ohio (S1), Oklahoma (SNR), South Dakota (SNR), Tennessee (SNR), Texas (SU), Virginia (S1), Wisconsin (SNR), Wyoming (S1)
Canada Alberta (S2), Manitoba (S4), Ontario (S1), Saskatchewan (S3)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Occurs from southern Ontario to Alberta and south to Michigan, Oklahoma, and northeast Wyoming.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Occurs from southern Ontario to Alberta and south to Michigan, Oklahoma, and northeast Wyoming.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AR, AZ, CO, IA, IL, IN, KS, MI, MN, MO, NC, ND, NE, NM, OH, OK, SD, TN, TX, VA, WI, WY
Canada AB, MB, ON, SK

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AR Boone (05009), Clay (05021)*, Independence (05063)*, Logan (05083)*, Stone (05137)*
CO Adams (08001)*, Archuleta (08007), Boulder (08013), Custer (08027), Denver (08031)*, Douglas (08035), El Paso (08041), Elbert (08039)*, Fremont (08043)*, Huerfano (08055)*, Jefferson (08059), Las Animas (08071), Pueblo (08101)
IN Benton (18007), Jasper (18073), Lake (18089), Newton (18111), Tippecanoe (18157), Vermillion (18165), White (18181)
MI Calhoun (26025)*, Cass (26027), Delta (26041), Kalamazoo (26077), Oakland (26125)*, St. Joseph (26149)*
OH Clark (39023), Madison (39097)
VA Alleghany (51005), Bath (51017)
WY Crook (56011)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Upper James (02080201)+
04 Fishdam-Sturgeon (04030112)+, Little Calumet-Galien (04040001)+, St. Joseph (04050001)+, Kalamazoo (04050003)+*, Clinton (04090003)+*
05 Paint (05060003)+, Upper Great Miami (05080001)+, Middle Wabash-Deer (05120105)+, Tippecanoe (05120106)+, Middle Wabash-Little Vermilion (05120108)+
07 Kankakee (07120001)+*, Iroquois (07120002)+
08 Lower St. Francis (08020203)+*, Little River Ditches (08020204)+*
10 Upper Little Missouri (10110201)+*, Upper Belle Fourche (10120201)+, Lower Belle Fourche (10120202)+, Redwater (10120203)+, Upper South Platte (10190002)+*, Middle South Platte-Cherry Creek (10190003)+, Clear (10190004)+*, St. Vrain (10190005)+, Kiowa (10190010)+
11 Bull Shoals Lake (11010003)+, Middle White (11010004)+*, Arkansas Headwaters (11020001)+*, Upper Arkansas (11020002)+, Fountain (11020003)+, Chico (11020004)+, Huerfano (11020006)+*, Purgatoire (11020010)+, Canadian headwaters (11080001)+*, Dardanelle Reservoir (11110202)+*
14 Upper San Juan (14080101)+, Piedra (14080102)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Andersen, M.D. and B. Heidel. 2011. HUC-based species range maps. Prepared by Wyoming Natural Diversity Database for use in the pilot WISDOM application operational from inception to yet-to-be-determined date of update of tool.

  • Baird, V. B. 1942. Wild Violets of North America. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.

  • Brainerd, E. 1921. Violets of North America. Free Press Printing Company, Burlington, VT.

  • Dorn, R. D. 1992. Vascular Plants of Wyoming, second edition. Mountain West Publishing, Cheyenne, WY.

  • Dorn, R. D. 2001. Vascular Plants of Wyoming, third edition. Mountain West Publishing, Cheyenne, WY.

  • Fertig, W. 2000. State Species Abstract: Viola pedatifida. Updated 2008 by J. Handley and B. Heidel. Wyoming Natural Diversity Database. Available on the internet at www.uwyo.edu/wyndd.

  • Fertig, W. 2000. Rare plants of Devils Tower National Monument. Unpublished report prepared for the National Park Service by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2015. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 6. Magnoliophyta: Cucurbitaceae to Droserceae. Oxford University Press, New York. 496 pp + xxiv.

  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KS.

  • Heidel, B. 2008. Survey for special plant species of concern in Devils Tower National Monument. Unpublished report prepared for the National Park Service by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Larson, G. E. and J. R. Johnson. 1999. Plants of the Black Hills and Bear Lodge Mountains. South Dakota State University College of Agriculture and Biological Sciences & South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, Brookings, SD.

  • Little, R.J. and L.E. McKinney. 2010. Four nomenclatural changes in Viola (Violaceae). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 4(1):225-226.

  • Marriott, H. 1982. Devils Tower National Monument plant checklist. Unpublished list prepared for the Devils Tower Natural History Association, 1980-1982.

  • Marriott, H. J. 1989. Programs for monitoring rare and noxious plant species at Devils Tower National Monument, Wyoming. Unpublished report prepared for the National Park Service by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • Spackman, S., B. Jennings, J. Coles, C. Dawson, M. Minton, A. Kratz, and C. Spurrier. 1997. Colorado Rare Plant Field Guide. Prepared for the Bureau of Land Management, the U.S. Forest Service and the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service by the Colorado Natural Heritage Program, Fort Collins, CO.

  • Spackman, S., B. Jennings, J. Coles, C. Dawson, M. Minton, A. Kratz, and C. Spurrier. 1997. Colorado rare plant field guide. Prepared for Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service by Colorado Natural Heritage Program.

  • USDA, NRCS. 2013. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.

  • Weber, W. A. and R. C. Wittmann. 2012. Colorado Flora, Eastern Slope, A Field Guide to the Vascular Plants, Fourth Edition. Boulder, Colorado. 555 pp.

  • Weber, W. A. and R. C. Wittmann. 2012. Colorado Flora, Western Slope, A Field Guide to the Vascular Plants, Fourth Edition. Boulder, Colorado. 532 pp.

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