Umbra limi - (Kirtland, 1840)
Central Mudminnow
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Umbra limi (Kirtland, 1841) (TSN 162153)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.100934
Element Code: AFCHC03010
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Bony Fishes - Other Bony Fishes
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Actinopterygii Esociformes Umbridae Umbra
Genus Size: B - Very small genus (2-5 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B91ROB01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Umbra limi
Taxonomic Comments: Most closely related to U. pygmaea of Atlantic Slope; third member of genus occurs in Europe (Lee et al. 1980).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 17Aug2015
Global Status Last Changed: 13Sep1996
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (05Dec1996)
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5 (08Feb2016)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Arkansas (SH), Connecticut (SNA), Illinois (S4), Indiana (S4), Iowa (S3), Kentucky (S2S3), Massachusetts (SNA), Michigan (S5), Minnesota (SNR), Missouri (S1), New Hampshire (S5), New York (S5), North Dakota (S4), Ohio (S4), Pennsylvania (S3), South Dakota (S2), Tennessee (S3S4), Vermont (S3S4), West Virginia (S1), Wisconsin (S5)
Canada Manitoba (S5), Ontario (S5), Quebec (S5), Saskatchewan (S2S3)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Manitoba and south to central Ohio, western Tennessee, and northeastern Arkansas; Hudson River drainage (Atlantic Slope), New York; isolated populations occur in the Missouri River drainage of east-central South Dakota and western Iowa; common (Page and Burr 1991).

Number of Occurrences:  
Number of Occurrences Comments: This species is represented by a large number of subpopulations and locations.

Population Size Comments: Total adult population size is unknown but relatively large.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Localized threats may exist, but on a range-wide scale no major threats are known.

Short-term Trend Comments: Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable or slowly declining.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
Help
Global Range: St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Manitoba and south to central Ohio, western Tennessee, and northeastern Arkansas; Hudson River drainage (Atlantic Slope), New York; isolated populations occur in the Missouri River drainage of east-central South Dakota and western Iowa; common (Page and Burr 1991).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AR, CTexotic, IA, IL, IN, KY, MAexotic, MI, MN, MO, ND, NH, NY, OH, PA, SD, TN, VT, WI, WV
Canada MB, ON, QC, SK

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AR Clay (05021)*
IA Allamakee (19005), Benton (19011)*, Black Hawk (19013)*, Bremer (19017), Chickasaw (19037)*, Des Moines (19057), Fayette (19065), Hancock (19081)*, Louisa (19115), Mitchell (19131)*, Muscatine (19139), Winnebagao (19189), Worth (19195)
KY Calloway (21035), Fulton (21075), Graves (21083), Hickman (21105), Marshall (21157), McCracken (21145)
MO Clark (29045), New Madrid (29143), St. Charles (29183)
ND Billings (38007), Cavalier (38019)*, Pembina (38067)*
PA Crawford (42039), Erie (42049), Mercer (42085), Venango (42121), Warren (42123)
SD Brookings (46011)*, Day (46037), Deuel (46039), Grant (46051), Roberts (46109)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Lake George (02010001), Ausable (02010004), Great Chazy-Saranac (02010006), Mohawk (02020004), Middle Hudson (02020006), Lower Hudson (02030101), Chenango (02050102)
04 St. Louis (04010201), Beartrap-Nemadji (04010301), Bad-Montreal (04010302), Black-Presque Isle (04020101), Ontonagon (04020102), Keweenaw Peninsula (04020103), Betsy-Chocolay (04020201), Tahquamenon (04020202), Waiska (04020203), Lake Superior (04020300), Manitowoc-Sheboygan (04030101), Door-Kewaunee (04030102), Duck-Pensaukee (04030103), Oconto (04030104), Peshtigo (04030105), Brule (04030106), Menominee (04030108), Escanaba (04030110), Tacoosh-Whitefish (04030111), Fishdam-Sturgeon (04030112), Upper Fox (04030201), Wolf (04030202), Lake Winnebago (04030203), Lower Fox (04030204), Little Calumet-Galien (04040001), Pike-Root (04040002), Milwaukee (04040003), St. Joseph (04050001), Black-Macatawa (04050002), Kalamazoo (04050003), Upper Grand (04050004), Maple (04050005), Lower Grand (04050006), Thornapple (04050007), Pere Marquette-White (04060101), Muskegon (04060102), Manistee (04060103), Betsie-Platte (04060104), Boardman-Charlevoix (04060105), Manistique (04060106), Brevoort-Millecoquins (04060107), Lake Michigan (04060200), St. Marys (04070001), Carp-Pine (04070002), Lone Lake-Ocqueoc (04070003), Cheboygan (04070004), Black (04070005), Thunder Bay (04070006), Au Sable (04070007), Au Gres-Rifle (04080101), Kawkawlin-Pine (04080102), Pigeon-Wiscoggin (04080103), Tittabawassee (04080201), Pine (04080202), Shiawassee (04080203), Flint (04080204), Cass (04080205), Saginaw (04080206), Lake Huron (04080300), Clinton (04090003), Detroit (04090004), Huron (04090005), Ottawa-Stony (04100001), Raisin (04100002), St. Joseph (04100003), St. Marys (04100004), Upper Maumee (04100005), Tiffin (04100006), Lower Maumee (04100009)*, Cedar-Portage (04100010), Sandusky (04100011), Huron-Vermilion (04100012)*, Black-Rocky (04110001), Cuyahoga (04110002), Ashtabula-Chagrin (04110003), Grand (04110004), Chautauqua-Conneaut (04120101)+, Cattaraugus (04120102)*, Buffalo-Eighteenmile (04120103), Niagara (04120104), Lake Erie (04120200)*, Oak Orchard-Twelvemile (04130001), Upper Genesee (04130002), Lower Genesee (04130003), Irondequoit-Ninemile (04140101), Salmon-Sandy (04140102), Seneca (04140201), Oneida (04140202), Oswego (04140203), Black (04150101), Chaumont-Perch (04150102), Upper St. Lawrence (04150301), Oswegatchie (04150302), Indian (04150303), Grass (04150304), Raquette (04150305), St. Regis (04150306), English-Salmon (04150307)
05 Conewango (05010002)+, Middle Allegheny-Tionesta (05010003)+, French (05010004)+, Upper Ohio (05030101), Shenango (05030102)+, Mahoning (05030103)*, Connoquenessing (05030105), Upper Ohio-Wheeling (05030106), Hocking (05030204), Tuscarawas (05040001), Mohican (05040002)*, Walhonding (05040003), Licking (05040006)*, Upper Scioto (05060001)*, Upper Great Miami (05080001)*, Whitewater (05080003), Little Miami (05090202), Upper Wabash (05120101), Eel (05120104), Middle Wabash-Deer (05120105), Tippecanoe (05120106), Middle Wabash-Busseron (05120111), Lower Wabash (05120113), Upper White (05120201), Lower White (05120202), Lower East Fork White (05120208)
06 Kentucky Lake (06040005)+, Lower Tennessee (06040006)+
07 Mississippi Headwaters (07010101), Leech Lake (07010102), Twin Cities (07010206), Upper Minnesota (07020001)+, Lac Qui Parle (07020003)+, Upper St. Croix (07030001), Namekagon (07030002), Lower St. Croix (07030005), Rush-Vermillion (07040001)*, Buffalo-Whitewater (07040003), La Crosse-Pine (07040006), Black (07040007), Upper Chippewa (07050001), Flambeau (07050002), South Fork Flambeau (07050003), Jump (07050004), Lower Chippewa (07050005), Eau Claire (07050006), Red Cedar (07050007), Coon-Yellow (07060001)+, Upper Iowa (07060002)+, Grant-Little Maquoketa (07060003), Upper Wisconsin (07070001), Lake Dubay (07070002), Castle Rock (07070003), Baraboo (07070004), Lower Wisconsin (07070005), Kickapoo (07070006), Copperas-Duck (07080101)+, Upper Wapsipinicon (07080102)+, Flint-Henderson (07080104)+, Shell Rock (07080202)+, Winnebago (07080203)+, West Fork Cedar (07080204)*, Middle Cedar (07080205)+*, Lower Cedar (07080206)+, Upper Iowa (07080207)+, Lower Iowa (07080209)+, Upper Rock (07090001), Crawfish (07090002), Pecatonica (07090003), Sugar (07090004), Lower Rock (07090005)*, Kishwaukee (07090006), Green (07090007), Middle Des Moines (07100004)*, Lake Red Rock (07100008)*, Bear-Wyaconda (07110001)+, Peruque-Piasa (07110009)+, Kankakee (07120001), Iroquois (07120002), Chicago (07120003), Des Plaines (07120004), Upper Illinois (07120005), Upper Fox (07120006), Lower Fox (07120007), Lower Illinois-Senachwine Lake (07130001)*, Lower Illinois-Lake Chautauqua (07130003), Mackinaw (07130004)*, Lower Sangamon (07130008), Upper Mississippi-Cape Girardeau (07140105), Big Muddy (07140106), Cache (07140108)
08 Lower Mississippi-Memphis (08010100)+, Bayou De Chien-Mayfield (08010201)+, Obion (08010202)+, South Fork Obion (08010203), North Fork Forked Deer (08010204), South Fork Forked Deer (08010205), Lower St. Francis (08020203)+*, Cache (08020302)+*
09 Park (09020310)+*, Lower Pembina River (09020316)+*, Rainy Headwaters (09030001), Little Fork (09030005), Lake of the Woods (09030009)
10 Upper Heart (10130202)+, Middle Big Sioux Coteau (10170201)+, Upper Big Sioux (10170202)+, Lower Big Sioux (10170203), Little Sioux (10230003), Big Papillion-Mosquito (10230006)
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed (based on multiple information sources) Help
Ecology & Life History
Help
Reproduction Comments: Spawns May or June in Manitoba, Minnesota, Indiana, and New York. Eggs hatch in about 6 days. Males sexually mature at age 1, females usually at age 2. At least some females probably spawn in several different years, but may skip a year. (Martin-Bergman and Gee 1985, Scott and Crossman 1973).
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Riverine Habitat(s): CREEK, Low gradient, Pool
Lacustrine Habitat(s): Shallow water
Palustrine Habitat(s): Bog/fen, FORESTED WETLAND, HERBACEOUS WETLAND, SCRUB-SHRUB WETLAND, TEMPORARY POOL
Special Habitat Factors: Benthic
Habitat Comments: Usually in moderately to densely vegetated streams, sloughs, or swamps; sometimes in bog lakes. Avoids areas with current and water more than 0.5 m deep (but occurs in deep pools in winter). Often in ooze and detritus on bottom. Tolerant of low oxygen and high temperature. Spawns in overflow areas along creeks. Eggs stick to vegetation.
Adult Food Habits: Invertivore, Piscivore
Immature Food Habits: Invertivore, Piscivore
Food Comments: Primarily a bottom feeder; eats mainly midges, crustaceans, molluscs (Becker 1983). In Manitoba, diet mainly crustaceans, aquatic and terrestrial insects, and fishes (in specimens of age 2+ years) (Martin-Bergman and Gee 1985).
Adult Phenology: Circadian
Immature Phenology: Circadian
Phenology Comments: In Manitoba, fed at all times of day and year (Martin-Bergman and Gee 1985).
Length: 12 centimeters
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Delineation
Help
Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including larvae or eggs) in appropriate habitat where the species is presumed to be established and breeding.
Separation Barriers: Dam; high waterfall; upland habitat.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 3 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 3 km
Separation Justification: Data on dispersal and other movements are not available. Separation distances are arbitrary, but reflect the probability that these small fishes move relatively small distances and so warrant a small separation distance. Because of the difficulty in defining suitable versus unsuitable habitat, especially with respect to dispersal, and to simplify the delineation of occurrences, a single separation distance is used regardless of habitat quality.
Date: 21May2001
Author: Hammerson, G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 05Oct1993
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Aquin, P. 1999. Évaluation de la situation des groupes taxonomiques des poissons du Québec. Ministère de l'Environnement et de la Faune. 9 pages.

  • Atton, F.M. and J.J. Merkowsky. 1983. Atlas of Saskatchewan Fish. Saskatchewan Department of Parks and Renewable Resources, Fisheries Branch Technical Report 83-2. 281pp.

  • Legendre, V. et J.F. Bergeron. 1977. Liste des poissons d' eau douce du Québec. MLCP, Service Aménage. Expl. Faune. Rap. dact. 6

  • Martin-Bergman, K. A., and J. H. Gee. 1985. The central mudminnow, Umbra limi (Kirtland), a habitat specialist and resource generalist. Canadian Journal of Zoology 63:1753-1764.

  • Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. 386 pp.

  • Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Seventh edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 432 pp.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Second edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston. xix + 663 pp.

  • Peckham, R. S. and C. F. Dineen. 1957. Ecology of the central mudminnow, Umbra limi (Kirtland). American Midland Naturalist 58:222-231.

  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.

  • Scott, W. B., and E. J. Crossman. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Bulletin 184. 966 pp.

References for Watershed Distribution Map
  • Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1,052 pp.

  • Burr, B. M., and M. L. Warren, Jr. 1986a. Distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission, Scientific and Technical Series No. 4, Frankfort, Kentucky. 398 pp.

  • Cooper, E. L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania and the northeastern United States. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park. 243 pp.

  • Etnier, D. A., and W. C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee. xiv + 681 pp.

  • Fago, D. 2000. Relative abundance and distribution of fishes in Wisconsin. Fish Distribution Database to year 2000. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

  • Harlan, J. R., E. B. Speaker, and J. Mayhew. 1987. Iowa fish and fishing. Iowa Conservation Commission, Des Moines, Iowa. 323 pp.

  • Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. i-x + 854 pp.

  • Robison, H. W. and T. M. Buchanan. 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. The University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, Arkansas. 536 pp.

  • Smith, C. L. 1983. Fishes of New York (maps and printout of a draft section on scarce fishes of New York). Unpublished draft.

  • Smith, C. L. 1985. The inland fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, New York, xi + 522 pp.

  • Smith, P. W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 314 pp.

  • State Natural Heritage Data Centers. 1996a. Aggregated element occurrence data from all U.S. state natural heritage programs, including the Tennessee Valley Authority, Navajo Nation and the District of Columbia. Science Division, The Nature Conservancy.

  • Stauffer, J. R., Jr., J. M. Boltz, and L. R. White. 1995. The fishes of West Virginia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 146:1-389.

  • Trautman, M. B. 1981. The fishes of Ohio. Second edition. Ohio State University Press, Columbus, Ohio. 782 pp.

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