Trogon elegans - Gould, 1834
Elegant Trogon
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Trogon elegans Gould, 1834 (TSN 178096)
French Common Names: Trogon élégant
Spanish Common Names: Trogón Elegante
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.101307
Element Code: ABNWA02070
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Birds - Other Birds
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Aves Trogoniformes Trogonidae Trogon
Genus Size: C - Small genus (6-20 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1998. Check-list of North American birds. Seventh edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C. [as modified by subsequent supplements and corrections published in The Auk]. Also available online: http://www.aou.org/.
Concept Reference Code: B98AOU01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Trogon elegans
Taxonomic Comments: Composed of two groups: ambiguus of southwestern U.S. and Mexico (Coppery-tailed Trogon) and elegans of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica (Elegant Trogon) (AOU 1998).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 02Dec1996
Global Status Last Changed: 02Dec1996
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N1N2N,N3B (09Jan1998)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Arizona (S3), New Mexico (S1B,S1N)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: RESIDENT: southern Arizona and northern Mexico south to northwestern Costa Rica. Northernmost populations partially migratory, casual in Arizona in winter, casual in southwestern New Mexico and southern Texas (AOU 1983).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: RESIDENT: southern Arizona and northern Mexico south to northwestern Costa Rica. Northernmost populations partially migratory, casual in Arizona in winter, casual in southwestern New Mexico and southern Texas (AOU 1983).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The maps for birds represent the breeding status by state and province. In some jurisdictions, the subnational statuses for common species have not been assessed and the status is shown as not-assessed (SNR). In some jurisdictions, the subnational status refers to the status as a non-breeder; these errors will be corrected in future versions of these maps. A species is not shown in a jurisdiction if it is not known to breed in the jurisdiction or if it occurs only accidentally or casually in the jurisdiction. Thus, the species may occur in a jurisdiction as a seasonal non-breeding resident or as a migratory transient but this will not be indicated on these maps. See other maps on this web site that depict the Western Hemisphere ranges of these species at all seasons of the year.
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AZ, NM

Range Map
Note: Range depicted for New World only. The scale of the maps may cause narrow coastal ranges or ranges on small islands not to appear. Not all vagrant or small disjunct occurrences are depicted. For migratory birds, some individuals occur outside of the passage migrant range depicted. For information on how to obtain shapefiles of species ranges see our Species Mapping pages at www.natureserve.org/conservation-tools/data-maps-tools.

Range Map Compilers: NatureServe, 2002


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AZ Cochise (04003), Graham (04009), Pima (04019), Santa Cruz (04023)
NM Catron (35003)*, Grant (35017)*, Hidalgo (35023), Otero (35035)*
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
13 Playas Lake (13030201)+*, Salt Basin (13050004)+*
15 Upper Gila-Mangas (15040002)+*, Animas Valley (15040003)+, San Francisco (15040004)+*, San Simon (15040006)+, Upper San Pedro (15050202)+, Lower San Pedro (15050203)+, Upper Santa Cruz (15050301)+, Rillito (15050302)+, Rio De La Concepcion (15080200)+, Whitewater Draw (15080301)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Reproduction Comments: Nests April-July in Costa Rica; often 2 broods (Stiles and Skutch 1989). Clutch size is 3-4.
Ecology Comments: Usually solitary or in pairs. Breeding males had home ranges averaging 76-205 hectares in southeastern Arizona (Hall 1996).
Non-Migrant: Y
Locally Migrant: Y
Long Distance Migrant: N
Mobility and Migration Comments: Found year-round throughout most of range. Northernmost populations are partially migratory (AOU 1983).
Palustrine Habitat(s): Riparian
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Woodland - Hardwood, Woodland - Mixed
Special Habitat Factors: Standing snag/hollow tree
Habitat Comments: Open woodland, pine-oak association, scrubby woodland and second growth, primarily in arid or semi-arid situations, less frequently in humid woodland (Tropical to lower Temperate zones) (AOU 1983). Mountain canyons. Costa Rica: hillsides, ravines, gullies, evergreen forest; usually keeps well up in canopy, coming lower to nest or feed (Stiles and Skutch 1989). Nests usually in natural tree cavities or abandoned woodpecker holes, 2-12 m above ground.
Adult Food Habits: Frugivore, Invertivore
Immature Food Habits: Frugivore, Invertivore
Food Comments: Feeds on insects (e.g., grasshoppers, mantids, bugs, beetles, moths) and some fruit (e.g. grapes, cherries) (Terres 1980). Gleans insects from leaves and twigs while hovering in mid-air. Sallies to snatch berries, arillate seeds, and insects from foliage (Stiles and Skutch 1989).
Adult Phenology: Diurnal
Immature Phenology: Diurnal
Length: 32 centimeters
Weight: 69 grams
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Use Class: Breeding
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Evidence of breeding (including historical); and potential recurring breeding at a given location, minimally a reliable observation of one or more breeding pairs in appropriate habitat. Be cautious about creating EOs for observations that may represent single breeding events outside the normal breeding distribution.
Separation Barriers: None.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 5 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 5 km
Separation Justification: Based on male breeding home ranges of 76-205 hectares (Hall 1996). A circular territory of 200 hectares would have a diameter of about 1600 meters; three times this distance is 4.8 kilometers.
Inferred Minimum Extent of Habitat Use (when actual extent is unknown): 1.4 km
Inferred Minimum Extent Justification: Based on a male home range of 150 hectares (Hall 1996).
Date: 13Nov2001
Author: Cannings, S.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 11Apr1994
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1983. Check-list of North American Birds, 6th edition. Allen Press, Inc., Lawrence, Kansas. 877 pp.

  • American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1998. Check-list of North American birds. Seventh edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C. [as modified by subsequent supplements and corrections published in The Auk]. Also available online: http://www.aou.org/.

  • BirdLife International. 2004b. Threatened birds of the world 2004. CD ROM. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK.

  • Hall, L. S. 1996. Habitat selection by the Elegant Trogon (TROGON ELEGANS) at multiple scales. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson.

  • Howell, S. N. G., and S. Webb. 1995. A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

  • Parker III, T. A., D. F. Stotz, and J. W. Fitzpatrick. 1996. Ecological and distributional databases for neotropical birds. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

  • Phillips, A., J. Marshall, and G. Monson. 1964. The birds of Arizona. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ.

  • Sibley, D. A. 2000a. The Sibley guide to birds. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

  • Stiles, F. G. and A. F. Skutch. 1989. A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA. 511 pp.

  • Terres, J. K. 1980. The Audubon Society encyclopedia of North American birds. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

  • Zook, J. L. 2002. Distribution maps of the birds of Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. Unpublished.

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Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
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