Oncidium undulatum - (Sw.) Salisb.
Cape Sable Orchid
Synonym(s): Trichocentrum undulatum (Swartz) Ackerman & M.W. Chase
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Oncidium undulatum (Sw.) Salisb. (TSN 504022)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.147659
Element Code: PMORC1V170
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Orchid Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Orchidales Orchidaceae Oncidium
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Oncidium undulatum
Taxonomic Comments: Treated as Oncidium undulatum by Kartesz (1994 and 1999). The name Oncidium luridum has been misapplied to these plants (Kartesz 1999; Wunderlin 1998; cf. Luer 1972). The name Lophiaris maculatum (Aubl.) J.D. Ackerman recently has been recommended for them [Lindleyana 15(2): 89-95]. BMacB 2/2001; rev. L. Morse 2Mar01.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 10Aug1995
Global Status Last Changed: 10Aug1995
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Rare and local in southern Florida; abundance not known in tropical America (including Caribbean), but range thought to be large (cf. Luer 1972, as O. luridum). Subject to overcollection (at least in USA), even though artificially propagated specimens may be available.
Nation: United States
National Status: N1

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Florida (S1)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Southern Peninsular Florida, West Indies, Mexico and tropical America (cf. Luer 1972).

Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300

Population Size Comments: Rare species in Florida (Wunderlin 1998), but locally abundant in small areas of Buttonwood strand. Widespread (Luer 1972, as O. luridum).

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Very threatened by orchid collectors in South Florida (C.E. Hilsenbeck, pers. comm. 1993). Many collectors can sell native plants for hundreds of dollars, and would like to know where this species is located.

Intrinsic Vulnerability Comments: Resistant to drought and light frost to some degree. Withstood Hurricane Andrew (1992).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Southern Peninsular Florida, West Indies, Mexico and tropical America (cf. Luer 1972).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States FL

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
FL Collier (12021)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Big Cypress Swamp (03090204)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: An epiphytic orchid.
Habitat Comments: Buttonwood strands in extreme southern Florida, especially near Flamingo. Infrequently found in remote Cypress sloughs in Big Cypress National Park.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 10Aug1995
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Hilsenbeck, C.E. and A.F. Johnson, 8/95; rev. B. MacBryde 2/2001.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Ackerman, J.D. 2000. Note on the Caribbean orchid flora. II. Lindleyana 15(2): 89-95.

  • Craighead, Frank C. 1963. Orchids and Air Plants of the Everglades Natl. Pk. Everglades Nat. Hist. Assoc. and U. of Miami Press. 125 pp.

  • Craighead, Frank C. 1963. Orchids and Air Plants of the Everglades Natl. Pk. Everglades Nat. Hist. Assoc. and U. of Miami Press. 125 pp.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002a. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 26. Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxvi + 723 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • LONG, R.W. & O. LAKELA. 1971. A FLORA OF TROPICAL FLORIDA. BANYAN BOOKS; ORIGINAL PUBLISHED BY UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI PRESS, MIAMI, FL.

  • LUER, CARLYLE A. 1972. THE NATIVE ORCHIDS OF FLORIDA. THE NEW YORK BOTANICAL GARDEN.

  • Long, R.W. and O. Lakela. 1976. A flora of tropical Florida. Banyan Books. Miami, Florida, xvii + 962 pp.

  • Luer, C. A. 1972. The native orchids of Florida. New York Botanical Garden, New York. 293 pp.

  • SMALL, JOHN KUNKEL. 1933. MANUAL OF THE SOUTHEASTERN FLORA. UNIVERSITY OF N. C. PRESS, CHAPEL HILL, N.C. 1554 PAGES + XXII

  • Small, J.K. 1933. Manual of the southeastern flora. Two volumes. Hafner Publishing Company, New York.

  • Wunderlin, R.P. 1998. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida. University Press of Florida: Gainesville, Florida. 806 pp.

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