Terrapene carolina carolina - (Linnaeus, 1758)
Eastern Box Turtle
Other English Common Names: Woodland Box Turtle, eastern box turtle
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Terrapene carolina carolina (Linnaeus, 1758) (TSN 173777)
French Common Names: tortue boîte, tortue tabatière
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.103999
Element Code: ARAAD08012
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Turtles
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Chelonia Cryptodeira Emydidae Terrapene
Genus Size: B - Very small genus (2-5 species)
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Concept Reference
Concept Reference: Collins, J. T. 1990. Standard common and current scientific names for North American amphibians and reptiles. 3rd ed. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. Herpetological Circular No. 19. 41 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B90COL01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Terrapene carolina carolina
Conservation Status

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5T5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 02Feb2016
Global Status Last Changed: 31Oct1996
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: T5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (05Oct1996)
Nation: Canada
National Status: NU (02Feb2016)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Connecticut (S4), Florida (SNR), Indiana (S3), Kentucky (S5), Maine (S1), Michigan (S2S3), New Jersey (S3), Pennsylvania (S3S4), Rhode Island (S4)
Canada Ontario (SX)

Other Statuses

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species Protection Status (CITES): Appendix II

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Map unavailable!:
Distribution data for U.S. states and Canadian provinces is known to be incomplete or has not been reviewed for this taxon.
Endemism: endemic to a single nation

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States CT, FL, IN, KY, ME, MI, NJ, PA, RI
Canada ONextirpatednative and exotic

Range Map
No map available.

U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
CT Fairfield (09001), Hartford (09003), Litchfield (09005), Middlesex (09007), New Haven (09009), New London (09011), Tolland (09013), Windham (09015)
IN Brown (18013), Clark (18019), Crawford (18025), Daviess (18027), Dearborn (18029), Floyd (18043), Gibson (18051), Greene (18055), Harrison (18061), Huntington (18069), Jackson (18071), Jennings (18079), Johnson (18081), Lawrence (18093), Martin (18101), Monroe (18105), Montgomery (18107), Morgan (18109), Perry (18123), Pike (18125), Ripley (18137), Sullivan (18153), Tippecanoe (18157), Washington (18175)
ME Cumberland (23005), Hancock (23009), Lincoln (23015), Oxford (23017), Penobscot (23019), Piscataquis (23021), Somerset (23025), Waldo (23027), York (23031)
MI Allegan (26005), Baraga (26013)*, Barry (26015), Benzie (26019)*, Berrien (26021), Branch (26023)*, Calhoun (26025), Cass (26027), Clare (26035), Eaton (26045), Hillsdale (26059)*, Houghton (26061)*, Ingham (26065), Ionia (26067), Isabella (26073)*, Jackson (26075), Kalamazoo (26077), Kent (26081), Lake (26085), Leelanau (26089)*, Lenawee (26091), Livingston (26093), Manistee (26101), Mason (26105), Mecosta (26107), Monroe (26115), Montcalm (26117), Muskegon (26121), Newaygo (26123), Oakland (26125), Oceana (26127), Ottawa (26139), St. Joseph (26149), Van Buren (26159), Washtenaw (26161), Wexford (26165)*
NJ Bergen (34003), Essex (34013), Hunterdon (34019), Mercer (34021), Middlesex (34023), Monmouth (34025), Morris (34027), Ocean (34029), Passaic (34031), Somerset (34035), Sussex (34037), Warren (34041)
PA Adams (42001), Berks (42011), Bucks (42017), Carbon (42025), Chester (42029), Cumberland (42041), Dauphin (42043), Delaware (42045), Fayette (42051), Franklin (42055), Huntingdon (42061), Juniata (42067), Lancaster (42071), Lebanon (42075), Lehigh (42077), Mifflin (42087), Monroe (42089), Montgomery (42091), Montour (42093), Northampton (42095), Northumberland (42097), Schuylkill (42107), Snyder (42109), York (42133)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Piscataquis (01020004)+, Lower Penobscot (01020005)+, Lower Kennebec (01030003)+, Upper Androscoggin (01040001)+, St. George-Sheepscot (01050003)+, Presumpscot (01060001)+, Saco (01060002)+, Piscataqua-Salmon Falls (01060003)+, Lower Connecticut (01080205)+, Farmington (01080207)+, Pawcatuck-Wood (01090005)+, Quinebaug (01100001)+, Shetucket (01100002)+, Thames (01100003)+, Quinnipiac (01100004)+, Housatonic (01100005)+, Saugatuck (01100006)+
02 Rondout (02020007)+, Lower Hudson (02030101)+, Hackensack-Passaic (02030103)+, Sandy Hook-Staten Island (02030104)+, Raritan (02030105)+, Middle Delaware-Mongaup-Brodhead (02040104)+, Middle Delaware-Musconetcong (02040105)+, Lehigh (02040106)+, Crosswicks-Neshaminy (02040201)+, Lower Delaware (02040202)+, Schuylkill (02040203)+, Brandywine-Christina (02040205)+, Mullica-Toms (02040301)+, Upper Susquehanna-Lackawanna (02050107)+, Lower Susquehanna-Penns (02050301)+, Raystown (02050303)+, Lower Juniata (02050304)+, Lower Susquehanna-Swatara (02050305)+, Lower Susquehanna (02050306)+, Chester-Sassafras (02060002)+, Conococheague-Opequon (02070004)+
04 Ontonagon (04020102)+*, Sturgeon (04020104)+*, Little Calumet-Galien (04040001)+, St. Joseph (04050001)+, Black-Macatawa (04050002)+, Kalamazoo (04050003)+, Upper Grand (04050004)+, Lower Grand (04050006)+, Thornapple (04050007)+, Pere Marquette-White (04060101)+, Muskegon (04060102)+, Manistee (04060103)+, Betsie-Platte (04060104)+*, Pine (04080202)+*, Shiawassee (04080203)+*, Huron (04090005)+, Ottawa-Stony (04100001)+, Raisin (04100002)+, St. Joseph (04100003)+*, Tiffin (04100006)+*
05 Cheat (05020004)+, Lower Monongahela (05020005)+, Middle Ohio-Laughery (05090203)+, Salamonie (05120102)+, Middle Wabash-Little Vermilion (05120108)+, Sugar (05120110)+, Middle Wabash-Busseron (05120111)+, Upper White (05120201)+, Lower White (05120202)+, Muscatatuck (05120207)+, Lower East Fork White (05120208)+, Patoka (05120209)+, Silver-Little Kentucky (05140101)+, Blue-Sinking (05140104)+, Lower Ohio-Little Pigeon (05140201)+, Highland-Pigeon (05140202)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Population/Occurrence Viability
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

  • COSEWIC. 2002. Canadian Species at Risk, May 2002. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. 34 pp. Available online: http://www.cosewic.gc.ca/

  • Collins, J. T. 1990. Standard common and current scientific names for North American amphibians and reptiles. 3rd ed. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. Herpetological Circular No. 19. 41 pp.

  • Crother, B. I. (editor). 2008. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. Sixth edition. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles Herpetological Circular 37:1-84. Online with updates at: http://www.ssarherps.org/pages/comm_names/Index.php

  • Ernst, C. H., and J. F. McBreen. 1991b. TERRAPENE CAROLINA. Cat. Am. Amph. Rept. 512.1-512.13.

  • Roche, B. 1998. Status Report on the Eastern Box Turtle, TERRAPENE CAROLINA CAROLINA in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. 48 pp.

  • Roche, Bridget. 1999. Draft COSEWIC Status Report on Eastern Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina). Committee on the Status of Endangered Widlife in Canada (COSEWIC); (unpublished). 37 pp.

  • Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [van Dijk, P.P., Iverson, J.B., Shaffer, H.B., Bour, R., and Rhodin, A.G.J.]. 2012. Turtles of the world, 2012 update: annotated checklist of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution, and conservation status. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Pritchard, P.C.H., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., Iverson, J.B., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5:000.243-000.328. Online. Available: www.iucn-tftsg.org/cbftt/.

  • Williams, E. C., Jr., and W. S. Parker. 1987. A long-term study of a box turtle (TERRAPENE CAROLINA) population at Allee Memorial Woods, Indiana, with emphasis on survivorship. Herpetologica 43:328-335.

  • do Amaral, J. P. S., G. A. Marvin and V. H. Hutchison. 2002. Thermoregulation in the box turtles Terrapene carolina and Terrapene ornata. Can. J. Zool. 80:934-943.

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