Taenidia montana - (Mackenzie) Cronq.
Mountain Parsley
Other English Common Names: Mountain-pimpernel
Other Common Names: mountain pimpernel
Synonym(s): Pseudotaenidia montana Mackenzie
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Taenidia montana (Mackenzie) Cronq. (TSN 505425)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.132507
Element Code: PDAPI26020
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Carrot Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Apiales Apiaceae Taenidia
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Taenidia montana
Taxonomic Comments: Formerly placed in the monotypic genus Pseudotaenidia.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G3
Global Status Last Reviewed: 26Jan2003
Global Status Last Changed: 26Jan2003
Rounded Global Status: G3 - Vulnerable
Reasons: Narrow range in central Appalachians, where habitat-specific (associated with shale barrens). Appears to be stable, but often in low numbers.
Nation: United States
National Status: N3

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Maryland (S2), Pennsylvania (S1), Virginia (S3), West Virginia (S3)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Essentially a shale barrens endemic. Found in mountains of Ridge and Valley region of southern Pennsyvania, Maryland, W. Virginia, and Virginia.

Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300
Number of Occurrences Comments: Estimated about 80-100 rangewide, with 4+ EOs in MD, 4 in PA. Also listed in several counties in VA and WV.

Population Size Comments: Generally scarce, only a few plants per site, but fairly common at some sites.

Viability/Integrity Comments: Most occurrences reportedly have relatively few individuals.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Powerline spraying, erosion, and trampling are perceived threats to this plant. Exotics and grazing have also been mentioned as potential threats (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Essentially a shale barrens endemic. Found in mountains of Ridge and Valley region of southern Pennsyvania, Maryland, W. Virginia, and Virginia.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States MD, PA, VA, WV

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
MD Allegany (24001), Washington (24043)
PA Bedford (42009)
WV Grant (54023), Greenbrier (54025), Hampshire (54027), Hardy (54031), Mercer (54055)*, Mineral (54057), Monroe (54063), Morgan (54065), Pendleton (54071), Summers (54089)*, Tucker (54093)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 South Branch Potomac (02070001)+, North Branch Potomac (02070002)+, Cacapon-Town (02070003)+, North Fork Shenandoah (02070006)+*, Upper James (02080201)+
05 Cheat (05020004)+, Middle New (05050002)+*, Greenbrier (05050003)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A smooth perennial herb up to 80 cm tall with ternately or pinnately compound leaves with sheathing petioles and terminal umbels of many (6-12) small yellow flowers. This plant has a licorice/anise scent and not a smell of celery.
Technical Description: Plant glabrous, slender, erect, 4-6 dm tall; roots slightly thickened; leaves chiefly on the lower portion of the plant; lower leaves with long broad clasping petioles; leaflets elliptical to lanceolate-ovate or oblong, entire, thin; umbels 3-15 rayed, compound, spreading; bracts and bractlets usually lacking; pedicels several, of equal length (5 mm) bearing sterile flowers, and few longer ones (8-10 mm) bearing fertile flowers; sepals minute; petals yellow; fruit 4-7 mm long, width 66% of length, dorsally flattened and winged. 2n = 22. Perennial (PANHP Files, 1995; Gleason and Cronquist, 1991).
Diagnostic Characteristics: Leaves trifoliate and twice compound; leaflets entire, ovate to oblong or elliptic; flowers yellow; fruit dorsally flattened and winged; anise scented. Could be confused with T. integerrima which has wingless fruits and has a celery-like odor (Gleason and Cronquist, 1991).
Reproduction Comments: Reproduction is sexual.
Ecology Comments: MD -- Taenidia montana is found on the upper edge of barrens, shale outcrops, limestone outcrops and steep slopes. The soils are shallow to deep and may be stony and/or loamy. Noted aspects are western and southeastern. The sites are dry limestone woods, open woods, dense hardwood forests and scattered hardwood and coniferous forests. Associated plants include Bouteloua curtipendula and Quercus prinus.

PA -- Occurrences of this species are on shale barrens, the upper edge of shale slopes, and argillaceous slopes. These slopes are often steep. Soils are shaley clay with sandstone inclusions. Sheer formation is present. The sites may be wooded with sparse undergrowth; Quercus alba is in the overstory. Aspects are WSW and WNW. Associated plant species include Antennaria sp., Cornus florida, Pinus virginiana, Quercus rubra, Smilax sp., Solidago bicolor, and Viburnum acerifolium.

VA -- Calcareous shale barrens; limestone; rock outcrops; open woods.

WV -- Calcareous shale barrens; limestone; rock outcrops; narrow ridges; open woods.

Habitat Comments: Shale barrens (calcareous) and mesic and xeric open woods or dense hardwood forests; slopes 8-15% to steep; filtered light; elevation 480-1568 ft. Associated with Bouteloua curtipendula, Cornus florida, Quercus prinus, Q. rubra, Solidago bicolor, and Viburnum acerifolium.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary
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Stewardship Overview: Plants should be protected from livestock. Invasive and exotic plant species should be removed. Powerline right-of-way maintenance should be done by means other than herbicides at sites with this element.
Species Impacts: There are no known impacts of this plant on other species.
Preserve Selection & Design Considerations: Preserve design should include adequate buffer area surrounding occurrences to allow for management activities.
Management Requirements: None currently identified.
Monitoring Requirements: Sites that have not been visited within the last 5 years should be revisited.
Monitoring Programs: One site is monitored (visual check of presence) by the MD NHP botanist every 2 years.
Management Research Programs: None currently identified.
Management Research Needs: Determine if this species is fire dependent (E. Thompson, pers. comm., 1996).
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 26Jan2003
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Walton, D. (1996), West Virginia Heritage Program, Elkins, WV 26241-0067 (304) 637-0245. Originally by M. Ormes (1983). Rev. L. Morse (1994, 2003).
Management Information Edition Date: 22Jul1996
Management Information Edition Author: Walton, D. West Virginia Heritage Program, Elkins, WV 26241-0067 (304) 637-0245

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Buker, Warner E. 1949. Specimens deposited at Carnegie Museum of Natural History.

  • Core, E. L. 1952. The ranges of some plants of the Appalachian shale barrens. Castanea 17:105-116.

  • Core, E.L. 1952. The Range of some Plants of the Appalachain Shale Barrens. Cast. 17:105-116. A52COR01PAUS

  • Cronquist, A. 1982. Reduction of Pseudotaenidia to Taenidia (Apiaceae). Brittonia 34:365-367.

  • Cronquist, A. 1982. Reduction of Pseudotaenidia to Taenidia (Apiaceae). Brittonia 34:365-367. A82CRO01PAUS.

  • Gleason, H.A., and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. 910 pp.

  • Kartesz, J. T. 1991. Synonym names from 1991 checklist, as extracted by Larry Morse, TNC, June 1991.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Keener, C.S. 1983. DISTRIBUTION AND BIOHISTORY OF THE EN- DEMIC FLORA OF THE MID-APPALACHIAN SHALE BARRENS. THE BOT REV 49(1):65-115.

  • Keener, C.S. 1983. Distribution and biohistory of the endemic flora of the mid-Appalachian shale barrens. Botanical Review 49(1):65-115.

  • MacKenzie, K.K. 1903. A new genus of North American Umbelliferae. Torreya 3: 159-159.

  • Mackenzie, K.K. 1903. A New Genus of North American Umbelliferae. Torreya 3:158-160. A03MAC01PAUS

  • SMITH, C.P. 1924. PSEUDOTAENIDIA IN MARYLAND. RHODORA 26(301):23-24.

  • Smith, C.P. 1924. Pseudotaenidia in Maryland. Rhodora 26(301):23-24.

  • Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project. 2002. A partnership between the U.S. Forest Service-Region 8, Natural Heritage Programs in the Southeast, NatureServe, and independent scientists to develop and review data on 1300+ regionally and locally rare species in the Southern Appalachian and Alabama region. Database (Access 97) provided to the U.S. Forest Service by NatureServe, Durham, North Carolina.

  • Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia. Seneca Books, Inc., Grantsville, WV. 1079 pp.

  • Wherry, E.T. 1937. CASTANEA. JOURNAL OF THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN BOTANICAL CLUB 2:2. A37WHE01PAUS.

  • Wherry, E.T. 1937. Castanea 2:2.

  • Wherry, E.T. 1952. Shale-barren plants on other geological formations. Castanea 18:64-65.

  • Wherry, E.T. 1953. SHALE BARREN PLANTS ON OTHER GEOLOGICAL FORMATIONS. CASTANEA 18(2):64-65.

  • Wherry, Edgar T. 1940. Specimens deposited in Academy of Natural Sciences.

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