Spiranthes lucida - (H.H. Eat.) Ames
Shining Ladies'-tresses
Other Common Names: shining ladies'-tresses
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Spiranthes lucida (H.H. Eat.) Ames (TSN 43467)
French Common Names: spiranthe lustrée
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.137913
Element Code: PMORC2B0J0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Orchid Family
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Orchidales Orchidaceae Spiranthes
Check this box to expand all report sections:
Concept Reference
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Spiranthes lucida
Conservation Status

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 04Jul2016
Global Status Last Changed: 04Jul2016
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR
Nation: Canada
National Status: N4 (04Jul2016)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (S1), Arkansas (S2), Connecticut (SNR), Delaware (SH), District of Columbia (SX), Illinois (S1), Indiana (S2), Iowa (S1), Kansas (SH), Kentucky (S2S3), Maine (S1), Maryland (S1), Massachusetts (S2?), Michigan (S3), Minnesota (SNR), Missouri (S3), Nebraska (SNR), New Hampshire (S1), New Jersey (S2), New York (S5), North Carolina (S1), Ohio (S3), Pennsylvania (S3), Rhode Island (SH), Tennessee (S1S2), Vermont (S3), Virginia (S1S2), West Virginia (S1S2), Wisconsin (S1)
Canada New Brunswick (S2), Nova Scotia (S2), Ontario (S4), Quebec (S2S3)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Known from N.B., N.S., Ont., Que.; Conn., Del., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., Maine, Mass., Mich., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis. (FNA vol. 26, 2002).

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Moderately threatened by land-use conversion and habitat fragmentation, and to a lesser extent by forest management practices (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Global Range: Known from N.B., N.S., Ont., Que.; Conn., Del., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., Maine, Mass., Mich., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis. (FNA vol. 26, 2002).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, CT, DCextirpated, DE, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
Canada NB, NS, ON, QC

Range Map
No map available.

U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AR Baxter (05005), Izard (05065), Marion (05089), Sharp (05135), Stone (05137)
DE New Castle (10003)*
IA Allamakee (19005)
IL Cook (17031), Kane (17089), Lake (17097), Will (17197), Woodford (17203)*
IN Allen (18003), Carroll (18015)*, Elkhart (18039)*, Jennings (18079), Kosciusko (18085), La Porte (18091), Lagrange (18087), Lake (18089), Madison (18095), Marshall (18099), Noble (18113)*, Parke (18121), Porter (18127), Starke (18149), Steuben (18151), Tippecanoe (18157), Wayne (18177)*, Whitley (18183)
KS Clay (20027)*, Cloud (20029)*
KY Clark (21049), Estill (21065), Jackson (21109), Lee (21129), McCreary (21147), Menifee (21165), Powell (21197), Pulaski (21199), Wayne (21231)
MA Berkshire (25003), Essex (25009)*, Franklin (25011), Hampshire (25015)*
MD Baltimore County (24005)*, Cecil (24015), Garrett (24023), Montgomery (24031)*
ME Androscoggin (23001)*, Aroostook (23003), Kennebec (23011), Oxford (23017)*, Penobscot (23019), Piscataquis (23021), Somerset (23025), Waldo (23027)*, York (23031)*
MO Camden (29029), Carter (29035), Dent (29065), Douglas (29067), Howell (29091), Iron (29093), Morgan (29141), Oregon (29149), Reynolds (29179), Ripley (29181), Shannon (29203), St. Francois (29187), Ste. Genevieve (29186)
NH Cheshire (33005), Grafton (33009), Sullivan (33019)
NJ Atlantic (34001)*, Burlington (34005)*, Cape May (34009)*, Hunterdon (34019)*, Morris (34027)*, Sussex (34037), Warren (34041)
OH Adams (39001), Clark (39023), Cuyahoga (39035), Delaware (39041), Erie (39043), Geauga (39055), Henry (39069), Lake (39085), Lorain (39093)*, Lucas (39095), Pike (39131), Portage (39133), Ross (39141), Sandusky (39143), Scioto (39145)*, Seneca (39147), Summit (39153), Williams (39171)
PA Allegheny (42003), Beaver (42007)*, Bedford (42009)*, Bucks (42017)*, Butler (42019)*, Cambria (42021)*, Centre (42027), Chester (42029)*, Crawford (42039), Erie (42049), Fayette (42051), Franklin (42055)*, Indiana (42063), Lancaster (42071)*, Lawrence (42073), Lehigh (42077)*, Monroe (42089)*, Montgomery (42091)*, Northampton (42095), Philadelphia (42101)*, Pike (42103)*, Somerset (42111)*, Westmoreland (42129)*, York (42133)*
RI Providence (44007)*
TN Carter (47019), Claiborne (47025), Franklin (47051), Johnson (47091), Lewis (47101)*, Overton (47133), Pickett (47137), Roane (47145), Warren (47177)
VA Augusta (51015), Bath (51017), Buchanan (51027), Dickenson (51051), Frederick (51069), Montgomery (51121), Smyth (51173), Warren (51187)*, Washington (51191), Winchester (City) (51840)
WI Marinette (55075)
WV Fayette (54019), Greenbrier (54025), Nicholas (54067), Pendleton (54071), Pocahontas (54075), Randolph (54083)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Aroostook (01010004)+, Meduxnekeag (01010005)+*, East Branch Penobscot (01020002)+, Piscataquis (01020004)+, Lower Penobscot (01020005)+*, Lower Kennebec (01030003)+, Lower Androscoggin (01040002)+*, St. George-Sheepscot (01050003)+*, Saco (01060002)+*, Piscataqua-Salmon Falls (01060003)+*, Waits (01080103)+, Black-Ottauquechee (01080106)+, West (01080107)+, Middle Connecticut (01080201)+, Deerfield (01080203)+*, Farmington (01080207)+, Charles (01090001)+*, Narragansett (01090004)+*, Housatonic (01100005)+
02 Hudson-Hoosic (02020003)+, Rondout (02020007)+*, Raritan (02030105)+*, Middle Delaware-Mongaup-Brodhead (02040104)+, Middle Delaware-Musconetcong (02040105)+, Lehigh (02040106)+*, Crosswicks-Neshaminy (02040201)+*, Lower Delaware (02040202)+*, Schuylkill (02040203)+*, Brandywine-Christina (02040205)+*, Great Egg Harbor (02040302)+*, Upper West Branch Susquehanna (02050201)+, Bald Eagle (02050204)+*, Raystown (02050303)+*, Lower Susquehanna (02050306)+*, Chester-Sassafras (02060002)+, Gunpowder-Patapsco (02060003)+*, South Branch Potomac (02070001)+, Conococheague-Opequon (02070004)+, South Fork Shenandoah (02070005)+, Shenandoah (02070007)+*, Middle Potomac-Catoctin (02070008)+*, Upper James (02080201)+
03 Upper Roanoke (03010101)+
04 Menominee (04030108)+, Little Calumet-Galien (04040001)+, Pike-Root (04040002)+, St. Joseph (04050001)+, Ottawa-Stony (04100001)+, St. Joseph (04100003)+, Blanchard (04100008)+, Lower Maumee (04100009)+, Cedar-Portage (04100010)+, Sandusky (04100011)+, Huron-Vermilion (04100012)+*, Black-Rocky (04110001)+, Cuyahoga (04110002)+, Ashtabula-Chagrin (04110003)+, Chautauqua-Conneaut (04120101)+, Lake Erie (04120200)+
05 Middle Allegheny-Tionesta (05010003)+, French (05010004)+, Conemaugh (05010007)+, Kiskiminetas (05010008)+*, Cheat (05020004)+, Youghiogheny (05020006)+, Upper Ohio (05030101)+, Shenango (05030102)+*, Mahoning (05030103)+, Connoquenessing (05030105)+, Greenbrier (05050003)+, Gauley (05050005)+, Upper Scioto (05060001)+, Lower Scioto (05060002)+, Upper Levisa (05070202)+, Upper Great Miami (05080001)+, Whitewater (05080003)+*, Ohio Brush-Whiteoak (05090201)+, Upper Kentucky (05100204)+, Lower Kentucky (05100205)+, Eel (05120104)+*, Middle Wabash-Deer (05120105)+, Tippecanoe (05120106)+, Sugar (05120110)+, Upper White (05120201)+, Muscatatuck (05120207)+, Upper Cumberland-Lake Cumberland (05130103)+, South Fork Cumberland (05130104)+, Obey (05130105)+, Collins (05130107)+, Caney (05130108)+
06 North Fork Holston (06010101)+, South Fork Holston (06010102)+, Watauga (06010103)+, Powell (06010206)+, Lower Clinch (06010207)+, Wheeler Lake (06030002)+, Lower Duck (06040003)+*
07 Upper Iowa (07060002)+, Kankakee (07120001)+, Chicago (07120003)+, Upper Fox (07120006)+, Lower Fox (07120007)+, Lower Illinois-Senachwine Lake (07130001)+*, Cahokia-Joachim (07140101)+, Meramec (07140102)+, Big (07140104)+, Upper Mississippi-Cape Girardeau (07140105)+
08 Upper St. Francis (08020202)+
10 Lower Republican (10250017)+*, Lake of the Ozarks (10290109)+
11 Middle White (11010004)+, Buffalo (11010005)+, North Fork White (11010006)+, Upper Black (11010007)+, Current (11010008)+, Lower Black (11010009)+, Spring (11010010)+, Eleven Point (11010011)+, Strawberry (11010012)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Population/Occurrence Viability
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

  • Bouchard, A., D. Barabé, M. Dumais et S. Hay 1983. Les plantes vasculaires rares du Québec. Syllogeus no 48. Musées nationaux du Canada. Ottawa. 75 p.

  • Bowles, M.L., et al. 1991. Rarely seen endangered plants, rediscoveries, and species new to Illinois. Erigenia 11:27-51.

  • Brown, J.R. 1986. Spiranthes lucida (H.H. Eaton) Ames (Shining Ladies'-tresses) in Kent County, Ontario: some observations. Plant Press 4(3): 91-94.

  • Bruce-Grey Plant Committee (Owen Sound Field Naturalists). [1997]. A Guide to the Orchids of Bruce and Grey Counties, Ontario. Stan Brown Printers Limited, Owen Sound, Ontario. 105 pp.

  • Case, F.W. and P.M. Catling. 1983. The genus Spiranthes in Michigan. Michigan Botanist 22:79-92.

  • Case, F.W., Jr. 1987. Orchids of the Western Great Lakes Region. Revised Edition. Bulletin 48, Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. 251 pp.

  • Catling, P.M. 1983. Pollination of northeastern Northern American Spiranthes (Orchidaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 61(4): 1080-1093.

  • Catling, P.M. and S.M. McKay. 1973. Shining Ladies'-tresses. Ontario Naturalist. June: 21.

  • Deam, C. C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Division of Forestry, Dept. of Conservation, Indianapolis, Indiana. 1236 pp.

  • Fernald, M.L. 1950. Gray's Manual of Botany, 8th ed., Corr. Printing, 1970. Van Nostrand, New York. LXIV+1632 pp.

  • Fleurbec / G. Lamoureux, S. Lamoureux, A. Tousignant, L. Cournoyer et R.F. Gauthier / 1994. Plantes susceptibles d'être désignées menacées ou vulnérables. Noms français de 229 espèces. Rapport non publié, préparé pour le gouvernement du Québec, ministère

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002a. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 26. Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxvi + 723 pp.

  • Gleason, H.A. & Cronquist, A. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Edition. The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY 10458. U.S.A. B91GLE01PAUS.

  • Hough, M. Y. 1983. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony, New Jersey. 414 pp.

  • Jones, G.N. 1947. Supplementary list of Illinois vascular plants. Amer. Midl. Nat. 37:785-787.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Luer, C.A. 1975. The native orchids of the United States and Canada excluding Florida. The New York Botanical Garden. 361 pp.

  • Myers, R.M., and R.D. Henry. 1976. Some changes that have occurred in the indigenous flora of two adjoining west-central Illinois counties (Hancock and McDonough) during the last 140 years. Trans. Ill. State Acad. Sci. 69:19-36.

  • Natural Heritage Program Files. 1996. Unpublished.

  • Reddoch, J.M. and A.H. Reddoch. 1997. The orchids in the Ottawa District: floristics, phytogeography, population studies and historical review. Canadian Field-Naturalist 111(1):1-185.

  • Rothrock, Paul E., etal. 1993. The Vascular Flora of Mounds State Park, Madison County, Indiana. 102 Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 161-199.

  • Rousseau, C. 1974. Géographie floristique du Québec-Labrador : Distribution des principales espèces vasculaires. Presses de l'Université Laval, Québec. 798 p.


  • Sheviak, C.J. 1974. An introduction to the ecology of the Illinois Orchidaceae. Illinois State Museum Scientific Papers XIV. Ill. State Mus., Springfield, IL. 89pp.

  • Sheviak, C.J. 1974. Notes on some rare Illinois orchids. Trans. Ill. State Acad. Sci. 67:122-130.

  • Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project. 2002. A partnership between the U.S. Forest Service-Region 8, Natural Heritage Programs in the Southeast, NatureServe, and independent scientists to develop and review data on 1300+ regionally and locally rare species in the Southern Appalachian and Alabama region. Database (Access 97) provided to the U.S. Forest Service by NatureServe, Durham, North Carolina.

  • Swink, F., and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region. Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

  • Tatnall, R.R. 1946. Flora of Delaware and the Eastern Shore: an annotated list of the ferns and flowering plants of the peninsula of Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia. Soc. Nat. Hist. Del. 313 pp.

  • Whiting, R.E. and P.M. Catling. 1986. Orchids of Ontario: An Illustrated Guide. The CanaColl Foundation, Ottawa, Ontario. xii + 169 pp.

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