Smilax lasioneura - Hook.
Herbaceous Greenbrier
Other English Common Names: Blue Ridge Carrion-flower, Hairy-nerved Carrionflower
Other Common Names: Blue Ridge carrionflower
Synonym(s): Smilax herbacea var. lasioneura (Hook.) A. DC.
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Smilax lasioneura Hook. (TSN 505256) ;Smilax lasioneuron Hook. (TSN 43359)
French Common Names: smilax nervures pubescentes
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.142769
Element Code: PMSMI010E0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Greenbrier Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Liliales Smilacaceae Smilax
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Smilax lasioneura
Taxonomic Comments: Epithet is spelled 'lasioneuron' in some floras; species is sometimes treated as Smilax herbacea var. lasioneura (lasioneuron).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 16Jul2015
Global Status Last Changed: 21Oct1994
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Widespread distribution throughout the middle portion of the United States and southern central Canada.
Nation: United States
National Status: N5
Nation: Canada
National Status: N4N5 (16Jul2015)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alabama (SNR), Arkansas (SNR), Colorado (S3S4), District of Columbia (SNR), Florida (SNR), Georgia (S2?), Illinois (S5), Indiana (SNR), Iowa (SNR), Kansas (SNR), Kentucky (S4?), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (SNR), Mississippi (SNR), Missouri (SNR), Montana (SNR), Nebraska (SNR), North Carolina (S1), North Dakota (SNR), Ohio (S3), Oklahoma (SNR), South Dakota (SNR), Tennessee (SNR), Texas (SNR), West Virginia (SNR), Wisconsin (SNR), Wyoming (S2)
Canada Manitoba (S4), Ontario (S4), Saskatchewan (SNR)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Species occurs in the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan (north to Runciman), Manitoba (north to Dauphin), and southern Ontario (Lambton and Kent counties); southward to Florida, east to Virginia and West Virginia, and west to Colorado, New Mexico, and Wyoming.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Somewhat threatened by land-use conversion, habitat fragmentation, and forest management practices (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Species occurs in the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan (north to Runciman), Manitoba (north to Dauphin), and southern Ontario (Lambton and Kent counties); southward to Florida, east to Virginia and West Virginia, and west to Colorado, New Mexico, and Wyoming.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, CO, DC, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, OH, OK, SD, TN, TX, WI, WV, WY
Canada MB, ON, SK

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
GA Houston (13153), Miller (13201)
NC Henderson (37089), McDowell (37111), Polk (37149), Rutherford (37161)
OH Adams (39001), Allen (39003)*, Clinton (39027), Erie (39043), Fulton (39051), Henry (39069), Huron (39077), Lorain (39093)*, Lucas (39095), Mercer (39107), Paulding (39125), Sandusky (39143)*, Seneca (39147)*, Williams (39171), Wood (39173), Wyandot (39175)*
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Upper Broad (03050105)+, Saluda (03050109)+, Lower Ocmulgee (03070104)+, Spring (03130010)+
04 Ottawa-Stony (04100001)+, St. Joseph (04100003)+, St. Marys (04100004)+, Upper Maumee (04100005)+, Tiffin (04100006)+, Auglaize (04100007)+*, Lower Maumee (04100009)+, Cedar-Portage (04100010)+, Sandusky (04100011)+, Huron-Vermilion (04100012)+
05 Paint (05060003)+, Ohio Brush-Whiteoak (05090201)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: Leafy-stemmed, freely branching, climbing or trailing perennial herb, with annual stems, numerous tendrils, and small flowers in stalked umbels.
Technical Description: Stem of full-grown plants over 1 m long, main stem or elongate branches climbing (or resting on supporting objects), lower stem bracts ascending to somewhat spreading; leaves with petioles to 8 cm long, triangular-ovate to narrowly ovate, cordate to rounded at base, broadly rounded to short-cuspidate or short-acuminate at apex, pale and puberulent on veins beneath; peduncles elongated, as long as 27 cm and with 150-250 pedicels, arising from the axils of the foliage leaves, somewhat flattened; on main stem up to 35 flowers in a hemispherical umbel, becoming strongly divergent in fruit; perianth segments oblong to obovate, 3.5-6 mm long; fruit blackish-blue, often glaucous, about 1 cm in diameter with 3 to 5 subglobose brown seeds that are about 4 mm long. 2n=26.
Diagnostic Characteristics: Tendrils long and functional; petioles of principal leaves 2.5-9 cm long; the lower leaf-surface minutely pubescent; bladeless lower bracts spreading-ascending.
Duration: PERENNIAL, DECIDUOUS
Habitat Comments: Element is widespread and occurs predominantly in the central Great Plains region, in a variety of habitats including sandy soils, moist soils in thickets, pine-oak-hickory woodlands, streambanks, floodplains, fencerow, sandbluffs, and calcareous hammocks.
Economic Attributes
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Economic Uses: FOOD, Fruit, Other food, MEDICINE/DRUG, Other medicine/drug
Economic Comments: The young tender shoots of this and other varieties of Smilax may be cooked in early spring and eaten as asparagus (Steyermark 1963), while mammals and birds consume the fruit of the plant (Martin 1951). Smilax has been used to make commercial sarsaparilla, used for medicinal purposes (Weber 1990).
Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 27Jun1995
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Jennifer Snyder
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 27Jun1995
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): JENNIFER SNYDER

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Correll, D.S., and M.C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. Texas Research Foundation, Renner. 1881 pp.

  • Deam, C. C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Division of Forestry, Dept. of Conservation, Indianapolis, Indiana. 1236 pp.

  • Dorn, R.D. 1988. Vascular plants of Wyoming. Mountain West Publishing, Cheyenne, WY. 340 pp.

  • Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. Corrected printing (1970). D. Van Nostrand Company, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002a. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 26. Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxvi + 723 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville, Illinois. 507 pp.

  • Rickett, H. W. 1973. Wild flowers of the United States: Vol. 6 (3 parts). The central mountains and plains. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York. 784 pp. + plates.

  • Ridley, H.N. 1930. The dispersal of plants throughout the world. L. Reeve & Co., Ltd., Ashford, Kent, United Kingdom. 744 pp.

  • Scoggan, H.J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada: Parts 1-4. National Museums Canada, Ottawa. 1711 pp.

  • Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project. 2002. A partnership between the U.S. Forest Service-Region 8, Natural Heritage Programs in the Southeast, NatureServe, and independent scientists to develop and review data on 1300+ regionally and locally rare species in the Southern Appalachian and Alabama region. Database (Access 97) provided to the U.S. Forest Service by NatureServe, Durham, North Carolina.

  • Steyermark, J.A. 1963. Flora of Missouri. Iowa State Univ. Press, Ames. 1728 pp.

  • Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Part II. Dicotyledons. Cranbrook Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium. Ann Arbor, Michigan. 1212 pp.

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