Maianthemum stellatum - (L.) Link
Starflower Solomon's-plume
Other English Common Names: Star-flowered False Solomon's-seal, Starry False Lily-of-the-Valley
Other Common Names: starry false lily of the valley
Synonym(s): Smilacina stellata (L.) Desf.
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link (TSN 503656)
French Common Names: smilacine étoilée
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.161248
Element Code: PMLIL1D040
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Lily Family
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Liliales Liliaceae Maianthemum
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Concept Reference
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Maianthemum stellatum
Conservation Status

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 12Aug2015
Global Status Last Changed: 16Mar1984
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5?
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5 (12Aug2015)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alaska (S2), Arizona (SNR), Arkansas (S1), California (SNR), Colorado (SNR), Connecticut (SNR), District of Columbia (S1), Idaho (SNR), Illinois (S3?), Indiana (SNR), Iowa (S4), Kansas (S2), Kentucky (S1), Maine (SNR), Maryland (S2), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (SNR), Missouri (SNR), Montana (S5), Nebraska (SNR), Nevada (SNR), New Hampshire (SNR), New Jersey (S3S4), New Mexico (SNR), New York (S5), North Dakota (SNR), Ohio (SNR), Oklahoma (SH), Oregon (SNR), Pennsylvania (S4), Rhode Island (SNR), South Dakota (SNR), Tennessee (S1), Utah (SNR), Vermont (SNR), Virginia (S2), Washington (SNR), West Virginia (S2), Wisconsin (SNR), Wyoming (S5)
Canada Alberta (S5), British Columbia (S5), Labrador (S1S3), Manitoba (S5), New Brunswick (S4S5), Newfoundland Island (S5), Northwest Territories (SNR), Nova Scotia (S4), Nunavut (SNR), Ontario (S5), Prince Edward Island (S3), Quebec (S5), Saskatchewan (S5?), Yukon Territory (S4)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AK, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MT, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SD, TN, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY
Canada AB, BC, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, NU, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT

Range Map
No map available.

U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AK Anchorage (02020)*, Kenai Peninsula (02122), Matanuska-Susitna (02170)
AR Carroll (05015), Fulton (05049), Greene (05055)
KY Carter (21043), Lewis (21135), McLean (21149)*, Rowan (21205)*
MD Allegany (24001)*, Frederick (24021), Harford (24025), Montgomery (24031), Washington (24043)
TN Pickett (47137), Sullivan (47163)
VA Amherst (51009), Arlington (51013), Augusta (51015), Bedford (51019), Clarke (51043)*, Fairfax (51059), Loudoun (51107), Russell (51167)
WV Greenbrier (54025)*, Harrison (54033)*, Jefferson (54037), Marion (54049)*, Pendleton (54071)*, Pocahontas (54075)*, Randolph (54083), Summers (54089)*, Taylor (54091)*, Tucker (54093)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Lower Susquehanna (02050306)+, Gunpowder-Patapsco (02060003)+, South Branch Potomac (02070001)+*, Cacapon-Town (02070003)+*, South Fork Shenandoah (02070005)+, Shenandoah (02070007)+, Middle Potomac-Catoctin (02070008)+, Middle Potomac-Anacostia-Occoquan (02070010)+, Middle James-Buffalo (02080203)+
05 Tygart Valley (05020001)+*, West Fork (05020002)+*, Cheat (05020004)+, Middle New (05050002)+*, Greenbrier (05050003)+*, Lower New (05050004)+*, Little Scioto-Tygarts (05090103)+, Ohio Brush-Whiteoak (05090201)+, Licking (05100101)+*, Lower Green (05110005)+*, Pond (05110006)+*, Obey (05130105)+
06 South Fork Holston (06010102)+, Upper Clinch (06010205)+
08 Lower St. Francis (08020203)+
11 Beaver Reservoir (11010001)+, Spring (11010010)+
19 Upper Kenai Peninsula (19020302)+, Anchorage (19020401)+*, Matansuka (19020402)+, Lower Susitna River (19020505)+*, Cook Inlet (19020800)+*
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
General Description: Herb, perennial, with arching to erect stems 15-50 cm tall, arising from rhizomes. Leaves simple, 4-15 x 1-4 cm, sessile, lance-shaped tapering to a tip, alternate, arranged on either side of the stem. Flowers arranged in a raceme, terminal; sepals and petals alike, 6, white. Fruit a berry, greenish with black stripes; seeds 1-2.
Technical Description: Plants herbaceous, perennial with arching to erect stems from pale freely forking rhizomes. Stems to 60 cm high, very leafy. Leaves alternate, lanceolate to oblong, tapering at tip, subapproximate, sessile or slightly clasping, minutely pilose beneath, somewhat glaucous, submembranaceous to firm, the larger ones 4-15 cm long and 1-4 cm wide. Inflorescence terminal, a raceme nearly sessile, rachis simple, glabrous to minutely hirtellous, 2-4.5 cm long with scattered pedicels about as long as the flowers. Perianth 4-6 cm long, tepals 6, white, exceeding the stamens; stamens 6, anthers short, filaments slender; ovary 3-locular with 2 ovules per locule; style short and thick; stigma obscurely 3-lobed. Fruit a berry, globular, 1-2 seeded, at first greenish with black stripes.
Diagnostic Characteristics: Perennial herb with arching leafy stems from a forking rhizome. Leaves alternate , sessile, lanceolate with pointed tips. Inflorescence terminal, a raceme. Flowers white, tepals 6, spreading. Fruit a greenish black striped berry.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Population/Occurrence Viability
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): PUNTER, E.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002a. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 26. Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxvi + 723 pp.

  • Kartesz, J. T. 1991. Synonym names from 1991 checklist, as extracted by Larry Morse, TNC, June 1991.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.


  • Meades, S.J. & Hay, S.G; Brouillet, L. 2000. Annotated Checklist of Vascular Plants of Newfoundland and Labrador. Memorial University Botanical Gardens, St John's NF. 237pp.

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