Sciaenops ocellatus - (Linnaeus, 1766)
Red Drum
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Sciaenops ocellatus (Linnaeus, 1766) (TSN 169290)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.101236
Element Code: AFCQH06010
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Bony Fishes - Other Bony Fishes
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Actinopterygii Perciformes Sciaenidae Sciaenops
Genus Size: A - Monotypic genus
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B91ROB01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Sciaenops ocellatus
Taxonomic Comments: Monotypic genus.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 25Sep1996
Global Status Last Changed: 25Sep1996
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (05Dec1996)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alabama (S4), Georgia (S5), Louisiana (S4), Mississippi (S5), New Mexico (SNA), Texas (S4)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Common from Mexico through Florida to Chesapeake Bay with occasional strays to Massachusetts.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Common from Mexico through Florida to Chesapeake Bay with occasional strays to Massachusetts.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Map unavailable!:
Distribution data for U.S. states and Canadian provinces is known to be incomplete or has not been reviewed for this taxon.
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, GA, LA, MS, NMexotic, TX

Range Map
No map available.

Ecology & Life History
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Reproduction Comments: Spawns September-February; eggs hatch in 19-20 hours at 75 F; sexually mature in 3 years (Manooch 1984).
Habitat Type: Marine
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Marine Habitat(s): Near shore
Estuarine Habitat(s): Bay/sound, Lagoon, River mouth/tidal river, Tidal flat/shore
Special Habitat Factors: Benthic
Habitat Comments: Coastal and estuarine waters; most common over sandy bottoms and often captured in surf zone. Juveniles use estuaries as nursery areas for 6-8 months. May enter fresh water (e.g., St. Johns River, Florida). Spawns in coastal waters near passes, inlets, and bays (Manooch 1984).
Adult Food Habits: Invertivore, Piscivore
Immature Food Habits: Invertivore, Piscivore
Food Comments: Benthic feeder. Juveniles eat mostly copepods, amphipods, and tiny shrimps; adults eat fishes, crabs, shrimps, and sand dollars (Manooch 1984).
Length: 155 centimeters
Economic Attributes
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Economic Comments: An important game fish for surfcasters (Robins and Ray 1986).
Management Summary
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Management Requirements: See Arnold et al. (1988).
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 01Oct1993
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Arnold, C. R., et al., eds. 1988. Red drum aquaculture, proceedings of a symposium on the culture of red drum and other warm water fishes. Contrib. in Marine Sci., Suppl. to Vol. 30, Marine Sci. Inst., Univ. Texas at Austin, Port Aransas, Texas. 197 pp.

  • Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. i-x + 854 pp.

  • Manooch, C. S., III. 1984. Fisherman's guide. Fishes of the southeastern United States. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh. 362 pp.

  • Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. 386 pp.

  • Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Seventh edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Robins, C. R., and G. C. Ray. 1986. A Field Guide to Atlantic Coast Fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Massachusetts. 354 pp.

  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.

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