Schisandra glabra - (Bickn.) Rehd.
Bay Starvine
Other English Common Names: Magnolia-vine
Other Common Names: bay starvine
Synonym(s): Schisandra coccinea Michx.
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Schisandra glabra (Bickn.) Rehd. (TSN 505051)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.141936
Element Code: PDSCH01020
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Other flowering plants
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Illiciales Schisandraceae Schisandra
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Schisandra glabra
Taxonomic Comments: Called Schisandra [or Schizandra] coccinea in older floras.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G3
Global Status Last Reviewed: 01Apr1998
Global Status Last Changed: 29Apr1997
Rounded Global Status: G3 - Vulnerable
Reasons: Schisandra glabra is a vine that occurs in the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal plains from North Carolina south to northern Florida, west to Louisiana and up the Mississippi Embayment into western Tennessee and east Arkansas. It is known from at least thirty occurrences, although much of this data is between ten and fifteen years old. Development and forestry practices threaten this taxon.
Nation: United States
National Status: N3

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (S2), Arkansas (S2S3), Florida (S2), Georgia (S2), Kentucky (S1), Louisiana (S3), Mississippi (S3), North Carolina (S1), South Carolina (S1), Tennessee (S2)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: In the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal plains from North Carolina south to northern Florida, west to Louisiana and up the Mississippi Embayment into western Tennessee and east Arkansas (Kral).

Number of Occurrences:  
Number of Occurrences Comments: In Tennessee, probably five or more along loess bluffs in counties bordering the Mississippi River; one in Madison County, Tennessee (Tennessee Element Ranking Form, Edwin Bridges, 84-02-07). Sixteen element occurrence records in Florida (Linda Chafin, 97-10). Nine extant occurrences in Arkansas (Arkansas Element Ranking Form, Lance Peacock, 83-03-10). One known occurrence in North Carolina (North Carolina Element Ranking Form, Lance Peacock, 82-02-01).

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Schisandra glabra has a widespread range but with only a small number of known secure population. It is highly threatened by competition from non-native invasives, (particularly Japanese honeysuckle), land-use conversion and habitat fragmentation (conversion to pine plantations in Piedmont has eliminated many populations), and forest management practices (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: In the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal plains from North Carolina south to northern Florida, west to Louisiana and up the Mississippi Embayment into western Tennessee and east Arkansas (Kral).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AL Bibb (01007), Monroe (01099)
AR Cross (05037), Lee (05077), Phillips (05107), St. Francis (05123)
FL Gadsden (12039), Jackson (12063), Leon (12073), Liberty (12077), Wakulla (12129)
GA Bartow (13015), Carroll (13045), Chattahoochee (13053), Cherokee (13057), Cobb (13067), Coweta (13077), Dawson (13085), DeKalb (13089), Decatur (13087), Douglas (13097), Fulton (13121), Gwinnett (13135), Heard (13149), Morgan (13211), Paulding (13223), Stephens (13257), Troup (13285), Washington (13303)
KY McCreary (21147), Pike (21195)
LA Caldwell (22021), Catahoula (22025), East Feliciana (22037), Evangeline (22039)*, Iberia (22045), Jackson (22049)*, Lincoln (22061)*, Natchitoches (22069), Rapides (22079), St. Helena (22091)*, St. Mary (22101)*, West Feliciana (22125)
MS Adams (28001), Amite (28005), Attala (28007), Carroll (28015), DeSoto (28033), Forrest (28035), Franklin (28037), George (28039), Grenada (28043), Hinds (28049), Holmes (28051), Jackson (28059), Jefferson (28063), Montgomery (28097), Perry (28111), Rankin (28121), Smith (28129), Tallahatchie (28135), Warren (28149), Wayne (28153), Webster (28155), Wilkinson (28157), Winston (28159), Yazoo (28163)
NC Gaston (37071), Martin (37117)
TN Lauderdale (47097), Madison (47113)*, Rhea (47143), Shelby (47157), Tipton (47167)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Lower Roanoke (03010107)+, South Fork Catawba (03050102)+, Tugaloo (03060102)+, Upper Oconee (03070101)+, Lower Oconee (03070102)+, Upper Ocmulgee (03070103)+, Apalachee Bay-St. Marks (03120001)+, Lower Ochlockonee (03120003)+, Upper Chattahoochee (03130001)+, Middle Chattahoochee-Lake Harding (03130002)+, Middle Chattahoochee-Walter F. George Reservoir (03130003)+, Lower Chattahoochee (03130004)+, Apalachicola (03130011)+, Etowah (03150104)+, Cahaba (03150202)+, Lower Alabama (03150204)+, Noxubee (03160108)+, Upper Chickasawhay (03170002)+, Lower Leaf (03170005)+, Pascagoula (03170006)+, Black (03170007)+, Middle Pearl-Strong (03180002)+
05 Lower Levisa (05070203)+, South Fork Cumberland (05130104)+
06 Watts Bar Lake (06010201)+
08 Lower Mississippi-Memphis (08010100)+, South Fork Forked Deer (08010205)+*, Lower Hatchie (08010208)+, Loosahatchie (08010209)+*, Lower Mississippi-Helena (08020100)+, Lower St. Francis (08020203)+, Big (08020304)+, Tallahatchie (08030202)+, Coldwater (08030204)+, Yalobusha (08030205)+, Upper Yazoo (08030206)+, Lower Yazoo (08030208)+, Bayou D'arbonne (08040206)+*, Lower Ouachita (08040207)+, Castor (08040302)+, Lower Mississippi-Natchez (08060100)+, Upper Big Black (08060201)+, Lower Big Black (08060202)+, Coles Creek (08060204)+, Homochitto (08060205)+, Buffalo (08060206)+*, Bayou Sara-Thompson (08070201)+, Amite (08070202)+, Bayou Teche (08080102)+, Vermilion (08080103)+
11 Lower Red-Lake Iatt (11140207)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A monoecious, twining, woody vine. Leaves deciduous, alternate, glabrous, essentially elliptic, acuminate, entire, denticulate, or sparsely serrate, base cuneate. Flowers axillary, solitary. Androecium a red, sessile, flattened, pentagonal shield with 5 imbedded anthers. Fruit an aggregate of red berries on an elongate spike.
Palustrine Habitat(s): Riparian
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest - Hardwood, Forest/Woodland
Habitat Comments: Rich mesic woods twining over subcanopy and understory trees, usually in bottomlands or in the bluffs along creeks and rivers generally on rich sandy-silt-loams. The forests it frequents are almost always mixed-mesophytic.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 01Apr1998
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: D. Gries

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Kartesz, J. 1990. Synonymized checklist of the vascular flora [of North America north of Mexico, and Hawaii]. Unpublished second review draft.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kral, Robert. Not dated. Paper 37, Schizandra glabra (Brickell) Rehder, unpublished report.

  • Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Univ. North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC. 1183 pp.

  • Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project. 2002. A partnership between the U.S. Forest Service-Region 8, Natural Heritage Programs in the Southeast, NatureServe, and independent scientists to develop and review data on 1300+ regionally and locally rare species in the Southern Appalachian and Alabama region. Database (Access 97) provided to the U.S. Forest Service by NatureServe, Durham, North Carolina.

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