Sarracenia flava - L.
Yellow Pitcherplant
Other Common Names: yellow pitcherplant
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Sarracenia flava L. (TSN 21996)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.160353
Element Code: PDSAR02020
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Pitcherplant Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Nepenthales Sarraceniaceae Sarracenia
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Sarracenia flava
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5?
Global Status Last Reviewed: 08Nov1995
Global Status Last Changed: 08Nov1995
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Common in substantial portions of extensive range in southeastern United States, but rarer near edges of range, such as Virginia.
Nation: United States
National Status: N5?

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (S4), Florida (SNR), Georgia (S3S4), New Jersey (SNA), North Carolina (S3S4), South Carolina (S3S4), Virginia (S1)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Florida to Mississippi, and north to southeast Virginia.

Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300
Number of Occurrences Comments: Common from North Carolina to Mississippi, and rare in some adjacent states. The rest of its range is uncertain.

Population Size Comments: Apparently abundant in many localities. In the centers of Carolina peat-filled bays, Sarracenia flava may be very abundant; it may be the dominant plant in areas the size of several square kilometers (Weakley 1996).

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Over-collecting, draining of specialized bog habitat for cropland, pastures and pine plantations.

Short-term Trend: Decline of 10-30%
Short-term Trend Comments: Much of habitat has been converted to agricultural lands.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Florida to Mississippi, and north to southeast Virginia.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, FL, GA, NC, NJexotic, SC, VA

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AL Baldwin (01003)*
GA Appling (13001), Atkinson (13003)*, Bacon (13005), Ben Hill (13017), Berrien (13019), Bibb (13021)*, Bleckley (13023)*, Brooks (13027), Bulloch (13031), Calhoun (13037)*, Candler (13043)*, Charlton (13049), Clinch (13065), Coffee (13069), Colquitt (13071), Cook (13075)*, Crisp (13081), Dodge (13091)*, Echols (13101)*, Effingham (13103)*, Emanuel (13107), Evans (13109), Irwin (13155)*, Jeff Davis (13161), Jefferson (13163)*, Jenkins (13165), Johnson (13167)*, Jones (13169)*, Lanier (13173)*, Laurens (13175), Long (13183), Lowndes (13185)*, Mitchell (13205), Pulaski (13235)*, Tattnall (13267), Telfair (13271), Thomas (13275), Tift (13277), Toombs (13279), Treutlen (13283), Turner (13287), Twiggs (13289)*, Ware (13299)*, Wayne (13305), Wheeler (13309), Wilcox (13315)*, Worth (13321)
SC Horry (45051)
VA Brunswick (51025)*, Caroline (51033), Dinwiddie (51053), Giles (51071)*, Greensville (51081), Hopewell (City) (51670), Isle of Wight (51093)*, Lunenburg (51111)*, Petersburg (City) (51730)*, Prince George (51149), Southampton (51175)*, Suffolk (City) (51800), Sussex (51183)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Mattaponi (02080105)+, Appomattox (02080207)+, Hampton Roads (02080208)+
03 Nottoway (03010201)+, Blackwater (03010202)+, Ghowan (03010203)+, Meheriin (03010204)+, Waccamaw (03040206)+, Lower Savannah (03060109)+*, Upper Ogeechee (03060201)+*, Lower Ogeechee (03060202)+, Canoochee (03060203)+, Lower Oconee (03070102)+*, Upper Ocmulgee (03070103)+*, Lower Ocmulgee (03070104)+, Little Ocmulgee (03070105)+, Altamaha (03070106)+, Ohoopee (03070107)+, Satilla (03070201)+, Little Satilla (03070202)+, Aucilla (03110103)+*, Upper Suwannee (03110201)+, Alapaha (03110202)+, withlacoochee (03110203)+, Little (03110204)+, Upper Ochlockonee (03120002)+, Middle Flint (03130006)+, Lower Flint (03130008)+*, Ichawaynochaway (03130009)+*, Perdido (03140106)+*
05 Middle New (05050002)+*
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Habitat Comments: Wet pinelands and bogs.
Economic Attributes
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Economically Important Genus: Y
Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Sarracenia leucophylla and other Gulf Coast Sarracenias

Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Any naturally occurring population of 3 or more clumps; appropriate habitat for Gulf Coast Sarracenia species includes open and sunny ecotones, bogs, and wet prairies and savannas, and gaps along streams and swamps with moist, acidic soil that is low in nutrients; these species often occur in association with other carnivorous plants, including Pinguicula spp., Drosera spp., and other Sarracenia spp., and depend on frequent, low-intensity fires to maintain open habitat and reduce competition. The habitat preferred by these species is threatened by draining, logging, and woody encroachment due to fire suppression. Sarracenia species in this group may hybridize among themselves (e.g. S. leucophylla may hybridize with S. rubra, S. flava, S. purpurea, and S. psittacina).
Separation Barriers: Thick hardwood encroached stands due to fire suppression form barriers to these species.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 1 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 1 km
Alternate Separation Procedure: n/a
Separation Justification: S. leucophylla is bumblebee-pollinated, which suggests the possibility of long-distance gene flow; however, 1 km appears to be sufficient to distinguish populations.
Date: 11Sep2003
Author: Norden, A.H. & L.G. Chafin
Population/Occurrence Viability
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Justification: Use the Generic Guidelines for the Application of Occurrence Ranks (2008).
The Key for Ranking Species Occurrences Using the Generic Approach provides a step-wise process for implementing this method.

Key for Ranking Species Element Occurrences Using the Generic Approach (2008).
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 08Nov1995
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Whitford, A. (1983), rev., E. Roth, rev. L. Morse (1995)

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2009. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 8. Magnoliophyta: Paeoniaceae to Ericaceae. Oxford University Press, New York. xxiv + 585 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Moye, William S. 2006. Highly Ranked Plants of the South Mountain Region. Unpublished notes sent via email to Misty Franklin in February 2006.

  • Weakley, Alan S.  2015.  Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States.  Unpublished mss. available as .pdf from the Herbarium, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.  1320 pp.

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