Sapindus saponaria - L.
Wingleaf Soapberry
Other Common Names: wingleaf soapberry
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Sapindus saponaria L. (TSN 28696)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.130682
Element Code: PDSPN0C050
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Soapberry Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Sapindales Sapindaceae Sapindus
Check this box to expand all report sections:
Concept Reference
Help
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Sapindus saponaria
Taxonomic Comments: Kartesz (1999) lumps "Sapidus marginatus" material into Sapindus saponaria var. saponaria. However, a number of southeastern floras such as Weakley (2008) consider S. marginatus and S. saponaria to be distinct species.
Conservation Status
Help

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 21Apr1994
Global Status Last Changed: 21Apr1994
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Common and widely distributed in tropical America and spread farther through cultivation. Southern Florida including Florida Keys (grown also in Calfornia and Bermuda) and throughout West Indies from Bahamas and Cuba to Trinidad. Also from Mexico to Ecuador, Galapagos Islands, Peru, Argentina, Paraguay, and Brazil.
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (SNR), Arizona (SNR), Arkansas (SNR), Colorado (S4), Florida (SNR), Georgia (SNR), Hawaii (SNR), Kansas (SNR), Louisiana (SNR), Mississippi (SNR), Missouri (SNR), New Mexico (SNR), Oklahoma (SNR), Texas (SNR)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: This tree is common in the Orinoco and Amazonas River system.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
Help
Global Range: This tree is common in the Orinoco and Amazonas River system.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, AZ, CO, FL, GA, HI, KS, LA, MO, MS, NM, OK, TX

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
CO Baca (08009), Las Animas (08071)
MO Barry (29009), Dade (29057), Jasper (29097), Lawrence (29109), McDonald (29119), Newton (29145), Ozark (29153)*, Stone (29209), Taney (29213)*
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
10 Sac (10290106)+
11 Beaver Reservoir (11010001)+, James (11010002)+*, Bull Shoals Lake (11010003)+*, Cimarron headwaters (11040001)+, Upper Cimarron (11040002)+, Spring (11070207)+, Elk (11070208)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
Help
Basic Description: A small to medium-sized evergreen tree 20-60 feet high and 1 foot in trunk diameter.
Duration: Long-lived
Economic Attributes
Help
Economically Important Genus: Y
Commercial Importance: Indigenous crop
Economic Uses: Folk medicine, Useful poisons, Soap/Solvent
Production Method: Wild-harvested
Economic Comments: This species is known as the "soap tree of the Indians". Its saponin-rich fruits are employed by native people of Brazil and Venezuela to make soap. The reddish fruits contain black colored seeds with 28-30 % (López, 1987, cites up to 37%) fatty substances. The tree produces large quantities of fruit. The roots are used to treat snakebite (Brucher, 1989). La madera es semi-pesada con textura gruesa. Tiene poca durabilidad en contacto con el suelo. Con pocas posibilidades industriales. Las semillas son venenosas de multiples aplicaciones, insecticidas, molidas y arrojadas al agua matan peces, suministran aceite medicinal que parece curar la picadura de rayas. Los indígenas hacen collares de las semillas y los chicos las usan como bolitas. Se cultiva como ornamental. Las abejas aprovechan el néctar de las flores (López, 1987).
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 21Apr1994
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Blythe, K. (TNC-LASP)
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 10Mar1995
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): JASTER, T. (TNC-LASP)

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Brucher, H. 1989. Useful Plants of Neotropical Origin and Their Wild Relatives. Springer-Verlag. New York. 296 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Little, E., Jr. & Wadsworth, F. 1964. Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. 548 páges.

  • Little, E.L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agriculture Handbook No. 541. U.S. Forest Service, Washington, D.C. 375 pp.

  • Lopez, Juan A. & E. Little. 1987. Arboles comúnes del Paraguay. Cuerpo de Paz.

Use Guidelines & Citation

Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2019.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2019 NatureServe, 2511 Richmond (Jefferson Davis) Highway, Suite 930, Arlington, VA 22202, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2019. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.