Poterium sanguisorba - Linnaeus
Salad Burnet
Other English Common Names: Small Burnet, Small burnet
Synonym(s): Sanguisorba minor Scop.
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Sanguisorba minor Scop. (TSN 25303)
French Common Names: sanguisorbe mineure
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.140059
Element Code: PDROS1L040
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Rose Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Rosales Rosaceae Poterium
Check this box to expand all report sections:
Concept Reference
Help
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Sanguisorba minor
Conservation Status
Help

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 22Mar1994
Global Status Last Changed: 22Mar1994
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: NNA
Nation: Canada
National Status: NNA (25Jun2015)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Arizona (SNA), California (SNA), Colorado (SNA), Connecticut (SNA), Delaware (SNA), Idaho (SNA), Illinois (SNA), Indiana (SNA), Kentucky (SNA), Maine (SNA), Maryland (SNA), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNA), Montana (SNA), Nevada (SNA), New Jersey (SNA), New Mexico (SNA), New York (SNA), North Carolina (SNA), Ohio (SNA), Oregon (SNA), Pennsylvania (SNA), Rhode Island (SNA), Tennessee (SNA), Utah (SNA), Vermont (SNA), Virginia (SNA), Washington (SNA), West Virginia (SNA), Wyoming (SNA)
Canada British Columbia (SNR), Nova Scotia (SNA), Ontario (SNA), Quebec (SNA)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
Help
U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The distribution shown may be incomplete, particularly for some rapidly spreading exotic species.

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AZexotic, CAexotic, COexotic, CTexotic, DEexotic, IDexotic, ILexotic, INexotic, KYexotic, MA, MDexotic, MEexotic, MIexotic, MTexotic, NCexotic, NJexotic, NMexotic, NVexotic, NYexotic, OHexotic, ORexotic, PAexotic, RIexotic, TNexotic, UTexotic, VAexotic, VTexotic, WAexotic, WVexotic, WYexotic
Canada BC, NSexotic, ONexotic, QCexotic

Range Map
No map available.

Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
Help
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank)
Help
Disclaimer: While I-Rank information is available over NatureServe Explorer, NatureServe is not actively developing or maintaining these data. Species with I-RANKs do not represent a random sample of species exotic in the United States; available assessments may be biased toward those species with higher-than-average impact.

I-Rank: Insignificant
Rounded I-Rank: Insignificant
I-Rank Reasons Summary: Sanguisorba minor, or salad burnet, is planted widely in the United States for forage and as a garden plant. It has escaped cultivation in the entire northeastern United States, extending from Maine south to North Carolina and west to Illinois. It is absent from most of the Midwest, but again present in the West in many states. This species mostly invades disturbed places; however, in some situations when the environmental conditions are right, it will spread into neighboring natural areas. It also spreads rapidly by seed; however, it doesn't appear to have other reproductive characters that would allow it to aggressively spread into new areas. Overall, little information was found relating to this species and its behavior outside of cultivation, despite it having a broad range in the United States. It is probably a small threat to biodiversity.
Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Insignificant
Subrank II - Current Distribution/Abundance: Low
Subrank III - Trend in Distribution/Abundance: Medium/Insignificant
Subrank IV - Management Difficulty: Medium
I-Rank Review Date: 07Dec2005
Evaluator: Oliver, L., rev. Maybury (2005)
Native anywhere in the U.S?
Native Range: Sanguisorba minor is native to Eurasia (Haines and Vining 1998).

Download "An Invasive Species Assessment Protocol: Evaluating Non-Native Plants for their Impact on Biodiversity". (PDF, 1.03MB)
Provide feedback on the information presented in this assessment

Screening Questions

S-1. Established outside cultivation as a non-native? YES
Comments: Sanguisorba minor is established as a non-native species througout much of the United States. It is primarily in the eastern U.S. from Maine south to North Carolina and west to Illinois. It is absent from most of the midwest, but again present in the western U.S. from Washington state south to California (Kartesz 1999). This species is also reported from the Atlantic maritime provinces, Ontario,and British Columbia. There is a dubious report from Quebec (Kartesz 1999).

S-2. Present in conservation areas or other native species habitat? Yes
Comments: This species can spread from areas where it normally occurs (roadsides, sandy open ground etc. [Voss 1985]) into adjoining native vegetation communities (Ogle 2002).

Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Insignificant

1. Impact on Ecosystem Processes and System-wide Parameters:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: This species impact is probably minor/insignificant given the very large range and wide uses of this plant (rangeland and garden plant) and that there is very little information about it as an invasive or noxious species. NRCS (2002) indicated that they saw no perceivable impacts on ecosystem processes.

2. Impact on Ecological Community Structure:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: This species is herbaceous (Haines and Vining 1998) and it could impact at least one vegetative layer.

3. Impact on Ecological Community Composition:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: No specific information was found about how this species impacts the native species community composition. What has been said about this species is the following, 'it is not considered 'weedy' or an invasive species, but can spread into adjoining vegetative communities' (Ogle 2002).

4. Impact on Individual Native Plant or Animal Species:Insignificant
Comments: There was no evidence found that this species negatively impacts any one particular native species.

5. Conservation Significance of the Communities and Native Species Threatened:Insignificant
Comments: Sanguisorba minor appears to occur in disturbed habitats including fields, roadsides, waste places, gravelly or rocky banks, shores, openings, railroad banks, and other areas where major recent disturbance has occurred (Voss 1985, Haines and Vining 1998, NRCS 2002). Occasionally this species might invade a more intact natural area, but only if it already occurs in an area close by to a natural area and where environmental conditions are ideal (Ogle 2002).

Subrank II. Current Distribution and Abundance: Low

6. Current Range Size in Nation:Moderate significance
Comments: Salad burnet has a very broad range in the United States extending from Maine south through much of the northeast and west to Illinois. It hasn't invaded the Midwest, but is known from many states in the West (Kartesz 1999).

7. Proportion of Current Range Where the Species is Negatively Impacting Biodiversity:Insignificant
Comments: It is expected that the proportion of the range where this species is having a negative impact is minimal given that it doesn't invade natural areas all that often (only if the environmental conditions are ideal) (Ogle 2002).

8. Proportion of Nation's Biogeographic Units Invaded:Moderate significance
Comments: Salad burnet occurs in many biogeographic areas given it's widespread distribution in the United States (Kartesz 1999).

9. Diversity of Habitats or Ecological Systems Invaded in Nation:Low significance
Comments: Habitats invaded by this species tend to be those that are disturbed (Gleason and Cronquist 1991, Voss 1987). The habitats where it has been found that may be considered natural areas are gravelly or rocky calcareous banks and shores (Voss 1985).

Subrank III. Trend in Distribution and Abundance: Medium/Insignificant

10. Current Trend in Total Range within Nation:Low significance
Comments: It is difficult to determine whether the range is extending or stable, given that this species is widely planted and cultivated for animal forage and as a garden plant. Apparently, it does establish and spread rapidly by seeds so it is possible that in some part of its range it is expanding, however, no information was found to support this claim.

11. Proportion of Potential Range Currently Occupied:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: Salad burnett already occurs in much of the United States (Kartesz 1999) so potential range is low.

12. Long-distance Dispersal Potential within Nation:High/Moderate significance
Comments: Sold and planted by humans.

13. Local Range Expansion or Change in Abundance:Unknown
Comments: No information was found about whether this species is expanding locally. What is known is that this species does readily spread by seeds (Ogle 2002) so it is possible that it is spreading locally in some portion of its range and that it's spread has not been reported or documented.

14. Inherent Ability to Invade Conservation Areas and Other Native Species Habitats:Insignificant
Comments: Only one statement was found indicating that this species invades vegetative communities that are in adjoining areas where it already occurs. It also does spread readily by seeds (Ogle 2002), even still doesn't seem to possess a suite of characters that would allow it to invade aggressively.

15. Similar Habitats Invaded Elsewhere:Unknown

16. Reproductive Characteristics:Insignificant
Comments: This species spreads rapidly by seed (Ogle 2002).

Subrank IV. General Management Difficulty: Medium

17. General Management Difficulty:Moderate significance
Comments: Overall ease of management was rated as "moderate" by NRCS (2002), with repeated chemical or mechanical control measures needed.

18. Minimum Time Commitment:Moderate significance
Comments: Seeds remain viable for 4-5 years (NRCS 2002).

19. Impacts of Management on Native Species:Moderate significance
Comments: Impacts on other plants would be "moderate" per NRCS (2002).

20. Accessibility of Invaded Areas:High significance
Comments: Planted on many private lands.
Authors/Contributors
Help

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2014. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 9. Magnoliophyta: Picramniaceae to Rosaceae. Oxford University Press, New York. xxiv + 713 pp.

  • Gleason, H.A., and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. 910 pp.

  • Haines, A. and T.F. Vining. 1998. Flora of Maine, A Manual for Identification of Native and Naturalized Vascular Plants of Maine. V.F.Thomas Co., Bar Harbor, Maine.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1996. Species distribution data at state and province level for vascular plant taxa of the United States, Canada, and Greenland (accepted records), from unpublished data files at the North Carolina Botanical Garden, December, 1996.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Natural Resources Conservation Service [NRCS]. 2002. Environmental evaluation of plant materials releases. Unpublished evaluation forms. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Plant Materials Center, Beltsville, MD.

  • Ogle, D. 2002. NRCS Plant Fact Sheet for SMALL BURNET Sanguisorba minor Scop. USDA NRCS Plant Materials Program, Boise, Idaho.

  • Voss, E. G., and A. A. Reznicek. 2012. Field Manual of Michigan Flora. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor. 990 pp.

  • Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Part II. Dicotyledons. Cranbrook Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium. Ann Arbor, Michigan. 1212 pp.

Use Guidelines & Citation

Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of November 2016.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2017 NatureServe, 4600 N. Fairfax Dr., 7th Floor, Arlington Virginia 22203, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2017. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.