Salvia greatae - Brandeg.
Orocopia Sage
Other English Common Names: Lavender Sage
Other Common Names: lavender sage
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Salvia greatae Brandeg. (TSN 32716)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.135830
Element Code: PDLAM1S0P0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Mint Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Lamiales Lamiaceae Salvia
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Salvia greatae
Taxonomic Comments: USFWS tracks old spelling - S. 'GREATAI' (9/93).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G2G3
Global Status Last Reviewed: 15Sep2017
Global Status Last Changed: 15Sep2017
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by calculator
Rounded Global Status: G2 - Imperiled
Reasons: Endemic to California, Salvia greatae is known from Imperial, Riverside, and possibly San Bernardino Counties.
Nation: United States
National Status: N2N3

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States California (S2S3)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: California endemic, Orocopia Mountains, Riverside County, to Chocolate Mountains, Imperial County (Munz, 1959). Possibly grows in San Bernardino County.

Area of Occupancy: 26-125 4-km2 grid cells
Area of Occupancy Comments:  

Number of Occurrences: 21 - 80
Number of Occurrences Comments: Twenty-five occurrences, but twenty are historic.

Number of Occurrences with Good Viability/Integrity: Few (4-12)

Overall Threat Impact: High - medium
Overall Threat Impact Comments: This narrow endemic is primarily threatened by intrinsic vulnerability. The taxon occurs in the dry, desert habitat of washes and floodplains, adjacent to the wash (therefore unlikely to be affected by a small flood). The populations are patchy, but may be locally dominant. Potentially threatened by ORV, recreation and its occurrence on a military base. Several occurrences occur on protected land including BLM managed property.

Short-term Trend: Relatively Stable (<=10% change)

Long-term Trend: Decline of <30% to increase of 25%

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: California endemic, Orocopia Mountains, Riverside County, to Chocolate Mountains, Imperial County (Munz, 1959). Possibly grows in San Bernardino County.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States CA

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
CA Imperial (06025), Riverside (06065)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
18 Salton Sea (18100204)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: An aromatic desert shrub with clustered flowers arranged on interrupted spikes and with thick, leathery leaves.
Technical Description: "Low much-branched shrub, 1-1.5 m high, the bark of older branches light-colored and flaky; young twigs tomentose with branched hairs. Leaves thick and leathery, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, pinnatifid-toothed, with 2-3 pairs of prominent divaricate spine-like teeth, attenuate at apex into a prominent spine, those at the base of the branchlets few, smaller and narrower, light gray-green, prominently veined, rather thinly tomentose with short branched hairs; flower-verticils 6-10-flowered, usually 4-5, about 4 cm apart forming an interrupted spike, subtended by a pair of foliaceous bracts resembling the leaves and a number of smaller inner ones; calyx tomentose, about 8 mm long; upper lip tipped with a spine with 2 smaller spines near its base representing lobes, the lower lip parted into 2 linear-lanceolate spinulose-awned lobes; corolla about 15 mm long, pale lavendar, its upper lip 3 mm long, 2-lobed, the lower lip slightly longer, 3-lobed, its middle lobe irrregularly fimbriate; lower arm of the anther-connective half as long as the upper, bearing an anther-cell at its tip" (Abrams, 1951).
Diagnostic Characteristics: Salvia greatae may be characterized as a desert shrub with simple leaves, spiny-toothed or entire and tipped with a spine; calyx tomentose with short branched hairs like those of the leaves, its teeth lanceolate-spinose (Abrams, 1951).
Duration: PERENNIAL, Long-lived
Reproduction Comments: Flowers showy, rose colored and fragrant.
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Desert, Shrubland/chaparral
Habitat Comments: Mojavean desert scrub (?) and Sonoran desert scrub (Smith and Berg, 1988). Dry washes and fans, below 600 ft, creosote bush scrub (Munz, 1959).
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 15Sep2017
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Annable, C., rev. D. Gries, rev. M. Fellows (2003), rev. Treher (2017)
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 17Jun1992

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Abrams, L. 1951. Illustrated flora of the Pacific states: Washington, Oregon, and California. Vol. 3. Geraniaceae to Scrophulariaceae. Stanford Univ. Press, Stanford, California. 866 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Munz, P.A. 1974. A flora of southern California. Univ. California Press, Berkeley. 1086 pp.

  • Skinner, M.W., and B.M. Pavlik, eds. 1997 (1994). Inventory of rare and endangered vascular plants of California. 1997 Electronic Inventory Update of 1994 5th edition, California Native Plant Society, Special Publication No. 1, Sacramento.

  • Smith, J.P., and K. Berg. 1988. California native plant society's inventory of rare and endangered vascular plants of California. 4th edition. California Native Plant Society, Sacramento. 168 pp.

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