Ribes rubrum - L.
Northern Red Currant
Synonym(s): Ribes sativum Syme
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Ribes rubrum L. (TSN 504798)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.139389
Element Code: PDGRO021D0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Currant Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Rosales Grossulariaceae Ribes
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Ribes rubrum
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 16May1988
Global Status Last Changed: 16May1988
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: NNA
Nation: Canada
National Status: NNA (17Oct2016)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Connecticut (SNA), Delaware (SNA), Illinois (SNA), Iowa (SNA), Maine (SNA), Maryland (SNA), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNA), Minnesota (SNA), Montana (SNA), New Hampshire (SNA), New Jersey (SNA), New York (SNA), Ohio (SNA), Oregon (SNA), Pennsylvania (SNA), Rhode Island (SNA), Tennessee (SNA), Vermont (SNA), Virginia (SNA), Washington (SNA), West Virginia (SNA), Wisconsin (SNA), Wyoming (SNA)
Canada British Columbia (SNA), Manitoba (SNA), New Brunswick (SNA), Nova Scotia (SNA), Ontario (SNA), Prince Edward Island (SNA), Quebec (SNA), Saskatchewan (SNA)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The distribution shown may be incomplete, particularly for some rapidly spreading exotic species.

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States CTexotic, DEexotic, IAexotic, ILexotic, MA, MDexotic, MEexotic, MIexotic, MNexotic, MTexotic, NHexotic, NJexotic, NYexotic, OHexotic, ORexotic, PAexotic, RIexotic, TNexotic, VAexotic, VTexotic, WAexotic, WIexotic, WVexotic, WYexotic
Canada BCexotic, MBexotic, NBexotic, NSexotic, ONexotic, PEexotic, QCexotic, SKexotic

Range Map
No map available.

Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank)
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Disclaimer: While I-Rank information is available over NatureServe Explorer, NatureServe is not actively developing or maintaining these data. Species with I-RANKs do not represent a random sample of species exotic in the United States; available assessments may be biased toward those species with higher-than-average impact.

I-Rank: Low/Insignificant
Rounded I-Rank: Low
I-Rank Reasons Summary: Escapes into woods as well as other mostly disturbed habitats. No reported impacts to native species or ecological communities. It is a commercial crop and for many years was restricted from production in many states since it is a co-host to white pine blister rust. Those restrictions may soon be dropped plus some genotypes have a resistance to the disease (Finn 1999). No one appears to be managing this species.
Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Insignificant
Subrank II - Current Distribution/Abundance: High/Low
Subrank III - Trend in Distribution/Abundance: High/Low
Subrank IV - Management Difficulty: Unknown
I-Rank Review Date: 14Jul2004
Evaluator: Killeffer, T.
Native anywhere in the U.S?
Native Range: Europe (Weakley 2000).

Download "An Invasive Species Assessment Protocol: Evaluating Non-Native Plants for their Impact on Biodiversity". (PDF, 1.03MB)
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Screening Questions

S-1. Established outside cultivation as a non-native? YES
Comments: Rarely escaped (Weakley 2000). "Weed, naturalized, cultivation escape" (Randall 2002).

S-2. Present in conservation areas or other native species habitat? Yes
Comments: Fence-rows and disturbed areas (Weakley 2000). "Fields, fencerows, vacant (and not so vacant) lots, thickets, and woods (Voss 1985).

Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Insignificant

1. Impact on Ecosystem Processes and System-wide Parameters:Insignificant
Comments: No reported impacts.

2. Impact on Ecological Community Structure:Insignificant
Comments: No reported impacts.

3. Impact on Ecological Community Composition:Insignificant
Comments: No reported impacts.

4. Impact on Individual Native Plant or Animal Species:Insignificant
Comments: No reported impacts.

5. Conservation Significance of the Communities and Native Species Threatened:Insignificant
Comments: No reported impacts.

Subrank II. Current Distribution and Abundance: High/Low

6. Current Range Size in Nation:Moderate significance
Comments: CT, IA, IL, MA, MN, MI, MN, MO, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OR, PA, RI, TN, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY (Kartesz 1999).

7. Proportion of Current Range Where the Species is Negatively Impacting Biodiversity:Not ranked

8. Proportion of Nation's Biogeographic Units Invaded:Medium/Low significance
Comments: Approximately 6 - 20 ecoregions(TNC 2001 and Kartesz 1999).

9. Diversity of Habitats or Ecological Systems Invaded in Nation:Medium/Low significance
Comments: Fence-rows and disturbed areas (Weakley 2000). "Fields, fencerows, vacant (and not so vacant) lots, thickets, and woods (Voss 1985).

Subrank III. Trend in Distribution and Abundance: High/Low

10. Current Trend in Total Range within Nation:High/Moderate significance
Comments: A commercial crop. For many years this species was restricted from production in many states since it is a co-host to white pine blister rust. Those restrictions may be dropped plus some genotypes have a resistance to the disease (Finn 1999).

11. Proportion of Potential Range Currently Occupied:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: Already occupies about 1/3 of the U.S. (Kartesz 1999).

12. Long-distance Dispersal Potential within Nation:High significance
Comments: Commercial crop. Assumed wildlife dispersal.

13. Local Range Expansion or Change in Abundance:Unknown

14. Inherent Ability to Invade Conservation Areas and Other Native Species Habitats:Low significance
Comments: It appears to invade mostly disturbed areas (Weakley 2000 and Voss 1985).

15. Similar Habitats Invaded Elsewhere:High/Low significance
Comments: Present in Canada (Kartesz 1999).

16. Reproductive Characteristics:Unknown

Subrank IV. General Management Difficulty: Unknown

17. General Management Difficulty:High/Low significance
Comments: Assumed some management needed since it occurs in woods.

18. Minimum Time Commitment:High/Low significance
Comments: Unknown time commitment.

19. Impacts of Management on Native Species:Unknown
Comments: Impacts to natives is unknown since management techniques are unknown.

20. Accessibility of Invaded Areas:Insignificant
Comments: Since it appears to invade mostly disturbed areas (Weakley 2000 and Voss 1985), these areas are probably easily accessible.
Authors/Contributors
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Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Finn, C. 1999. Temperate berry crops. Pages 324-334 in: J. Janick (ed.), Perspectives on new crops and new uses. ASHS Press, Alexandria, VA.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Randall, R.P. 2002. A global compendium of weeds. R.G. and F.J. Richardson, Melbourne. 905 pp.

  • Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Part II. Dicotyledons. Cranbrook Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium. Ann Arbor, Michigan. 1212 pp.

  • Weakley, A.S. 2000. Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia: working draft of May 15, 2000. Unpublished draft, The Nature Conservancy, Southern Resource Office.

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