Rhynchospora nitens - (Vahl) Gray
Short-beaked Baldrush
Other English Common Names: Short-beak Beaksedge
Other Common Names: shortbeak beaksedge
Synonym(s): Psilocarya nitens (Vahl) Wood
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Rhynchospora nitens (Vahl) Gray (TSN 504787)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.131984
Element Code: PMCYP0N3C0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Sedge Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Cyperales Cyperaceae Rhynchospora
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Rhynchospora nitens
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4?
Global Status Last Reviewed: 09Feb2001
Global Status Last Changed: 09Feb2001
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Rhynchospora nitens seems to usually be infrequent, but is wide-ranging (Atlantic USA to Greater Antilles); vulnerable to agricultural drainage and development of wetlands. Status in Caribbean (Greater Antilles) uncertain, but appears to be not common (e.g., Puerto Rico, Jamaica).
Nation: United States
National Status: N4?

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (SNR), Delaware (S1), Florida (SNR), Georgia (S3?), Indiana (S1), Louisiana (S4), Maryland (S1), Massachusetts (S2), Michigan (S1), Mississippi (S4), New Jersey (S1), New York (S2), North Carolina (S3), South Carolina (SNR), Texas (S2), Virginia (SH)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Atlantic coast of USA (Massachusetts to Texas) and on several Caribbean islands, but apparently seldom common or frequent.

Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300
Number of Occurrences Comments: See below.

Population Size Comments: Through SE USA into Caribbean, but apparently infrequent, rare, or extirpated in most or nearly all jurisdictions in which it is reported to occur. Botanists at Eastern Heritage Conf. (11/11/93) agreed it was sufficiently abundant for G4 rank. Wunderlin (1998) reports the species to be frequent, occurring nearly throughout Florida.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Threat of further drainage in USA reduced due to wetlands protection laws, but still possible.

Short-term Trend: Decline of 10-30%
Short-term Trend Comments: Many wetland habitats in SE USA coastal plain have been impacted by drainage for agriculture and development.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Atlantic coast of USA (Massachusetts to Texas) and on several Caribbean islands, but apparently seldom common or frequent.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, DE, FL, GA, IN, LA, MA, MD, MI, MS, NC, NJ, NY, SC, TX, VA

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
DE Sussex (10005)
IN Porter (18127), Starke (18149)*
LA Allen (22003), Beauregard (22011), Calcasieu (22019), Cameron (22023), Evangeline (22039), Grant (22043), Jefferson Davis (22053), Ouachita (22073), St. Landry (22097), Vermilion (22113), Vernon (22115)
MA Barnstable (25001), Plymouth (25023)
MD Dorchester (24019), Wicomico (24045)
MI Allegan (26005)
NJ Atlantic (34001), Burlington (34005), Cape May (34009), Cumberland (34011)*, Gloucester (34015), Ocean (34029)
NY Suffolk (36103)
VA Henrico (51087)*, Southampton (51175)*, Sussex (51183)*
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Cape Cod (01090002)+
02 Northern Long Island (02030201)+*, Southern Long Island (02030202)+, Cohansey-Maurice (02040206)+, Broadkill-Smyrna (02040207)+, Mullica-Toms (02040301)+, Great Egg Harbor (02040302)+, Western Lower Delmarva (02080109)+, Eastern Lower Delmarva (02080110)+, Lower James (02080206)+*
03 Nottoway (03010201)+*, Blackwater (03010202)+*
04 Little Calumet-Galien (04040001)+, Kalamazoo (04050003)+
07 Kankakee (07120001)+*
08 Lower Ouachita (08040207)+, Little (08040304)+, Bayou Teche (08080102)+, Mermentau Headwaters (08080201)+, Mermentau (08080202)+, Upper Calcasieu (08080203)+, Whisky Chitto (08080204)+, West Fork Calcasieu (08080205)+, Lower Calcasieu (08080206)+*
12 Lower Sabine (12010005)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
Help
Palustrine Habitat(s): Riparian
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest/Woodland
Habitat Comments: In Florida: wet flatwoods, margins of ponds, and ditches (Wunderlin 1998).
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 26Feb1994
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Morse, Larry E., 2/94; rev. B. MacBryde 2/2001.
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 09Feb2001
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): MACBRYDE, B.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Adams, C. D. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica. University of the West Indies. Mona, Jamaica. 848 pp.

  • Bryson, Charles T. 2002. Preliminary abundance and range estimates for Cyperaceae species of Mississippi. Handwritten notes provided to Mississippi Natural Heritage Program, Jackson, MS. 100 pp.

  • Clewell, A.F. 1985. Guide to vascular plants of the Florida panhandle. Florida State Univ. Press, Tallahassee, Florida. 605 pp.

  • Deam, C. C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Division of Forestry, Dept. of Conservation, Indianapolis, Indiana. 1236 pp.

  • Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. Corrected printing (1970). D. Van Nostrand Company, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002. Flora of North America, North of Mexico. Volume 23. Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Cyperaceae. Oxford University Press, New York. 608 pp.

  • GLEASON, H.A. AND A. CRONQUIST. 1963. MANUAL OF VASCULAR PLANTS OF NORTHEASTERN UNITED STATES AND ADJACENT CANADA. D. VAN NOSTRAND CO., NEW YORK. 810 PAGES.

  • Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. 910 pp.

  • Hedge, Roger L. and Emily  J. Stork. 2013. Rediscovery of Rhynchospora (Psilocarya) nitens (Cyperaceae) in Indiana. The  Michigan Botanist. 52: 25-31.

  • Holmgren, Noel. 1998. The Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual. Illustrations of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

  • Jones, S.B., Jr., and N.C. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Dept. Botany, Univ. Georgia, Athens. 230 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Leonard, Steve. 1999. State conservation ranking recommendations for species included in the paper:Sorrie, B.A., and S.W. Leonard. 1999. Noteworthy records of Mississippi Mississippi vascular plants. Sida 18(3)889-908.

  • Liogier, H.A., and L.F. Martorell. 2000. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: A systematic synopsis. 2nd edition, corrected and revised by H.A. Liogier. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras. 382 pp.

  • Mitchell, Richard S. and Gordon C. Tucker. 1997. Revised Checklist of New York State Plants. Contributions to a Flora of New York State. Checklist IV. Bulletin No. 490. New York State Museum. Albany, NY. 400 pp.

  • New York Natural Heritage Program. 2010. Biotics database. New York Natural Heritage Program. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, NY.

  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles, and C. R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. 1183 pp.

  • Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Univ. North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC. 1183 pp.

  • SORRIE, B.A. 1977. REDISCOVERY OF PSILOCARYA NITENS IN NEW ENGLAND. RHODORA 79(817):163-164.

  • Sorrie, B.A. 1999. Species ranking for noteworthy plants of Mississippi (A99SOR01MSUS). E-mail of Sept. 1, 1999 to MSHP.

  • Sorrie, B.A., and S.W. Leonard. 1999. Noteworthy records of Mississippi vascular plants. Sida 18(3)889-908. Address: BRUCE SORRIE, 3076 NIAGARA-CARTHAGE ROAD, WHISPERING PINES, NC 28327

  • Swink, F., and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region. Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

  • Weldy, T. and D. Werier. 2010. New York flora atlas. [S.M. Landry, K.N. Campbell, and L.D. Mabe (original application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research http://www.fccdr.usf.edu/. University of South Florida http://www.usf.edu/]. New York Flora Association http://wwws.nyflora.org/, Albany, New York

  • Wunderlin, R.P. 1998. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida. University Press of Florida: Gainesville, Florida. 806 pp.

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