Rhadine persephone - Barr, 1974
Tooth Cave Ground Beetle
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Rhadine persephone (TSN 200995)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.106788
Element Code: IICOL69020
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Invertebrates - Insects - Beetles - Other Beetles
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Mandibulata Insecta Coleoptera Carabidae Rhadine
Genus Size: D - Medium to large genus (21+ species)
Check this box to expand all report sections:
Concept Reference
Help
Concept Reference: Barr, T. C., Jr. 1974. Revision of Rhadine LeConte (Coleoptera, Carabidae) I. The subterranea group. American Museum Novitates 2539:1-30.
Concept Reference Code: A74BAR03HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Rhadine persephone
Taxonomic Comments: One of a complex of species restricted to caves in central Texas.
Conservation Status
Help

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G1G2
Global Status Last Reviewed: 21Aug2002
Global Status Last Changed: 21Aug2002
Rounded Global Status: G1 - Critically Imperiled
Reasons: Restricted to highly specialized system of caves in central Texas that are experiencing development pressure from the city of Austin. Recent discoveries of additional locations and local protection activities may reduce rank to G1G2.
Nation: United States
National Status: N1N2 (21Aug2002)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Texas (S1)

Other Statuses

U.S. Endangered Species Act (USESA): LE: Listed endangered (16Aug1988)
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Lead Region: R2 - Southwest
IUCN Red List Category: NE - Not evaluated

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent: <100-250 square km (less than about 40-100 square miles)
Range Extent Comments: Currently known from approx. 27 locations along a 14 km distance in Travis and Williamson counties, Texas (USFWS, 1994).

Number of Occurrences: 1 - 5
Number of Occurrences Comments: Known from only two caves in the relatively well researched karst near Austin.

Population Size: 1 - 1000 individuals
Population Size Comments: Common in these two caves, but caves are small (Barr, 1974).

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Destruction of caves by real estate development.

Short-term Trend: Unknown

Intrinsic Vulnerability Comments: Cave adapted therefore a narrow range of habitat parameters.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Inventory Needs: Find more populations.

Protection Needs: All known.

Distribution
Help
Global Range: (<100-250 square km (less than about 40-100 square miles)) Currently known from approx. 27 locations along a 14 km distance in Travis and Williamson counties, Texas (USFWS, 1994).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: endemic to a single state or province

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States TX

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
TX Travis (48453), Williamson (48491)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
12 San Gabriel (12070205)+, Austin-Travis Lakes (12090205)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
Help
Basic Description: A reddish-brown cave beetle.
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Subterranean Habitat(s): Subterrestrial
Special Habitat Factors: Subterranean obligate
Habitat Comments: Species is an obligate troglobite known only from small isolated karst caves within the Edwards Limestone Formation. It prefers areas of the cave with deep uncompacted silt (Campbell, 1995).
Adult Food Habits: Invertivore
Food Comments: Known to feed on cricket eggs (Campbell, 1995).
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 14Aug1995
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Opler, P.A.; revised by M. Morrison
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 30May1991
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): SCHWEITZER, D. F.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Barr, T. C., Jr. 1974. Revision of Rhadine LeConte (Coleoptera, Carabidae) I. The subterranea group. American Museum Novitates 2539:1-30.

  • Barr, Thomas C., Jr. 1974. Revision of Rhadine LeConte (Coleoptera, Carabidae) I. The subterranea group. American Museum Novitates 2539:1-30.

  • Campbell, L. 1995. Endangered and Threatened Animals of Texas: Their Life History and Management. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Endangered Resources Branch, Austin, Texas. ix + 129 pp.

  • ELLIOTT, W.R. 1992. ENDANGERED AND RARE KARST SPECIES IN TRAVIS COUNTY, TEXAS: OPTIONS FOR THE BALCONES CANYONLANDS CONSERVATION PLAN. PREPARED FOR THE BCCP, USFWS, TPWD, AND TNC.

  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 1988. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposal to Determine Five Texas Cave Invertebrates to be Endangered Species. Federal Register 53(75):12787-90.

  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 1994. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants: 90-day Finding on a Petition to Delist Seven Texas Karst Invertebrates. Federal Register. 59(49):11755-58.

  • Williams, J. D. 1986b. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; Findings on petitions and initiation of status reviews. Federal Register 51(161):29671-29673.

Use Guidelines & Citation

Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2018.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2018 NatureServe, 4600 N. Fairfax Dr., 7th Floor, Arlington Virginia 22203, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2018. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.