Rhynchospora scirpoides - (Torr.) Gray
Long-beaked Baldrush
Other English Common Names: Longbeak Beaksedge
Other Common Names: longbeak beaksedge
Synonym(s): Psilocarya scirpoides Torr.
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Rhynchospora scirpoides (Torr.) Gray (TSN 504790)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.143935
Element Code: PMCYP0N3A0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Sedge Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Cyperales Cyperaceae Rhynchospora
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Rhynchospora scirpoides
Taxonomic Comments: Recently placed in Rhynchospora from Psilocarya.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 19Sep2002
Global Status Last Changed: 22Jun1990
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Rhynchospora scirpoides is widespread on the Atlantic coastal plain from Massachusetts to Texas and has disjunct populations in the Great Lakes region around Lake Michigan. Its habitats include sandy to peaty shores and wetlands with fluctuating water levels (Voss 1972, Weakley 2001). It is rare across most of its range, with slightly more abundance in the southeast and the Cape Cod to Long Island region.
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (SNR), Arkansas (S1), Connecticut (S1), Delaware (S2), Florida (SNR), Georgia (S2?), Indiana (S2), Louisiana (S4), Maryland (S2), Massachusetts (S3), Michigan (S2), Mississippi (S3S4), New Jersey (S2), New York (S2), North Carolina (S3), Rhode Island (S1), South Carolina (S1), Texas (SNR), Virginia (S1), Wisconsin (S2)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Coastal Plain, Massachusetts, south to Georgia and the Florida panhandle west to Texas. Also disjunct in the Great Lakes lowlands (Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin) (Kartesz 1999, Weakley 2001).

Number of Occurrences: 6 - 80
Number of Occurrences Comments: Exact number is unknown.

Population Size Comments: Deam (Indiana flora) says it is often locally abundant.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Threatened by wetland alterations.

Intrinsic Vulnerability Comments: Requires pioneer habitat maintenance by hydrologic fluctua- tions.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Coastal Plain, Massachusetts, south to Georgia and the Florida panhandle west to Texas. Also disjunct in the Great Lakes lowlands (Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin) (Kartesz 1999, Weakley 2001).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, CT, DE, FL, GA, IN, LA, MA, MD, MI, MS, NC, NJ, NY, RI, SC, TX, VA, WI

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AR Saline (05125)
CT Hartford (09003)
DE Kent (10001), Sussex (10005)
GA Muscogee (13215)
IN Elkhart (18039), Jasper (18073)*, La Porte (18091)*, Lake (18089)*, Porter (18127), St. Joseph (18141), Starke (18149), Steuben (18151)
LA Beauregard (22011), Bienville (22013), Cameron (22023), Grant (22043), Madison (22065), Rapides (22079), Sabine (22085), St. Tammany (22103), Washington (22117)
MA Barnstable (25001), Hampden (25013), Plymouth (25023)
MD Caroline (24011), Dorchester (24019), Kent (24029), Wicomico (24045)
MI Allegan (26005), Barry (26015), Berrien (26021), Cass (26027), Kalamazoo (26077)*, Kent (26081)*, Muskegon (26121), Newaygo (26123), Oakland (26125), Oceana (26127), Van Buren (26159), Washtenaw (26161)
MS Forrest (28035), Jackson (28059), Lamar (28073), Perry (28111)
NJ Atlantic (34001)*, Burlington (34005), Cape May (34009), Cumberland (34011)*, Gloucester (34015), Salem (34033), Sussex (34037)
NY Suffolk (36103), Westchester (36119)
RI Providence (44007)*, Washington (44009)
SC Berkeley (45015), Sumter (45085)
VA Accomack (51001), Chesapeake (City) (51550)*, Southampton (51175)*, Suffolk (City) (51800)*, Virginia Beach (City) (51810)
WI Marquette (55077), Waupaca (55135)*, Waushara (55137)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Chicopee (01080204)+, Lower Connecticut (01080205)+*, Farmington (01080207)+, Cape Cod (01090002)+, Narragansett (01090004)+*, Pawcatuck-Wood (01090005)+
02 Bronx (02030102)+, Southern Long Island (02030202)+, Middle Delaware-Musconetcong (02040105)+, Lower Delaware (02040202)+, Delaware Bay (02040204)+*, Cohansey-Maurice (02040206)+, Broadkill-Smyrna (02040207)+, Mullica-Toms (02040301)+, Great Egg Harbor (02040302)+, Chincoteague (02040303)+, Chester-Sassafras (02060002)+, Choptank (02060005)+, Lynnhaven-Poquoson (02080108)+, Western Lower Delmarva (02080109)+, Eastern Lower Delmarva (02080110)+, Pokomoke-Western Lower Delmarva (02080111)+
03 Nottoway (03010201)+*, Blackwater (03010202)+*, Ghowan (03010203)+*, Albemarle (03010205)+*, Black (03040205)+, Santee (03050112)+, Middle Chattahoochee-Walter F. George Reservoir (03130003)+, Black (03170007)+, Lower Pearl. Mississippi (03180004)+
04 Upper Fox (04030201)+, Wolf (04030202)+, Little Calumet-Galien (04040001)+, St. Joseph (04050001)+, Black-Macatawa (04050002)+, Kalamazoo (04050003)+, Lower Grand (04050006)+, Thornapple (04050007)+, Pere Marquette-White (04060101)+, Muskegon (04060102)+, Clinton (04090003)+, Huron (04090005)+
07 Kankakee (07120001)+, Iroquois (07120002)+*, Chicago (07120003)+*
08 Lower Mississippi-Greenville (08030100)+, Upper Saline (08040203)+, Lower Red (08040301)+, Little (08040304)+, Tensas (08050003)+, Lower Mississippi-Natchez (08060100)+, Bayou Teche (08080102)+, Mermentau (08080202)+, Upper Calcasieu (08080203)+, Liberty Bayou-Tchefuncta (08090201)+
11 Lower Arkansas-Maumelle (11110207)+, Lower Red-Lake Iatt (11140207)+, Black Lake Bayou (11140209)+
12 Lower Sabine (12010005)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: Plant, monocot, Cyperaceae; annual herb with terminal inflorescence of chestnut brown spikelets.
Lacustrine Habitat(s): Shallow water
Palustrine Habitat(s): Riparian
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest/Woodland
Habitat Comments: Wet sandy soil in marshes and borders of sloughs and lakes. Also grows in peaty wetlands, marshy and mucky pond shores, flatwoods depressions, beaver ponds, limesinks, and wet savannas.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 17Sep1986
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Ormes, M., rev. A. Olivero

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • ALLEN, C.M. 1982. PSILOCARYA SCIRPOIDES TORR. (CYPERACEAE) AND PHYSALIS MISSOURIENSIS MACKENZ. & BUSH (SOLANACEAE) NEW TO LOUISIANA. SIDA 9(4):367.

  • Bowles, Marlin L., William J. Hess, and Marcella M. DeMauro. 1985. An Assessment of the Monitoring Program for Special Floristic Elements at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore; Phase II Threatened and Special Concern Species. To Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore.

  • Bowles, Marlin. 1989. A Status Report on Endangered and Threatened Plants of the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore: Monitoring of Species New to the Lakeshore and Re-monitoring of Selected Species. To Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore.

  • Bryson, Charles T. 2002. Preliminary abundance and range estimates for Cyperaceae species of Mississippi. Handwritten notes provided to Mississippi Natural Heritage Program, Jackson, MS. 100 pp.

  • Clewell, A.F. 1985. Guide to vascular plants of the Florida panhandle. Florida State Univ. Press, Tallahassee, Florida. 605 pp.

  • Crow, Garrett E. and C. Barre Hellquist. 2000. Aquatic and wetland plants of northeastern North America: A revised and enlarged edition or Norman C. Fassett's a manual of aquatic plants. Volume two angiosperms: Monocotyledons. The University of Wisconsin Press. Madison, Wisconsin. 456 pp.

  • Fernald, M.L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. D. Van Nostrand, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Fernald, M.L. 1970. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. 1970 printing with corrections by R.C. Rollins [of 1950 8th edition]. D. Van Nostrand Company, New York.

  • Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. 910 pp.

  • Gray, A. 1867. Manual of Botany of the Northern United States. Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor, and Co., New York, New York, USA.

  • Grisebach, A. 1866. Catalogus Plantarum Cubensium Exhibens Collectionem Wrightianam Aliasque Minores ex Insula Cuba Missas /Quas Recensuit A. Grisebach. Apud Gulielmum Engelmann, Leipzig, Germany.

  • Holmgren, Noel. 1998. The Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual. Illustrations of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

  • Kartesz, J. T. 1991. Synonym names from 1991 checklist, as extracted by Larry Morse, TNC, June 1991.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Kartesz, John T. 1994. A synonomized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada and Greenland. Volume 1-Checklist. Volume 2-Thesaurus.

  • Kral, R. 2002. Rhynchospora Vahl. Pages 200-239 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (Editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 23, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Cyperaceae. Oxford University Press, New York, New York, USA.

  • Leonard, Steve. 1999. State conservation ranking recommendations for species included in the paper:Sorrie, B.A., and S.W. Leonard. 1999. Noteworthy records of Mississippi Mississippi vascular plants. Sida 18(3)889-908.

  • Martini, Alicia D. 2000. Partitioning of RAPD Variation Among Natural Populations of Rhynchospora scirpoides (Cyperaceae): evidence of postglacial migration and implications for conservation. Thesis. University of Wisconsin-Madison. 99 pp.

  • NACZI, R.F., ET. AL. 1986. NEW RECORD OF SOME RARE DELMARVA SEDGES. BARTONIA (52):49-57.

  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles, and C. R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. 1183 pp.

  • Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Univ. North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC. 1183 pp.

  • Reschke, Carol. 1990. Ecological communities of New York State. New York Natural Heritage Program, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Latham, NY. 96 pp. plus xi.

  • Sorrie, B.A. 1999. Species ranking for noteworthy plants of Mississippi (A99SOR01MSUS). E-mail of Sept. 1, 1999 to MSHP.

  • Sorrie, B.A., and S.W. Leonard. 1999. Noteworthy records of Mississippi vascular plants. Sida 18(3)889-908. Address: BRUCE SORRIE, 3076 NIAGARA-CARTHAGE ROAD, WHISPERING PINES, NC 28327

  • Voss, E.G. 1972. Michigan Flora, Part I. Gymnosperms and Monocots. Cranbrook Institute of Science Bulletin 55 and the University of Michigan Herbarium. Ann Arbor. 488 pp.

  • Voss, E.G. 1972. Michigan flora: A guide to the identification and occurrence of the native and naturalized seed-plants of the state. Part I. Gymnosperms and monocots. Cranbrook Institute of Science and Univ. Michigan Herbarium. Ann Arbor. 488 pp.

  • Weakley, A.S. No date. Working Draft of Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia. The Nature Conservancy, Southern Heritage Task Force, Southeast Regional Office.

  • Weldy, T. and D. Werier. 2010. New York flora atlas. [S.M. Landry, K.N. Campbell, and L.D. Mabe (original application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research http://www.fccdr.usf.edu/. University of South Florida http://www.usf.edu/]. New York Flora Association http://wwws.nyflora.org/, Albany, New York

  • Weldy, Troy W. and David Werier. 2005. New York Flora Atlas. [S.M. Landry, K.N. Campbell, and L.D. Mabe (original application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research. University of South Florida]. New York Flora Association, Albany, NY. Available on the web at (http://atlas.nyflora.org/).

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