Quercus shumardii - Buckl.
Shumard Oak
Other Common Names: Shumard oak
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Quercus shumardii Buckl. (TSN 19417)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.158440
Element Code: PDFAG05200
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Beech Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Fagales Fagaceae Quercus
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Quercus shumardii
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 28Jul2016
Global Status Last Changed: 18Sep1990
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: The species does not appear to be in any danger. It is considered relatively common in all but the periphery of its range.
Nation: United States
National Status: N5
Nation: Canada
National Status: N3 (14Oct2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (SNR), Arkansas (S5), Florida (SNR), Georgia (SNR), Illinois (S3?), Indiana (S5), Kansas (SNR), Kentucky (S5), Louisiana (SNR), Maryland (S2), Michigan (S2), Mississippi (SNR), Missouri (SNR), Nebraska (SNR), New York (S1), North Carolina (S4), Ohio (SNR), Oklahoma (SNR), Pennsylvania (S2), South Carolina (SNR), Tennessee (SNR), Texas (SNR), Virginia (S4), West Virginia (S2)
Canada Ontario (S3)

Other Statuses

Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC): Special Concern (01Apr1999)
Comments on COSEWIC: Reason for designation: Many small, remnant populations and scattered trees within two restricted geographical areas. The tree has a limited capability for regeneration and is at risk from hybridization with other oaks.

Status history: Designated Special Concern in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999.

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Maryland and Virginia west to Iowa, south to eastern Texas and Florida. Rare at the northern part of range (but common in most of it).

Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300
Number of Occurrences Comments: Apparently secure throughout most of its range. States in which it is listed rare are at periphery of range.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Maryland and Virginia west to Iowa, south to eastern Texas and Florida. Rare at the northern part of range (but common in most of it).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NE, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV
Canada ON

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
MD Calvert (24009)*, Frederick (24021), Montgomery (24031), Washington (24043)
MI Macomb (26099), Monroe (26115), Wayne (26163)
NY Erie (36029), Niagara (36063)
PA Adams (42001), Bedford (42009)*, Centre (42027), Crawford (42039), Erie (42049), Franklin (42055), Juniata (42067), York (42133)
WV Hampshire (54027)*, Jackson (54035)*, Jefferson (54037), Mercer (54055), Wayne (54099)*, Wirt (54105)*, Wood (54107)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Bald Eagle (02050204)+, Raystown (02050303)+*, Lower Juniata (02050304)+, Lower Susquehanna (02050306)+, Upper Chesapeake Bay (02060001)+*, Severn (02060004)+*, Cacapon-Town (02070003)+*, Conococheague-Opequon (02070004)+, Shenandoah (02070007)+, Middle Potomac-Catoctin (02070008)+, Monocacy (02070009)+
04 Lake St. Clair (04090002)+, Clinton (04090003)+, Detroit (04090004)+, Huron (04090005)+, Ottawa-Stony (04100001)+, Chautauqua-Conneaut (04120101)+, Niagara (04120104)+
05 French (05010004)+, Shenango (05030102)+, Upper Ohio-Shade (05030202)+, Little Kanawha (05030203)+*, Middle New (05050002)+, Big Sandy (05070204)+*, Twelvepole (05090102)+*
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Habitat Comments: Found on both dry calcareous slopes and moist bottomlands.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 19Sep1986
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Ormes, M.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Argus, G.W., K.M. Pryer, D.J. White and C.J. Keddy (eds.). 1982-1987. Atlas of the Rare Vascular Plants of Ontario.. Botany Division, National Museum of National Sciences, Ottawa.

  • COSEWIC. 1999. COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the shumard oak Quercus shumardii in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. vi + 11 pp. (www.sararegistry.gc.ca/status/status_e.cfm)

  • Fernald, M.L. 1950. Gray's Manual of Botany, 8th ed., Corr. Printing, 1970. Van Nostrand, New York. LXIV+1632 pp.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 1997. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 3. Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxiii + 590 pp.

  • Hess, W.J. 1990. A new status for Quercus shumardii. Sida 14(2): 267-271.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Line, J., D. Burke, and M.J. Oldham. 1999. COSSARO Candidate V, T, E Species Evaluation Form for Shumard Oak (Quercus shumardii). Natural Heritage Information Centre. Prepared for Committee on the Status of Species at Risk in Ontario (COSSARO), Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough. April, 7 pp.

  • Little, E.L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agriculture Handbook No. 541. U.S. Forest Service, Washington, D.C. 375 pp.

  • Meyers, G. 1983. Shumard Oak (Quercus shumardii): A Report from the Niagara Peninsula. The Plant Press 1(4): 62-63.

  • Meyers, G.A. 1984. Some Notes on Shumard's Oak in the Hamilton-Niagara Region. Wood Duck 37(9):141-148.

  • Morsink, W.A., and P.D. Pratt. 1984. Shumard Oak, Quercus shumardii, in Essex County, Ontario. Canadian Field-Naturalist 98(4): 470-478.

  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles, and C. R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. 1183 pp.

  • Rhoads, Ann F. and Timothy A. Block. 2005. Trees of Pennsylvania. A Complete Reference Guide. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, PA.

  • STOYNOFF, N. AND W.J. HESS. 1990. A NEW STATUS FOR QUERCUS SHUMARDII VAR ACERIFOLIA (FAGACEAE). SIDA 14(2):267-271.

  • Waldron, G. 1983. Shumard Oak (Quercus shumardii) new to Ontario. The Plant Press 1(3):54.

  • Waldron, G.E. 1984. Status Report on Shumard Oak, Quercus shumardii Buckl. (Fagaceae). Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa. Final report. 22 pp.

  • Waldron, G.E., S.W. Aboud, J.D. Ambrose, and G.A. Meyers. 1989. Shumard Oak, Quercus shumardii in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 101(4):532-538.

  • Weldy, Troy W. and David Werier. 2005. New York Flora Atlas. [S.M. Landry, K.N. Campbell, and L.D. Mabe (original application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research. University of South Florida]. New York Flora Association, Albany, NY. Available on the web at (http://atlas.nyflora.org/).

  • White, D.J. 1998. Update Status Report for Shumard Oak (Quercus shumardii) [Draft copy for review]. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC), Ottawa, Ontario. 4 pp.

  • unknown. n.d. Shumard oak (QUERCUS SHUMARDII Buck.). Agriculture handbook 271:615-617.

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