Quercus ellipsoidalis - E.J. Hill
Northern Pin Oak
Other Common Names: northern pin oak
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Quercus ellipsoidalis E.J. Hill (TSN 19327)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.147790
Element Code: PDFAG050H0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Beech Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Fagales Fagaceae Quercus
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Quercus ellipsoidalis
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 17Jun2005
Global Status Last Changed: 17Jun2005
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Fairly common tree, although in a somewhat restricted geographic area (western portion of Great Lakes region).
Nation: United States
National Status: N4
Nation: Canada
National Status: N3 (06Sep2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Illinois (S3?), Indiana (S5), Iowa (S4), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (SNR), Missouri (S1), North Dakota (SH), Ohio (SNR), Wisconsin (SNR)
Canada Ontario (S3)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Occurs only in the Upper Midwest, (from North Dakota to Michigan south to Missouri and Ohio) and adjacent Ontario, Canada (Kartesz 1999).

Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300
Number of Occurrences Comments: Scattered distribution but occasionally locally abundant in Upper Midwest states of USA, and adjacent Ontario.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: May depend on landscape-dynamics factors. In southern Ontario, occurs mostly near roads and may be threatened by road improvement activities (Argus and White 1982).

Short-term Trend: Relatively Stable (<=10% change)
Short-term Trend Comments: Assumed relatively stable; often occurs in dry woods habitat.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Occurs only in the Upper Midwest, (from North Dakota to Michigan south to Missouri and Ohio) and adjacent Ontario, Canada (Kartesz 1999).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States IA, IL, IN, MI, MN, MO, ND, OH, WI
Canada ON

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
MO Franklin (29071)*, Harrison (29081), Jefferson (29099)*, Mercer (29129), St. Louis (29189)*
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
07 Meramec (07140102)+*, Big (07140104)+*
10 Upper Grand (10280101)+*, Thompson (10280102)+, Lower Missouri (10300200)+*
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Argus, G.W., K.M. Pryer, D.J. White and C.J. Keddy (eds.). 1982-1987. Atlas of the Rare Vascular Plants of Ontario.. Botany Division, National Museum of National Sciences, Ottawa.

  • Argus, G.W., and D.J. White, eds. 1982. Atlas of the rare vascular plants of Ontario. Part 1. National Museum Natural Science, Ottawa.

  • Ball, P.W. 1981. Hill's Oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis) in southern Ontario. Canadian Field-Naturalist 95: 281-286.

  • Barnes, B. V. and W. H. Wagner, Jr. 1981. Michigan trees: a guide to the trees of Michigan and the Great Lakes region. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. 384 p.

  • Gleason, H.A., and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. 910 pp.

  • Hipp, A.L. 2010. Hill's Oak: the taxonomy and dynamics of a western Great Lakes endemic. Arnoldia 67(4): 2-14.

  • Hipp, A.L., and J.A. Weber. 2008. Taxonomy of Hill's Oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis: Fagaceae): evidence from AFLP data. Systematic Botany 33(1): 148-158.

  • Jensen, R.J., R. DePiero, and B.K. Smith. 1984. Vegetative characters, population variation and the hybrid origin of Quercus ellipsoidalis. American Midland Naturalist 111: 364-370.

  • Jensen, R.J., S.C. Hokanson, J.G. Isebrands, and J.F. Hancock. 1993. Morphometric variation in oaks of the Apostle Islands in Wisconsin: Evidence of hybridization between Quercus rubra and Q. ellipsoidalis (Fragaceae). American Journal of Botany 80(11): 1358-1366.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Little, E.L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agriculture Handbook No. 541. U.S. Forest Service, Washington, D.C. 375 pp.

  • Maycock, P.F., D.R. Gregory and A.A. Reznicek. 1980. Hill's Oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis) in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 94(3):277-285.

  • Meyers, G. A. 1984. Botanizing with George Meyers: A trip to Glen Morris-Brant County. Wood Duck 38(3): 42.

  • Overlease, W. R. 1977. A study of the relationship between scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea Muenchh.) and Hill oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis E. J. Hill) in Michigan and nearby states. Proc. Pennsylvania Academy of Sceience 51:47-50.

  • Sutherland, D.A. 1987. The Vascular Plants of Haldimand-Norfolk. Pages 1-52 in The Natural Areas Inventory of the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk - Volume II: Annotated Checklists. Norfolk Field Naturalists, Simcoe, Ontario.

  • Wadmond, S.C. 1933. The Quercus ellipsoidalis - Quercus coccinea complex. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters 28:197-203.

  • White, A. S. 1983. The effects of thirteen years of annual prescribed burning on a Quercus ellipsoidalis community in Minnesota. Ecology 64(5):1081-1085.

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