Herpailurus yagouaroundi cacomitli - (Berlandier, 1859)
Gulf Coast Jaguarundi
Synonym(s): Felis yaguarondi cacomitli ;Herpailurus yaguarondi cacomitli (Berlandier, 1859) ;Puma yagouaroundi cacomitli (Berlandier, 1859)
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Puma yagouaroundi cacomitli (Berlandier, 1859) (TSN 726436)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.104968
Element Code: AMAJH06011
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Mammals - Carnivores
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Mammalia Carnivora Felidae Herpailurus
Genus Size: A - Monotypic genus
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Hall, E. R. 1981a. The Mammals of North America, second edition. Vols. I & II. John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York. 1181 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B81HAL01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Herpailurus yaguarondi cacomitli
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4T3
Global Status Last Reviewed: 19Nov1996
Global Status Last Changed: 19Nov1996
Rounded Global Status: T3 - Vulnerable
Nation: United States
National Status: N1 (05Sep1996)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Texas (SX)

Other Statuses

U.S. Endangered Species Act (USESA): LE: Listed endangered (14May1976)
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Lead Region: R2 - Southwest
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species Protection Status (CITES): Appendix I

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent: 20,000-2,500,000 square km (about 8000-1,000,000 square miles)
Range Extent Comments: Southern Texas south through Tamaulipas (eastern Mexico) to Veracruz and San Luis Potosi (Hall 1981). Texas population probably consists of only a few individuals; recent sightings in Brazoria County south of Houston, Texas, may have been of released animals (Matthews and Moseley 1990). A recent effort to document jaguarundi on and near the Laguna Atascosa NWR, Texas, was unsuccessful (USFWS 1990).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: (20,000-2,500,000 square km (about 8000-1,000,000 square miles)) Southern Texas south through Tamaulipas (eastern Mexico) to Veracruz and San Luis Potosi (Hall 1981). Texas population probably consists of only a few individuals; recent sightings in Brazoria County south of Houston, Texas, may have been of released animals (Matthews and Moseley 1990). A recent effort to document jaguarundi on and near the Laguna Atascosa NWR, Texas, was unsuccessful (USFWS 1990).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States TXextirpated

Range Map
No map available.

Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A cat.
Reproduction Comments: Mates November-December. Gestation lasts 9-10 weeks (also reported as 6 months). May be one or two litters of 1-4 (average 2) per year. In Mexico, young are produced around March and August.
Ecology Comments: Travels widely in a huge home range (Emmons and Feer 1990).
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest - Hardwood, Savanna, Shrubland/chaparral, Woodland - Hardwood
Habitat Comments: Thick brushlands (patchy or continuous). Habitat near water is favored. Spends most of time on ground, though climbs well. Sleeping and birthing occur in a den in a hollow log, treefall, or thicket.
Adult Food Habits: Carnivore
Immature Food Habits: Carnivore
Food Comments: Diet consists mainly of birds (sometimes including doemstic poultry), reptiles, and small mammals (e.g., rats, mice, rabbits); occasionally may eat fishes and fruit.
Adult Phenology: Circadian, Crepuscular, Nocturnal
Immature Phenology: Circadian, Crepuscular, Nocturnal
Phenology Comments: Diurnal and nocturnal (Emmons and Feer 1990). Hunts in the morning and evening; much less nocturnal than most cats (Nowak 1991).
Economic Attributes
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Economic Comments: Pelt is of poor quality and of little value (Leopold 1959). Not hunted for the fur trade (Emmons and Feer 1990).
Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 07Feb2011
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 08Mar1996
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Campbell, L. 1995. Endangered and Threatened Animals of Texas: Their Life History and Management. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Endangered Resources Branch, Austin, Texas. ix + 129 pp.

  • Ceballos, G. (ed.). 2014. Mammals of Mexico. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, 984 pp.

  • Davis, W. B. 1978. The mammals of Texas. Texas Parks and Wildlife Dept., Bull. No. 41. 294 pp.

  • Emmons, L. H. and F. Feer. 1990. Neotropical rainforest mammals: a field guide. Univ. of Chicago Press. xiv + 281 pp.

  • Hall, E. R. 1981a. The Mammals of North America, second edition. Vols. I & II. John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York. 1181 pp.

  • Leopold, A. S. 1959. Wildlife of Mexico. University of California Press, Berkeley.

  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's mammals of the world. Fifth edition. Vols. I and II. Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore. 1629 pp.

  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 1990. Endangered and threatened species recovery program: report to Congress. 406 pp.

  • Wilson, D. E., and D. M. Reeder (editors). 2005. Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. Two volumes. 2,142 pp. Available online at: http://vertebrates.si.edu/msw/mswcfapp/msw/index.cfm

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