Psilocarphus elatior - (Gray) Gray
Tall Woolly-heads
Other English Common Names: Meadow Woollyheads
Other Common Names: meadow woollyheads
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Psilocarphus elatior (A. Gray) A. Gray (TSN 38308)
French Common Names: psilocarphe élevé
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.142985
Element Code: PDAST7R020
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Aster Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Asterales Asteraceae Psilocarphus
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Psilocarphus elatior
Taxonomic Comments: Reports of P. elatior from Alberta and Saskatchewan are only relatively erect forms of P. brevissimus var. brevissimus (Flora of North America 2006).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 27Dec2001
Global Status Last Changed: 14Mar1997
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR
Nation: Canada
National Status: N1 (21Jul2015)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States California (S2S3), Idaho (SNR), Montana (SU), Oregon (SNR), Washington (SNR)
Canada British Columbia (S1)

Other Statuses

Canadian Species at Risk Act (SARA) Schedule 1/Annexe 1 Status: E (05Jun2003)
Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC): Endangered (01May2001)
Comments on COSEWIC: Previously, only the Pacific population of Psilocarphus elatior was designated Endangered. Currently the entire species is designated Endangered. The Special Concern designation for the Prairie population formerly included within Psilocarphus elatior was deactivated within this species and was moved to the species Psilocarphus brevissimus to which members of that population were determined to be included in April 2006.

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: OR (Willamette county). To WA, ID, and CA.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: OR (Willamette county). To WA, ID, and CA.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States CA, ID, MT, OR, WA
Canada BC

Range Map
No map available.

Ecology & Life History
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Habitat Comments: Dry pool beds.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 02Jul1993
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Stoner, N.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • B.C. Ministry of Environment. Recovery Planning in BC. B.C. Minist. Environ. Victoria, BC. Available: http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/recoveryplans/rcvry1.htm

  • Douglas, G.W. 1995. The Sunflower Family (Asteraceae) of British Columbia. Vol. 2. Astereae, Anthemideae, Eupatorieae and Inuleae. Royal B.C. Mus. Victoria. 393pp.

  • Douglas, G.W., D. Meidinger, and J. Penny. 2002. Rare Native Vascular Plants of British Columbia, 2nd ed. B.C. Conserv. Data Centre, Terrestrial Inf. Branch, Victoria. 358pp.

  • Douglas, G.W., G.D. Straley, and D. Meidinger, eds. 1998b. Illustrated Flora of British Columbia, Vol. 1, Gymnosperms and Dicotyledons (Aceraceae through Asteraceae). B.C. Minist. Environ., Lands and Parks, Wildl. Branch, and B.C. Minist. For. Res. Program. 436pp.

  • Douglas, G.W., and J.M. Illingworth. 2004. Conservation evaluation of the Pacific population of Tall Woolly-heads, Psilocarphus elatior, an endangered herb in Canada. Can. Field-Nat. 118(2): 169-173.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2006a. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 19. Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 6: Asteraceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York. xxiv + 579 pp.

  • Garry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team. 2003. Psilocarphus elatior. In: Species at risk in Garry oak and associated ecosystems in British Columbia. Garry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team, Victoria, British Columbia.

  • Illingworth, J.M., and G.W. Douglas. 1995. Status Report on Tall Woolly-heads, Psilocarphus elatior in Canada. Unpubl. rep. submitted to the Comm. on the Status of Endangered Wildl. in Can. Ottawa. 19pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Parks Canada Agency. 2006. Recovery Strategy for Multi-species at Risk in Vernal Pools and Other Ephemeral Wet Areas in Garry Oak and Associated Ecosystems in Canada. Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series. Ottawa: Parks Canada Agency. 73 pp.

  • Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon. 2nd edition. Binsford & Mort, Portland, Oregon. 936 pp.

  • Roemer, H., and M. Fairbarns. 2003. Red and Blue Listed Plants of the Somenos Garry Oak Protected Area. Rep. prepared for the Garry Oak Ecosystem Recovery Team.

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