Prunus pumila - L.
Sand Cherry
Other English Common Names: Sandcherry
Other Common Names: sandcherry
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Prunus pumila L. (TSN 504625)
French Common Names: cerisier nain
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.141511
Element Code: PDROS1C160
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Rose Family
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Rosales Rosaceae Prunus
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Concept Reference
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Prunus pumila
Conservation Status

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 01Apr2016
Global Status Last Changed: 10Apr1985
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5 (01Apr2016)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Arkansas (S2), Colorado (SNR), Connecticut (SNR), Delaware (SNR), Illinois (SNR), Indiana (SNR), Iowa (S2), Kansas (SNR), Maine (SNR), Maryland (SU), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (SNR), Montana (S1), Nebraska (SNR), New Hampshire (SNR), New Jersey (SNR), New York (S5), North Carolina (S1), North Dakota (SNR), Ohio (SNR), Pennsylvania (S3), Rhode Island (SNR), South Dakota (SNR), Tennessee (S1), Utah (SNR), Vermont (SNR), Virginia (S1), West Virginia (S1), Wisconsin (SNR), Wyoming (SNR)
Canada Manitoba (S4), New Brunswick (S4), Ontario (S4), Quebec (S3S4), Saskatchewan (S1)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: MT, Sask., and MN, south to CO and KS. Peripheral.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Global Range: MT, Sask., and MN, south to CO and KS. Peripheral.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AR, CO, CT, DE, IA, IL, IN, KS, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SD, TN, UT, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY
Canada MB, NB, ON, QC, SK

Range Map
No map available.

U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AR Prairie (05117)
IA Allamakee (19005), Buchanan (19019)*, Cerro Gordo (19033)*, Delaware (19055)*, Dickinson (19059)*, Louisa (19115), Lyon (19119), Muscatine (19139)*, Winneshiek (19191)*
MA Franklin (25011), Hampshire (25015)
MD Baltimore County (24005), Howard (24027)*, Montgomery (24031)*, Prince Georges (24033)*
MT Fallon (30025)
NC Durham (37063)*
NJ Hunterdon (34019), Mercer (34021)*, Morris (34027)*, Sussex (34037), Warren (34041)
NY Clinton (36019), Delaware (36025), Essex (36031), Hamilton (36041), Jefferson (36045), Orange (36071), Oswego (36075), Sullivan (36105), Warren (36113)
OH Henry (39069), Lucas (39095)
PA Bradford (42015), Bucks (42017), Centre (42027), Dauphin (42043)*, Erie (42049)*, Lackawanna (42069), Luzerne (42079), Monroe (42089), Northampton (42095), Perry (42099)*, Pike (42103), Schuylkill (42107)*, Wayne (42127), Wyoming (42131)
RI Kent (44003)*, Washington (44009)
TN Coffee (47031), Franklin (47051)
VA Culpeper (51047), Fairfax (51059)*
VT Caledonia (50005), Chittenden (50007), Grand Isle (50013), Orange (50017), Windham (50025), Windsor (50027)
WV Fayette (54019), Nicholas (54067)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Passumpsic (01080102)+, Waits (01080103)+, Black-Ottauquechee (01080106)+, West (01080107)+, Middle Connecticut (01080201)+, Deerfield (01080203)+*, Pawcatuck-Wood (01090005)+
02 Upper Hudson (02020001)+, Sacandaga (02020002)+, Rondout (02020007)+, Hackensack-Passaic (02030103)+*, Raritan (02030105)+*, Upper Delaware (02040101)+, Lackawaxen (02040103)+*, Middle Delaware-Mongaup-Brodhead (02040104)+, Middle Delaware-Musconetcong (02040105)+, Lehigh (02040106)+, Upper Susquehanna-Tunkhannock (02050106)+, Upper Susquehanna-Lackawanna (02050107)+, Bald Eagle (02050204)+*, Lower Susquehanna-Penns (02050301)+*, Upper Juniata (02050302)+, Lower Juniata (02050304)+*, Gunpowder-Patapsco (02060003)+, Patuxent (02060006)+*, Middle Potomac-Catoctin (02070008)+*, Middle Potomac-Anacostia-Occoquan (02070010)+*, Rapidan-Upper Rappahannock (02080103)+
03 Upper Neuse (03020201)+*
04 Ottawa-Stony (04100001)+, Lower Maumee (04100009)+, Chautauqua-Conneaut (04120101)+*, Salmon-Sandy (04140102)+, Raquette (04150305)+, Lake Champlain (04150408)+
05 Gauley (05050005)+
06 Upper Elk (06030003)+, Upper Duck (06040002)+
07 Root (07040008)+*, Coon-Yellow (07060001)+, Upper Iowa (07060002)+, Maquoketa (07060006)+*, Copperas-Duck (07080101)+, Upper Wapsipinicon (07080102)+*, Shell Rock (07080202)+*, Winnebago (07080203)+*, West Fork Cedar (07080204)+*, Middle Cedar (07080205)+*, Lower Cedar (07080206)+*, Lower Iowa (07080209)+, Upper Des Moines (07100002)+*
08 Lower White (08020303)+
10 O'fallon (10100005)+, Lower Big Sioux (10170203)+, Little Sioux (10230003)+*
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
General Description: Sand Cherry is a low shrub with prostrate to ascending branches that are 1-4 dm tall. The alternate, narrowly elliptic leaves are 4-7 cm long, have petioles, and are 5-14 mm long with entire to toothed margins. The twigs are red but become gray with age, and the leaves are dark green and glabrous above but paler below. Clusters of 2-4 flowers occur in the axils of the expanding leaves. Each flower has a bowl-shaped, 5-lobed calyx that is 2-4 mm high and which holds the ovary and 25-30 stamens. The 5 separate, white petals are 6-8 mm long. The globose cherry is dark purple and 13-15 mm long.
Diagnostic Characteristics: The low, often nearly prostrate growth form is distinctive.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Population/Occurrence Viability
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 20Nov1994
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): JM

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

  • Catling, P.M., S.M. McKay-Kuja and G. Mitrow. 1999. Rank and typification in North American dwarf cherries, and a key to the taxa. Taxon 48:483-488.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2014. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 9. Magnoliophyta: Picramniaceae to Rosaceae. Oxford University Press, New York. xxiv + 713 pp.

  • Harms, V.L., P.A. Ryan and J.A. Haraldson. 1992. The rare and endangered vascular plants of Saskatchewan. Prepared for the Saskatchewan Natural History Society. Unpubl.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Rohrer, J. R. 2000. The Sand Cherry in Wisconsin and neighboring states. Michigan Botantist 39: 59-68.

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