Prunus mahaleb - L.
Perfumed Cherry
Other English Common Names: Mahaleb Cherry
Other Common Names: Mahaleb cherry
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Prunus mahaleb L. (TSN 24789)
French Common Names: cerisier de Sainte-Lucie
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.139418
Element Code: PDROS1C0U0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Rose Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Rosales Rosaceae Prunus
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Prunus mahaleb
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 22Mar1994
Global Status Last Changed: 22Mar1994
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: NNA
Nation: Canada
National Status: NNA (01Apr2016)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alabama (SNA), Arkansas (SNA), California (SNA), Connecticut (SNA), Delaware (SNA), District of Columbia (SNA), Idaho (SNA), Illinois (SNA), Indiana (SNA), Kansas (SNA), Kentucky (SNA), Maryland (SNA), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNA), Missouri (SNA), Montana (SNA), New Jersey (SNA), New York (SNA), North Carolina (SNA), Ohio (SNA), Oklahoma (SNA), Pennsylvania (SNA), Tennessee (SNA), Utah (SNA), Virginia (SNA), Washington (SNA), West Virginia (SNA), Wisconsin (SNA)
Canada British Columbia (SNA), Ontario (SNA)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The distribution shown may be incomplete, particularly for some rapidly spreading exotic species.

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States ALexotic, ARexotic, CAexotic, CTexotic, DCexotic, DEexotic, IDexotic, ILexotic, INexotic, KSexotic, KYexotic, MA, MDexotic, MIexotic, MOexotic, MTexotic, NCexotic, NJexotic, NYexotic, OHexotic, OKexotic, PAexotic, TNexotic, UTexotic, VAexotic, WAexotic, WIexotic, WVexotic
Canada BCexotic, ONexotic

Range Map
No map available.

Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank)
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Disclaimer: While I-Rank information is available over NatureServe Explorer, NatureServe is not actively developing or maintaining these data. Species with I-RANKs do not represent a random sample of species exotic in the United States; available assessments may be biased toward those species with higher-than-average impact.

I-Rank: Medium/Insignificant
Rounded I-Rank: Unknown
I-Rank Reasons Summary: Although species is known to escape into river bottom forests, borders of woods, roadsides, and rocky banks, there are no readily available reports to indicate that it has any impact on the native species or the ecological community. Reported escaping almost 70 years ago but seems to be spreading slowly with its current range covering about one-third of the U.S. Used as rootstock for orchard trees. Drupes presumably eaten by animals carrying the seed an unknown distance. Species is commercially available. No one seems to be trying to control this species.
Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Low/Insignificant
Subrank II - Current Distribution/Abundance: Medium/Low
Subrank III - Trend in Distribution/Abundance: Medium/Low
Subrank IV - Management Difficulty: Unknown
I-Rank Review Date: 14Jul2004
Evaluator: Killeffer, T.
Native anywhere in the U.S?
Native Range: Asia (Welsh 1993).

Download "An Invasive Species Assessment Protocol: Evaluating Non-Native Plants for their Impact on Biodiversity". (PDF, 1.03MB)
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Screening Questions

S-1. Established outside cultivation as a non-native? YES
Comments: "Persists and escapes" (Welsh 1993).

S-2. Present in conservation areas or other native species habitat? Yes
Comments: Noted as establishing along canals and in river bottom forests (Welsh 1993). Borders of woods, roadsides, and rocky banks (Fernald 1950).

Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Low/Insignificant

1. Impact on Ecosystem Processes and System-wide Parameters:Insignificant
Comments: No mention in the literature of impacts on abiotic processes or system-wide parameters.

2. Impact on Ecological Community Structure:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: No mention of it altering community structure so assumed little to no influence.

3. Impact on Ecological Community Composition:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: Again assumed little to no impact on community composition.

4. Impact on Individual Native Plant or Animal Species:Insignificant
Comments: No reports that it disproportionately impacts particular native species.

5. Conservation Significance of the Communities and Native Species Threatened:High/Low significance
Comments: Noted as establishing along canals and in river bottom forests (Welsh 1993). Borders of woods, roadsides, and rocky banks (Fernald 1950).

Subrank II. Current Distribution and Abundance: Medium/Low

6. Current Range Size in Nation:High/Moderate significance
Comments: Based on Kartesz 1999. From Kansas and Oklahoma to the east coast, north to Wisconsin and New York and south to Alabama and North Carolina. In the Pacific northwest to Montana and south in California and Utah.

7. Proportion of Current Range Where the Species is Negatively Impacting Biodiversity:Insignificant
Comments: Around New York and vicinity labelled as "rare, non-invasive" (BBG, no date). Has not become part of the flora of Wisconsin (WI State Herbarium 2004). Placed in a category as either an occassional invader with low impacts or a species that invades elsewhere in habitats similar to Missouri (MEPPC 2002).

8. Proportion of Nation's Biogeographic Units Invaded:High/Low significance
Comments: Between 10 and 40 (TNC 2001 and Kartesz 1999).

9. Diversity of Habitats or Ecological Systems Invaded in Nation:High/Moderate significance
Comments: Noted as establishing along canals and in river bottom forests (Welsh 1993). Borders of woods, roadsides, and rocky banks (Fernald 1950).

Subrank III. Trend in Distribution and Abundance: Medium/Low

10. Current Trend in Total Range within Nation:High/Moderate significance
Comments: Still available for sale.

11. Proportion of Potential Range Currently Occupied:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: Generalized range already covers more than 30% of region (Kartesz 1999).

12. Long-distance Dispersal Potential within Nation:High/Moderate significance
Comments: Drupe (Radford 1968) presumably eaten by animals in the U.S. since animals eat it in Australia but typically not distributed over long distances (Bass 1999). Can purchase over the internet.

13. Local Range Expansion or Change in Abundance:Low significance
Comments: Seems to be expanding very slowly since some first reports of its escape were almost 70 years ago (Werthner 1935).

14. Inherent Ability to Invade Conservation Areas and Other Native Species Habitats:High/Low significance
Comments: Noted as establishing along canals and in river bottom forests (Welsh 1993). Borders of woods, roadsides, and rocky banks (Fernald 1950).

15. Similar Habitats Invaded Elsewhere:High/Low significance
Comments: In Canada (Kartesz 1999) and Australia (Bass 1999).

16. Reproductive Characteristics:Insignificant
Comments: "Suckers from old orchard or ornamental trees" (WI State Herbarium 2004).

Subrank IV. General Management Difficulty: Unknown

17. General Management Difficulty:High/Low significance
Comments: Assumed some management needed since it occurs in river bottom forests with the ability to sucker.

18. Minimum Time Commitment:High/Low significance
Comments: Unknown time commitment.

19. Impacts of Management on Native Species:Unknown
Comments: Impacts to natives is unknown since management techniques are unknown.

20. Accessibility of Invaded Areas:High/Low significance
Comments: River bottom forests (Welsh 1993) and rocky banks (Fernald 1950) could be hard to reach.
Authors/Contributors
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Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Bass, D. 1999. The Importance of Population Growth and Seed Dispersal Ecology in Determining Invasiveness of Fruiting Woody Plants in Australia. School of Geography, Population and Environmental Management, Flinders University, Australia. Proceedings 5th International Conference on the Ecology of Invasive Alien Plants. Sardinia, Italy. http://hear.org/iceiap/1999/1999_iceiap_proceedings.pdf

  • Brooklyn Botanic Garden. No date. The New York metropolitan flora project. Available: http://www.bbg.org/sci/nymf/encyclopedia. (Accessed 2004).

  • Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. Corrected printing (1970). D. Van Nostrand Company, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2014. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 9. Magnoliophyta: Picramniaceae to Rosaceae. Oxford University Press, New York. xxiv + 713 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Little, E.L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agriculture Handbook No. 541. U.S. Forest Service, Washington, D.C. 375 pp.

  • Missouri Exotic Pest Plant Council (MEPPC). 2002. Missouri Exotic Pest Plants: A list of non-native plants that threaten Missouri's native biodiversity. Missouri Botanical Garden. Online. Available: http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/mepp/ratings.shtml (accessed 2004).

  • Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Univ. North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC. 1183 pp.

  • Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, S. Goodrich, and L.C. Higgins (eds.) 1993. A Utah flora. 2nd edition. Brigham Young Univ., Provo, Utah. 986 pp.

  • Werthner, W. B. 1935. Some American trees: An intimate study of native Ohio trees. MacMillan, New York.

  • Wisconsin State Herbarium. 2004, January 20, 2004 last update. Wisconsin state herbarium vascular plant species database. Available: http://www.botany.wisc.edu/wisflora/. (Accessed 2004).

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