Polygonatum biflorum - (Walt.) Ell.
Common Solomon's-seal
Other English Common Names: Smooth Solomon's-seal
Other Common Names: smooth Solomon's seal
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell. (TSN 43006)
French Common Names: sceau-de-Salomon biflore
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.161532
Element Code: PMLIL1Q010
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Lily Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Liliales Liliaceae Polygonatum
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Polygonatum biflorum
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 25Jun1984
Global Status Last Changed: 25Jun1984
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5
Nation: Canada
National Status: N4 (17Sep2010)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alabama (SNR), Arkansas (SNR), Connecticut (SNR), Delaware (S5), District of Columbia (S5), Florida (S3), Georgia (SNR), Illinois (S1S2), Indiana (SNR), Iowa (S5), Kansas (SNR), Kentucky (S5), Louisiana (SNR), Maine (SNR), Maryland (SNR), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (SNR), Mississippi (SNR), Missouri (SNR), Montana (SNR), Nebraska (SNR), New Hampshire (SNR), New Jersey (SNR), New Mexico (SNR), New York (S5), North Carolina (S5), North Dakota (SNR), Ohio (SNR), Oklahoma (SNR), Pennsylvania (SNR), Rhode Island (SNR), South Carolina (SNR), South Dakota (SNR), Tennessee (SNR), Texas (S3), Vermont (S1), Virginia (S5), West Virginia (S5), Wisconsin (SNR), Wyoming (S1)
Canada Manitoba (S3?), Nova Scotia (SNA), Ontario (S4), Saskatchewan (S2)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Occurs from southern New England to Manitoba and northeast Wyoming, south to Florida and northern Mexico.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Occurs from southern New England to Manitoba and northeast Wyoming, south to Florida and northern Mexico.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY
Canada MB, NSexotic, ON, SK

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
DE New Castle (10003)
MI St. Clair (26147)*
VT Bennington (50003), Windham (50025)
WY Crook (56011)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 West (01080107)+, Middle Connecticut (01080201)+
02 Hudson-Hoosic (02020003)+, Brandywine-Christina (02040205)+
04 Lake St. Clair (04090002)+*
10 Redwater (10120203)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes
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Economic Uses: MEDICINE/DRUG
Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Andersen, M.D. and B. Heidel. 2011. HUC-based species range maps. Prepared by Wyoming Natural Diversity Database for use in the pilot WISDOM application operational from inception to yet-to-be-determined date of update of tool.

  • Dorn, R. D. 1992. Vascular Plants of Wyoming, second edition. Mountain West Publishing, Cheyenne, WY.

  • Dorn, R. D. 2001. Vascular Plants of Wyoming, third edition. Mountain West Publishing, Cheyenne, WY.

  • Fertig, W. 2001. State Species Abstract: Polygonatum biflorum. Wyoming Natural Diversity Database. Available on the internet at www.uwyo.edu/wyndd.

  • Gleason, H.A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Canada. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY.

  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KS.

  • Harms, V.L., P.A. Ryan and J.A. Haraldson. 1992. The rare and endangered vascular plants of Saskatchewan. Prepared for the Saskatchewan Natural History Society. Unpubl.

  • Holmgren, N. 1998. Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual - Illustrations of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx NY.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Larson, G. E. and J. R. Johnson. 1999. Plants of the Black Hills and Bear Lodge Mountains. South Dakota State University College of Agriculture and Biological Sciences & South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, Brookings, SD.

  • Porter, C.L. 1965. A Flora of Wyoming: Part IV. Bulletin 434:1-88. Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Wyoming.

  • Utech, F. H. 2002. Polygonatum. Pages 210-212 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, editor. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 26. Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.

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