Polygala balduinii - Nutt.
White Milkwort
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Polygala balduinii Nutt. (TSN 29324)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.134475
Element Code: PDPGL02040
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Milkwort Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Polygalales Polygalaceae Polygala
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Polygala balduinii
Taxonomic Comments: Infraspecific taxa are not recognized in Polygala balduinii by Kartesz (1999); he had recognized the varieties balduinii and carteri in his 1994 checklist.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 12Jun1996
Global Status Last Changed: 21Jun1996
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Coastal plain species found mostly in wet pinelands, prairies and swales from south Georgia and Florida to east Texas (except Louisiana). Godfrey and Wooten (1981) also report Polygala balduinii from western Cuba. Frequent in Florida, and sometimes found in disturbed habitats.
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (S1?), Florida (SNR), Georgia (S1), Mississippi (SNR), Texas (S1)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: South Georgia (Baker, Sumpter, Glynn and Charlton Counties; Jones and Coile 1988) and throughout Florida, westward to Mississippi and east Texas; also western Cuba (Godfrey and Wooten 1981).

Number of Occurrences:  
Number of Occurrences Comments: Frequent in Florida (Wunderlin 1982). Moderately common (Weakley, personal communication 1996).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: South Georgia (Baker, Sumpter, Glynn and Charlton Counties; Jones and Coile 1988) and throughout Florida, westward to Mississippi and east Texas; also western Cuba (Godfrey and Wooten 1981).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, FL, GA, MS, TX

Range Map
No map available.

U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Altamaha (03070106)+*, Cumberland-St. Simons (03070203)+*, Lower Flint (03130008)+*, Ichawaynochaway (03130009)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Habitat Comments: Moist to wet pine savannas and flatwoods, adjacent ditches and roadsides, exposed wet sandy shores of ponds, prairies, and, in south Florida, marl prairies (Godfrey and Wooten 1981).
Economic Attributes
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Economically Important Genus: Y
Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Polygala spp.-East Gulf Coastal Plain-EOSPECS

Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Five naturally occurring individuals in relatively natural habitat.
Separation Barriers: Densely planted pine plantations; severely fire suppressed pine stands with closed canopies, thick shrub layers, deep duff layer, and little or no herbaceous ground cover; large developed areas.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 1 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 1 km
Alternate Separation Procedure: N/A
Separation Justification: Species in this group are insect-pollinated (mostly bees) with ant-dispersed seeds; 1 km is sufficient to separate populations.

Date: 18Sep2003
Author: CHAFIN, L.G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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Justification: Use the Generic Guidelines for the Application of Occurrence Ranks (2008).
The Key for Ranking Species Occurrences Using the Generic Approach provides a step-wise process for implementing this method.

Key for Ranking Species Element Occurrences Using the Generic Approach (2008).
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 03Aug1993
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Stoner, N. (1993), rev. J. Beckman (6/96)

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Godfrey, R.K., and J.W. Wooten. 1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States: Dicotyledons. Univ. Georgia Press, Athens. 933 pp.

  • Jones, S.B., Jr., and N.C. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Dept. Botany, Univ. Georgia, Athens. 230 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Long, R.W., and O. Lakela. 1971. A flora of tropical Florida. Univ. Miami Press, Coral Gables, Florida. 962 pp.

  • Wunderlin, R.P. 1982. Guide to the vascular plants of central Florida. Univ. Presses Florida, Gainesville. 472 pp.

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