Poanes viator - (Edwards, 1865)
Broad-winged Skipper
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Poanes viator (W. H. Edwards, 1865) (TSN 706641)
French Common Names: hespérie voyageuse
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.113461
Element Code: IILEP73070
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Invertebrates - Insects - Butterflies and Moths - Butterflies and Skippers
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Mandibulata Insecta Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Poanes
Genus Size: C - Small genus (6-20 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Opler, P. A., and A. D. Warren. 2002. Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico. C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. 79 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B02OPL01EHUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Poanes viator
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 14Jun2016
Global Status Last Changed: 01Sep1998
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Based on current taxonomy this is an obvious G5, due to P. viator zizaniae which has adapted to and is spreading with exotic Phragmites as a larval foodplant in much of the range. However more southern populations that still use native grasses may or may not be secure and subspecies P. v. viator is in the G3G4 range.
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (01Sep1998)
Nation: Canada
National Status: N4 (17Aug2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Arkansas (SNR), Connecticut (S4), Delaware (S5), Florida (SNR), Georgia (SNR), Illinois (SU), Indiana (SNR), Iowa (S3), Kentucky (S1), Louisiana (SNR), Maine (SNR), Maryland (S4), Massachusetts (S3S4), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (SNR), Mississippi (SNR), Missouri (SNR), New Jersey (SNR), New York (SNR), North Carolina (S4), North Dakota (S2), Ohio (SNR), Oklahoma (S2), Pennsylvania (S4), Rhode Island (S3), South Carolina (SNR), South Dakota (S2), Texas (SNR), Vermont (S2S3), Virginia (S5), Wisconsin (S4)
Canada Ontario (S4), Quebec (S4)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AR, CT, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TX, VA, VT, WI
Canada ON, QC

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
FL Franklin (12037), Jackson (12063), Levy (12075), Wakulla (12129), Walton (12131)
IA Black Hawk (19013), Bremer (19017), Butler (19023), Cerro Gordo (19033), Clay (19041), Dickinson (19059), Fayette (19065), Kossuth (19109), Palo Alto (19147)
IN La Porte (18091), Lagrange (18087), Lake (18089), Newton (18111), Porter (18127), Starke (18149), Steuben (18151), Whitley (18183)
KY Fulton (21075), Hickman (21105), Muhlenberg (21177)
ND Ransom (38073), Richland (38077)
NE Boone (31011), Lincoln (31111), Sheridan (31161)
OK Tulsa (40143)
PA Clinton (42035)*, Crawford (42039), Delaware (42045)*, Erie (42049), Warren (42123)
RI Bristol (44001), Washington (44009)
SD Deuel (46039)*, Roberts (46109)*
VT Addison (50001), Bennington (50003), Grand Isle (50013), Rutland (50021)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Narragansett (01090004)+, Pawcatuck-Wood (01090005)+
02 Hudson-Hoosic (02020003)+, Lower Delaware (02040202)+*, Middle West Branch Susquehanna (02050203)+*
03 Waccasassa (03110101)+, Apalachee Bay-St. Marks (03120001)+, Lower Ochlockonee (03120003)+, Lower Chattahoochee (03130004)+, New (03130013)+, Choctawhatchee Bay (03140102)+
04 Little Calumet-Galien (04040001)+, St. Joseph (04050001)+, St. Joseph (04100003)+*, Mettawee River (04150401)+, Otter Creek (04150402)+, Winooski River (04150403)+, Lake Champlain (04150408)+
05 Upper Allegheny (05010001)+, Conewango (05010002)+, French (05010004)+, Pond (05110006)+, Tippecanoe (05120106)+
07 Lac Qui Parle (07020003)+*, Upper Wapsipinicon (07080102)+, Shell Rock (07080202)+, Winnebago (07080203)+, West Fork Cedar (07080204)+, Middle Cedar (07080205)+, East Fork Des Moines (07100003)+, Middle Des Moines (07100004)+, North Raccoon (07100006)+, Kankakee (07120001)+, Chicago (07120003)+
08 Bayou De Chien-Mayfield (08010201)+, Obion (08010202)+
09 Bois De Sioux (09020101)+*, Lower Sheyenne (09020204)+
10 Upper Niobrara (10150003)+, Middle Platte-Buffalo (10200101)+, Loup (10210009)+, Little Sioux (10230003)+
11 Bird (11070107)+, Polecat-Snake (11110101)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Habitat Type: Terrestrial
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Estuarine Habitat(s): Herbaceous wetland
Palustrine Habitat(s): Bog/fen, HERBACEOUS WETLAND, Riparian, SCRUB-SHRUB WETLAND
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Suburban/orchard
Habitat Comments: Drastically different habitats for the two subspecies (or species). Subspecies VIATOR in sedge meadows, fens, ditches, and other open to shrubby sedge wetlands with large sedges like CAREX LACUSTRIS. Subspecies ZIZANIAE in any habitat with PHRAGMITES northward from salt marshes to landfills; but southward where PHRAGMITES invasion is not yet severe apparently in coastal marshes with large native grases like ZIZANEOPSIS.
Adult Food Habits: Nectarivore
Food Comments: Caterpillar Hosts: Inland populations feed on hairy sedge (Carex lacustris); coastal populations feed on reed (Phragmites communis), wild rice (Zizania aquatica), and marsh millet (Zizaniopsis miliacea). Adult Food: Inland populations sip nectar from swamp milkweed, purple loosestrife, and blue vervain. Coastal populations use nectar from dogbane, swamp milkweed, pickerelweed, thistles, salt marsh fleabane, and others (Lotts and Naberhaus 2017).
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: It is impossible to suggest SPECs for this species as it now stands. See subspecies.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 18Aug2009
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: DFS
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 08May2001

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Bess, James. 2005. A Report on the Remnant-Dependent Insects of the Coastal Zone Natural Area Remnants in Northwest Indiana. 23 pp..

  • Huber, R. L. 1981. An updated checklist of Minnesota butterflies. Minnesota Entomological Association Newsletter 14(3):15-25.

  • Lotts, K., and T. Naberhaus, coordinators. 2017. Butterflies and Moths of North America. Available online: http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/ (Version December 2018).

  • Opler, P. A., and A. D. Warren. 2002. Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico. C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. 79 pp.

  • Pelham, J. P. 2008. A catalogue of the butterflies of the United States and Canada with a complete bibliography of the descriptive and systematic literature. The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera. Volume 40. 658 pp. Revised 14 February, 2012.

  • Pohl, G.R.  J-F. Landry, B.C. Schmidt, J.D. Lafontaine, J.T. Troubridge, A.D. Macaulay, E.van Nieukerken, J.R. deWaard, J.J. Dombroskie, J. Klymko, V. Nazari and K. Stead. 2018. Annotated checklist of the moths and butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Canada and Alaska. Pensoft Publishers. 580 pp.

  • ROYER, RONALD A., AND GARY MARRONE, 1992. CONSERVATION STATUS OF THE BROAD-WINGED SKIPPER (POANES VIATOR) IN NORTH AND SOUTH DAKOTA. US FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE.

  • Shull, Ernest M. 1987. The Butterflies of Indiana. Publ. by Indiana Acad. Science, distributed by Indiana Univ. Press, Bloomington/Indianapolis, 262 pp.

  • Stichter, S. 2013. Twentieth century range expansions in Massachusetts. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 55(3):102-105,107.

  • Turgeon, D.D., J.F. Quinn, Jr., A.E. Bogan, E.V. Coan, F.G. Hochberg, W.G. Lyons, P.M. Mikkelsen, R.J. Neves, C.F.E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F.G. Thompson, M. Vecchione, and J.D. Williams. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks. 2nd Edition. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26, Bethesda, Maryland: 526 pp.

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