Platanthera blephariglottis - (Willd.) Lindl.
White-fringe Orchis
Other English Common Names: White Fringed Orchid
Other Common Names: white fringed orchid
Synonym(s): Habenaria blephariglottis (Willd.) Hook.
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Platanthera blephariglottis (Willd.) Lindl. (TSN 43419)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.142013
Element Code: PMORC1Y020
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Orchid Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Orchidales Orchidaceae Platanthera
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Platanthera blephariglottis
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 12Jan2016
Global Status Last Changed: 23Jul1987
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Widespread in the eastern U.S. yet occurs in specialized habitat.
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR
Nation: Canada
National Status: N4N5 (13Nov2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (S2), Connecticut (S1), Delaware (S1), Florida (SNR), Georgia (S1), Illinois (S1), Louisiana (S1), Maine (SNR), Maryland (S2), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNR), Mississippi (S2), New Hampshire (SNR), New Jersey (SNR), New York (S4), North Carolina (S3?), Ohio (S1), Pennsylvania (S2S3), Rhode Island (S1), South Carolina (SNR), Texas (SNR), Vermont (S2), Virginia (S2)
Canada New Brunswick (S3), Newfoundland Island (S4), Nova Scotia (S4), Ontario (S4?), Prince Edward Island (S2), Quebec (S3)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Newfoundland to New Jersey inland to southern Ontario and Michigan.

Number of Occurrences:  
Number of Occurrences Comments: Extirpated from Ohio, on rare species list for Connecticut and Rhode Island.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Somewhat threatened by land-use conversion, habitat fragmentation, and forest management practices (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002). Other threats include alteration of water supply, over-shading by woody growth, horticultural collection.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Newfoundland to New Jersey inland to southern Ontario and Michigan.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, CT, DE, FL, GA, IL, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TX, VA, VT
Canada NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AL Escambia (01053), Mobile (01097)
CT Hartford (09003)*, Litchfield (09005), New Haven (09009)*
DE Sussex (10005)
GA Camden (13039), Emanuel (13107)*, Evans (13109), Marion (13197)*, Talbot (13263), Taylor (13269)*
LA St. Tammany (22103), Vernon (22115)
MD Anne Arundel (24003), Baltimore (city) (24510)*, Baltimore County (24005)*, Caroline (24011), Charles (24017)*, Howard (24027)*, Prince Georges (24033), Wicomico (24045), Worcester (24047)
MS George (28039), Harrison (28047), Jackson (28059), Lauderdale (28075)*, Perry (28111)
OH Portage (39133)
PA Carbon (42025), Erie (42049), Huntingdon (42061)*, Lackawanna (42069), Luzerne (42079), Monroe (42089), Pike (42103), Susquehanna (42115), Warren (42123), Wayne (42127)
RI Bristol (44001), Kent (44003), Providence (44007)*, Washington (44009)
VA Caroline (51033), Chesterfield (51041), Dinwiddie (51053), Greensville (51081), Hopewell (City) (51670), Isle of Wight (51093), Prince George (51149), Suffolk (City) (51800), Sussex (51183)
VT Essex (50009), Franklin (50011), Lamoille (50015), Orange (50017), Orleans (50019)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Upper Connecticut (01080101)+, Upper Connecticut-Mascoma (01080104)+, Lower Connecticut (01080205)+*, Farmington (01080207)+, Narragansett (01090004)+, Pawcatuck-Wood (01090005)+, Housatonic (01100005)+
02 Upper Delaware (02040101)+*, Lackawaxen (02040103)+, Middle Delaware-Mongaup-Brodhead (02040104)+, Lehigh (02040106)+, Chincoteague (02040303)+, Upper Susquehanna-Tunkhannock (02050106)+, Upper Susquehanna-Lackawanna (02050107)+, Upper Juniata (02050302)+*, Gunpowder-Patapsco (02060003)+*, Severn (02060004)+, Choptank (02060005)+, Patuxent (02060006)+*, Middle Potomac-Anacostia-Occoquan (02070010)+, Lower Potomac (02070011)+*, Mattaponi (02080105)+, Western Lower Delmarva (02080109)+, Pokomoke-Western Lower Delmarva (02080111)+, Appomattox (02080207)+
03 Nottoway (03010201)+, Blackwater (03010202)+, Meheriin (03010204)+, Canoochee (03060203)+, Ohoopee (03070107)+*, Cumberland-St. Simons (03070203)+, Middle Chattahoochee-Walter F. George Reservoir (03130003)+, Upper Flint (03130005)+*, Blackwater (03140104)+, Sucarnoochee (03160202)+*, Mobile Bay (03160205)+, Black (03170007)+, Escatawpa (03170008)+, Mississippi Coastal (03170009)+, Lower Pearl. Mississippi (03180004)+
04 Cuyahoga (04110002)+, Lamoille River (04150405)+, Missiquoi River (04150407)+, Lake Champlain (04150408)+, St. Francois River (04150500)+
05 Upper Allegheny (05010001)+, French (05010004)+
08 Whisky Chitto (08080204)+, Liberty Bayou-Tchefuncta (08090201)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Habitat Comments: In full sun or semi-shade in damp acidic situations, especially sphagnum, cranberry or tamarack bogs.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Platanthera spp of eastern US coastal plain flatwoods-EOSPECS

Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: 3 plants constitute an element occurrence
Separation Barriers: Fire suppressed areas (including pine plantations) with thick shrub and needle duff layers are barriers to this species; severe alterations to the natural hydrology may also form barriers; also development or agricultural areas.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 1 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 1 km
Alternate Separation Procedure: N/A
Date: 18Sep2003
Author: Norden, A.H. and Chafin, L.G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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Justification: Use the Generic Guidelines for the Application of Occurrence Ranks (2008).
The Key for Ranking Species Occurrences Using the Generic Approach provides a step-wise process for implementing this method.

Key for Ranking Species Element Occurrences Using the Generic Approach (2008).
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 23Jul1987
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Ogle, Y.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Argus, G.W., K.M. Pryer, D.J. White and C.J. Keddy (eds.). 1982-1987. Atlas of the Rare Vascular Plants of Ontario.. Botany Division, National Museum of National Sciences, Ottawa.

  • Argus, G.W., K.M. Pryer, D.J. White et C.J. Keddy 1982-1987. Atlas des plantes vasculaires rares de l'Ontario. 4 parties. Musée national des sciences naturelles, Ottawa.

  • Bouchard, A., D. Barabé, M. Dumais et S. Hay 1983. Les plantes vasculaires rares du Québec. Syllogeus no 48. Musées nationaux du Canada. Ottawa. 75 p.

  • Brown, C.J. and P.J. Scott. 1997. Environmental parameters influencing the distribution of Platanthera blephariglottis and Platanthera clavellata (Orchidaceae) in peatlands on the Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland. Canadian Journal of Botany 75: 974-980.

  • Case, F.W., Jr. 1987. Orchids of the Western Great Lakes Region. Revised Edition. Bulletin 48, Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. 251 pp.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002a. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 26. Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxvi + 723 pp.

  • Kartesz, J. T. 1991. Synonym names from 1991 checklist, as extracted by Larry Morse, TNC, June 1991.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Marie-Victorin, Fr. 1964. Flore laurentienne. 2e édition revue par E. Rouleau. Les Presses de l'Université de Montréal, Montréal. 925 p.

  • Reddoch, J.M. and A.H. Reddoch. 1997. The orchids in the Ottawa District: floristics, phytogeography, population studies and historical review. Canadian Field-Naturalist 111(1):1-185.

  • Smith, G.R. and G.E. Snow. 1976. Pollination ecology of Platanthera (Habenaria) ciliaris and P. blephariglottis (Orchidaceae). Botanical Gazette 137(2): 133-140.

  • Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project. 2002. A partnership between the U.S. Forest Service-Region 8, Natural Heritage Programs in the Southeast, NatureServe, and independent scientists to develop and review data on 1300+ regionally and locally rare species in the Southern Appalachian and Alabama region. Database (Access 97) provided to the U.S. Forest Service by NatureServe, Durham, North Carolina.

  • Terwilliger, K. (coordinator). 1991. Virginia's Endangered Species: Proceedings of a Symposium. The McDonald and Woodward Publishing Company. Blacksburg, Virginia. 672 pp.

  • Weakley, Alan S.  2015.  Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States.  Unpublished mss. available as .pdf from the Herbarium, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.  1320 pp.

  • Whiting, R.E. and P.M. Catling. 1986. Orchids of Ontario: An Illustrated Guide. The CanaColl Foundation, Ottawa, Ontario. xii + 169 pp.

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