Plantago sparsiflora - Michx.
Pineland Plantain
Other Common Names: pineland plantain
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Plantago sparsiflora Michx. (TSN 32911)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.151052
Element Code: PDPLN02140
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Plantain Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Plantaginales Plantaginaceae Plantago
Check this box to expand all report sections:
Concept Reference
Help
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Plantago sparsiflora
Conservation Status
Help

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G3
Global Status Last Reviewed: 31Jan2013
Global Status Last Changed: 14Jun2000
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by calculator
Rounded Global Status: G3 - Vulnerable
Reasons: There are about 40 occurrences estimated, widely scattered across the Coastal Plain from northeastern Florida ( where numbers are inclomplete) to southeastern North Carolina. On-going habitat loss, including lack of fire and conversion to tree farms, is the major factor affecting this species' chances for survival. Most extant occurrences are along roadsides where they are vulnerable to road widening and unfavorable management practices such as mowing during the flowering period or herbicide spraying.
Nation: United States
National Status: N3

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Florida (S3), Georgia (S2), North Carolina (S1S2), South Carolina (S2)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Limited to the coastal plain, and known from seven counties in northeastern Florida (as far south as Volusia County), three counties in southwest Georgia and seven counties in southeast Georgia; five counties in eastern South Carolina and north into four counties in southeastern North Carolina, as far north as Onslow and Pender Counties (Taggart 2010). Falsely reported for coastal Virginia (Weakley 2012).

Area of Occupancy: 6-125 4-km2 grid cells
Area of Occupancy Comments: This plant does grow along roadsides, for instance in places near wet flatwoods or savannas where roadbed material may be calcareous.

Number of Occurrences: 21 - 80
Number of Occurrences Comments: There are about 40 extant occurrences estimated. The number of additional occurrences in Florida is uncertain.

Population Size Comments: The population size is most likely 10,000 - 100,000 individuals, however it could be more. Some roadside populations are large (EO data in the NatureServe central database as of November 2012).

Number of Occurrences with Good Viability/Integrity: Some (13-40)

Overall Threat Impact: Medium
Overall Threat Impact Comments: Threats include lack of fire (i.e. the suppression of natural fire regime without substituting prescribed fire), ditching, drainage, and the conversion of natural habitat to intensive silviculture (tree farms). This plant can survive in roadside populations, herbicide or road widening can be a threat.

Short-term Trend: Decline of <30% to relatively stable

Long-term Trend: Decline of 10-50%

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
Help
Global Range: Limited to the coastal plain, and known from seven counties in northeastern Florida (as far south as Volusia County), three counties in southwest Georgia and seven counties in southeast Georgia; five counties in eastern South Carolina and north into four counties in southeastern North Carolina, as far north as Onslow and Pender Counties (Taggart 2010). Falsely reported for coastal Virginia (Weakley 2012).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States FL, GA, NC, SC

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
GA Brantley (13025)*, Calhoun (13037)*, Camden (13039), Charlton (13049), Dougherty (13095)*, Glynn (13127), Lee (13177)*, Long (13183)*, Mcintosh (13191)*, Wayne (13305)
NC Bladen (37017)*, Brunswick (37019), Columbus (37047), Onslow (37133), Pender (37141)
SC Berkeley (45015), Charleston (45019), Dorchester (45035)*, Georgetown (45043), Horry (45051)*, Jasper (45053), Orangeburg (45075), Sumter (45085)*, Williamsburg (45089)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Lower Cape Fear (03030005)+*, Northeast Cape Fear (03030007)+, Black (03040205)+, Waccamaw (03040206)+, Carolina Coastal-Sampit (03040207)+, Santee (03050112)+, Cooper (03050201)+, Edisto (03050205)+, Bulls Bay (03050209)+, Calibogue Sound-Wright River (03060110)+, Ogeechee Coastal (03060204)+*, Altamaha (03070106)+, Satilla (03070201)+, Cumberland-St. Simons (03070203)+, St. Marys (03070204)+, Kinchafoonee-Muckalee (03130007)+*, Lower Flint (03130008)+*, Ichawaynochaway (03130009)+*
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
Help
Basic Description: A perennial herb with narrow leaves, up to 2 dm long. The plants bear spikes of reddish-purple flowers, which are spaced well apart on the flowering stem. Blooms from April to October.
Technical Description: "Leaf blades long-lanceolate, long-tapered basally to winged petioles, acuminate apically, 8-20 cm long overall, blades 1-4 cm broad at their broadest places, pubescence scattered on both surfaces, margins entire. Inflorescences 1 to several, their axes more or less suffused with reddish purple, sparsely pubescent; spikes 20-40 cm long, loosely flowered and with portions of their axes visible between flowers or groups of flowers. Bracts glabrous, triangular-acute, 1-1.5 mm long, much shorter than the calyces. Sepals about 2.5 cm long, oblong or oblong-elliptic, inequilateral, with a somewhat keeled green midportion and either side scarious and more or less reddish purple. Capsule 3-3.5 mm long, ovoid or lance-ovoid, summit rounded to truncate, dehiscing a little above the base. Seeds 2 per capsule, 2.5 mm long, purplish black, one face rounded, the other deeply grooved, surface minutely pitted" (Godfrey and Wooten, 1981).
Diagnostic Characteristics: Plantago sparsiflora may be characterized by leaf blades lanceolate, not over 4 cm broad at their broadest places, pubescent on both surfaces; bracts triangular-acute (Godfrey and Wooten, 1981).
Duration: PERENNIAL
Palustrine Habitat(s): FORESTED WETLAND, SCRUB-SHRUB WETLAND
Habitat Comments: Marshy/seasonally wet pine savannahs and adjacent roadsides and ditches.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary
Help
Stewardship Overview: The pineland areas where this plant occurs can be managed effectively with prescribed fire to maintain an open, grassy understory. Avoid minor drainage such as ditches, bedding, or even fire plow lines in the wet natural areas where this plant occurs. Some roadside populations are large (EO data in the NatureServe central database as of November 2012). The roadside management could accomodate these populations, for instance by not using herbicide in those areas, and instead mowing roadside populations after the seeds are mature in the late fall.

Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 31Jan2013
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Weakley (1994), rev. Amoroso/Maybury (1996), rev. C. Nordman (2013)
Management Information Edition Date: 13Feb2013
Management Information Edition Author: Nordman, C.
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 27Jul1992

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Godfrey, R.K., and J.W. Wooten. 1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States: Dicotyledons. Univ. Georgia Press, Athens. 933 pp.

  • Jones, S.B., Jr., and N.C. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Dept. Botany, Univ. Georgia, Athens. 230 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Univ. North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC. 1183 pp.

  • Small, J.K. 1933. Manual of the southeastern flora. Two volumes. Hafner Publishing Company, New York.

  • Sorrie, B.A. 1995. Status survey for Plantago sparsiflora. Prepared for the North Carolina Natural Heritage Program and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Asheville, NC.

  • Taggart, J.B. 2010. The Vascular Flora of Sandy Run Savannas State Natural Area, Onslow and Pender Counties, North Carolina. Castanea 75(4): 484-499.

  • Weakley, A. S. 2012. Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Working Draft of 28 September 2012. University of North Carolina Herbarium (NCU), North Carolina Botanical Garden, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Online. Available: http://herbarium.unc.edu/flora.htm (Accessed 2012).

  • Weakley, A.S. 1996. Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia: working draft of 23 May 1996. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Southern Conservation Science Dept., Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Unpaginated.

Use Guidelines & Citation

Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2019.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2019 NatureServe, 2511 Richmond (Jefferson Davis) Highway, Suite 930, Arlington, VA 22202, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2019. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.