Onosmodium molle ssp. hispidissimum - (Mackenzie) Boivin
Soft-Hairy False Gromwell
Other English Common Names: Hairy False Gromwell
Synonym(s): Lithospermum parviflorum Weakley, Witsell & D. Estes ;Onosmodium bejariense var. hispidissimum (Mackenzie) B.L. Turner ;Onosmodium hispidissimum Mackenzie ;Onosmodium molle var. hispidissimum
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Onosmodium molle ssp. hispidissimum (Mackenzie) Boivin (TSN 524373)
French Common Names: onosmodie hispide
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.150651
Element Code: PDBOR0S031
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Borage Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Lamiales Boraginaceae Onosmodium
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Onosmodium molle ssp. hispidissimum
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4G5T4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 26Jul2016
Global Status Last Changed: 21Jan1992
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: T4 - Apparently Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR
Nation: Canada
National Status: N2 (06Sep2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (S3), Arkansas (SNR), Illinois (SNR), Indiana (S1), Kentucky (S1), Louisiana (SNR), Maryland (SNR), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (SNR), Mississippi (SNR), Missouri (SNR), New Hampshire (SNR), New York (S3S4), North Carolina (SNR), Ohio (S3), Pennsylvania (S1), Tennessee (S1), Texas (S1?), Virginia (S4), West Virginia (S4), Wisconsin (SNR)
Canada Manitoba (SU), Ontario (S2), Quebec (S1)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, IL, IN, KY, LA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NY, OH, PA, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV
Canada MB, ON, QC

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
IN Fountain (18045), Franklin (18047), Madison (18095)*, Tippecanoe (18157)*, Vigo (18167)*, Warren (18171)
KY Anderson (21005)*, Boone (21015)*, Carroll (21041)*, Christian (21047)*, Fayette (21067), Franklin (21073)*, Gallatin (21077)*, Garrard (21079), Henry (21103)*, Jessamine (21113)*, Lincoln (21137), Oldham (21185)*, Owen (21187)*, Scott (21209)*, Shelby (21211)*, Todd (21219), Trimble (21223)*, Woodford (21239)*
OH Adams (39001), Belmont (39013), Champaign (39021)*, Clark (39023), Erie (39043), Greene (39057), Lucas (39095), Miami (39109)*, Montgomery (39113), Pike (39131), Ross (39141)*, Sandusky (39143)
PA Allegheny (42003), Centre (42027), Fayette (42051)*, Franklin (42055)*, Huntingdon (42061), Juniata (42067), Washington (42125)*, Westmoreland (42129)*
TN Davidson (47037)*, Knox (47093), Marion (47115)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Bald Eagle (02050204)+, Lower Susquehanna-Penns (02050301)+, Upper Juniata (02050302)+, Lower Juniata (02050304)+, Conococheague-Opequon (02070004)+*
04 Lower Maumee (04100009)+, Sandusky (04100011)+
05 Lower Monongahela (05020005)+*, Youghiogheny (05020006)+*, Upper Ohio (05030101)+, Upper Ohio-Wheeling (05030106)+, Upper Scioto (05060001)+*, Lower Scioto (05060002)+, Upper Great Miami (05080001)+, Whitewater (05080003)+, Ohio Brush-Whiteoak (05090201)+, Little Miami (05090202)+, Middle Ohio-Laughery (05090203)+*, Lower Kentucky (05100205)+, Pond (05110006)+, Middle Wabash-Deer (05120105)+*, Tippecanoe (05120106)+*, Wildcat (05120107)+*, Middle Wabash-Little Vermilion (05120108)+, Middle Wabash-Busseron (05120111)+*, Upper White (05120201)+*, Lower Cumberland-Sycamore (05130202)+*, Lower Cumberland (05130205)+*, Red (05130206)+*, Silver-Little Kentucky (05140101)+*, Salt (05140102)+*
06 Lower French Broad (06010107)+, Watts Bar Lake (06010201)+, Middle Tennessee-Chickamauga (06020001)+, Sequatchie (06020004)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A herb with a woody root, several coarsely hairy stems, simple alternate leaves, and coiled flower clusters.
Technical Description: Root: perennial, woody. Stems: several, stout, erect, (6-) 10-12dm, coarsely hirsute. Leaves: cauline, alternate, simple, entire, ovate, 8-10cm long and 1.8-4cm wide (the lower reduced and deciduous) uniform, sessile, strongly veined. Inflorescence: scirpoid cymes coiled at anthesis straightening afterward. Flowers: regular, hypogynous, perfect, gamopetalous, 5 merous. Calyx: shorter than the corolla tube, deeply five parted. Corolla: tubular, yellowish white, pubescent outside, 1.0-1.8cm long, lobes deltoid erect. Stamens: inserted on the tube, alternate with the corolla. Style: filiform, much exserted, bifid at the summit. Ovary: superior, 2 carpeled, deeply full parted. Nutlets: 3mm long, basally constricted, pitted, brownish tinged, ovoid to subglobose.
Diagnostic Characteristics: Corolla tubular, regular, dull yellowish white, the lobes erect and acute. Ovary deeply 4 parted. Anthers included. Style long exsert.
Duration: PERENNIAL
Ecology Comments: Prefers well drained upper slopes in open areas such as old fields and pastures.
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest - Hardwood, Forest/Woodland, Old field
Habitat Comments: Dry, open, rocky or gravelly hillsides, fields, thickets, and prairies in calcareous regions.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 31Jan1992
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): ISAAC, J.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Argus, G.W., K.M. Pryer, D.J. White and C.J. Keddy (eds.). 1982-1987. Atlas of the Rare Vascular Plants of Ontario.. Botany Division, National Museum of National Sciences, Ottawa.

  • Argus, G.W., K.M. Pryer, D.J. White et C.J. Keddy 1982-1987. Atlas des plantes vasculaires rares de l'Ontario. 4 parties. Musée national des sciences naturelles, Ottawa.

  • Britton, N. L. and A. B. Brown. 1913. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada, and the British Possessions. 2nd Edition in 3 Volumes. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. B13BRI01PAUS.

  • Britton, N. L. and A. Brown. 1913. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada. 3 vol. Dover Publications, Inc., N. Y. 2052 pp.

  • Cochrane, T.S. 1976. Taxonomic status of the Onosmodium molle complex (Boraginaceae) in Wisconsin. Michigan Botanist 15: 103-110.

  • Coursol, F., 2000. Communication personnelle.

  • Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. Corrected printing (1970). D. Van Nostrand Company, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Fernald, M.L. 1949. Gray's Manual of Botany, Eighth edition. American Book Co. New York. B49FER01PAUS

  • Fernald, M.L. 1950 Gray's Manual of Botany, 8th ed. American Book Company, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Fleurbec / G. Lamoureux, S. Lamoureux, A. Tousignant, L. Cournoyer et R.F. Gauthier / 1994. Plantes susceptibles d'être désignées menacées ou vulnérables. Noms français de 229 espèces. Rapport non publié, préparé pour le gouvernement du Québec, ministère

  • Gleason, H.A. & Cronquist, A. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Edition. The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY 10458. U.S.A. B91GLE01PAUS.

  • Gleason, H.A., and A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. D. Van Nostrand Company, New York, NY. 810 pp.

  • Gleason, H.A., and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. 910 pp.

  • Johnston, I.M. 1924. Studies in the Boraginaceae-II 1. A Synopsis of the American Native and Immigrant Borages of the Sub-family Boraginoideae. Contributions From the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University 70:3-55.

  • Johnston, I.M. 1924. Studies in the Boraginaceae-II 1. A Synopsis of the American Native and Immigrant Borages of the Sub-family Boraginoideae. Contributions From the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University 70:3-55. A24JOH01PAUS.

  • Kartesz, J. 1990. Synonymized checklist of the vascular flora [of North America north of Mexico, and Hawaii]. Unpublished second review draft.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Lamond, B. 2015. Soft-hairy False Gromwell (Oh Molly) Onosmodium molle var. hispidissimum in the Hamilton area. The Wood Duck 69(3): 63-64.

  • Mackenzie, K. K. 1905. Onosmodium. Bull. Torr. Club. 32:495- 506.

  • Mackenzie, K. K. 1905. Onosmodium. Bull. Torr. Club. 32:495- 506. A05MAC01PAUS.

  • Ranger, J. 1979. Etude floristique des rapides de Lachine. Mémoire de maîtrise, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec. 476 p.

  • Strausbaugh, P.D. and Core, E.L. 1964. Flora of West Virginia, Series 65, No 3-2. West Virginia University Bulletin. B64STR01PAUS.

  • Strausbaugh, P.D. and E.L. Core. 1964. Flora of West Virginia, Series 65, No 3-2. West Virginia University Bulletin.

  • Turner, B.L. 1995. Synopsis of the genus Onosmodium (Boraginaceae). Phytologia 78(1):39-60.

  • Weakley A. S., C. T. Witsell & L. D. Estes 2011 NEW COMBINATIONS, RANK CHANGES, AND NOMENCLATURAL AND TAXONOMIC COMMENTS IN THE VASCULAR FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5(2) 441-442

  • Weakley, A. S., R. J. LeBlond, B. A. Sorrie C. T. Witsell, L. D. Estes, K. Gandhi, K. G. Mathews, and A. Ebihara. 2011. New combinations, rank changes, and nomenclatural and taxonomic comments in the vascular flora of the southeastern United States. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5(2):437-455.

  • Weakley, A.S. R.J. LeBlond, B.J. Sorrie, L.D. Estes, K.G. Mathews, C.T. Witsell, K. Gandhi, and A. Ebihara. 2011. New combinations, rank changes, and nomenclatural and taxonomic comments in the vascular flora of the southeastern United States. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5(2): 437 455.

  • Williams, A.H. 1999. Inventory of Onosmodium molle in Wisconsin: historic status, present status and future prospects In: Proceedings Fifteenth North American prairie conference (1996). C. Warwick (ed.). The Natural Areas Association. Bend, OR: 251-255.

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