Noturus flavus - Rafinesque, 1818
Stonecat
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Noturus flavus Rafinesque, 1818 (TSN 164013)
French Common Names: barbotte des rapides, chat-fou des rapides
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.101382
Element Code: AFCKA02070
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Bony Fishes - North American Freshwater Catfishes
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Actinopterygii Siluriformes Ictaluridae Noturus
Genus Size: D - Medium to large genus (21+ species)
Check this box to expand all report sections:
Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B91ROB01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Noturus flavus
Taxonomic Comments: The population in the Tennessee River drainage appears to be taxonomically distinct from populations in the upper Mississippi River basin (Cavender, in Burkhead and Jenkins 1991). The population in the Cumberland River drainage exhibits distinctive a pigment pattern (Page and Burr 1991). Distinctive coloration also has been noted in Alabama (Mettee et al. 1996). See Grady and LeGrande (1992) for a study of phylogenetic relationships, modes of speciation, and historical biogeography of NOTURUS madtom catfishes. See Lundberg (1992) for a synthesis of recent work on the systematic relationships of ictalurid catfishes.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 22Sep2015
Global Status Last Changed: 19Sep1996
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (05Dec1996)
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5 (22Sep2015)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alabama (S1), Arkansas (S1), Colorado (S1), Illinois (S4), Indiana (S4), Iowa (S5), Kansas (S5), Kentucky (S4S5), Maryland (S1), Michigan (S4), Minnesota (SNR), Missouri (SNR), Montana (S5), Nebraska (S5), New York (S3), North Carolina (S1), North Dakota (SNR), Ohio (S5), Oklahoma (S1), Pennsylvania (S5), South Dakota (S5), Tennessee (S4), Vermont (S1), Virginia (S2), West Virginia (S5), Wisconsin (S5), Wyoming (S5)
Canada Alberta (S1), Manitoba (S5), Ontario (S4), Quebec (S2), Saskatchewan (S2)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Alberta and south to northern Alabama, northern Mississippi, Arkansas, northeastern Oklahoma, and Colorado; Hudson River drainage, New York (Page and Burr 1991; see also McCulloch and Stewart 1998).

Number of Occurrences:  
Number of Occurrences Comments: This species is represented by a large number of subpopulations and locations.

Population Size Comments: Total adult population size is unknown but relatively large.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Potential threats include siltation, pollution, and impoundment.

Short-term Trend Comments: Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable or slowly declining.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Protection Needs: The apparently taxonomically distinct population in the Tennessee River drainage may warrant federal protection (Burkhead and Jenkins 1991).

Distribution
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Global Range: St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Alberta and south to northern Alabama, northern Mississippi, Arkansas, northeastern Oklahoma, and Colorado; Hudson River drainage, New York (Page and Burr 1991; see also McCulloch and Stewart 1998).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, CO, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MD, MI, MN, MO, MT, NC, ND, NE, NY, OH, OK, PA, SD, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY
Canada AB, MB, ON, QC, SK

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AL Lauderdale (01077), Limestone (01083)
CO Boulder (08013)
MD Garrett (24023)
NC Macon (37113), Madison (37115), Swain (37173), Yancey (37199)
OK Cherokee (40021)*
VA Rockbridge (51163), Russell (51167), Scott (51169), Tazewell (51185)*, Washington (51191)*
VT Chittenden (50007), Franklin (50011)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Winooski (02010003), Great Chazy-Saranac (02010006)*, Sacandaga (02020002), Mohawk (02020004), Schoharie (02020005), Middle Hudson (02020006), Maury (02080202)+
04 St. Louis (04010201), Beartrap-Nemadji (04010301), Lake Superior (04020300), Manitowoc-Sheboygan (04030101), Door-Kewaunee (04030102), Upper Fox (04030201), Wolf (04030202), Little Calumet-Galien (04040001), Pike-Root (04040002), Milwaukee (04040003), St. Joseph (04050001), Kalamazoo (04050003), Upper Grand (04050004), Maple (04050005), Au Sable (04070007), Au Gres-Rifle (04080101), Pigeon-Wiscoggin (04080103), Birch-Willow (04080104), Tittabawassee (04080201), Pine (04080202), Shiawassee (04080203), Flint (04080204), Cass (04080205), St. Clair (04090001), Detroit (04090004), Huron (04090005), Ottawa-Stony (04100001), Raisin (04100002), St. Joseph (04100003), St. Marys (04100004), Upper Maumee (04100005), Tiffin (04100006), Auglaize (04100007), Blanchard (04100008)*, Lower Maumee (04100009), Cedar-Portage (04100010), Sandusky (04100011)*, Huron-Vermilion (04100012), Black-Rocky (04110001), Ashtabula-Chagrin (04110003), Grand (04110004), Chautauqua-Conneaut (04120101), Cattaraugus (04120102), Buffalo-Eighteenmile (04120103), Lake Erie (04120200), Oak Orchard-Twelvemile (04130001), Upper Genesee (04130002), Lower Genesee (04130003), Irondequoit-Ninemile (04140101)*, Salmon-Sandy (04140102)*, Seneca (04140201)*, Oswego (04140203), Black (04150101)*, Upper St. Lawrence (04150301)*, Raquette (04150305)*, St. Regis (04150306)*, English-Salmon (04150307)*, Missiquoi River (04150407)+, Lake Champlain (04150408)+
05 Upper Allegheny (05010001), Middle Allegheny-Tionesta (05010003), French (05010004), Middle Allegheny-Redbank (05010006), Cheat (05020004), Lower Monongahela (05020005), Youghiogheny (05020006)+, Upper Ohio (05030101)*, Shenango (05030102), Mahoning (05030103)*, Upper Ohio-Wheeling (05030106), Little Muskingum-Middle Island (05030201), Upper Ohio-Shade (05030202)*, Tuscarawas (05040001)*, Mohican (05040002), Walhonding (05040003), Muskingum (05040004), Wills (05040005)*, Licking (05040006), Gauley (05050005), Elk (05050007), Upper Scioto (05060001), Lower Scioto (05060002), Paint (05060003), Upper Guyandotte (05070101), Lower Guyandotte (05070102), Tug (05070201), Upper Great Miami (05080001), Lower Great Miami (05080002)*, Whitewater (05080003), Raccoon-Symmes (05090101), Little Scioto-Tygarts (05090103), Little Sandy (05090104), Ohio Brush-Whiteoak (05090201), Little Miami (05090202), Middle Ohio-Laughery (05090203), Licking (05100101), South Fork Licking (05100102), North Fork Kentucky (05100201), Middle Fork Kentucky (05100202), South Fork Kentucky (05100203), Upper Kentucky (05100204), Lower Kentucky (05100205), Upper Green (05110001)*, Upper Wabash (05120101), Eel (05120104), Middle Wabash-Deer (05120105), Tippecanoe (05120106), Wildcat (05120107), Middle Wabash-Little Vermilion (05120108), Vermilion (05120109), Sugar (05120110), Middle Wabash-Busseron (05120111), Embarras (05120112)*, Lower Wabash (05120113), Upper White (05120201), Lower White (05120202), Eel (05120203), Driftwood (05120204), Lower East Fork White (05120208), Rockcastle (05130102), Upper Cumberland-Lake Cumberland (05130103), South Fork Cumberland (05130104), Obey (05130105), Upper Cumberland-Cordell Hull (05130106), Collins (05130107), Caney (05130108), Stones (05130203), Harpeth (05130204), Red (05130206), Silver-Little Kentucky (05140101), Salt (05140102), Rolling Fork (05140103), Blue-Sinking (05140104), Lower Ohio-Bay (05140203), Lower Ohio (05140206)
06 North Fork Holston (06010101)+, South Fork Holston (06010102)+, Watauga (06010103), Upper French Broad (06010105)+, Nolichucky (06010108)+, Watts Bar Lake (06010201), Upper Little Tennessee (06010202)+, Lower Little Tennessee (06010204), Upper Clinch (06010205)+, Upper Elk (06030003), Lower Elk (06030004)+, Pickwick Lake (06030005)+, Upper Duck (06040002), Buffalo (06040004)
07 Upper Minnesota (07020001), Middle Minnesota (07020007), Upper St. Croix (07030001), Namekagon (07030002), Lower St. Croix (07030005), Rush-Vermillion (07040001), Buffalo-Whitewater (07040003), Trempealeau (07040005), La Crosse-Pine (07040006), Black (07040007), Lower Chippewa (07050005), Eau Claire (07050006), Red Cedar (07050007), Coon-Yellow (07060001), Upper Iowa (07060002), Grant-Little Maquoketa (07060003), Turkey (07060004), Apple-Plum (07060005), Maquoketa (07060006), Lake Dubay (07070002), Castle Rock (07070003), Baraboo (07070004), Lower Wisconsin (07070005), Kickapoo (07070006), Copperas-Duck (07080101), Upper Wapsipinicon (07080102), Flint-Henderson (07080104), South Skunk (07080105), North Skunk (07080106), Skunk (07080107), Upper Cedar (07080201), Winnebago (07080203), West Fork Cedar (07080204), Middle Cedar (07080205), Lower Cedar (07080206), Upper Iowa (07080207), Middle Iowa (07080208), Lower Iowa (07080209), Upper Rock (07090001), Crawfish (07090002), Pecatonica (07090003), Sugar (07090004), Lower Rock (07090005), Kishwaukee (07090006), Green (07090007)*, Upper Des Moines (07100002)*, East Fork Des Moines (07100003)*, Middle Des Moines (07100004), Boone (07100005), North Raccoon (07100006), South Raccoon (07100007)*, Lake Red Rock (07100008), Lower Des Moines (07100009), Bear-Wyaconda (07110001), North Fabius (07110002), South Fabius (07110003), The Sny (07110004), North Fork Salt (07110005), South Fork Salt (07110006), Salt (07110007), Cuivre (07110008), Peruque-Piasa (07110009), Kankakee (07120001), Iroquois (07120002), Des Plaines (07120004), Upper Illinois (07120005), Upper Fox (07120006), Lower Fox (07120007), Lower Illinois-Senachwine Lake (07130001), Vermilion (07130002), Lower Illinois-Lake Chautauqua (07130003)*, Mackinaw (07130004), Spoon (07130005), Upper Sangamon (07130006), South Fork Sangamon (07130007)*, Salt (07130009), La Moine (07130010), Lower Illinois (07130011), Macoupin (07130012)*, Cahokia-Joachim (07140101), Meramec (07140102), Bourbeuse (07140103), Big (07140104), Upper Mississippi-Cape Girardeau (07140105), Upper Kaskaskia (07140201)*, Lower Kaskaskia (07140204)*
08 Lower Mississippi-Memphis (08010100), Lower Mississippi-Helena (08020100)
09 Lower Sheyenne (09020204)
10 Madison (10020007), Upper Missouri (10030101), Upper Missouri-Dearborn (10030102), Marias (10030203), Bullwhacker-Dog (10040101), Judith (10040103), Fort Peck Reservoir (10040104), Upper Musselshell (10040201), Middle Musselshell (10040202), Lower Musselshell (10040205), Middle Milk (10050004), Lower Milk (10050012), Frenchman (10050013), Rock (10050015), Prarie Elk-Wolf (10060001), Redwater (10060002), Poplar (10060003), Charlie-Little Muddy (10060005), Upper Yellowstone-Lake Basin (10070004), Clarks Fork Yellowstone (10070006), Upper Yellowstone-Pompeys Pillar (10070007), Upper Bighorn (10080007), Big Horn Lake (10080010), Shoshone (10080014), Lower Bighorn (10080015), Little Bighorn (10080016), Upper Tongue (10090101), Lower Tongue (10090102), Middle Fork Powder (10090201), Upper Powder (10090202), South Fork Powder (10090203), Crazy Woman (10090205), Clear (10090206), Middle Powder (10090207), Little Powder (10090208), Lower Powder (10090209), Mizpah (10090210), Lower Yellowstone-Sunday (10100001), Rosebud (10100003), Lower Yellowstone (10100004), O'fallon (10100005), Upper Little Missouri (10110201), Boxelder (10110202), Middle Little Missouri (10110203), Beaver (10110204), Lower Little Missouri (10110205), Middle Cheyenne-Spring (10120109), Middle Cheyenne-Elk (10120111), Upper Belle Fourche (10120201), Lower Belle Fourche (10120202), Lower Lake Oahe (10130105), Knife (10130201), Upper Heart (10130202), Lower Heart (10130203), Upper Cannonball (10130204), Cedar (10130205), Lower Cannonball (10130206), North Fork Grand (10130301), South Fork Grand (10130302), Grand (10130303), Lower Moreau (10130306), Fort Randall Reservoir (10140101), Upper White (10140201), Little White (10140203), Middle Niobrara (10150004), Lower Niobrara (10150007), Lewis and Clark Lake (10170101), Vermillion (10170102), Upper Big Sioux (10170202), Lower Big Sioux (10170203), Rock (10170204)*, Glendo Reservoir (10180008), Middle North Platte-Scotts Bluff (10180009), Lower Laramie (10180011), Horse (10180012), St. Vrain (10190005)+, Middle Platte-Prairie (10200103), Salt (10200203), Upper Middle Loup (10210001), Loup (10210009), Upper Elkhorn (10220001), North Fork Elkhorn (10220002), Blackbird-Soldier (10230001), Little Sioux (10230003), Maple (10230005), Boyer (10230007), West Nishnabotna (10240002)*, Tarkio-Wolf (10240005), South Fork Big Nemaha (10240007), West Nodaway (10240009), Nodaway (10240010)*, Independence-Sugar (10240011)*, Platte (10240012), One Hundred and Two (10240013), North Fork Republican (10250002), South Fork Republican (10250003), Middle Republican (10250016), Lower Republican (10250017), Smoky Hill Headwaters (10260001), Upper Smoky Hill (10260003)*, Ladder (10260004)*, Hackberry (10260005)*, Middle Smoky Hill (10260006)*, Big (10260007)*, Lower Smoky Hill (10260008), Upper North Fork Solomon (10260011)*, Lower North Fork Solomon (10260012), Solomon (10260015), Upper Kansas (10270101), Middle Kansas (10270102), Delaware (10270103), Lower Kansas (10270104), Upper Big Blue (10270201), Middle Big Blue (10270202), West Fork Big Blue (10270203), Lower Big Blue (10270205), Lower Little Blue (10270207), Upper Grand (10280101), Thompson (10280102), Lower Grand (10280103), Upper Chariton (10280201), Lower Chariton (10280202), Upper Marais Des Cygnes (10290101), Lower Marais Des Cygnes (10290102), Little Osage (10290103), Marmaton (10290104), Harry S. Missouri (10290105), Sac (10290106), Pomme De Terre (10290107), South Grand (10290108), Niangua (10290110), Lower Osage (10290111), Upper Gasconade (10290201), Big Piney (10290202), Lower Gasconade (10290203), Lower Missouri-Crooked (10300101), Lower Missouri-Moreau (10300102), Lamine (10300103), Lower Missouri (10300200)
11 Upper Verdigris (11070101), Middle Verdigris (11070103), Caney (11070106), Neosho headwaters (11070201), Upper Cottonwood (11070202), Lower Cottonwood (11070203), Upper Neosho (11070204), Middle Neosho (11070205), Lake O' the Cherokees (11070206), Spring (11070207), Lower Neosho (11070209), Lower Canadian (11090204), Dirty-Greenleaf (11110102), Illinois (11110103)+, Robert S. Kerr Reservoir (11110104), Poteau (11110105)
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed (based on multiple information sources) Help
Ecology & Life History
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Reproduction Comments: Spawns in spring and summer, later in north than in south. In Ohio, nesting occurs from June to August, when water temperature exceeds 25 C. Different sources report that one or both parents guard eggs or that the male guards and broods the eggs. Matures in 3-4 years, lives up to 9 years (Lee et al. 1980, Becker 1983).
Ecology Comments: Sometimes rather common, more so than most NOTURUS (Lee et al. 1980).
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Riverine Habitat(s): BIG RIVER, CREEK, MEDIUM RIVER, Moderate gradient, Pool, Riffle
Lacustrine Habitat(s): Shallow water
Special Habitat Factors: Benthic
Habitat Comments: Often under rocks in runs, riffles, and rapids in warm creeks and small to large rivers; in some areas in the north, also occurs in natural lakes near sand and gravel bars with wave action. Typically in streams with many large loose rocks. In Missouri, largely rheophilic and associated with fairly shallow depths and high current velocities (Banks and DiStefano 2002). May move to deep water in winter, to quiet water to feed. Spawns in streams or in shallow rocky areas of lakes; eggs deposited beneath stones.
Adult Food Habits: Invertivore
Immature Food Habits: Invertivore
Food Comments: Eats mainly bottom invertebrates (insects, crayfish); sometimes also plant material and fishes (Becker 1983, Scott and Crossman 1973).
Adult Phenology: Nocturnal
Immature Phenology: Nocturnal
Length: 15 centimeters
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Madtoms

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including eggs and larvae) in appropriate habitat.
Separation Barriers: Dam/impoundment; high waterfall; upland habitat.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Justification: Madtoms are generally regarded as sedentary, at least over the short term, but dispersal characteristics are unknown. Separation distance is arbitrary but reflects the likely low probability that two occupied locations separated by less than several kilometers of aquatic habitat would represent truly independent populations over the long term.

Because of the difficulty in defining suitable versus unsuitable habitat, especially with respect to dispersal, and to simplify the delineation of occurrences, a single separation distance is used regardless of habitat quality.

Date: 21Sep2004
Author: Hammerson, G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 30Dec2002
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
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  • Banks, S. M. et Distefano, R. J. 2002. Diurnal habitat associations of the madstoms Noturus albater, N. exilis, N. flavater and N. flavus in Missouri Ozarks streams. Am. Mildl. Nat. 148: 138-145 p.

  • Banks, S. M., and R. J. DiStefano. 2002. Diurnal habitat associations of the madtoms Noturus albater, N. exilis, N. flavater, and N. flavus in Missouri Ozarks streams. American Midland Naturalist 148:138-145.

  • Bernatchez L. et M. Giroux. 2000. Les poissons d'eau douce du Québec et leur répartition dans l'est du Canada. Broquet. 350 pages

  • Bernatchez, L. et Giroux, M. 1991. Guide des poissons d'eau douce du Québec: leur distribution dans l'Est du Canada. Éditions Broquet Inc. 304 p.

  • Bunt, C. M., S. J. Cook, R. S. McKingley. 1998. Creation and maintenance of habitat dowstream from a weir for the greenside darter, Etheostoma blennioides, a rare fish in Canada. Environmental biology of fishes. 51. p. 297-308.

  • Burkhead, N. M., and R. E. Jenkins. 1991. Fishes. Pages 321-409 in K. Terwilliger (coordinator). Virginia's Endangered Species: Proceedings of a Symposium. McDonald and Woodward Publishing Company, Blacksburg, Virginia.

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  • Grady, J. M., and W. H. LeGrande. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships, modes of speciation, and historical biogeography of the madtom catfishes, genus Noturus Rafinesque (Siluriformes: Ictaluridae). Pages 747-777 in R.L. Mayden, editor. Systematics, historical ecology, and North American freshwater fishes. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. xxvi + 969 pp.

  • Layher, W. G. et R. D.Wood. 1986. New county records in Kansas for the Stonecat and the slender madtom with descriptions of habitats at collection sites. Transactions of the Kansas academy of sciences. 89(3-4). p.169-170.

  • Legendre, V. et J.F. Bergeron. 1977. Liste des poissons d' eau douce du Québec. MLCP, Service Aménage. Expl. Faune. Rap. dact. 6

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  • McAllister, D. E. 1974. Poissons de la région de la capitale du Canada. Ministère de l'Environnement, Service des pêches et des sciences de la mer, Ottawa. 200 p.

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  • Nature Serve 2002. Site internet de Nature Serve. Accès : www.natureserve.org/ .

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  • Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Seventh edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 432 pp.

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  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.

  • Scott W.B. et E.J. Crossman. 1974. Poissons d'eau douce du Canada. Ministère de l'Environnement. Service des pêches et des sciences de la mer. Office des recherches sur les pêcherires du Canada. Bulletin 184. 1026 p.

  • Scott, W. B., and E. J. Crossman. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Bulletin 184. 966 pp.

  • Stephen, J.W. et B.M. Burr. 1985. Biology of the Stonecat, Noturus flavus, (Siluriformes : ictaluridae), in the Central Illinois and Missouri streams, and comparisons with Great lakes populations and congeners. Ohio. J. Sci. 85(3). p. 85-96.

  • Taylor, W.R. 1969. A revision of the catfish genus Noturus (Rafinesque) with an analysis of higher groups in the Ictaluridae. Smithsonian Institution, U.S. National Museum Bulletin 282. 315 pp.

  • Walsh, S. J. et Burr, B. M. 1985. Biology of the stonecat, Noturus flavus (siluriformes: ictaluridae), in the central Illinois and Missouri streams, and comparisons with Great Lakes populations and congeners. Ohio J. Sci. 85 (3): 85-96.

  • Wildhaber, M. L., V. M. Tabor, J. E. Whitaker, A. L. Allert, D. W. Mulhern, P. J. Lamberson et K. L. Powell. 2000. Ictalurid populations in relation to the presence of a Main-stem reservoir in a midwestern warmwater stream with emphasis on the threatened

References for Watershed Distribution Map
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  • Boschung, H. T., and R. L. Mayden. 2004. Fishes of Alabama. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 960 pp.

  • Burr, B. M., and M. L. Warren, Jr. 1986a. Distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission, Scientific and Technical Series No. 4, Frankfort, Kentucky. 398 pp.

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