Notropis texanus - (Girard, 1856)
Weed Shiner
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Notropis texanus (Girard, 1856) (TSN 163420)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.106304
Element Code: AFCJB28950
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Bony Fishes - Minnows and Carps
Image 142

© Noel Burkhead

 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Actinopterygii Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Notropis
Genus Size: D - Medium to large genus (21+ species)
Check this box to expand all report sections:
Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B91ROB01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Notropis texanus
Taxonomic Comments: No subspecies are recognized, but differentiated populations occur in upper Apalachicola and Tombigbee drainages and in areas north of Illinois (Lee et al. 1980).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 18Aug2015
Global Status Last Changed: 17Sep1996
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (05Dec1996)
Nation: Canada
National Status: N4 (22Dec2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (S5), Arkansas (S4), Florida (SNR), Georgia (S4), Illinois (S1S2), Indiana (S2), Iowa (S2), Kentucky (SU), Louisiana (S5), Michigan (S1), Minnesota (SNR), Mississippi (S5), Missouri (S3), Tennessee (SNA), Texas (S4), Wisconsin (S3)
Canada Manitoba (S4)

Other Statuses

Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC): Not at Risk (01Apr1999)
Comments on COSEWIC: Reason for Designation: Available information indicates that the species is doing well in suitable habitat, which is not subject to imminent threats.

Status History: Designated Not at Risk in April 1999. More recently (2015) considered a low priority candidate for re-assessment.

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Gulf Slope drainages from Suwannee River, Florida and Georgia, west to Nueces River in Texas; lowlands in Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and Mississippi River basins from Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota south to Gulf; common in south, uncommon and localized in north (Page and Burr 1991). Recently found in Winnipeg River, Manitoba (Stewart 1988).

Number of Occurrences:  
Number of Occurrences Comments: This species is represented by a large number of subpopulations and locations.

Population Size Comments: Total adult population size is unknown but relatively large.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Decline in north has been due to pollution and siltation (Herkert 1992).

Short-term Trend Comments: Has declined in the north (Herkert 1992).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Gulf Slope drainages from Suwannee River, Florida and Georgia, west to Nueces River in Texas; lowlands in Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and Mississippi River basins from Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota south to Gulf; common in south, uncommon and localized in north (Page and Burr 1991). Recently found in Winnipeg River, Manitoba (Stewart 1988).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MI, MN, MO, MS, TNexotic, TX, WI
Canada MB

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
IA Allamakee (19005), Benton (19011)*, Butler (19023)*, Cedar (19031)*, Clayton (19043)*, Dickinson (19059)*, Franklin (19069)*, Iowa (19095)*, Johnson (19103)*, Linn (19113)*, Muscatine (19139)*
IL Bureau (17011), Carroll (17015), Henderson (17071), Henry (17073), Iroquois (17075), Jo Daviess (17085), Kankakee (17091), La Salle (17099), Lee (17103), Union (17181), Whiteside (17195), Will (17197), Winnebago (17201)*
MI Allegan (26005)*, Calhoun (26025)*, Eaton (26045)*, Ingham (26065)*, Jackson (26075)*, Kalamazoo (26077)*, Ottawa (26139)*, Saginaw (26145)*
MO Bollinger (29017), Butler (29023), Cape Girardeau (29031), Dunklin (29069), Mississippi (29133), New Madrid (29143), Pemiscot (29155), Perry (29157), Reynolds (29179), Ripley (29181), Scott (29201), Shannon (29203), Stoddard (29207), Wayne (29223)
WI Adams (55001)*, Barron (55005)*, Buffalo (55011), Burnett (55013), Columbia (55021), Crawford (55023), Dodge (55027)*, Douglas (55031)*, Dunn (55033)*, Eau Claire (55035)*, Fond Du Lac (55039)*, Grant (55043), Green Lake (55047)*, Iowa (55049), Iron (55051)*, Jackson (55053), Jefferson (55055)*, Juneau (55057)*, Kenosha (55059)*, La Crosse (55063), Marathon (55073), Marinette (55075)*, Marquette (55077), Monroe (55081), Outagamie (55087), Pepin (55091), Pierce (55093), Polk (55095)*, Price (55099), Richland (55103), Rock (55105)*, Rusk (55107)*, Sauk (55111), Sawyer (55113)*, Shawano (55115), St. Croix (55109)*, Trempealeau (55121), Vernon (55123), Walworth (55127), Washburn (55129), Washington (55131)*, Waupaca (55135), Waushara (55137)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Upper Suwannee (03110201), Alapaha (03110202), withlacoochee (03110203), Lower Suwannee (03110205), Santa Fe (03110206), Apalachee Bay-St. Marks (03120001), Upper Ochlockonee (03120002), Lower Ochlockonee (03120003), Middle Chattahoochee-Lake Harding (03130002), Middle Chattahoochee-Walter F. George Reservoir (03130003), Lower Chattahoochee (03130004), Upper Flint (03130005), Middle Flint (03130006), Kinchafoonee-Muckalee (03130007), Lower Flint (03130008), Ichawaynochaway (03130009), Spring (03130010), Apalachicola (03130011), Chipola (03130012), New (03130013), St. Andrew-St. Joseph Bays (03140101), Choctawhatchee Bay (03140102), Yellow (03140103), Blackwater (03140104), Perdido (03140106), Upper Choctawhatchee (03140201), Pea (03140202), Lower Choctawhatchee (03140203), Upper Conecuh (03140301), Patsaliga (03140302), Sepulga (03140303), Lower Conecuh (03140304), Escambia (03140305), Middle Coosa (03150106), Lower Coosa (03150107), Upper Tallapoosa (03150108), Middle Tallapoosa (03150109), Lower Tallapoosa (03150110), Upper Alabama (03150201), Cahaba (03150202), Middle Alabama (03150203), Lower Alabama (03150204), Upper Tombigbee (03160101), Buttahatchee (03160103), Tibbee (03160104), Luxapallila (03160105), Middle Tombigbee-Lubbub (03160106), Sipsey (03160107), Noxubee (03160108), Mulberry (03160109), Locust (03160111), Upper Black Warrior (03160112), Lower Black Warrior (03160113), Middle Tombigbee-Chickasaw (03160201), Sucarnoochee (03160202), Lower Tambigbee (03160203), Mobile - Tensaw (03160204), Mobile Bay (03160205), Chunky-Okatibbee (03170001), Upper Chickasawhay (03170002), Lower Chickasawhay (03170003), Upper Leaf (03170004), Lower Leaf (03170005), Pascagoula (03170006), Black (03170007), Escatawpa (03170008), Mississippi Coastal (03170009), Upper Pearl (03180001), Middle Pearl-Strong (03180002), Middle Pearl-Silver (03180003), Lower Pearl. Mississippi (03180004), Bogue Chitto (03180005)
04 Peshtigo (04030105)+, Upper Fox (04030201)+, Wolf (04030202)+, Milwaukee (04040003)+, Black-Macatawa (04050002)+, Kalamazoo (04050003)+, Upper Grand (04050004)+*, Maple (04050005), Lower Grand (04050006)+*, Shiawassee (04080203)+
05 Lower White (05120202)
06 Pickwick Lake (06030005)
07 Lower Minnesota (07020012), Upper St. Croix (07030001)+*, Namekagon (07030002), Lower St. Croix (07030005)+, Rush-Vermillion (07040001)+, Buffalo-Whitewater (07040003)+, Trempealeau (07040005)+, La Crosse-Pine (07040006)+, Black (07040007)+, Flambeau (07050002)+*, South Fork Flambeau (07050003)+, Lower Chippewa (07050005)+*, Red Cedar (07050007)+, Coon-Yellow (07060001)+, Upper Iowa (07060002)+, Grant-Little Maquoketa (07060003)+, Apple-Plum (07060005)+, Castle Rock (07070003)+, Lower Wisconsin (07070005)+, Flint-Henderson (07080104)+, West Fork Cedar (07080204)+*, Middle Cedar (07080205)+*, Lower Cedar (07080206)+*, Middle Iowa (07080208)+*, Lower Iowa (07080209)+*, Upper Rock (07090001)+*, Crawfish (07090002)+*, Sugar (07090004)+, Lower Rock (07090005)+, Green (07090007)+, Kankakee (07120001)+, Iroquois (07120002)+, Des Plaines (07120004)+*, Upper Fox (07120006)+, Lower Illinois-Senachwine Lake (07130001)+, Cahokia-Joachim (07140101)*, Upper Mississippi-Cape Girardeau (07140105)+
08 Lower Mississippi-Memphis (08010100)+, Horn Lake-Nonconnah (08010211)*, Lower Mississippi-Helena (08020100), New Madrid-St. Johns (08020201)+, Upper St. Francis (08020202)+, Lower St. Francis (08020203)+, Little River Ditches (08020204)+, L'anguille (08020205), Cache (08020302), Lower White (08020303), Big (08020304), Lower Mississippi-Greenville (08030100), Little Tallahatchie (08030201)*, Big Sunflower (08030207)*, Lower Ouachita-Smackover (08040201), Lower Ouachita-Bayou De Loutre (08040202), Lower Saline (08040204), Bayou Bartholomew (08040205), Bayou D'arbonne (08040206), Lower Ouachita (08040207), Lower Red (08040301), Castor (08040302), Dugdemona (08040303), Little (08040304), Bayou Cocodrie (08040306), Boeuf (08050001), Tensas (08050003), Upper Big Black (08060201), Lower Big Black (08060202), Bayou Pierre (08060203), Homochitto (08060205), Buffalo (08060206), Lower Mississippi-Baton Rouge (08070100)*, Bayou Sara-Thompson (08070201), Amite (08070202), Tickfaw (08070203), Tangipahoa (08070205), Bayou Teche (08080102), Upper Calcasieu (08080203), Whisky Chitto (08080204), West Fork Calcasieu (08080205), Lower Mississippi-New Orleans (08090100)*, Liberty Bayou-Tchefuncta (08090201)
09 Otter Tail (09020103), Eastern Wild Rice (09020108), Clearwater (09020305)
10 Little Sioux (10230003)+*
11 Upper Black (11010007)+, Current (11010008)+, Lower Black (11010009), Strawberry (11010012), Upper White-Village (11010013), Fourche La Fave (11110206), Lower Arkansas-Maumelle (11110207), Bois D'arc-Island (11140101), Mckinney-Posten Bayous (11140201), Red Chute (11140204), Bodcau Bayou (11140205), Lower Red-Lake Iatt (11140207), Cross Bayou (11140304), Caddo Lake (11140306)
12 Middle Sabine (12010002), Toledo Bend Reservoir (12010004), Lower Sabine (12010005), Upper Neches (12020001), Middle Neches (12020002), Lower Neches (12020003), Upper Angelina (12020004), Lower West Fork Trinity (12030102), Upper Trinity (12030105), Austin-Travis Lakes (12090205), Lower Colorado-Cummins (12090301), Lavaca (12100101), Medina (12100302), Upper Nueces (12110103), Lower Nueces (12110111)
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed (based on multiple information sources) Help
Ecology & Life History
Help
Reproduction Comments: Spawns March through September or early October (peaks in early spring and late summer) in Mississippi (Heins and Davis 1984), February to September or early October in Alabama and Florida (Heins and Rabito 1988), late spring and early summer in north. Most individuals live 2+ years in south. (Lee et al. 1980, Becker 1983).
Ecology Comments: An introduced population of rough shiner (Notropis baileyi) in the Chattahoochee River system may be responsible for an increase in the abundance of bluehead chub (Nocomis leptocephalus, a nest associate), and a decrease in the abundance of weed shiner (Notropis texanus), which may be affected by competition for food or habitat (Walser et al. 2000).
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Riverine Habitat(s): CREEK, Low gradient, MEDIUM RIVER, Moderate gradient, Pool
Lacustrine Habitat(s): Shallow water
Habitat Comments: Sandy runs and pools of creeks and small to medium rivers; usually in clear water (Page and Burr 1991). In south, mainly in open, sand-bottomed streams of widely varying sizes; in north, in streams sometimes with considerable aquatic vegetation (Lee et al. 1980). Also in sloughs and lakes.
Food Comments: Stomach samples from Wisconsin included plant debris and unidentifiable animal material (Becker 1983).
Length: 6 centimeters
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Delineation
Help
Group Name: Small Cyprinids

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including eggs and larvae) in appropriate habitat.
Separation Barriers: Dam lacking a suitable fishway; high waterfall; upland habitat. For some species (e.g., slender chub), an impoundment may constitute a barrier. For others (e.g., flame chub) a stream larger than 4th order may be a barrier.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Justification: Data on dispersal and other movements generally are not available. In some species, individuals may migrate variable distances between spawning areas and nonspawning habitats.

Separation distances (in aquatic kilometers) for cyprinids are arbitrary but reflect the presumption that movements and appropriate separation distances generally should increase with fish size. Hence small, medium, and large cyprinids, respectively, have increasingly large separation distances. Separation distance reflects the likely low probability that two occupied locations separated by less than several kilometers of aquatic habitat would represent truly independent populations over the long term.

Because of the difficulty in defining suitable versus unsuitable habitat, especially with respect to dispersal, and to simplify the delineation of occurrences, a single separation distance is used regardless of habitat quality.

Occupied locations that are separated by a gap of 10 km or more of any aquatic habitat that is not known to be occupied represent different occurrences. However, it is important to evaluate seasonal changes in habitat to ensure that an occupied habitat occurrence for a particular population does not artificially separate spawning areas and nonspawning areas as different occurrences simply because there have been no collections/observations in an intervening area that may exceed the separation distance.

Date: 21Sep2004
Author: Hammerson, G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 07Feb2001
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Allen, C. R., S. Demarais, and R. S. Lutz. 1994. Red imported fire ant impact on wildlife: an overview. The Texas Journal of Science 46(1):51-59.

  • Anderson, Allison A., C. Hubbs, K. O. Winemiller, and R. J. Edwards. 1995. Texas freshwater fish assemblages following three decades of environmental change. The Southwest Naturalist 40(3):314-321.

  • Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. Univ. Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1052 pp.

  • Douglas, Neil H. 1974. Freshwater fishes of Louisiana. Claitor's publ. div. Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 443 pp.

  • Etnier, David A. and Wayne C. Starnes. 1993. The Fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville. 681 pp.

  • General Status, Environment Canada. 2015. Manitoba fish species and subnational ranks proposed by DFO.

  • HUBBS, CLARK, EDIE MARSH-MATTHEWS, WILLIAM J. MATTHEWS, AND ALLISON A. ANDERSON. 1997. CHANGES IN FISH ASSEMBLAGES IN EAST TEXAS STREAMS FROM 1953 TO 1986. TEXAS J. SCI. 49(3)SUPPL.:67-84.

  • Heins, D. C., and D. Davis. 1984. The reproductive season of the weed shiner, Notropis texanus (Pisces: Cyprinidae), in southeastern Mississippi. Southwestern Naturalist 29:133-140.

  • Heins, D. C., and F. G. Rabito, Jr. 1988. Reproductive traits in populations of the weed shiner, Notropis texanus, from the Gulf Coastal Plain. Southwestern Naturalist 33:147-156.

  • Herkert, J. R., editor. 1992. Endangered and threatened species of Illinois: status and distribution. Vol. 2: Animals. Illinois Endangered Species Protection Board. iv + 142 pp.

  • MORIARTY, LOREN J. AND KIRK O. WINEMILLER. 1997. SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIATION IN FISH ASSEMBLAGE STRUCTURE IN VILLAGE CREEK, HARDIN COUNTY, TEXAS. TEXAS J. SCI. 49(3)SUPPL.: 85-110.

  • Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. 386 pp.

  • Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Seventh edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 432 pp.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Second edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston. xix + 663 pp.

  • Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes, North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, MA. 432pp.

  • Page, LM, H.Espinoza-Perez, L.Findley, C.Gilbert, R. Lea, N. Mandrak, R.Mayden and J.Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, 7th edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • ROSS, STEPHEN T. 1996. INLAND FISHES OF MISSISSIPPI. SELECTED SPECIES ACCOUNTS. COAUTHORED WITH W.M. BRENNEMAM, W.T. SLACK, M.T. O'CONNELL, AND T.L. PETERSON. ILLUSTRATED BY D.G. ROSS. DRAFT COPY.

  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.

  • Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman. 1979. Freshwater Fishes of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 966 pp.

  • Simon, Thomas P. 2011. Fishes of Indiana. Indiana University Press. Bloomington, 345 pp.

  • Smith, P.W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. Univ. Illinois Press, Urbana, IL. 314pp.

  • Stewart, K. W. 1988. First collections of the weed shiner, Notropis texanus, in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 102:657-660.

  • WINEMILLER, KIRK O. 1991. ECOMORPHOLOGICAL DIVERSIFICATION IN LOWLAND FRESHWATER FISH ASSEMBLAGES FROM FIVE BIOTIC REGIONS. ECOL. MONOGR. 61(4):345-365.

  • Walser, C. A., B. Falterman, and H. L. Bart, Jr. 2000. Impact of introduced rough shiner (Notropis baileyi) on the native fish community in the Chattahoochee River system. American Midland Naturalist 144:393-405.

References for Watershed Distribution Map
  • Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1,052 pp.

  • Boschung, H. T., and R. L. Mayden. 2004. Fishes of Alabama. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 960 pp.

  • Douglas, N. H. 1974. Freshwater fishes of Louisiana. Claitor's Publishing Division, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 443 pp.

  • Fago, D. 2000. Relative abundance and distribution of fishes in Wisconsin. Fish Distribution Database to year 2000. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

  • Harlan, J. R., E. B. Speaker, and J. Mayhew. 1987. Iowa fish and fishing. Iowa Conservation Commission, Des Moines, Iowa. 323 pp.

  • Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. i-x + 854 pp.

  • Mettee, M. F., P. E. O'Neil, and J. M. Pierson. 1996. Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin. Oxmoor House, Birmingham, Alabama. 820 pp.

  • Pflieger, W. L. 1975. The fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation. Columbia, Missouri. viii + 343 pp.

  • Robison, H. W. and T. M. Buchanan. 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. The University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, Arkansas. 536 pp.

  • Smith, P. W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 314 pp.

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